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Vredefort impact structure, Fezile Dabi District, Free State, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Vredefort impact structureImpact Structure
Fezile Dabi DistrictDistrict
Free StateProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
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Locality type:Impact Structure
Age:2023 ± 4 Ma
Geologic Time:Orosirian
Dating method:Dating shocked zircons in pseudotachylites and granophyre dykes.
Reference for age:Kamo et al., 1996
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Parys71,319 (2012)
Vredefort10,649 (2012)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Vredefort dome


A huge meteorite impact structure, formed about 2 billion years ago.
Original diameter estimated to be 250-300 km.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'Banded ironstone'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.unb.ca/passc/ImpactDatabase/images/vredefort.htm Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'Hornblende'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://www.unb.ca/passc/ImpactDatabase/images/vredefort.htm
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.unb.ca/passc/ImpactDatabase/images/vredefort.htm; Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.unb.ca/passc/ImpactDatabase/images/vredefort.htm
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Banded ironstone'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Banded ironstone'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CoesiteSiO2
O StishoviteSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Robert S Dietz (1960) Vredefort ring structure; an astrobleme (meteorite impact structure), Geological Society of America Bulletin 71(12, Part 2), p. 2093, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url
Gibson R, Reimold W (2008) Geology of the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa Council of Geoscience Memoir 97
Robert S Dietz (1961) Vredefort ring structure; meteorite impact scar?, Journal of Geology 69(5), p. 499-516, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, url
S Warren Carey (1962) Scale of geotectonic phenomena, Journal of the Geological Society of India 3, p. 97-105, Geological Society of India, Bangalore, url
Walter H Bucher (1963) Cryptoexplosion structures caused from without or from within the earth? ("astroblemes" or "geoblemes?"), American Journal of Science 261(7), p. 597-649, Kline Geology Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, url
Neville L Carter (1965) Basal quartz deformation lamellae; a criterion for recognition of impactites, American Journal of Science 263(9), p. 786-806, Kline Geology Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, url
Walter H Bucher (1965) The largest so-called meteorite scars in three continents as demonstrably tied to major terrestrial structures, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 123, p. 897-903, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY, url
R B Hargraves (1970) Paleomagnetic evidence relevant to the origin of the Vredefort ring, Journal of Geology 78(3), p. 253-263, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, url
R C Rhodes (1975) New evidence for impact origin of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, Geology (Boulder) 3(10), p. 549-554, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url
N C Gay (1976) Spherules on shatter cone surfaces from the Vredefort Structure, southern, Africa, Science 194(4266), p. 724-725, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC, url
J E J Martini (1978) Coesite and stishovite in the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Nature (London) 272(5655), p. 715-717, Macmillan Journals, London, url
N C Gay, N R Comins, C Simpson (1978) The composition of spherules and other features on shatter cones surfaces from the Vredefort Structure, South Africa, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 41(3), p. 372-380, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
P A Lilly, J E J Martini (1979) Coesite and stishovite in the Vredefort, South Africa; discussion and reply, Nature (London) 277(5696), p. 495-496, Macmillan Journals, London, url
Richard A F Grieve (1982) The Vredefort Structure still not understood, Nature (London) 295(5851), p. 644-645, Macmillan Journals, London, url
B M French (1983) Bushveld Igneous Complex, South Africa: Absence of Shock-Metamorphic Effects after an Extensive Search, LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XIV, p. 211-212, url
L. O. Nicolaysen, W.U. Reimold (1985) Shock Deformation, Shatter Cones, and Pseudotachylite at Vredefort: a Review of Major Unsolved Problems and Current Efforts to Resolve Them, Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, p. 618-619, url
Sean C Solomon, Elizabeth D Duxbury (1987) A test of the longevity of impact-induced faults as preferred sites for later tectonic activity, Journal of Geophysical Research 92(B4), Graham Ryder, Gerald Schubert (ed.), p. E759-E768, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB092iB04p0E759
W.U. Reimold (1988) Report on an international workshop on Cryptoexplosions and Catastrophes in the Geological Record, with a Special Focus on the Vredefort Structure, LPI Contributions (673), p. 150-151, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., Global Catastrophes in Earth History: An Interdisciplinary Conference on Impacts, Volcanism, and Mass Mortality p 150-151 (SEE N89-21287 14-42), url
W.U. Reimold, M.A.G. Andreoli, R.J Hart (1988) Microdeformation in Vredefort rocks; evidence for shock metamorphism, LPI Contributions 673(152-153), url
Richard A. F. Grieve, Charles A Wood, J. B. Garvin, G McLaughlin, J F McHone (1988) Impact Craters in Africa, Astronaut's Guide to Terrestrial Impact Craters, Richard A. F. Grieve, Charles A Wood, J. B. Garvin, G McLaughlin, J F McHone (ed.), p. 58, url
H M Albat, J J Mayer (1989) Megascopic planar shock fractures in the Vredefort Structure; a potential time marker?, Tectonophysics 162(3-4), p. 265-276, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
Burkhard Dressler (1990) Shock metamorphic features and their zoning and orientation in the Precambrian rocks of the Manicouagan Structure, Quebec, Canada, Tectonophysics 171(1-4), L O Nicolaysen, W U Reimold (ed.), p. 229-245, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
Wolf von Engelhardt (1990) Distribution, petrography and shock metamorphism of the ejecta of the Ries Crater in Germany; a review, Tectonophysics 171(1-4), L O Nicolaysen, W U Reimold (ed.), p. 259-273, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
Bevan M French, Roger L Nielsen (1990) Vredefort bronzite granophyre; chemical evidence for origin as a meteorite impact melt, Tectonophysics 171(1-4), L O Nicolaysen, W U Reimold (ed.), p. 119-138, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
L.O. Nicolaysen (1990) The Vredefort structure: an introduction and a guide to recent literature, Tectonophysics 171(1-4), L O Nicolaysen, W U Reimold (ed.), p. 1-6, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
Richard A F Grieve, J M Coderre, P B Robertson, J S Alexopoulos (1990) Microscopic planar deformation features in quartz of the Vredefort Structure; anomalous but still suggestive of an impact origin, Tectonophysics 171(1-4), L O Nicolaysen, W U Reimold (ed.), p. 185-200, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
Olivier Goltrant, Patrick Cordier, Jean-Claude Doukhan (1991) Planar deformation features in shocked quartz; a transmission electron microscopy investigation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 106(1-4), p. 103-115, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(91)90066-Q
J E J Martini (1991) The nature, distribution and genesis of the coesite and stishovite associated with the pseudotachylite of the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 103(1-4), p. 285-300, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(91)90167-G
R.J Hart, M.A.G. Andreoli, W.U. Reimold, M. Tredoux (1991) Aspects of the dynamic and thermal metamorphic history of the Vredefort cryptoexplosion structure: implications for its origin, Tectonophysics 192(3-4), p. 313-331, url, doi:10.1016/0040-1951(91)90106-3
Olivier Goltrant, Hugues Leroux, Jean-Claude Doukhan, Patrick Cordier (1992) Formation mechanisms of planar deformation features in naturally shocked quartz, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 74(3-4), p. 219-240, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
M Trieloff, J Kunz, E.K. Jessberger, W.U. Reimold, R.H. Boer, M.C. Jackson (1992) Ar-40 to Ar-39 dating of pseudotachylites from the Witwatersrand basin, South Africa, with implications for the formation of the Vredefort Dome, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, p. 75-77, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution p 75-77 (SEE N93-10112 01-46), url
W.U. Reimold (1992) The Vredefort Dome: Review of geology and deformation phenomena and status report on current knowledge and remaining problematics (five years after the cryptoexplosion workshop), International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, p. 59-60, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution p 59-60 (SEE N93-10112 01-46), url
J C White (1992) Electron petrography of silica polymorphs associated with pseudotachylite, Vredefort structure, South Africa, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, p. 78-79, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution p 78-79 (SEE N93-10112 01-46), url
L.A.G. Antoine, W.U. Reimold, W P Colliston (1992) A quasi-Hertzian stress field from an internal source: A possible working model for the Vredefort structure, International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, p. 3-4, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution p 3-4 (SEE N93-10112 01-46), url
A M Therriault, A.M. Reid, W.U. Reimold (1993) Origin of the Vredefort structure, South Africa: Impact model, Lunar and Planetary Science XXIV, p. 1421-1422, In Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z p 1421-1422 (SEE N94-20636 05-91)
W U Reimold (1993) Further debate on the origin of the Sudbury structure; is it relevant to the Vredefort Dome and the Bushveld Complex?, South African Journal of Science 89(11-12), p. 546-552, South African Association for the Advancement of Science, Johannesburg, url
Christian Koeberl (1994) African meteorite impact craters: characteristics and geological importance, Journal of African Earth Sciences 18(4), p. 263-295, url, doi:10.1016/0899-5362(94)90068-X
Jehan Rondot (1994) Recognition of eroded astroblemes, Earth-Science Reviews 35(4), p. 331-365, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-8252(94)90001-9
A M Therriault, R A F Grieve, W U Reimold (1995) How big is Vredefort? (abstract), Meteoritics & Planetary Science 30(5), Derek W G Sears (ed.), p. 586-587, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
S L Kamo, W U Reimold, T E Krogh, W P Colliston (1996) A 2.023 Ga age for the Vredefort impact event and a first report of shock metamorphosed zircons in pseudotachylitic breccias and granophyre, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 144(3-4), p. 369-387, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(96)00180-X
H. Henkel, W. U. Reimold (1996) Integrated Geophysical Modelling of the Vredefort Impact Structure, Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (27), p. 527, url
W U Reimold, R L Gibson (1996) Geology and evolution of the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Journal of African Earth Sciences 23(2), p. 125-162, Elsevier, Oxford, url
V L Masaytis, M S Mashchak (1996) Recrystallization and blast formation of shock-metamorphosed rocks in impact structures, Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva = Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 125(4), p. 1-18, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation (RUS): Nauka, St. Petersburg, url
E P Turtle, H J Melosh (1996) Finite-Element Modeling of the Vredefort Impact Structure with Implications for the Collapse and Modification Stage of Large Crater Formation, Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXVII, p. 1347, url
A M Therriault, R A F Grieve, W U Reimold (1997) Original size of the Vredefort Structure; implications for the geological evolution of the Witwatersrand Basin, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 32(1), p. 71-77, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
E P Turtle, E Pierazzo (1997) Constraints on the Size of the Vredefort Impact Crater from Numerical Modeling (abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, p. 1459, 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 17-21, 1997, Houston, TX, p. 1459, url
Christian Koeberl, Steven B Shirey (1997) Re-Os isotope systematics as a diagnostic tool for the study of impact craters and distal ejecta, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 132(1-4), Helmut H J Geldsetzer, Michael M Joachimski (ed.), p. 25-46, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
M C Brink, F B Waanders, A A Bisschoff (1997) Vredefort; a model for the anatomy of an astrobleme, Tectonophysics 270(1-2), p. 83-114, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
R L Gibson, W U Reimold, T Wallmach (1997) Origin of pseudotachylite in the lower Witwatersrand Supergroup, Vredefort Dome (South Africa); constraints from metamorphic studies, Tectonophysics 283(1-4), p. 241-262, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
D E Moser (1997) Dating the shock wave and thermal imprint of the giant Vredefort impact, South Africa, Geology (Boulder) 25(1), p. 7-10, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1997)0252.3.CO;2
R.L. Gibson, R.A. Armstrong, W.U. Reimold (1997) The age and thermal evolution of the Vredefort impact structure: A single-grain UPb zircon study, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(7), p. 1531-1540, url, doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00013-6
E P Turtle, E Pierazzo (1998) Constraints on the size of the Vredefort impact crater from numerical modeling, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(3), p. 483-490, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
E P Turtle (1998) Finite-Element Modeling of Large Impact Craters: Implications for the Size of the Vredefort Structure and the Formation of Multiple Ring Craters, p. 4178, url
Herbert Henkel, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1998) Integrated geophysical modelling of a giant, complex impact structure; anatomy of the Vredefort Structure, South Africa, Tectonophysics 287(1-4), p. 1-20, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
G Stevens, R A Armstrong, R L Gibson, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Pre- and postimpact metamorphism in the core of the Vredefort Dome; clues to crustal response at a massive meteorite strike, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 112, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
L. O. Nicolaysen, W. U. Reimold (1999) Vredefort shatter cones revisited, Journal of Geophysical Research 104(B3), p. 4911, url, doi:10.1029/1998JB900068
J Rondot, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) About the size of the Vredefort impact crater, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 98-99, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
M C Brink, F B Waanders, A A Bisschoff, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Evolution of the ringed basin around Vredefort, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 19-20, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
C L Hayward, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Fluid movement and gold remobilization triggered by the Vredefort impact, Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 52, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
R L Gibson, W U Reimold (1999) The significance of the Vredefort Dome for the thermal and structural evolution of the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, Mineralogy and Petrology 66(1-3), H E Frimmel (ed.), p. 5-23, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, url
C S Bootsman, W U Reimold, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Some comparative geomorphic aspects of the Morokweng and Vredefort impact structures, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 15, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
H Henkel, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Geophysical modeling of impact structures, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 52-53, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
S Ellis, W U Reimold, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Post-Transvaal Supergroup age thrusting related to the collapse phase of the Vredefort impact event; examples from the western ring basin area, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 34, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
S N Foya, R L Gibson, W U Reimold, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Impact-related hydrothermal alteration of Witwatersrand gold reefs in the Vredefort Dome and Witwatersrand goldfields, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 37-38, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
W P Colliston, H E Praekelt, R van der Merwe, B Stevens, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) Recognition of Vredefort-related and pre-Vredefort deformation in the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 27-28, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
R L Gibson, W U Reimold, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) The metamorphic fingerprint of large impact events; the example of the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 42-43, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Marian Tredoux, Rodger J Hart, Richard W Carlson, Steven B Shirey (1999) Ultramafic rocks at the center of the Vredefort Structure; further evidence for the crust on edge model, Geology (Boulder) 27(10), p. 923-926, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1999)0272.3.CO;2
M E Phillips, M A Bussell, I McDonald, R J Hart, M A G Andreoli, Wolf Uwe Reimold (1999) A remote-sensing and geological investigation of the Vredefort impact structure (South Africa) using Landsat thematic mapper imagery, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(4, Suppl.), p. 92-93, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Richard Grieve, Ann Therriault (2000) Vredefort, Sudbury, Chicxulub; three of a kind?, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 28, p. 305-338, Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA, url
M C Brink, F B Waanders, A A Bisschoff, N C Gay (2000) The Foch Thrust-Potchefstroom Fault structural system, Vredefort, South Africa; a model for impact-related tectonic movement over a pre-existing barrier, Journal of African Earth Sciences 30(1), p. 99-117, Pergamon, Oxford, url
R.L. Gibson, W. U. Reimold (2000) Deeply exhumed impact structures: A case study of the Vredefort structure, South Africa, Impacts and the Early Earth 91, Iain Gilmour, Christian Koeberl (ed.), p. 249-277, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, url, doi:10.1007/BFb0027753
R J Hart, S H Connell, M Cloete, L Mare, M Drury, M Tredoux (2000) "Super magnetic" rocks generated by shock metamorphism from the centre of the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, South African Journal of Geology 103(2), p. 151-155, Bureau for Scientific Publications, Pretoria, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/103.2.151
P S Buchanan, W U Reimold, Guy Consolmagno (2001) Impact-related features in lithic clasts from the Vredefort Granophyre, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36(9, Suppl.), p. 31, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Burkhard O Dressler, Wulf Uwe Reimold (2001) Terrestrial impact melt rocks and glasses, Earth-Science Reviews 56(1-4), p. 205-284, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-8252(01)00064-2
R L Gibson, W U Reimold, Guy Consolmagno (2001) Petrographic evidence for high shock pressures and shock pressure heterogeneity in the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36(9, Suppl.), p. 65, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
A Y Glikson, W R Jacoby, G Ranalli (2001) The astronomical connection of terrestrial evolution; crustal effects of post-3.8 Ga mega-impact clusters and evidence for major 3.2+ or -0.1 Ga bombardment of the Earth-Moon system, Journal of Geodynamics 32(1-2), p. 205-229, Pergamon Press, Oxford, url
R L Gibson (2002) Impact-induced melting of Archean granulites in the Vredefort Dome, South Africa; I, Anatexis of metapelitic granulites, Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20(1), Geoffrey L Clarke, Michael Brown (ed.), p. 57-70, Blackwell, Oxford, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0263-4929.2001.00358.x
Christian Koeberl, Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Wolf Uwe Reimold, Alex Shukolyukov, Guenter W Lugmair (2002) Comparison of the osmium and chromium isotopic methods for the detection of meteoritic components in impactites; examples from the Morokweng and Vredefort impact structures, South Africa, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 356, Christian Koeberl, Kenneth G MacLeod (ed.), p. 607-617, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url
P C Buchanan, W U Reimold (2002) Planar deformation features and impact glass in inclusions from the Vredefort Granophyre, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37(6), p. 807-822, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Wolf U Reimold, Hugues Leroux, Robert L Gibson (2002) Shocked and thermally metamorphosed zircon from the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa; transmission electron microscopic study, European Journal of Mineralogy 14(5), p. 859-868, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2002/0014-0859
Rainer Gersonde, Alexander Deutsch, Boris A Ivanov, Frank T Kyte (2002) Oceanic impacts; a growing field of fundamental geoscience, Deep-Sea Research. Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 49(6), p. 951-957, Pergamon, Oxford, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00134-5
H Henkel, W U Reimold (2002) Magnetic model of the central uplift of the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Journal of Applied Geophysics 51(1), p. 43-62, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url
David A Kring (2003) Environmental consequences of impact cratering events as a function of ambient conditions on Earth, Astrobiology 3(1), Frank T Kyte (ed.), p. 133-152, Mary Ann Liebert, Larchmont, NY, url
Elizabeth P Turtle, Elisabetta Pierazzo, David P O'Brien (2003) Numerical modeling of impact heating and cooling of the Vredefort impact structure, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38(2), p. 293-303, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
L L Perchuk, L V Sazonova, D D Van Rinen, T V Gerya (2003) Ultramylonites and their significance for understanding the history of the Vredefort explosive structure, South Africa, Petrologiya 11(2), p. 128-144, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodika, Moscow, url
R M Flowers, D E Moser, R J Hart (2003) Evolution of the amphibolite-granulite facies transition exposed by the Vredefort impact structure, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa, Journal of Geology 111(4), p. 455-470, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, url
B O Dressler, W U Reimold (2004) Order or chaos? Origin and mode of emplacement of breccias in floors of large impact structures, Earth-Science Reviews 67(1-2), p. 1-54, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2004.01.007
Richard A Grieve, Ann M Therriault (2004) Observations at terrestrial impact structures; their utility in constraining crater formation, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(2), Elisabetta Pierazzo, Robert Herrick (ed.), p. 199-216, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Bevan M French (2004) The importance of being cratered; the new role of meteorite impact as a normal geological process, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(2), Elisabetta Pierazzo, Robert Herrick (ed.), p. 169-197, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
L L Perchuk (2005) Configuration of PT trends as a record of high-temperature polymetamorphism, Doklady Earth Sciences 401(2), p. 311-314, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodika, Moscow, url
Adrian P Jones, Kai Wuenemann, G David Price (2005) Modeling impact volcanism as a possible origin for the Ontong Java Plateau, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 388, Gillian R Foulger, James H Natland, Dean C Presnall, Don L Anderson (ed.), p. 711-720, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/2005.2388(40
Laurent Carporzen, S. Gilder, R. Hart (2005) Two distinct Verwey transitions in the shocked rocks from the Vredefort meteorite impact crater, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. A42, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005, abstract #GP13A-0042, url
E P Turtle, E Pierazzo, G S Collins, G R Osinski, H J Melosh, J V Morgan, Wolf Uwe Reimold (2005) Impact structures; what does crater diameter mean?, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 384, Thomas Kenkmann, Friedrich P Hoerz, Alex Deutsch (ed.), p. 1-24, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url
R. Hart, Laurent Carporzen, S. Gilder (2005) Paleomagnetism of Vredefort: Plasma, Lightning, or ?, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. A95, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005, abstract #GP33A-0095, url
H.-R. Wenk, I. Lonardelli, S.C. Vogel, J. Tullis (2005) Dauphiné twinning as evidence for an impact origin of preferred orientation in quartzite: An example from Vredefort, South Africa, Geology 33(4), p. 273, url, doi:10.1130/G21163.1
David J Dunlop (2005) Magnetic impact craters, Nature (London) 435(7039), p. 156-157, Macmillan Journals, London, url
F. B. Waanders, L. R. Tiedt, M. C. Brink, A. A. Bisschoff (2005) From Ore to Tool – Iron Age Iron Smelting in the Largest and Oldest Meteorite Crater in the World, Hyperfine Interactions 161(1-4), p. 21-31, url, doi:10.1007/s10751-005-9188-y
B A Ivanov (2005) Numerical Modeling of the Largest Terrestrial Meteorite Craters, Solar System Research 39(5), p. 381-409, url, doi:10.1007/s11208-005-0051-0
Laurent Carporzen, Stuart A Gilder, Rodger J Hart (2005) Palaeomagnetism of the Vredefort meteorite crater and implications for craters on Mars, Nature (London) 435(7039), p. 198-201, Macmillan Journals, London, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature03560
Roger L Gibson, Wolf Uwe Reimold (2005) Shock pressure distribution in the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 384, Thomas Kenkmann, Friedrich P Hoerz, Alex Deutsch (ed.), p. 329-349, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url
Laurent Carporzen, Stuart A Gilder, Rodger J Hart (2006) Origin and implications of two Verwey transitions in the basement rocks of the Vredefort meteorite crater, South Africa, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 251(3-4), p. 305-317, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2006.09.013
F. Wieland, W. U. Reimold, R. L. Gibson (2006) New observations on shatter cones in the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, and evaluation of current hypotheses for shatter cone formation, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(11), p. 1737-1759, url, doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2006.tb00449.x
Laurent Carporzen, Stuart A Gilder, R.J Hart (2006) How rock magnetism constrains the maximum temperature experienced by the Basement Rocks of the Vredefort Meteorite Crater, South Africa, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. A3, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #MR54A-03, url
Wolf Uwe Reimold, Roger L Gibson (2006) The melt rocks of the Vredefort impact structure; Vredefort Granophyre and pseudotachylitic breccias; implications for impact cratering and the evolution of the Witwatersrand Basin; invited review, Chemie der Erde 66(1), p. 1-35, Elsevier for Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemer.2005.07.003
F. B. Waanders, M. C. Brink, A. A. Bisschoff (2006) Mössbauer study of two different aged rock types in the Vredefort structure, South Africa, Hyperfine Interactions 166(1-4), p. 693-698, url, doi:10.1007/s10751-006-9343-0
Raiza R Quintero, Aaron J Cavosie (2007) A petrographic study of shocked minerals from the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. B1232, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #MR43B-1232, url
Manfriedt Muundjua, Rodger J Hart, Stuart A Gilder, Laurent Carporzen, Armand Galdeano (2007) Magnetic imaging of the Vredefort impact crater, South Africa, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 261(3-4), p. 456-468, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.044
Sybrand de Waal (2008) The Roodekraal Complex as a constraint on the size of the Vredefort impact crater, South Africa, South African Journal of Geology 111(2-3), p. 305-312, Bureau for Scientific Publications, Pretoria, url
Siobhan P Fackelman, Jared R Morrow, Christian Koeberl, Thornton H McElvain (2008) Shatter cone and microscopic shock-alteration evidence for a post-Paleoproterozoic terrestrial impact structure near Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 270(3-4), p. 290-299, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.03.033
Armand Galdeano, M.A.G. Andreoli, R J Hart (2008) Magnetic Imaging of the Vredefort Dome: Implications for the Size and Geometry of the Vredefort Crater, LPI Contributions, p. 3051, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV, held August 17-21, 2008 at Vredefort Dome, South Africa. LPI Contribution No. 1423, paper id. 3051, url
W.U. Reimold, R.L. Gibson, H. Henkel (2008) Scientific comment on “Muundjua et al., 2007: Magnetic imaging of the Vredefort impact crater, South Africa, EPSL 261, 456–468”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 273(3-4), p. 393-396, url, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.06.046
Raiza R Quintero, Aaron J Cavosie, H.A. Radovan, Desmond E Moser (2008) Shocked Minerals in Siliciclastic Sediments From the Vredefort Dome: A New Approach Towards Searching for Impact Evidence From the Early Earth, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. B2123, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008, abstract #V13B-2123, url
Richard A F Grieve, W Uwe Reimold, Joanna V Morgan, Ulrich Riller, Mark Pilkington (2008) Observations and interpretations at Vredefort, Sudbury, and Chicxulub; towards an empirical model of terrestrial impact basin formation, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(5), p. 855-882, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Manfriedt Muundjua, Armand Galdeano, Laurent Carporzen, Stuart A. Gilder, Rodger J. Hart, Marco A.G. Andreoli, Marian Tredoux (2008) Reply to comment by W.U. Reimold, R.L. Gibson, and H. Henkel on Muundjua et al. (2007), “Magnetic imaging of the Vredefort impact crater, South Africa”, EPSL 261, pp 456–468, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 273(3-4), p. 397-399, url, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.06.044
K. Bharuth-Ram, R. J. Hart, H. P. Gunnlaugsson (2008) Fe mineralogy of rocks from the Vredefort impact structure investigated with Mössbauer spectroscopy, Hyperfine Interactions 186(1-3), p. 199-203, url, doi:10.1007/s10751-008-9854-y
Aaron J Cavosie, R.R. Quintero-Mendez, H.A. Radovan, D E Moser, John W Valley (2009) Evidence of ancient cataclysm in modern sand: shock microstructures in detrital quartz, zircon, and monazite from the Vaal River, Vredefort Dome, South Africa, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. C2039, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2009, abstract #V13C-2039, url
J Salminen, L J Pesonen, W U Reimold, F Donadini, R L Gibson (2009) Paleomagnetic and rock magnetic study of the Vredefort impact structure and the Johannesburg Dome, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa; implications for the apparent polar wander path of the Kaapvaal Craton during the Mesoproterozoic, Precambrian Research 168(3-4), p. 167-184, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2008.09.005
Tanja Mohr-Westheide, W U Reimold, Anonymous (2009) Microchemical analysis of small-scale pseudotachylitic breccia zones from the central uplift of the Vredofort impact structure, South Africa, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44, SUPPL., p. 0-Abstract 5107, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
F Jourdan, P R Renne, W U Reimold (2009) An appraisal of the ages of terrestrial impact structures, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 286(1-2), p. 1-13, Amsterdam, Netherlands (NLD): Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.07.009
J Urrutia-Fucugauchi, Ligia Perez-Cruz (2009) Multiring-forming large bolide impacts and evolution of planetary surfaces, International Geology Review 51(12), p. 1079-1102, Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00206810902867161
A Jahn, U Riller (2009) A 3D model of first-order structural elements of the Vredefort Dome, South Africa; importance for understanding central uplift formation of large impact structures, Tectonophysics 478(3-4), p. 221-229, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2009.08.007
Laurel E Senft, Sarah T Stewart (2009) Dynamic fault weakening and the formation of large impact craters, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 287(3-4), p. 471-482, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.08.033
John G Spray, Suporn Boonsue, Anonymous (2009) Quartz-coesite-stishovite relations and genesis in shocked metaquartzites from the Vredefort impact structure, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44, SUPPL., p. 0-Abstract 5289, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url
Daniel Lieger, Ulrich Riller, Roger L Gibson (2009) Generation of fragment-rich pseudotachylite bodies during central uplift formation in the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 279(1-2), p. 53-64, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.031
Frederic Moynier, Christian Koeberl, Ghylaine Quitte, Philippe Telouk (2009) A tungsten isotope approach to search for meteoritic components in terrestrial impact rocks, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 286(1-2), p. 35-40, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.06.014
Norihiro Nakamura, Kensaku Okuno, Minoru Uehara, Tetsuya Ozawa, Lisa Tatsumi-Petrocholis, Michael Fuller (2010) Coarse-grained magnetites in biotite as a possible stable remanence-carrying phase in Vredefort granites, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 465, Roger L Gibson, Wolf Uwe Reimold (ed.), p. 165-172, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/2010.2465(11
Tanja Mohr-Westheide, Wolf Uwe Reimold (2010) Microchemical investigation of small-scale pseudotachylitic breccias from the Archean gneiss of the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Special Paper - Geological Society of America 465, Roger L Gibson, Wolf Uwe Reimold (ed.), p. 619-643, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/2010.2465(30
Aaron J Cavosie, Timmons M Erickson, Henri A Radovan, Desmond E Moser, Anonymous (2010) Detrital shocked zircon, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(12, Suppl. 1), p. 1, Elsevier, New York, NY, url
D E Moser, C Cupelli, I Barker, R Flowers, R J Hart, Anonymous (2010) Hot shock vs. cold shock zircon across the Vredefort Dome; a guide for interpreting residue of the LHB?, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(12, Suppl. 1), p. 1, Elsevier, New York, NY, url
Laurent Carporzen, Benjamin P. Weiss, Stuart A. Gilder, R.J Hart (2010) Shock-generated magnetite in the Vredefort impact crater basement rocks, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. B1058, url
Aaron J Cavosie, Raiza R Quintero, Henri A Radovan, Desmond E Moser (2010) A record of ancient cataclysm in modern sand; shock microstructures in detrital minerals from the Vaal River, Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Geological Society of America Bulletin 122(11-12), p. 1968-1980, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/B30187.1
Ulrich Riller, Daniel Lieger, Roger L Gibson, Richard A F Grieve, Dieter Stoeffler (2010) Origin of large-volume pseudotachylite in terrestrial impact structures, Geology (Boulder) 38(7), p. 619-622, Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G30806.1
Timmons M Erickson, Aaron J Cavosie, Henri A Radovan, Desmond E Moser, Anonymous (2010) Distal transport (>650 km) of detrital shocked zircon in a cratonic fluvial system; the Vaal River, South Africa, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(12, Suppl. 1), p. 1, Elsevier, New York, NY, url
H R Wenk, C Janssen, T Kenkmann, G Dresen (2011) Mechanical twinning in quartz; shock experiments, impact, pseudotachylites and fault breccias, Tectonophysics 510(1-2), p. 69-79, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2011.06.016
W U Reimold, M Thirlwall, T Mohr-Westheide, Anonymous (2011) Pseudotachylitic breccia and impact melt rock from Vredefort; chemical and isotopic systematics, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, SUPPL., p. 1, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01241.x
Tanja Mohr-Westheide, Wolf Uwe Reimold (2011) Formation of pseudotachylitic breccias in the central uplifts of very large impact structures; scaling the melt formation, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46(4), p. 543-555, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01173.x
Desmond E Moser, C L Cupelli, Ivan R Barker, R M Flowers, J R Bowman, J Wooden, J R Hart (2011) New zircon shock phenomena and their use for dating and reconstruction of large impact structures revealed by electron nanobeam (EBSD, CL, EDS) and isotopic U-Pb and (U-Th)/He analysis of the Vrederfort Dome, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences = Revue Canadienne des Sciences de la Terre 48(2), p. 117-139, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/E11-011
A A Garde, B A Ivanov, I McDonald, Anonymous (2011) Beyond Vredefort, Sudbury, and Chicxulub, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, SUPPL., p. 1, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01241.x
Majid Beiki, Laust B Pedersen (2011) Window constrained inversion of gravity gradient tensor data using dike and contact models, Geophysics 76(6), p. I59-I72, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/GEO2010-0368.1
M F Hamers, G M Pennock, M R Drury, Anonymous (2011) Combined CL, OC, and EBSD imaging shows different types of PDFs in quartz, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, SUPPL., p. 1, Meteoritical Society, Fayetteville, AR, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01241.x
Daniel Lieger, Ulrich Riller, Roger L Gibson (2011) Petrographic and geochemical evidence for an allochthonous, possibly impact melt, origin of pseudotachylite from the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(16), p. 4490-4514, Elsevier, New York, NY, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.017
Laurent Carporzen, Benjamin P. Weiss, Stuart A. Gilder, Anne Pommier, Rodger J. Hart (2012) Lightning remagnetization of the Vredefort impact crater: No evidence for impact-generated magnetic fields, Journal of Geophysical Research 117(E1), p. E01007, url, doi:10.1029/2011JE003919
Aaron J Cavosie, Henri A Radovan, Desmond E Moser, Ivan Barker, Joe Wooden, Kouki Kitajima, John W Valley, Anonymous (2012) Reconstructing impact basins from ex situ shocked zircon, Mineralogical Magazine 76(6), p. 1552, Mineralogical Society, London, url
Matthew M Wielicki, T Mark Harrison, Axel K Schmitt (2012) Geochemical signatures and magmatic stability of terrestrial impact produced zircon, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 321-322, p. 20-31, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.01.009
Daniel Lieger, Ulrich Riller (2012) Emplacement history of granophyre dikes in Vredefort impact structure, South Africa, inferred from geochemical evidence, Icarus 219(1), p. 168-180, Elsevier, New York, NY, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2012.02.026
M Dane Picard (2012) Meteorite impact! The danger from space and South Africa's mega-impact; the Vredefort Structure, AAPG Bulletin 96(3), p. 560-561, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, url
Timmons M Erickson, Aaron J Cavosie, Desmond E Moser, Ivan R Barker, Henri A Radovan, Joe Wooden (2013) Identification and provenance determination of distally transported, Vredefort-derived shocked minerals in the Vaal River, South Africa using SEM and SHRIMP-RG techniques, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 107, p. 170-188, Elsevier, New York, NY, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2012.12.008
Andrew Y Glikson, I Tonguc Uysal, John D Fitz Gerald, Erdinc Saygin (2013) Geophysical anomalies and quartz microstructures, eastern Warburton Basin, northeast South Australia; tectonic or impact shock metamorphic origin?, Tectonophysics 589, p. 57-76, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.12.036
S. Mashabela (2013) Evidence for Neoarchaean extensional faults in the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, p. 3923, EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7-12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria, id. EGU2013-3923, url
M Youssof, Hans Thybo, Irina M Artemieva, Alan Levander (2013) Moho depth and crustal composition in Southern Africa, Tectonophysics 609, p. 267-287, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.09.001
Jacek Stankiewicz, Maarten de Wit (2013) 3.5 billion years of reshaped Moho, Southern Africa, Tectonophysics 609, p. 675-689, Elsevier, Amsterdam, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.08.033
Matthew M Wielicki, M. Harrison (2013) Sieve textures in impact zircon from Vredefort, South Africa: Implications to impact geochronology, AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. C5, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013, abstract #P34C-05, url
C L Cupelli, Desmond E Moser, I R Barker, J R Darling, J R Bowman, B Dhuime (2014) Discovery of mafic impact melt in the center of the Vredefort Dome; archetype for continental residua of early Earth cratering?, Geology (Boulder) Pre-Issue , Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, url, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G35297.1

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