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Cape Verde

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Cape Verde Islands

Cape Verde
Cape Verde islands

Cape Verde
Cape Verde archipelago

Cape Verde
Geological map of Cape Verde Islands

Cape Verde
Cape Verde islands

Cape Verde
Cape Verde archipelago

Cape Verde
Geological map of Cape Verde Islands

Cape Verde
Cape Verde islands

Cape Verde
Area:4,033 km2
Locality type:Country
Name(s) in local language(s):Cabo Verde


A former Portuguese colony; officially the Republic of Cape Verde.
An island country, spanning an archipelago located in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the Central Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa, opposite Mauritania and Senegal.

Geologically, the islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi), are principally composed of igneous rocks, with volcanic structures and pyroclastic debris comprising the majority of the archipelago's total volume. The volcanic and plutonic rocks are distinctly basic; the archipelago is a soda-alkaline petrographic province, with a petrologic succession which is similar to that found in other Macaronesian islands.
Magnetic anomalies identified in the vicinity of the archipelago indicate that the structures forming the islands date back 125-150 million years: the islands themselves date from 8 million (in the west) to 20 million years (in the east). The oldest exposed rocks occurred on Maio and northern peninsula of Santiago and are 128-131 million year old pillow lavas. The first stage of volcanism in the islands began in the early Miocene, and reached its peak at the end of this period, when the islands reached their maximum sizes. Historical volcanism (within human settlement) has been restricted to the island of Fogo.
The origin of the islands' volcanism has been attributed to a hotspot, associated with bathymetric swell that formed the Cape Verde Rise. The Rise is one of the largest protuberances in the world's oceans, rising 2.2 kilometers in a semi-circular region of 1200 km², associated with a rise of the geoid and elevated surface heat flow.
Most recently erupting in 1995, Pico do Fogo is the largest active volcano in the region. It has a 8 km (5 mi) diameter caldera, whose rim is 1,600 m (5,249 ft) altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2,829 m (9,281 ft) above sea level. The caldera resulted from subsidence, following the partial evacuation (eruption) of the magma chamber, along a cylindrical column from within magma chamber (at a depth of 8 km (5 mi)).
Extensive salt flats are found on Sal and Maio. On Santiago, Santo Antão, and São Nicolau, arid slopes give way in places to sugarcane fields or banana plantations spread along the base of towering mountains. Ocean cliffs have been formed by catastrophic debris avalanches.

-

Recursos Minerais: Embora a importância dos recursos naturais tem diminuído drasticamente no novo contexto global da indústria, eles não devem ser negligenciadas. Com uma área de 4033 km2 e uma pluviometria muito baixa, o país é pobre em recursos naturais, mineiros, o que constitui uma das limitações ao desenvolvimento económico. Em 2004, a indústria mineira continuou a ter um papel menor na economia. Entretanto, o país produz uma certa quantidade de minerais utilizados na elaboração de materiais de construção: argila nas ilhas da Boavista, Sal, e São Vicente; Gesso na ilha do Maio; calcário nas ilhas de Boa Vista, Sal e Santo Antão; pozolana na ilha de Santo Antão; e, finalmente, o sal nas ilhas do Maio e Sal.
Ref: Segunda comunicação nacional de Cabo Verde sobre as mudanças climáticas, República de Cabo Verde, Outubro 2010.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Apatite'
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Biotite'
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Hornblende'
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Hydrokenoralstonite'3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Sylvite'3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hollandite'4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Loparite-(Ce)'4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Perovskite'4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Strontianite'5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halotrichite'7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Monazite-(Ce)'8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
'Montgomeryite'8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Eudialyte'9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Haüyne'9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Kaersutite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Leucite'9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Låvenite'9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Nosean'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Rhönite'9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
'Schorlomite'9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Thorite'9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Pyrochlore'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SylviteKCl
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
DOELTER, C. 1882. Die Vulcane der Capverden und ihre Producte. Graz.

External Links

http://www.ecaboverde.com (Photo gallery of Cape Verde)

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