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Moresnet, Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg), Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district, Verviers, Liège Province, Belgium

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 43' 10'' North , 5° 59' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.71944,5.99556
GeoHash:G#: u1h283jy4
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

Moresnet, a small village between Kelmis (La Calamine) and Plombières (Bleyberg).

Dejonghe mentioned test drilling (1874-1875) south of Moresnet.
This constitutes calamine, pyrite, sphalerite and galena.

There has been no mining or any form of exploitation, only test drilling.
In the past centuries the name "Moresnet" was generally used for naming minerals from the Altenberg zinc mine in Kelmis (La Calamine).

The zinc-lead concession of Vieille Montagne, whose headquarters was in Kelmis (La Calamine), was often cited as the ‘Vieille-Montagne concession of Moresnet”. The entire zinc operation in East Belgium was often described as “Moresnet”.

“Moresnet” on a label does not necessarily mean that the piece comes from Moresnet.
Usually they mean the Altenberg mine, and later often everything from the area whitin the VM concession.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

4 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze and D. Jans (1993): Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique).
Formula: PbS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze and D. Jans (1993): Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique).
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Dobrev, S., Vassileva, M., & Kolkovski, B. (2004). Hetaerolite from Madjarovo Au-base-metal deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. In Annual Scientific Conference of the Bulgarian Geological Society “Geology 2004 (pp. 16-17).
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze and D. Jans (1993): Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique).
Formula: ZnS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze and D. Jans (1993): Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Petrified Wood'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Petrified Wood'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

298.9 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3152767
Carboniferous limestone

Age: Carboniferous (298.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{dolomite/dolostone,coal,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Devonian
358.9 - 382.7 Ma

ID: 2601725

Age: Late Devonian (358.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: vgl.671

Lithology: Argillaceous shale, slate, and/or schist, sandstone, graywacke, quartzite, limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

358.9 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze and D. Jans (1993): Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique).

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