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São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugali
Regional Level Types
São Miguel IslandIsland
AzoresAutonomous Region
PortugalCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Ilha de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal
Locality type:Island
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ponta Delgada20,056 (2018)
Lagoa14,442 (2018)
Rosto de Cão7,880 (2012)
Rabo de Peixe7,681 (2018)
Arrifes6,981 (2012)
Vila Franca do Campo5,035 (2012)





A geologia da ilha de São Miguel é marcada por três aparelhos vulcânicos: Fogo, Sete Cidades e Furnas. As rochas mais antigas localizam-se no extremo nordeste, com vestígios de um vulcão inactivo altamente erodido na localidade de Povoação.
S. Miguel iniciou a sua formação há 4,1 M. a. e foi sendo sucessivamente aumentada pelo material expelido em novas erupções.
A actividade vulcânica mais recente encontra-se na parte Este da ilha (Sete Cidades e Picos). Neste sector existem depósitos de piroclastos basálticos. A caldeira das Sete Cidades ter-se-á formado há aproximadamente 16.000 anos, com 17 erupções nos últimos 5.000 anos. No interior da cratera, e devido à presença de água, as erupções foram explosivas, enquanto que nas vertentes exteriores apresentaram estilo havaiano-estromboliano.
O vulcão do Fogo, na parte central, apresenta uma caldeira com 3,25 km de diâmetro, com um lago no seu centro. Nos flancos do vulcão existem extensos depósitos de piroclastos. As rochas mais antigas desta região possuem uma idade absoluta de 280.000±140.000 anos, tendo-se formado em ambiente submarino. Após duas erupções importantes verificou-se o abatimento da estrutura e a formação de uma caldeira há 46.500 e 26.500 anos. Nos últimos 40.000 anos a actividade tornou-se mais explosiva ocorrendo dentro da caldeira. Nos últimos 15.000 anos há o registo de 20 erupções, com dois registos históricos (1953 e 1954), sempre de carácter explosivo ao nível da cratera. Em 1563, uma erupção explosiva (subpliniana), com emissão de lava, soterrou parte da povoação de Ribeira Seca.
O vulcão das Furnas encontra-se perto da região nordeste e a sua caldeira (5 km de diâmetro) ter-se-á formado há 12.000-10.000 anos. É o vulcão mais recente e estudado no contexto dos Açores, tendo ocorrido alguns episódios vulcânicos curtos nos últimos 5.000 anos (dois históricos), de carácter explosivo (pliniano a subpliniano). Em 1630, uma erupção com formação de escoadas piroclásticas terá morto 195 pessoas na ilha.
Ref: OLIVEIRA, Óscar et al - Desafios Geologia 10, vol 1, Edições ASA, Lisboa, 2009.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Storey, M.(1985): Petrology of volcanic rocks from Sao Miguel and Faial, Azores Islands, Thesis, ProQuest LLC (2016)
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Luigi Chiappino collection, analysed by Italo Campostrini
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Apatite'
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Biotite'
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Martins da Pedra and Rui Nunes collections
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767.
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Housley, R.M. (2015): Chiappinoite-(Y), Y2Mn(Si3O7)4, a new layer silicate found in peralkaline syenitic ejecta from the Água de Pau volcano, Azores. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 91-97.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Eudialyte ?
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: reported as an Eudialyte enriched in Niobium
Reference: Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 749-767
'Eudialyte Group'
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V. and Carpentier, J.-F. (2015) Fogoite-(Y), IMA 2014-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 250; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Ternes, B. (1999) : Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24 (1), 20-42. (In German)
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Luigi Chiappino collection, analysed by Italo Campostrini
Gyrolite ?
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: S.M. Topa photo
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Storey, M.(1985): Petrology of volcanic rocks from Sao Miguel and Faial, Azores Islands, Thesis, ProQuest LLC (2016)
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Description:
Reference: [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888],[ Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767]
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganoeudialyte
Formula: Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Natrolite ?
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: S.M. Topa photo
Okanoganite-(Y)
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Oneillite
Formula: Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M. & Selmi, P. (2015): I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel,Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian).
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Petarasite
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M. & Selmi, P. (2015): I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel,Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian). Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Serge Lavarde Collection
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Storey, M.(1985): Petrology of volcanic rocks from Sao Miguel and Faial, Azores Islands, Thesis, ProQuest LLC (2016)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Lisboa, colecção António Bello.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: Analysed by Pedro Alves
Vlasovite
Formula: Na2ZrSi4O11
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Zircophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Dalyite9.EA.25K2ZrSi6O15
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Ekanite9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudialyte ?9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gyrolite ?9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Manganoeudialyte9.CO.10Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite ?9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Okanoganite-(Y)9.AJ.35(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Oneillite9.CO.10Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Petarasite9.CJ.40Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Steacyite9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Vlasovite9.DM.25Na2ZrSi4O11
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zircophyllite ?9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)-Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Okanoganite-(Y)54.2.4.3(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Petarasite61.1.2b.3Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte ?64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrokentbrooksite64.1.2.2Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Manganoeudialyte64.1.1.4Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Vlasovite66.2.2.1Na2ZrSi4O11
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Epididymite66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Zircophyllite ?69.1.1.5K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Dalyite72.2.1.1K2ZrSi6O15
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite ?73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite ?77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)-Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Monazite'-
Oneillite-Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Turkestanite-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
H OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
BeBeryllium
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
BBoron
B Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
O Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
O EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
O Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
O OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
FFluorine
F Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F FluoriteCaF2
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
F Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
NaSodium
Na Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Na Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Na NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Na Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Na PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Na SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Na VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Na EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Na Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Na OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
AlAluminium
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
SiSilicon
Si Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Si Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Si NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Si Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Si PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Si SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Si EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Si Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Si OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
PPhosphorus
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SulphurS8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Cl ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Cl PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Cl OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
KPotassium
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
K Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
CaCalcium
Ca Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Ca Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Ca OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
TiTitanium
Ti Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
MnManganese
Mn Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Mn ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Mn Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Mn OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Fe Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Fe OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
YYttrium
Y Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Y Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
Zr FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Zr ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Zr ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Zr PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Zr VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Zr Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Zr OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Nb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Nb OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
PbLead
Pb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Th SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
Th Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hartung, G. (1860) Die Azoren in ihrer äußeren Erscheinung und nach ihrer geognostischen Natur. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig
Zbyszewsky, G. (1961) Étude geologique de l’ile de S. Miguel (Açores). Comunicações Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, 45l, 5–79.
Storey, M., Wolff, J.A., Norry, J.M., Marriner, G.F. (1989) Origin of hybrid lavas from Agua de Pau volcano, Sao Miguel, Azores. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 42, 161-180.
Renzulli, A., Santi, P. (2000) Two-stage fractionation history of the alkali basalt–trachyte series of Sete Cidades volcano (São Miguel Island, Azores). European Journal of Mineralogy, 12, 469–494.

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