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Trinidad mine, Benalmádena, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° North , 4° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~5km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Trinidad, Benalmádena, Málaga


Iron mine close to the border between Benalmádena and Mijas municipality. Iron ores are found in karstic cavities in marbles, where aragonite and calcite crystals are also formed after iron hydroxides. The marbles around the mine have spinel and other skarn minerals.

Deposit includes irregular masses formed in Magnesium skarn lenses on dolomitic marble. Hornfels series. Towards the south there exists a contact zone (reverse fault) with weathered and hydrothermalized leucogranites, sillimanite gneiss and alpine peridotites (Mijas Serpentinites). Serpentinites were affected by hydrothermal metamorphism, forming talc-crisotile-lizardite deposit.

Although mining was mainly focused to iron ores masses inside marble (limonite, goethite, hematite) just on the neighborhood skarn lenses bearing clinohumite-spinel can be found. Spinel occurs in beautiful assemblage ranging in colour from dark red, pink, lilac, purple and minor black pleonaste. Mineral association includes brucite, dolomite, limonite,ilmenite-geikielite, phlogopite and pyrrhotite.

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,541 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
'Geikielite'4.CB.05MgTiO3
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Clinohumite'9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
FFluorine
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
MgMagnesium
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Romero Silva JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. Spain. 318pp. 1map.
Romero Silva JC (2010). Sobre minerales,metales y gemas de la provincia de Malaga. Monografias Encuentro con la Ciencia II. Edita Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Malaga.

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