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Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA

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Black Eagle Mill along Chicago Creek near Idaho Springs

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Tailings pile between two residences

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Black Eagle Mill along Chicago Creek near Idaho Springs

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Tailings pile between two residences

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Black Eagle Mill along Chicago Creek near Idaho Springs

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Tailings pile between two residences

Lamartine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° North , 105° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~8km
Locality type:Mining District
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


See also Idaho Springs District.

The Chicago Creek area, in Clear Creek County, Colo., about 3 miles southwest of Idaho Springs forms a part of the Front Range mineral belt, a northeast-trending belt of coextensive veins and porphyry intrusives of Tertiary age. The area occupies about 5 1/2 square miles along the northwest
side of Chicago Creek. At least $4.5 million of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and uranium ores has been produced in the area from mesothermal veins of Tertiary age. These veins occupy fractures that cut Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks and porphyry intrusive rocks of Tertiary age.

About April 1, 1859, pay gold ore was discovered in a placer near the mouth of Chicago Creek. Soon after this initial discovery a search for gold veins spread up Chicago Creek and into its tributary streams and gulches. Probably the first veins discovered were the Quito and the Little Mattie. Exploration was carried on in these and other mines. Only supergene- enriched ore was shipped at first, and extensive underground development of the veins did not begin until about 1880. By 1884 the Little Mattie, Silver Ring, Charter Oak, Muscovite, Kitty Clyde, Humboldt, Eclipse, and Silver Glance mines were all being worked. Vigorous development work in these and many other mines was carried on until the Silver Panic of 1894, when the silver mines shut down or drastically reduced operations. Mining picked up again after 1900, but it has been intermittent and generally on the decline since about 1910. Several base-metal mines were reopened during World War I and a few gold mines were reopened during the depression years. During the 20-year period between 1920 and 1940, only 2 new mines, the West Gold and the Dixie, were opened and developed to any great extent.

The Chicago Creek area contains veins that bear gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and uranium; these deposits were formed as hydrothermal fillings in fault fissures. Replacement of the wall rocks by the ore minerals was unimportant as a method of formation of the ore deposits. Most of the veins have smooth walls; some are lodes, inasmuch as they have a foot-wall vein and a hanging-wall vein separated by a few feet of altered wall rock that at places contains stringers of vein minerals. Slickensides are abundant, and most are nearly horizontal. The vein fractures are fairly regular in strike and dip, and irregularities, where present, commonly provided favorable structures for the deposition of the ore minerals. Repeated opening of the veins is shown by brecciated gangue and sulfides that are cemented by later gangue and sulfides which at places are of different composition from the earlier vein minerals. Vugs, though not uncommon, are generally small, and the veins tend to be filled completely even where they have been fractured and reopened several times. The vein zones, from fresh wall rock on one wall to fresh wall rock on the other, are generally less than 3 feet wide although some, such as the Little Mattie, are as much as 8 feet wide. The metallic ore minerals exclusive of disseminated pyrite commonly are confined to less than 8 inches of the vein zone.

The principal ore minerals are sulfides and sulfosalts of iron, copper, silver, lead, and zinc. Those that are less abundant but common in the area include native gold, native silver, and hydrous uranium phosphates. Ore minerals that have been mined but are rare in the area include tellurides of mercury or of gold and silver and oxides of uranium.
The gangue minerals include several varieties of quartz and several kinds of carbonate minerals. The most abundant gangue mineral is vein quartz, but locally a very fine-grained variety, called chalcedonic quartz in this report, forms a major part of the gangue. The chalcedonic quartz commonly is colored tan, brown, or black. Small amounts of opal have been reported from a few mines in the area. Carbonates of calcium, iron, magnesium, barium, or manganese form a small part of the gangue in many mines.
Five principal types and one subtype of veins have been recognized in the area on the basis of quantitative mineralogy. In general, pyritic types are mined for gold and galena-sphalerite types are mined for lead and silver. Mixtures of 2 or more of the 5 principal types in a reopened vein or in a lode has resulted in some ore bodies that have been mined for gold, silver, and lead. No veins have been mined specifically for copper or zinc, although these metals have been recovered during processing of many of the ores. One vein (shear zone) has been mined for uranium. In general, all types of veins occur in similar vein structures in all types of host rocks.
The Pb/U determinations on pitchblende from veins in the Central City district (about 5 miles northeast of the Chicago Creek area), made by Holmes (1946) and Phair (1952), indicate an age for those veins of about 60 million years, or early Tertiary. As the veins in the Chicago Creek area are in the same geologic setting as the veins in the Central City district, these two groups of veins are probably the same age.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 319

Regions containing this locality

Rocky Mountains, North America

Mountain Range - 2,057 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
'Copper Stain'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dumontite ?
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Harrison & Wells(1955) USGS Trace element investigations reports 295.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 150 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Granitic gneiss'
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'commodity:Mica'
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
'commodity:Uranium'
Formula: U
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Dumontite ?8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uvite Series9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Biotite-
Copper Stain-
Granitic gneiss-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Dumontite ?42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Granitic gneiss'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TenoriteCuO
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 319
U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1032B
Harrison & Wells(1955) USGS Trace element investigations reports 295.

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