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Summit, Union Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Summit- not defined -
Union Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 44' North , 74° 21' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.73333,-74.35000
GeoHash:G#: dr5psp7bz
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Summit22,074 (2017)2.3km
Short Hills13,165 (2017)2.6km
Chatham8,993 (2017)3.0km
Springfield14,429 (2017)4.2km
Northfield8,070 (2017)5.0km


NOTE: These recorded occurrences are questionable. The majority, if not nearly all, of them may actually be occurrences in the Commonwealth set of historical quarries which were actually located in adjacent Springfield Township. Since the city of Summit lies atop the first Watchung Mountain and there were typical excavations to install municipal infrastructure and to accomodate the foundations of structures, it is possible that any number of mineral species could have been encountered in the Watchung Basalt within the city limits; however, specific data in this regard are not available at this time.

See the Mindat file for: Houdaille Quarry (Summit Quarry; Commonwealth Quarry), Springfield, Springfield Township, Union Co., New Jersey, USA [http://www.mindat.org/loc-23583.html].

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup'

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2772868
Preakness Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Preakness Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to black, very-fine-grained, dense, hard basalt composed mostly of intergrown calcic plagioclase (An55-60) and clinopyroxene (pigeonite and augite). Crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long, but locally feldspar crystals are larger than 1.3 cm (0.5 in.). Small spherical to tubular cavities (gas-escape vesicles) may be filled by zeolite minerals or calcite. Consists of at least three major flows. Prominent amydaloidal zones occur at most contacts between flows. A thin, 2 to 8 m (6.6-26 ft) bed of siltstone (Jps) separates the lower flows. The basal 20 m (66 ft) of the lowest flow is commonly highly vesicular or brecciated. Radiating slender columns 20 to 71 cm (8-28 in) wide, caused by shrinkage while cooling, are most abundant in the highest flow. The small, circiular extrusive body forming Round Top west of Oldwick is identified as Preakness Basalt by geochemistry and position above the Orange Mountain Basalt (Houghton and others, 1992). Thickness ranges from 250 m (820ft) (Olsen and others, 1989) to 320 m (1,050 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Units Jp and Jps are described together on printed map. The units were split into separate records and appropriate descriptions for each were used. Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187774
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Manchester, J.G. (1931), The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin: 3(1): 94.

External Links



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