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Moss Meteorite, Moss, Østfold, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Moss MeteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Moss- not defined -

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Name in Norwegian:Mossemeteoritten, Moss, Østfold, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 25' 59'' North , 10° 42' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.43333,10.70000
GeoHash:G#: u4xd57x82
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:CO3.6 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:CO3.6
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
Moss34,492 (2017)2.4km
Søndre Fuglevik471 (2014)6.2km
Rygge2,567 (2014)6.8km
Ryggebyen2,416 (2010)7.1km
Larkollen1,373 (2013)11.4km

Moss ~59º26' N, ~10º42' E

Østfold, Norway

Fell July 14, 2006, ~10:20 hrs local daylight time (UT+2)

Carbonaceous chondrite (CO3.6)

History and physical characteristics: (G. Raade and K. Ødegaard, UOslo; M. Bilet, NorAS) At about 10:20 am on July 14, 2006, a bright fireball traveling SSE-NNW was witnessed by many people and a loud explosion and a rumbling sound was heard in the air above Moss and Rygge in south Norway, on the east side of the Oslofjord. Shortly after, a small meteorite was heard to land on an aluminum sheet and was recovered. Extensive searches in the area have resulted in the recovery of a total of 5 stones (Table x). Note that light rainfall occurred in the area on July 29, 30, and 31.

Petrography: (J. Grossman, USGS; G. MacPherson, SI; L. Chizmadia, UHaw; A. Rubin, UCLA): Contains abundant small chondrules (most < 200 μm), small (<1 mm) amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs) and refractory inclusions, and isolated grains of olivine, troilite, and kamacite set in a gray matrix. Chondrule types are dominated by type-I PO, with other varieties of type I and II chondrules plus RP, C, and BO all present. All type I chondrules show diffusional entry of FeO around edges and along cracks of forsterite grains. Olivine histogram is flat, resembling that of Ornans (range Fa0.3–42, average Fa19.9, σ=65%, n=60); Cr2O3 content of fayalitic olivine is low (0.09±0.09 wt%). Image analysis gives 2.2 vol% metal and 2.4 vol% FeS. Refractory inclusions contain spinel, calcic pyroxene, and abundant nepheline that replaces melilite and other primary phases; some perovskite has been transformed to ilmenite. Some AOAs contain relict cores of forsterite, but most of the olivine has been converted to more fayalitic compositions; degree of oxidation of AOAs is similar to type 3.6 CO chondrites such as ALH 77003. Matrix is mildly recrystallized and sulfur-poor; matrix olivine has similar composition to olivine in fine-grained chondrules and inclusions.

Geochemistry: Magnetic susceptibility (R. Bartoschewitz), log χ (10-9 m3·kg-1) = 4.68. Oxygen isotopes (I. Franchi and R. Greenwood, OU), average of two replicates, δ17O = ‑5.90‰, δ18O = ‑2.21‰, Δ17O = ‑4.75‰.

Classification: Carbonaceous chondrite (CO3.6, scheme of Chizmadia et al., 2002); shock stage S2.

Specimens: Type specimens of 20 g (stone 4) and 2 g (stone 3) are on deposit at SI.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

7 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: Fe
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Roaldset, E. & Bilet, M. (2011): Den uvanlige meteoritten MOSS. Stein. 38 (2): 38-40; Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Roaldset, E. & Bilet, M. (2011): Den uvanlige meteoritten MOSS. Stein. 38 (2): 38-40; Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592
Formula: FeS
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Roaldset, E. & Bilet, M. (2011): Den uvanlige meteoritten MOSS. Stein. 38 (2): 38-40; Meteoritical Bulletin database: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=36592

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Group 9 - Silicates
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Metals, other than the Platinum Group
var: Kamacite,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
S TroiliteFeS
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

541 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

1000 - 1600 Ma

ID: 3143198
Proterozoic II granite

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granite}, Minor{monzonite,meta-granite,syenite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bilet, M. (2007): Historien om Moss-meteoritten. Stein. 34 (2), 3-7
Bilet, M. (2007): Litt mer om Norges 14. meteoritt. Stein. 34 (3), 12-13
Greenwood, R. C.; Pearson, V. K.; Verchovsky, A. B.; Johnson, D.; Franchi, I. A.; Roaldset, E.; Raade, G. and Bartoschewitz, R. (2007). The Moss (CO3) meteorite: an integrated isotopic, organic and mineralogical study. In: 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII), 12-16 March 2007, Houston, Texas.
Selbekk, R.S., Roaldset, E. & Bilet, M. (2011): Den uvanlige meteoritten MOSS. Stein. 38 (2): 38-40
Larsen, J., Bilet, M., Thoresen, Ø. & Selbekk, Rune S. (2014): Norske Meteoritter. Kunstbokforlaget, 2014, 128p. [pp. 72-77]

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