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Khibiny Station, Kihlman Mt., Khibiny Massif, Murmanskaya Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 40' 23'' North , 33° 12' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.67313,33.21228
GeoHash:G#: usp8gz82w
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):, Хибины, Хибинский массив
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast


There are known two alkaline syenite pegmatite outcrops within shists of Imandra-Varzuga formation in the vicinity of Khibiny Station.



Type locality of kihlmanite-(Ce). An arfvedsonite-aegirine-microcline vein in fenitized metavolcanic rock at the foot of the Mt Kihlman (Chil'man), near the western contact of the Devonian Khibiny alkaline massif and the Proterozoic Imandra-Varzuga greenstone belt.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,643 mineral species & varietal names listed

Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaya Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

Peninsula - 961 mineral species & varietal names listed

Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/Russia

Geologic Province - 1,081 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: L Kruszewski collection; Pavel M. Kartashov data; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Kihlmanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Krivovichev, S.V., Zhitova, E.A., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Korchak, J.A. and Kadyrova, G.I. (2013) Kihlmanite-(Ce), IMA 2012-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12; Panikorovskii T. L., Kalashnikova G. O., Zhitova E. S., Pakhomovsky Ya. A., Bocharov V. N., Yakovenchuk V. N., Zolotarev A. A. jr., Krivovichev S. V. (2017): Crystal chemistry of Na-rich kihlmanite-(Ce) from arfvedsonite-aegirine-microcline pegmatite at the Kihlman Mt. (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Zapiski RMO 146, 113-124.
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Loparite-(Ce) var: Nioboloparite
Formula: (Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Tony Nickischer
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Tony Nickischer
Tundrite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; L. Kruszewski collection (analysed; Ce-dominant); Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Loparite-(Ce)'4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
var: Nioboloparite4.CC.35(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Arfvedsonite'9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Britholite-(Ce)'9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Chevkinite-(Ce)'9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Eudialyte'9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Kupletskite'9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
'Låvenite'9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Mosandrite-(Ce)'9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Tundrite-(Ce)9.AH.10Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Kihlmanite-(Ce)' (TL)-Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Tundrite-(Ce)17.1.11.Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Kihlmanite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Loparite-(Ce)
var: Nioboloparite
-(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
H Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
CCarbon
C Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
C Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
O Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
O Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
MgMagnesium
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Si Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
ClChlorine
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
KPotassium
K Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ca Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
TiTitanium
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Ti Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ti Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
SrStrontium
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
ZrZirconium
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Kihlmanite-(Ce)Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ce Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Ce Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ce Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
ThThorium
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3161028
Proterozoic I tholeiitic

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{tholeiitic basalt}, Minor{sandstone,dolomite/dolostone,schist group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 637675
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: mafic

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Mesoarchean
2800 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3186940
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Belmorian Gneiss Complex

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss/metavolcanic gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Shlyukova Z.V., Burova T.A. (1963) Chevkinite from Khibina, - ZVMO, v92, N5, pp.597-599 (in Russ.)
- Shlyukova Z.V., Vlasova E.V., Kazakova M.E. (1973) New data on tundrite, - DAN SSSR, v211, N2, pp. 426-429 (in Russ.)
- Shlyukova Z.V. (1976) Lavenite - typomorphic mineral of contact zone of Khibina massif, - Studies on genetical mineralogy, Moscow, Nauka, pp. 28-35 (in Russ.)
- Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Russ.)
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
Panikorovskii T. L., Kalashnikova G. O., Zhitova E. S., Pakhomovsky Ya. A., Bocharov V. N., Yakovenchuk V. N., Zolotarev A. A. jr., Krivovichev S. V. (2017): Crystal chemistry of Na-rich kihlmanite-(Ce) from arfvedsonite-aegirine-microcline pegmatite at the Kihlman Mt. (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Zapiski RMO 146, 113-124.


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