SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Schwärze (Schwärze glacier), Gorner glacier area, Zermatt, Matt Valley, Zermatt - Saas Fee area, Valais, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Schwärze (Schwärze glacier)- not defined -
Gorner glacier areaArea
Zermatt- not defined -
Matt ValleyValley
Zermatt - Saas Fee areaArea

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 57' 10'' North , 7° 46' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
Zermatt6,629 (2016)7.7km
Breuil-Cervinia753 (2014)11.3km
Täsch831 (2016)12.8km
Champoluc-Champlan392 (2014)13.7km
Paquier995 (2014)14.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Schwärze (Schwärzegletscher), Gornergletschergebiet, Zermatt, Mattertal, Gebiet Zermatt - Saas Fee, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)

A southern confluent of the Gorner glacier.
Located north of Pollux Mt.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

3 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 38
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 38
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 201.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 9 - Silicates
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Melanite
var: Hessonite

List of minerals for each chemical element

H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

0 - 0.0117 Ma

ID: 2357817
Gletscher, Firn

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Lithology: Ice, snow

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

251.902 - 541 Ma

ID: 3134840

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Description: high grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3192543
Paleozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 22, 2019 13:55:00 Page generated: April 22, 2019 15:09:08
Go to top of page