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Great Australia Mine, Cloncurry, Cloncurry Shire, Queensland, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 20° 43' 10'' South , 140° 30' 38'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -20.71954,140.51068

An operating copper-gold mine located 2 kms south of Cloncurry.

The Great Australian Mine was discovered by the explorer Ernest Henry in the 1867, and Cloncurry was settled to service this mine and others nearby which were developed subsequently. The mine was operated spasmodically till 1919, due to its isolation, but reopened in about 1995. It now operated by CopperChem and is still being open cut mined today. Ore is currently mined in three open pits at a rate of approximately 700,000 tonnes per year. In 2009 indicated and inferred reserves were shown as 2.2Mt @0.14g/t Au and 1.55%Cu.

The ores were fault-related veins in early Proterozoic dolostone, metadolerite and metatuff. There was an extensive supergene zone rich in native coper, cuprite and chalcocite; the primary ore was chalcopyrite rich.

Mineral List

39 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

1000 - 1600 Ma
Wiggle Waterhole Metagabbro

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Wiggle Waterhole Metagabbro

Description: Hornblende diorite and metagabbro

Comments: igneous intermediate intrusive; meta-igneous mafic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous intermediate intrusive; meta-igneous mafic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Wallace, M. E. & Pring, A. (1990): Gerhardtite, a copper hydroxy-nitrate from the Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Queensland. Australian Mineral. 5, 51-54.

Day, B. E. and Beyer, B. (1995) - Some mines of the Mt Isa District - Part 1: The Great Australia mine, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 1 (1), 23-28.

Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Formation of Chrysocolla and Secondary Copper Phosphates in the Highly Weathered Supergene Zones of Some Australian Deposits. Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.

Elliott, P., Cooper, M.A. & Pring, A. (2014): Barlowite, Cu4FBr(OH)6, a new mineral isotructural with claringbullite: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78,1755-1762.

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