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Gamsberg Area, Khomas Region, Namibia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° 20' South , 16° 20' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -23.33333,16.33333
GeoHash:G#: k7ge78m96
Locality type:Area
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


The Gamsberg Mt. is a 2.437 m high granite peak in the Khomas Region, it's the third highest mountain of Namibia.
The area is known for Alpine-type cleft minerals. Strictly speaking, the localities are in the Gamsberg foreland (outland).

The Gamsberg Area refers to a loosely-defined area roughly 70 by 70 kilometers from east to south. The area is east of the Gamsberg and Hakos Mountains, located in the southwestern part of central Namibia.

The Gamsberg Mountain is the most important landmark in the area, but no known alpine-type fissures or minerals have been found on the actual mountain. The position of specific finds is difficult to find details on, due to the erratic distribution of the fissures as well as the fact that the whole area is subdivided into privately owned farmland.

In general, the farmers are extremely reluctant to allow anyone, including local prospectors, onto their properties. Therefore, some local miners have taken to moonlighting when the farmers are away on other business, and will not divulge any specific localities to mineral collectors for fear of reprisal.

However, collectors are seriously warned not to attempt to enter any of these farms without explicit prior consent from the farm owners.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English); Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 345-353 (in English)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 510 pp. (in English)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection ;
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
'Sagenite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection .
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Wakefieldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Löllingite'2.EB.15aFeAs2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Molybdite'4.E0.10MoO3
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Kamphaugite-(Y)'5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
'Magnesite'5.AB.05MgCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
'Cuprotungstite'7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
'Natrojarosite'7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Hydroxylapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ferro-actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Kyanite'9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Apatite-
Biotite-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Sagenite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wakefieldite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Sagenite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wakefieldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CupriteCu2O
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MolybditeMoO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
YYttrium
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo MolybditeMoO3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Niedermayr, G., and Schneider, G., (2006): Die alpinotypen Klüfte aus der Gamsberg Region, Namibia. Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle 2. Auflage: 240-257.
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 345-353 (in English).
Niedermayr, G., and Palfi, A., (2007): Rutil (Sagenit) aus der Gamsberg Region. GMineralien-Welt Magazine: 3: 58-61.
Locker, H., (2011): Alpine, Rutile und Quarzkristalle, Rooisand am Gamsberg, Namibia. Lapis 36 (7-8): 21-25.

Localities in this Region
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