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Gamsberg Area, Khomas Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Gamsberg AreaArea
Khomas RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° 20' South , 16° 20' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


The Gamsberg Mt. is a 2.437 m high granite peak in the Khomas Region, it's the third highest mountain of Namibia.
The area is known for Alpine-type cleft minerals. Strictly speaking, the localities are in the Gamsberg foreland (outland).

The Gamsberg Area refers to a loosely-defined area roughly 70 by 70 kilometers from east to south. The area is east of the Gamsberg and Hakos Mountains, located in the southwestern part of central Namibia.

The Gamsberg Mountain is the most important landmark in the area, but no known alpine-type fissures or minerals have been found on the actual mountain. The position of specific finds is difficult to find details on, due to the erratic distribution of the fissures as well as the fact that the whole area is subdivided into privately owned farmland.

In general, the farmers are extremely reluctant to allow anyone, including local prospectors, onto their properties. Therefore, some local miners have taken to moonlighting when the farmers are away on other business, and will not divulge any specific localities to mineral collectors for fear of reprisal.

However, collectors are seriously warned not to attempt to enter any of these farms without explicit prior consent from the farm owners.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English); Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 345-353 (in English)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Niedermayr, G. (2008): Talk on mineralogical news from Namibia.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 527 (in English).
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 510 pp. (in English)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna; Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 544 pp. (in English)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 703 (in English)
Gold
Formula: Au
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 605 (in English)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 619 (in English)
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 668 pp. (in English)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Niedermayr, G. & Schnaitmann, E. A. (2010): Neuigkeiten aus Namiba. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 89-96.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
'Sagenite'
Reference: Locker, H. (2011): "Alpine" Rutile und Quarzkristalle: Rooisand am Gamsberg/Namibia. Lapis 36 (7-8), 21-25.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection .
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Found in dolomite.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 29
'Wakefieldite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 810 (in English)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 834 pp. (in English)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Sagenite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wakefieldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Gwindel-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Sagenite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wakefieldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MolybditeMoO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Gwindel)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Quartz (var: Gwindel)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CopperCu
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
YYttrium
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybditeMoO3
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
AuGold
Au GoldAu

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Niedermayr, G., and Schneider, G., (2006): Die alpinotypen Klüfte aus der Gamsberg Region, Namibia. Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle 2. Auflage: 240-257.
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 345-353 (in English).
Niedermayr, G., and Palfi, A., (2007): Rutil (Sagenit) aus der Gamsberg Region. GMineralien-Welt Magazine: 3: 58-61.
Locker, H., (2011): Alpine, Rutile und Quarzkristalle, Rooisand am Gamsberg, Namibia. Lapis 36 (7-8): 21-25.

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