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Jinding Zn-Pb-Ag deposit (Lanping Mine), Lanping Co., Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 24' North , 99° 25' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 26.40000,99.41667
GeoHash:G#: whwwnmcp0
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Name(s) in local language(s):金顶锌铅银矿 (兰坪锌铅银矿), 兰坪白族普米族自治县, 怒江傈僳族自治州, 云南省, 中国

Cenozoic stratabound Zn-Pb-Ag deposit, hosted by Tertiary sandstones within a tectonically active basin. The deposit is presumably of sedimentary-exhalative type (SEDEX): the fracture zone along the longitudinal axis of the Lanping basin is believed to have been the conduit of a mud volcano (Gao et al., 2005)

The deposit was discovered in 1960 and is the largest lead-zinc deposit in China. It is subdivided into seven ore zones: Jiayashan (架崖山),Beichang (北厂),Nanchang (南厂),Xipo (西坡),Baicaoping (白草坪), Paomaping (跑马坪), and Fengzishan (蜂子山). Reserves amount to 200 million tons of ore, grading at 6.08% Zn and 1.29% Pb, of which about 40% are contained in a thick well-developed oxidation zone.

The Lanping Mine is the world's fourth largest lead-zinc mine.

Mineral List

34 valid minerals.


Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 88.4 ± 2.7 Ma to 70.4 ± 1.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Pyrite (youngest age)70.4 ± 1.9 Ma
ⓘ Pyrite (oldest age)88.4 ± 2.7 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

201.3 - 252.17 Ma

ID: 3184523
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 252.17 Ma)

Comments: Songpan-Ganzi Accretionary Complex

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Jiafeng Bai, Changhuai Wang, and Rongxan Na (1985): Geological characteristics of the Jinding lead-zinc deposit in Yunnan with a special discussion on its genesis. Mineral Deposits 4(1), 1-10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liyan Zhang and Xihui Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(6), 36-40.
Qian Zhang (1993): Pb isotopic composition of Jinding super-large Pb-Zn deposit in Yunnan Province and discussion on the source of lead. Geology and Prospecting 29(5), 21-28.
Ning Li and Kyle, J.R (1997): Geologic Controls of Sandstone-Hosted Zn-Pb-(Sr) Mineralization, Jinding Deposit, Yunnan Province, China - A New Environment for Sediment-Hosted Zn-Pb Deposits. In: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th Geological Congress, Vol. 9: Energy and Mineral Resources for the 21st Century, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), 67-82.
Zhang Qian, Liu Jiajun, Shao Shuxun and Liu Zhihao (2002): An estimate of the lead isotopic compositions of upper mantle and upper crust and implications for the source of lead in the Jinding Pb-Zn deposit in Western Yunnan, China. Geochemical Journal 36, 271-287.
Chunji Xue, Yuchuan Chen, Jianmin Yang, Denghong Wang, Weiguang Yang, and Qingbiao Yang (2002): Jinding Pb-Zn deposit: Geology and geochemistry. Mineral Deposits 21(3), 270-277 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chunji Xue, Yuchuan Chen, Denghong Wang, Jianmin Yang, Weiguang Yang, and Rong Zeng (2003): Geology and isotopic composition of helium, neon, xenon and metallogenic age of the Jinding and Baiyangping ore deposits, northwest Yunnan, China. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 46(8), 789-800.
Yan Liu, Jun Deng, Qingfei Wang, and Yinghua Zhou (2005): Crystal Chemistry and Color Genesis of the Hemimorphite from Jinding Pb-Zn Deposit, Yunnan Province. Geological Journal of China Universities 11(3), 434-441.
Xiugen Fu, Li Lin, Yanchun Pang, Lidong Zhu, and Xinli Wang (2005): Distribution of Anthraxolite and Metallogeny of the Jinding Lead-Zinc Deposit. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 50(5), 581-586.
Lan Gao, Anjian Wang, Junlai Liu, Qunye Xiu, Dianhua Cao, and Yunfeng Zhai (2005): New progress in study of superlarge Jinding Pb-Zn deposit: Discovery of intrusive breccia and its geological implications. Mineral Deposits 24(4), 457-461 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chunji Xue, Rong Zeng, Yongbao Gao, Heping Zhu, Shihua Zhao, and Yongqiang Li (2006): Fluid processes of a heavy metallogenesis at Jinding, Lanping, SW China. Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(4), 1031-1039.
Chunji Xue, Guoxiang Chi, Yuchuan Chen, Denghong Wang, and Hairuo Qing (2006): Two fluid systems in the Lanping basin, Yunnan, China - Their interaction and implications for mineralization. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 89(1-3), 436-439.
Rong Zeng, Chunji Xue, Shuwen Liu, Yongbao Gao, and Heping Zhu (2007): REE of fluid inclusion and ore-forming fluids in the giant Jinding Pb-Zn deposit, Yunnan. Geology and Prospecting 43(2), 55-61.
Zengqian Hou, Khin Zaw, Guitang Pan, Xuanxue Mo, Qiang Xu, Yunzhong Hu, and Xingzhen Li (2007): Sanjiang tethyan metallogenesis in SW China: tectonic setting, metallogenic epochs and deposit types. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 48-87.
Chunji Xue, Rong Zeng, Shuwen Liu, Guoxiang Chi, Hairuo Qing, Yuchuan Chen, Jianmin Yang, and Denghong Wang (2007): Geologic, fluid inclusion and isotopic characteristics of the Jinding Zn–Pb deposit, western Yunnan, South China: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 337-359.
Khin Zaw, Peters, S.G., Cromie, P., Burrett, C., and Zengqian Hou (2007): Nature, diversity of deposit types and metallogenic relations of South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 3-47.
Fuguang Zhao (2007): The present situation of the concentration of Pb-Zn ore. Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 23(6), 20-25 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Longqing He, Yucai Song, Kaixu Chen, Zengqian Hou, Fengming Yu, Zhusen Yang, Junqi Wei, Zheng Li, and Yingchao Liu (2009): Thrust-controlled, sediment-hosted, Himalayan Zn-Pb-Cu-Ag deposits in the Lanping foreland fold belt,eastern margin of Tibetan Plateau. Ore Geology Reviews (in Press). DOI 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2008.11.001
Liu, J. et al. (2010): Cracking mechanisms during galena mineralization in a sandstone-hosted lead–zinc ore deposit: case study of the Jinding giant sulfide deposit, Yunnan, SW China. Mineralium Deposita, 45, 567-582.

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