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Kanmantoo Mine (Kanmantoo West; Kanmantoo North), Kanmantoo, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kanmantoo Mine (Kanmantoo West; Kanmantoo North)Mine
Kanmantoo- not defined -
South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)Mountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 5' 30'' South , 139° 0' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -35.09194,139.00472
GeoHash:G#: r1fb75sns
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kanmantoo618 (2014)2.5km
Callington1,246 (2012)4.5km
Nairne3,648 (2012)10.6km
Blakiston696 (2014)12.5km
Mount Barker8,357 (2012)12.9km


A copper(-gold) mine discovered in 1846, it now encompasses The Kanmantoo mine, Kanmantoo West, Kanmantoo North and the Kanmantoo Heap Leach Site.

SARIG Record Sheet States;
"KANMANTOO MINERAL FIELD;
dominated by deposits of exhalative base metal mineralisation in host deformed and metamorphosed metasediment of the Cambrian Kanmantoo Group. Major mine is the Kanmantoo Copper Mine with mineralisation developed in feeder structures presumably to be the metal source for the overlying Cu-Au mineralisation associated with BIF and garnet-quartz rock. Commodities that have been commercially mined include Cu, Pb, Zn, Ag, Au, As, Bi. Discovered in 1846 production mainly of copper had ended by 1938 for an estimated mining of 55-61,000 tonnes of ore for recovery of 5100 tonnes copper metal, 10,500kg silver, 100 tonnes lead metal, >50 tonnes Arsenic metal, and an unrecorded quantity of gold. Also some bismuth, amount unrecorded, and 1680 tonnes of zinc from Aclare Mine. Kanmantoo Mine re-opened in 1973 with production recorded of 4.05Mt @ 1.1%Cu for 39,000 tonnes copper metal product. remaining resources at Kanmantoo Mine have been estimated at 301,000 tonnes copper, 104,000 kg silver, 6700 kg gold.

Mine Commodities: Copper, Garnet, Silver, Gold

District Major
Commodities: Copper, Lead, Zinc, Silver, Gold:"

Currently re-developed by Hillgrove Resources. Mining and stockpiling of ore is expected to commence in March 2011, with first Cu–Au production scheduled for fourth quarter 2011.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
Formula: Au
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SeSelenium
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TeTellurium
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187119
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Amphibolite grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Series 2 - Terreneuvian
509 - 541 Ma



ID: 932013
Bollaparudda Subgroup

Age: Cambrian (509 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bollaparudda Subgroup

Description: Greywacke, massive to laminated, fine to coarse grained, grading up to laminated siltstone in cycles; sandstone, laminated and cross-bedded

Comments: feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Honors thesis).
Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.

External Links



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