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Kanmantoo Mine (Kanmantoo West; Kanmantoo North), Kanmantoo, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 5' 30'' South , 139° 0' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -35.09194,139.00472
GeoHash:G#: r1fb75sns
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A copper(-gold) mine discovered in 1846, it now encompasses The Kanmantoo mine, Kanmantoo West, Kanmantoo North and the Kanmantoo Heap Leach Site.

SARIG Record Sheet States;
"KANMANTOO MINERAL FIELD;
dominated by deposits of exhalative base metal mineralisation in host deformed and metamorphosed metasediment of the Cambrian Kanmantoo Group. Major mine is the Kanmantoo Copper Mine with mineralisation developed in feeder structures presumably to be the metal source for the overlying Cu-Au mineralisation associated with BIF and garnet-quartz rock. Commodities that have been commercially mined include Cu, Pb, Zn, Ag, Au, As, Bi. Discovered in 1846 production mainly of copper had ended by 1938 for an estimated mining of 55-61,000 tonnes of ore for recovery of 5100 tonnes copper metal, 10,500kg silver, 100 tonnes lead metal, >50 tonnes Arsenic metal, and an unrecorded quantity of gold. Also some bismuth, amount unrecorded, and 1680 tonnes of zinc from Aclare Mine. Kanmantoo Mine re-opened in 1973 with production recorded of 4.05Mt @ 1.1%Cu for 39,000 tonnes copper metal product. remaining resources at Kanmantoo Mine have been estimated at 301,000 tonnes copper, 104,000 kg silver, 6700 kg gold.

Mine Commodities: Copper, Garnet, Silver, Gold

District Major
Commodities: Copper, Lead, Zinc, Silver, Gold:"

Currently re-developed by Hillgrove Resources. Mining and stockpiling of ore is expected to commence in March 2011, with first Cu–Au production scheduled for fourth quarter 2011.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Collection of M.Willoughby.
'Biotite'
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.; Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.; Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.; Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Personal Collection of Mark Willoughby - Collected by Len Dallow
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
'Garnetite'
Reference: Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.; Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Collection of M.Willoughby.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
'Quartz-mica schist'
Reference: Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.; Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).; Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Joséite-B'2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
'Laitakarite'2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Gahnite'4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Lazulite'8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Monazite-(Ce)'8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
'Vivianite'8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Staurolite'9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnetite'-
'Quartz-mica schist'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnetite'-
'Quartz-mica schist'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
PPhosphorus
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SeSelenium
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TeTellurium
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187119
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Amphibolite grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Series 2 - Terreneuvian
509 - 541 Ma



ID: 932013
Bollaparudda Subgroup

Age: Cambrian (509 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bollaparudda Subgroup

Description: Greywacke, massive to laminated, fine to coarse grained, grading up to laminated siltstone in cycles; sandstone, laminated and cross-bedded

Comments: feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Honors thesis).
Pollock, M. V., Spry, P. G., Tott, K. A., Koenig, A., Both, R. A., & Ogierman, J. (2018). The origin of the sediment-hosted Kanmantoo Cu-Au deposit, South Australia: Mineralogical considerations. Ore Geology Reviews.

External Links



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