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La'erma Au-Se deposit (Laerma Au-Se deposit), Luqu Co., Gannan, Gansu, Chinai
Regional Level Types
La'erma Au-Se deposit (Laerma Au-Se deposit)Deposit
Luqu Co.County
GannanPrefecture
GansuProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):拉尔玛金硒矿床, 碌曲县, 甘南藏族自治州, 甘肃省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 0' 2'' North , 102° 19' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.00056,102.32000
GeoHash:G#: wq0c2me5s
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Carlin-like gold deposit, hosted in Cambrian-Ordovician carbonaceous and siliceous slates, and related to Mesozoic diorite dykes. The deposit also contains minor uranium ores.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


51 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Antimonselite
Formula: Sb2Se3
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, and Wenquan Lu (1993): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(2)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28
'Bitumen'
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
'Chert'
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Clinohedrite
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
Covellite var: Selenian Covellite
Formula: Cu(S,Se)
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: - Jiajun Liu, Zhiming Li, Jianming Liu, Jianping Wang, Caixia Feng, and Wenquan Lu (2005): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) [Jilin Daxue Xuebao (Diqiu Kexue Ban)] 35(5), 545-553.
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Kullerudite
Formula: NiSe2
Reference: Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Yuanzhen Zhang, Dakang Song, and Jingyao Sun (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 83-86
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): USGS Open-File Report 98-466; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): USGS Open-File Report 98-466; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13; Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
Stibnite var: Selenian Stibnite
Formula: Sb2(S,Se)3
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): USGS Open-File Report 98-466.
Tennantite var: Zincian Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815
Tetrahedrite var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Yuanzhen Zhang, Dakang Song, and Jingyao Sun (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 83-86; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)'
Formula: Ni3As3(S,Se)4
Reference: Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zhang and Jianming Liu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(4), 425-427.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Wen Hanjie and Qiu Yuzhou (1999): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 42(6), 662-669.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Antimonselite'2.DB.05Sb2Se3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
var: Selenian Covellite2.CA.05aCu(S,Se)
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Kullerudite2.EB.10aNiSe2
Lautite2.CB.40CuAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
var: Selenian Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2(S,Se)3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
var: Zincian Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Clinohedrite9.AE.30CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zeolite Group9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Bitumen-
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Hydromuscovite-
Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)-Ni3As3(S,Se)4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Antimonselite2.11.2.2Sb2Se3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Ferroselite2.12.2.2FeSe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Kullerudite2.12.2.6NiSe2
Lautite2.12.8.1CuAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Clinohedrite52.2.1.2CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Covellite
var: Selenian Covellite
-Cu(S,Se)
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Hydromuscovite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Stibnite
var: Selenian Stibnite
-Sb2(S,Se)3
Tennantite
var: Zincian Tennantite
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)'-Ni3As3(S,Se)4
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CovelliteCuS
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LautiteCuAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RealgarAs4S4
S Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
S Stibnite (var: Selenian Stibnite)Sb2(S,Se)3
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)Ni3As3(S,Se)4
S VaesiteNiS2
S Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerroseliteFeSe2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni KulleruditeNiSe2
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)Ni3As3(S,Se)4
Ni VaesiteNiS2
CuCopper
Cu BerzelianiteCu2Se
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu LautiteCuAsS
Cu Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As LautiteCuAsS
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)Ni3As3(S,Se)4
As Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SeSelenium
Se AntimonseliteSb2Se3
Se BerzelianiteCu2Se
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se FerroseliteFeSe2
Se KulleruditeNiSe2
Se Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
Se Stibnite (var: Selenian Stibnite)Sb2(S,Se)3
Se TiemanniteHgSe
Se Unnamed (Ni Arsenide Sulphide)Ni3As3(S,Se)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonseliteSb2Se3
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb Stibnite (var: Selenian Stibnite)Sb2(S,Se)3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3184523
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Songpan-Ganzi Accretionary Complex

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chuanzhi Luo (1991): Paragenetic relation of the stratabound deposits in the western Qinling fold system. Geology and Prospecting 27(4), 3-13.
Yuanzhen Zhang, Dakang Song, and Jingyao Sun (1992): The discovery and study of Tiemannite in Gansu, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 83-86.
Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, and Wenquan Lu (1993): The first discovery and preliminary study of selenio-sulfantimonide in China. Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(2).
Jiajun Liu and Minghua Zheng (1994): Se - the important indicator of fine-disseminated type gold deposits. Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 19-22 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Mineral component features and gold migration patterns of Laerma gold deposit in Gansu-Sichuan. Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): Comparative Geology and Geochemistry of Sedimentary-Rock-Hosted (Carlin-Type) Gold Deposits in the People's Republic of China and in Nevada, USA. USGS Open-File Report 98-466.
Wen Hanjie and Qiu Yuzhou (1999): Organic and inorganic occurrence of selenium in Laerma Se-Au deposit. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 42(6), 662-669.
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Geochemistry of the La'erma and Qiongmo Au-Se deposits in the western Qinling Mountains, China. Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, Wenchao Su, and Caixia Feng (2001): Ore forming material sources of La'erma gold deposit, western Qinling, China. Presentation at the 11th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Abstract no. 3471.
Hanjie Wen and Yuzhou Qiu (2001): Occurrence of Selenium in Laerma Se-Au deposit, China. Presentation at the 11th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Abstract no. 3506.
Peters, S.G. (2002): Geology, Geochemistry and Geophysics of Sedimentary-Hosted Au Deposits in P.R. China. USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Geology, distribution, and classification of gold deposits in the western Qinling belt, central China. Mineralium Deposita 37, 352-377.
Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Summarizing about selenium resources and its mineralizing condition in China. Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815 (in Chinese with English title).
Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Different occurrence of selenium in kerogen: TEM evidence. Geochimica 32(1), 21-28 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jiajun Liu, Zhiming Li, Jianming Liu, Jianping Wang, Caixia Feng, and Wenquan Lu (2005): Mineralogy of the Stibnite-Antimonselite Series in the Nature. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) [Jilin Daxue Xuebao (Diqiu Kexue Ban)] 35(5), 545-553.
Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Selenium Speciation in Kerogen from Two Chinese Selenium Deposits: Environmental Implications. Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.


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