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Roter Bär Mine, St Andreasberg, St Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Roter Bär MineMine
St Andreasberg- not defined -
St Andreasberg DistrictDistrict
Harz- not defined -
Lower SaxonyState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Lock Map
View of the St. Andreasberg silver mining area, ca. 1935.

Roter Bär Mine, St Andreasberg, St Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the St. Andreasberg silver mining area, ca. 1935.

Roter Bär Mine, St Andreasberg, St Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
51° North , 10° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~1km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grube Roter Bär, St Andreasberg, Revier St Andreasberg, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland


Located east of St Andreasberg.
Now a tourist and educational mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657. ; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657. ; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657. ; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657.
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Häggite
Formula: V3+V4+O2(OH)3
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657. ; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Nolanite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Stephan Koch photo
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Stilleite
Formula: ZnSe
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
'Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)'
Formula: PdBiCuSe3
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Eucairite2.BA.50AgCuSe
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Guanajuatite2.DB.05Bi2Se3
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stilleite2.CB.05aZnSe
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Häggite4.HE.25V3+V4+O2(OH)3
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Nolanite4.CB.40(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)'-PdBiCuSe3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Eucairite2.4.6.2AgCuSe
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Klockmannite2.8.12.2CuSe
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Stilleite2.8.2.2ZnSe
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Guanajuatite2.11.2.4Bi2Se3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Ferroselite2.12.2.2FeSe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Bohdanowiczite3.7.1.2AgBiSe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Miscellaneous
Nolanite4.6.7.1(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
Miscellaneous
Häggite6.4.3.1V3+V4+O2(OH)3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)'-PdBiCuSe3
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3
H Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3
O Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S MilleriteNiS
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S SphaleriteZnS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
VVanadium
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3
V Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe FerroseliteFeSe2
Fe Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu BerzelianiteCu2Se
Cu UmangiteCu3Se2
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu EucairiteAgCuSe
Cu KlockmanniteCuSe
Cu Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)PdBiCuSe3
ZnZinc
Zn StilleiteZnSe
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se BerzelianiteCu2Se
Se GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se StilleiteZnSe
Se UmangiteCu3Se2
Se BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Se EucairiteAgCuSe
Se FerroseliteFeSe2
Se KlockmanniteCuSe
Se Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)PdBiCuSe3
Se TiemanniteHgSe
PdPalladium
Pd Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)PdBiCuSe3
Pd Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
AgSilver
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Ag EucairiteAgCuSe
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
Bi BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Bi Unnamed (Pd-Bi-Cu Selenide)PdBiCuSe3
UUranium
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Brocken Granite pluton intrusion (latest age)288 MaSt Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
ⓘ Folding, uplift and faulting of sediments in Variscan orogeny. (latest age)~290 MaSt Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
ⓘ Brocken Granite pluton intrusion (earliest age)293 MaSt Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
    
   
  Carboniferous
   Mississippian
ⓘ Folding, uplift and faulting of sediments in Variscan orogeny. (earliest age)~330 MaSt Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
  Devonian
ⓘ Sediments accumulated in a large geosynclineDevonian
(358.9 - 419.2 Ma)
St Andreasberg District, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Geilmann, W., Rose, H. (1928): Ein neues Selenerzvorkommen bei St. Andreasberg im Harz. N Jb Mineral Geol Paläont Abt A 57, 785–816.
Ließmann, W. & Bock, M. (1993): Die Grube Roter Bär bei St. Andreasberg/
Harz. Verlag Sven von Loga, Köln, 195 pp.
Wallis, E. (1994): Erzparagenetische und mineralchemische Untersuchung der Selenide im Harz. Unpublished Diploma thesis, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, xx pp.
Cabral, A.R., Ließmann, W., Lehmann, B. (2015): Gold and palladium minerals (including empirical PdCuBiSe3) from the former Roter Bär mine, St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Germany: a result of low-temperature, oxidising fluid overprint. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 649-657.
Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.

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