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Zijinshan Mine, Zijinshan ore field, Shanghang Co., Longyan Prefecture, Fujian Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 11' 7'' North , 116° 24' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 25.18528,116.40750
Owned/operated by:Zijin Mining Group Company Limited (100%)
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Name(s) in local language(s):紫金山矿, 紫金山矿田, 上杭县, 龙岩市, 福建省, 中国

High sulphidation, epithermal Au-Cu mineralization in hydrothermal breccias and veins within a system of NW striking fissures, preferentially developed around a dacite porphyry pipe in the center of a dacite volcanic dome complex. The dacite porphyry grades down into a granodiorite porphyry which contains potassic alteration and porphyry Cu-Au style mineralization. Sericite and clay alteration and silicification is pervasive. The gold mineralization is restricted to a layer on top of the copper mineralization. Within this zone, copper mineralization is negligible. In addition, hidden porphyry-style copper-(molybdenum) ore bodies occur at depth in the southeastern part of the mine.

Mineral List

37 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

358.9 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 1383317
Silurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Dequan Zhang, Daxing Li, Yiming Zhao, Jinghe Chen, Zilin Li, and Keyao Zhang (1991): The Zijinshan deposit: the first example of quartz-alunite type epithermal deposits in the continent of China. Geological Review 56(6), 481-491.
Zhang, D., Li, D., Zhao, Y., Chan, J., Li, Z., and Zhang, K. (1994): The Zijinshan deposit: the first example of quartz-alunite type epithermal deposits in the continent of China. Resource Geology 44(2), 93-99.
Ren Qijiang, Hua Renmin, and Qiu Jiansheng (1996): Copper-Gold Deposits Related to Syntexis Type of Volcanic Rocks. In: Wang Dezi, Ren Qijiang et al. (eds.): The Mesozoic Volcanic-Intrusive Complexes and Their Metallogenic Relations in East China. Science Press (Beijing), 127-150.
Tianjun Gao and Rensheng Huang (1998): Comparison of typical characters of Zijinshan copper-gold-silver deposits, Shanghang, Fujian Province. Volcanology and Mineral Resources 19(4), 283-294.
So, C.-S., Zhang, D.-Q., Yun, S.T., and Li, D.-X. (1998): Alteration-mineralization zoning and fluid inclusions of the high-sulfidation epithermal Cu-Au mineralization at Zijinshan, Fujian Province, China. Economic Geology 93, 961-980.
Zhou, T. (1999): Tectonics and gold mineralization in East China, in: Weber, G., ed., PACRIM '99, Proceedings of International Congress on Earth Science, Exploration and Mining around the Pacific Rim. The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Publication Series no. 4/99, 341-345.
Jiyu Xue, Tao Sun, Wenlan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cai, and Wu Chen (2000): Discovery of Anilite in China and its microstructure. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 20(1), 9-12.
Pirajno, F., and Bagas, L. (2002): Gold and silver metallogeny of the South China Fold Belt: a consequence of multiple mineralizing events ? Ore Geology Reviews 20, 109-126.
Khin Zaw, Peters, S.G., Cromie, P., Burrett, C., and Zengqian Hou (2007): Nature, diversity of deposit types and metallogenic relations of South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 3-47.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Rensheng Huang (2008): Igneous series and epithermal porphyry Cu-Au-Ag mineralization system in the Zijingshan [sic] ore field, Fujian Province. Journal of Geomechanics 14(1), 74-86 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Preliminary compositional investigation of binary Cu sulfides from Zijinshan Au-Cu deposit. Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Cuizhi Wang and Honghua Que (2013): Mineralogical Characteristics of Alunite from Zijinshan Gold-Copper Deposit. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 33(3), 329-336.
Jinzhang Zhang (2013): Geology, exploration model and practice of Zijinshan ore concentrated area. Mineral Deposits 32(4), 757-766 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liu Wenyuan, Nigel J. Cook, Cristiana L. Ciobanu, Liu Yu, Qiu Xiaoping, Chen Yuchuan (2016): Mineralogy of tin-sulfides in the Zijinshan porphyry–epithermal system, Fujian Province, China. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 682-698.

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