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Shaft No. 132 (Christiana 132), Christiana Mine, Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines), Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza), Lavrion District Mines, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° North , 24° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~1km
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

The Christiana mine reaches down to the sea level and even a little beneath. The shaft that served the mine had two loading docks, one at an elevation of 85m and one at 5m above sea level. The shaft itself was built at an elevation of 132,64m above sea level. According to company policy of the “Compagnie Française des Mines du Laurium” (C.F.M.L.) which sunk the shaft, this exact elevation is that of the axle of the main wheel of the shaft. This is also the reason why locality designations like “Christiana 132” or “Shaft 132” have become popular in the literature and among collectors. These designations are actually not correct, as the shaft was called “Puits Christiana” (engl.: Shaft Christiana) by the C.F.M.L. without any numbers attached.

Gröbner (2001) describes a wide variety of secondary minerals from a quartz-fluorite vein.

Mineral List

64 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., and Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4·2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(8), 720-726.
Lapis 1999(7/8), 70-74 (1999)

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