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Agrigento (Girgenti), Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province), Sicily, Italy

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Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 18' 33'' North , 13° 35' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.30941,13.58598
Neighbouring regions:
Name(s) in local language(s):Agrigento, Sicilia, Italia

It was the site of the ancient Greek city of Akragas, named Agrigentum under Roman rule; known as Kirkent or Jirjent under Arab rule, it was thus Sicilianised as Girgenti and this name was retained until 1927, when the city was renamed Agrigento.

Various sulphur mines operated in the municipal territory of Agrigento (Girgenti): in the northern outskirts of Agrigento the mines Ferlicchio (Serraferlicchio), Pisciotto, Nunziata, San Pietro, Piattaforma, Manganeria, and Calcarelle; to the north-west of the city, near the border with Raffadali municipality, Cattà mine (opened in 1870) at Contrada Cattà and Milione mine (opened in 1871) at the northern foot of Monte Milione, the latter of which, according to Jervis (1881), yielded very limpid prismatic crystals of celestine; to the south-east of the city and south of Favara, Calenazzo mine and some other mines lying partly in the municipal territory of Favara, the most known of which is Ciavolotta mine [see].

The locality name "Agrigento" or "Girgenti", written on the labels of many old sulphur, celestine, gypsum, and aragonite specimens, usually is not referred to the municipal territory of Agrigento (Girgenti), but to a larger territory in many cases indentifiable with the province of Agrigento (Girgenti). This territory can be interpreted in different ways: an enlarged territory around Girgenti, which included the Girgenti-Favara-Naro mining area; the former Girgenti district (which included the sulphur-producing municipalities of Girgenti, Favara, Racalmuto, Cattolica Eraclea, Comitini, Aragona, Porto Empedocle, Raffadali, Siculiana, Montallegro, Naro, Palma di Montechiaro, and Campobello di Licata) of the former Girgenti province; the province of Agrigento (or Girgenti); the Agrigento (Girgenti) mining basin, that, besides the province of Agrigento (Girgenti), also included various sulphur localities in Caltanisseta province, from where sulphur was sent to the port of Porto Empedocle. Therefore, except in rare cases, the attribution of the specimens with such lables to a more precise locality is practically impossible.
Also the locality name "Girgenti" recorded for celestine (in association with sulphur, aragonite, and gypsum) in Palache et al. (1951) is not univocally interpretable.

Note: Until 1878, when the municipality of Lampedusa and Linosa was created, Linosa Island [see] was included in Girgenti municipality.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

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23.03 - 66 Ma

ID: 1380005
Paleogene sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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- Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
- Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II. John Wiley & Sons, page 418.

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