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Qinghai Lake (Lake Koko Nor), Hainan, Qinghai, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Qinghai Lake (Lake Koko Nor)Lake
HainanAutonomous Prefecture
QinghaiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 53' North , 100° 9' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.88333,100.15000
GeoHash:G#: wnx1yfrhb
Locality type:Lake
Köppen climate type:Dwc : Monsoon-influenced subarctic climate


The largest salt lake in China. It straddles the border between Hainan and Haibei Prefectures, with a larger part on the territory of the former. Most of the salt reserves are contained in the lake water, but there are also minor deposits of solid salts on the lake shores.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Fu, C., Bloemendal, J., Qiang, X., Hill, M.J., An, Z. (2016): Identification of Greigite in the Pliocene Sediments of Qinghai Lake and Its Geological Significance. Acta Geologica Sinica, 90, 2261–2262.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Greigite'2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
'Bischofite'3.BB.15MgCl2 · 6H2O
'Carnallite'3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Sylvite'3.AA.20KCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Hydromagnesite'5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Nesquehonite'5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Blödite'7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Mirabilite'7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Picromerite'7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Bischofite9.2.9.1MgCl2 · 6H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
OOxygen
O BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
NaSodium
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K SylviteKCl
FeIron
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3191312
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Dapeng Sun, Bingxiao Li, Yuahua Ma, and Qunzhu Lin (2002): An Investigation on Evaporating Experiments for Qinghai Lake Water, China. Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
- Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp. (in Chinese)


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