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Carpenara slag locality, Varenna Valley, Genova, Genova Province, Liguria, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Carpenara slag localitySlag Locality
Varenna ValleyValley
Genova- not defined -
Genova ProvinceProvince
LiguriaAdministrative Region
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 27' 50'' North , 8° 49' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
San Bernardo-Lavia160 (2014)4.3km
Livellato217 (2014)4.9km
Geo444 (2014)5.1km
Canonero184 (2014)5.2km
Gaiazza556 (2014)5.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Carpenara (località di scorie), Val Varenna, Genova, Genova, Liguria, Italia


Slag dumps which were revealed in September 1993, during catastrophic flooding in the Varenna Valley.

According to Palenzona et al. (1998), the occurrence is exhausted.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


49 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Ashoverite
Formula: Zn(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Bechererite ?
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Description: Lamellar blue-green aggregates; only one tiny specimen, destroyed during analysis (Palenzona et al., 1998). The lamellar habit does not speak in favour of bechererite.
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Calumetite
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Hydrohonessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Nealite
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
'Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)'
Formula: Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
Reference: Burns, P. C., Roberts, A. C. and Nikischer, A. J. (1998): The crystal structure of Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9, a new phase from slag dumps at Val Varenna, Italy. Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 923-930.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Calumetite3.DA.40CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ashoverite4.FA.10Zn(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Nealite4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Bechererite ?7.DD.55Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrohonessite7.DD.35(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)'-Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Ashoverite6.2.11.1Zn(OH)2
Calumetite6.2.5.1CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Am(O,OH)pXq
Claringbullite10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Monohydrocalcite15.1.3.1CaCO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Hydrohonessite31.10.7.1(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Nealite46.1.6.1Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bechererite ?-Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
'Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)'-Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H AshoveriteZn(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
H BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
CCarbon
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
O ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O ZinciteZnO
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O AshoveriteZn(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
O BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
FFluorine
F ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
S BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Cl ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
CaCalcium
Ca CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Fe NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Cu ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn AshoveriteZn(OH)2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9
Zn BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
AsArsenic
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
PbLead
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3153517
Jurassic marble

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Marble

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3193247
Paleozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Palenzona, A., Bulgarelli, G., Marchese, G.B. & Selmi, P. (1996): I minerali delle scorie della Val Varenna (GE). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 2, 175-188. (in Italian with English & German summaries.)
- Palenzona, A., Bulgarelli, G., Ciriotti, M. & Selmi, P. (1998): Val Varenna (GE). Aggiornamento sui minerali delle scorie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 39-41. (in Italian.)
- Burns, P. C., Roberts, A. C. and Nikischer, A. J. (1998): The crystal structure of Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9, a new phase from slag dumps at Val Varenna, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy 10, 923-930.


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