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Crevoladossola Quarry (Lorgino Quarry), Crevoladossola, Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italy

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° North , 8° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~11km
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Cava di Crevoladossola (Cava Lorgino), Crevoladossola, Val d'Ossola, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italia

The dolomitic saccharoid marble from Crevoladossola is highly interesting for the many mineral species that have been found. It is also interesting for some analogies with the most famous dolomite occurrences of Binntal in Switzerland.

The Crevoladossola marble pertains to the Mesozoic metasedimentary cover that tectonically separates the Monte Leone and Antigorio nappes (lower Penninic Units).

The location of the quarry, at Lorgino di Crevoladossola, is the same of the historical Pavia quarry, which belonged to the «Fabbriceria del Duomo di Pavia» at the beginning of the 16th century. Nowadays, Lorgino quarry, operated by the company Tosco Marmi, is the only active marble quarry in the municipal territory of Crevoladossola (the other one, named Baulina, is inactive) and produces the commercial marble varieties known as: Palissandro Bluette, Palissandro Blu Nuvolato, Palissandro Classico, and Palissandro Oniciato. The quarry face is terraced and the extraction technology only uses diamond wire technology. The large extracted blocks are then selected according to their textural and chromatic features.

The Crevoladossola marble is fine-grained and has variable colour due to the different amount of phlogopite, disseminated sulphides mostly in the blue types, or tremolite; the most known types are whitish, with no or scarce phlogopite, or yellowish with evident layers of phlogopite (Palissandro Classico and Oniciato, respectively).

The first evidence of the use of the Crevoladossola marble is probably represented by a sculpture of a Roman man (T. Labienus), preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Milan. Since 13th and 14th centuries this material was widely utilised in the local architecture of Domodossola, Baceno and Montecrestese. In Lombardy the main representative buildings are the Cathedral (Duomo) in Pavia, whose construction begun in 1488, and Arco della Pace (Arch of Peace) in Milan, a 19th-century neoclassical triumphal arch with eight monolithic marble columns (10 m height). The marble is today used for internal facing, furnishings and valuable objects: in 1995 a block of Palissandro Classico was worked to produce the impressive sculpture called «L'Uovo della Pace» (The Egg of Peace) for UNICEF.

Mineral List

55 valid minerals.

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- Barelli V. (1835): Cenni di statistica mineralogica degli Stati di S.M. il Re di Sardegna, ovvero Catalogo ragionato della raccolta formatasi presso l'Azienda Generale dell'Interno. Tipografia Giuseppe Fodratti, Torino, 686 pp.
- Jervis G. (1873): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 410 pp.
- Cinque F. (1939): Il "marmo di Crevola" ed i suoi minerali. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 78, 2, 202-223.
- Cinque F., Scaini G. (1940): Itinerari mineralogici: Comune di Crevola d'Ossola, cave di dolomia nella frazione Villa dell'Oro. Natura, 31, 2, 73-77.
- Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
- De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
- Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.
- Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
- Mazzini D. (1988): Ritrovamento di titanite nella dolomia di Crevoladossola (NO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 12, 4 (4-1998), 203.
- Mazzini D. (1988): Wulfenite del Lago Sruer (Formazza) e della cava Baulina superiore a Crevoladossola. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 12, 4 (4-1988), 202-203.
- Preite D. (1988): La dolomia di Crevoladossola (NO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 12, 4 (4-1988), 227-234.
- Besana G., Cini V., Preite D. (1995): Die Mineralien von Crevoladossola. Lapis, 20, 10, 15-23+86.
- Besana G., Cini V., Preite D. (1998): I minerali di Crevoladossola (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22, 3 (3-1998), 10-17.
- Cavallo A., Bigioggero B., Colombo A., Tunesi A. (2004): The Verbano Cusio Ossola province: a land of quarries in northern Italy (Piedmont). Per. Mineral., 73, (special issue 3), 197-210.
- Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
- Varvello S., Bittarello E., Biagioni C., Ciriotti M.E. (2013): Owyheeite e svanbergite: novità da Crevoladossola. Micro, 3/2013, 133-137.
- Gentile P., Guastoni A., Nestola F., Carini R. (2016): Baotite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 121.
- Guastoni A., Gentile P., Nestola F., Forloni D. (2016): Cubanite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 122.

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