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Clarashall Mine, Ruschberg, Baumholder, Birkenfeld, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Clarashall MineMine
Ruschberg- not defined -
Baumholder- not defined -
Birkenfeld- not defined -
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Clarashall, Ruschberg, Baumholder, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 37' 18'' North , 7° 18' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.62167,7.30139
GeoHash:G#: u0v4q1ken
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ruschberg857 (2017)0.9km
Reichenbach675 (2017)2.4km
Baumholder4,106 (2015)2.4km
Nohen422 (2011)3.9km
Kronweiler363 (2016)4.0km


Former baryte mine, active until July 1974. The Clarashall mine has become well known for beautiful baryte specimens with cinnabar.

Coordinates are for the portal of the (closed) Ruschberg adit, the last main extraction adit of the mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Blume, H.P. and Kohn, K.J. (1962) Grube Clarashall, Baumholder/Pfalz. Der Aufschluss, 13(1), 10-12.; Lieber, W. (1977) Charakteristisch oder bedeutungslos? Die Farbe von Mineralien. Mineralien-Magazin, 1, 17-23.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
'Psilomelane'
Reference: own collection
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Bode/Wittern: Mineralien und Fundstellen, 1989
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12
'Wad'
Reference: Aufschluss 62(1), 10-12

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O QuartzSiO2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Late Carboniferous
251.902 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3161959
Late Carboniferous andesite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Andesite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Guadalupian - Late Carboniferous
259.1 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2599345

Age: Paleozoic (259.1 - 323.2 Ma)

Description: volcanic

Comments: Mainly andesite lavas, subordinate basalt; also tuffs, veins and subvolcanic intrusions with cuselite and tholeiite

Lithology: Andesite, latite, dacite (porphyry) and basalt (melaphyre)

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blume, H.P. and Kohn, K.J. (1962) Grube Clarashall, Baumholder/Pfalz. Der Aufschluss, 13(1), 10-12.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas Der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
Lapis (2001) 6, 40 (erroneously called "Ruschberg Mine").


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