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Silbersand Mine, St Johann, Mayen, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Silbersand MineMine
St Johann- not defined -
MayenTown
Mayen-Koblenz- not defined -
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry
Silbersand Mine, St Johann, Mayen, Mayen-Koblenz, Eifel Volcanic Fields, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 21' 47'' North , 7° 10' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sankt Johann949 (2011)2.0km
Kirchwald1,043 (2011)2.2km
Ettringen2,851 (2011)2.9km
Rieden1,307 (2011)4.1km
Bell1,534 (2011)4.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grube Silbersand, St Johann, Mayen, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Ancient mine, working a lead- and zinc-bearing siderite-quartz vein.
Located 500 m north of Bürresheim castle and about 4 km NW of Mayen.

Regions containing this locality

Eifel Volcanic Fields, GermanyGroup of Volcanic Fields
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhenish Massif, EuropeMassif
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range
East Eifel Volcanic Field, GermanyVolcanic Field

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Antimony ?
Formula: Sb
Reference: Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.; Zur Mineralogie und Geologie des Koblenzer Raumes des Hunsrücks und der Osteifel .; http://zs.thulb.uni-jena.de/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/jportal_derivate_00143530/18692120305_ftp.pdf
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zimmer, K. (1921) Über die Mineralführung und die Mineralfolge einiger Erzgänge des linksrheinischen Schiefergebirges. Dissertation Aachen.; Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Zimmer, K. (1921) Über die Mineralführung und die Mineralfolge einiger Erzgänge des linksrheinischen Schiefergebirges. Dissertation Aachen.; Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: added by Frank de Wit
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Thomas Kleser collection
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.; Wagner, T. and Cook, N.J. (2000) Late-Variscan antimony mineralisation in the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, NW Germany: evidence for stibnite precipitation by drastic cooling of high-temperature fluid systems. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 206-222.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.; Wagner, T. and Cook, N.J. (2000) Late-Variscan antimony mineralisation in the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, NW Germany: evidence for stibnite precipitation by drastic cooling of high-temperature fluid systems. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 206-222.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony ?1.CA.05Sb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony ?1.3.1.2Sb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Plagionite3.6.20.2Pb5Sb8S17
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Oxyplumboroméite-Pb2Sb2O6O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O SideriteFeCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
AlAluminium
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S StibniteSb2S3
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S MilleriteNiS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb AntimonySb
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 2615130

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Lithology: Argillaceous shale and/or slate, graywacke, sandstone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3159802
Early Devonian quartzite

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{sandstone,shale/slate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
vom Rath, G. (1869) Ueber den Boulangerit vom Silbersand bei Mayen. Ann. Phys. Chem., 136(212), 430-434; Leipzig (in German).
Zimmer, K. (1921) Über die Mineralführung und die Mineralfolge einiger Erzgänge des linksrheinischen Schiefergebirges. Dissertation TH Aachen.
Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich).
Reppke, V. (1993) Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick. PhD Thesis, Univ. Göttingen, 347 pp. (in German).
Wagner, T. and Cook, N.J. (2000) Late-Variscan antimony mineralisation in the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, NW Germany: evidence for stibnite precipitation by drastic cooling of high-temperature fluid systems. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 206-222.


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