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Kestelek Mine, Mustafa Kemalpafla, Bursa Province, Marmara Region, Turkey

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° 58' North , 28° 34' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 39.96667,28.56667
GeoHash:G#: sxh7659we
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate


A borate mine owned by Etibank.
Located 27km SE of town.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Mustafa Kemal pascha Mine, Western Anatolia, Turkey

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Koc, S., Kavrazli, O., and Kocak, I. (2008): Proceedings of the 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo (Norway), Aug 6-14, 2008.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Koc, S., Kavrazli, O., and Kocak, I. (2008): Proceedings of the 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo (Norway), Aug 6-14, 2008.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Koc, S., Kavrazli, O., and Kocak, I. (2008): Proceedings of the 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo (Norway), Aug 6-14, 2008.; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 6 - Borates
'Colemanite'6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
'Hydroboracite'6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Probertite6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Corrensite'9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Pentaborates
Probertite26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
BBoron
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
AlAluminium
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
KPotassium
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
FeIron
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3132983
Neogene undifferentiated

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Triassic - Late Paleozoic
201.3 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3189714
Paleozoic-Mesozoic tectonic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (201.3 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: metamorphic protolith: mafic volcanics

Lithology: Deformed sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985): 128.
Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.
Cahit Helvaci & Ricardo N. Alonso (2000): Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9, 1-27.


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