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Diepenlinchen Mine, Mausbach, Stolberg, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Diepenlinchen MineMine
Mausbach- not defined -
Stolberg- not defined -
Aachen- not defined -
North Rhine-WestphaliaDistrict
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Diepenlinchen, Mausbach, Stolberg, Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 45' 56'' North , 6° 16' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.76544,6.27420
GeoHash:G#: u1h2yc8dp
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


The Diepenlinchen mine was one of the most important mines of the Aachen-Stolberg Zn-Pb ore district. The occurrences are hosted by devonian and carboniferous sediments - mostly limestones, sand-, silt- and mudstones. Mineralization is structurally controlled and of low temperature hydrothermal origin. It is considered to be of post-Variscan age and similar to the Mississipi Valley Type deposits. The ore occurs as fissure veins and vein or veinlet boxworks (called 'stockworks'). Besides the vein type deposits also concordant orebodies are known which occur in fracture zones along bedding or longitudinal faults particularly where these are intersected by cross-faults. Mineralized karst-sinks have been described as 'ore-pipes' or 'ore-caves'.

The mineralization of the Aachen-Stolberg Zn-Pb ore district consists in the upper levels - down to around 60 m, maximum 100 m - predominantly of Calamine, Limonite and relics of primary sulphide ore towards depth. As a particularity at Diepenlinchen calamine was mined down to 300 m depth. The primary sulphide paragenesis is dominated by Schalenblende with a variable content of Galena and Marcasite. The pale layers of the Schalenblende only contain Sphalerite, in the dark layers also Wurtzite may be present. Some veins carry silver-rich galena as main ore mineral. Between the compact schalenblende and the wallrock often an impregnation zone can be observed with idiomorphic crystals of Sphalerite, Pyrite crystals, Tetrahedrite, Chalcopyrite and Quartz. Marcasite generally was precipitated at the final stage of the ore mineralization and hence forms the outermost layers of the schalenblende. Bravoite is a characteristic mineral of the paragenesis.

Mining in the area of the Diepenlinchen concession goes back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries when the romans extracted calamine for brass manufacturing. Also galena was mined at that time. From the 16th to the 19th century small scale calamine mining operations were carried out.

The Diepenlinchen concession is geologically positioned at the NE-end of the Werth syncline, SE of the city of Stolberg. The syncline is formed by sedimentary rocks of Couvinean to Visean age. The strata strike SW-NE with a steep dip at the Southern flank and a flat at the Northern flank. The concession covers a size of 8 km2. Commodities were Pb, Zn, Fe, Cu, the concession was still owned by Metallgesellschaft (Stolberger Zink) in 1990. The concession was created in the first quarter of the 19th century by the consolidation of numerous small claims

In 1809 Bäumer, Buchacker & Cie. were granted a concession on Pb ore, Calamine and 'Ironstone'. An underground mining operation was established reaching 80 m depth. Water problems caused the early installation of steam machines but nevertheless mining wasn´t successfull. In 1820 the works were stopped and the concession was leased to miners from the nearby village Mausbach.

The industrial mining period started in 1838. The Diepenlinchen mine was operated by the METALLURGISCHE GESELLSCHAFT and their followers KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT DE SASSENAY & CIE. and STOLBERGER GESELLSCHAFT. Exploitation at the Diepenlinchen mine lasted until 1919 with the deepest level reaching 376 m. From 1855 to 1919 450,000 t of Zn concentrate and 150,000 t of Pb concentrates have been produced. The ore grade was 14% ZnS and 3% PbS on average. The closure of the mine was related to the impact of World War I. The extraction tonnage decreased during WW I and severe problems of coal transport for the power plants supply led to a critical situation at the mine. The actual inducement of the closure was a general strike in 1919. Estimated remaining reserves are > 1 million tonnes of ore. In 1927/28 a flotation processing plant with a capacity of 5 tons per hour was built in order to recover the base metal content of the older tailings. In 1933 more than 4,000 t of ore concentrate could be extracted. The flotation plant was finally closed in 1942 and the last chapter of ore mining in Stolberg came to an end.

The Diepenlinchen concession comprised the following sites/occurrences:
Deposits in Devonian reef limestone: Doerrenberg, 'Lichtloch VII' of Dohm gallery, Theuerkauf, Scheidt, Mausbacher Hecken.
Deposits in Carboniferous limestone (from SW to NE): Henriette site with 2 veins and nests. Diepenlinchen site with nest no. II with 'Gang IV', nest no. I with 'Gang III', 'Schwefelkies' stockwork, 'Brennessel' stockwork, Brennesselgang, 'Weissbleierz' stockwork, 'Andreasgang', 'Leongang', nest at main shaft, 'Gang V', 'Gang III', 'Heinrich stockwork' with 'Gang I' and 'II'.'Ludwiggang','neuer Franzgang','alter Franzgang','Johanngang', 2 nameless veins, 'Gang VI', 'Weissenberg' stockwork, 'Schwarzgruben' nest. Neuer Simon site with 5 small veins (Streifen I to V). Alter Simon site with 2 nests. Hitzberg site with only some small nests and veinlets. Alter Ravelsberg site with small unnamed veins and 'Gang I and II'.

The Diepenlinchen mine produced quite a few good mineral specimens. From the main site beautiful Calcite crystals on colloform Schalenblende are noticeable. The most known specimens are beautifully banded Schalenblende samples. The best ones were found at the Henriette shaft site.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,320 mineral species & varietal names listed

Rhenish Massif, Europe

Massif - 1,169 mineral species & varietal names listed

Eifel Mountains, Germany/Belgium

Mountain Range - 696 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Calcite var: Zincian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: M Kampf collection
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Cattierite'2.EB.05aCoS2
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Jordanite'2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Zincian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Zn)CO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
var: Zincian Calcite
-(Ca,Zn)CO3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S CattieriteCoS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S VaesiteNiS2
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CoCobalt
Co CattieriteCoS2
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni VaesiteNiS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
AsArsenic
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sb StibniteSb2S3
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3151783
Late Carboniferous shale/slate

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{shale/slate}, Minor{sandstone,conglomerate,coal}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Visean - Tournaisian
330.9 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2612586

Age: Mississippian (330.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: Carboniferous limestone on the Left Bank of the Rhine

Lithology: Limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Schiffmann, W. (1888): Die geognostischen Verhältnisse und die Erzlagerstätten der Grube Diepenlinchen bei Stolberg. - Zeitschr. für das Berg-, Hütten- und Salinenwesen.
- Gussone, R. (1964): Untersuchungen und Betrachtungen zur Paragenesis und Genesis der Blei- Zink- Erzlagerstätten im Raume Aachen-Stolberg. - PhD thesis, RWTH Aachen, Aachen.
- Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
- Dunkel, F. (1989): Das Erzbergwerk "Diepenlinchen". - Arbeitskreis Pfarr- und Ortschronik Mausbach.
- Friedrich, G., Redecke, P. & Lang, R. (1990): AACHEN-STOLBERG PB-ZN DEPOSIT. - unpublished report for NICRON France S.A.
- Redecke, P.(1992): Zur Geochemie und Genese variszischer und postvariszischer Buntmetallmineralisation in der Nordeifel und der niederrheinischen Bucht. - PhD thesis, RWTH Aachen, Aachen.
- Holtz, F. (1996): Zink- Blei- Erze des Stolberger Raumes. - Ed. Heimat- und Handwerksmuseum, Stolberg. 2nd, revised edition, xx pp.

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