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Kitticoola Mine (Great Wheal Orford; Plush and Omond; PM 53; Reedy Creek; Tungkillo), Palmer, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kitticoola Mine (Great Wheal Orford; Plush and Omond; PM 53; Reedy Creek; Tungkillo)Mine
Palmer- not defined -
South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)Mountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° 52' 32'' South , 139° 9' 7'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Palmer328 (2012)3.1km
Tungkillo362 (2012)10.2km
Caloote299 (2014)14.1km
Mannum2,407 (2012)14.5km
Mount Pleasant920 (2013)14.6km


An abandoned copper-gold mine, a few km south of Palmer.
Discovered in 1845, it was mined for both gold and copper over various periods.
Also a grain of (Pt,Fe) alloy was reported.
The existence of native tin with hematite here seems anomalous and needs confirming.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Mines register: successor to the Mines handbook and the Copper ..., Volume 10; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: National Museum of Australia Collection Object number 1981.0011.0493
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mines register: successor to the Mines handbook and the Copper ..., Volume 10; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Personal collection of M. Willoughby. SEM confirmed.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Collection of Mark Willoughby
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: P.I.R.S.A. Mine Record sheet.; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mannum Minerals Collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch collection (SEM-EDS-analysed)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
'Monazite'
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1502
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Personal Collection of M. Willoughby.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Mostly as powdery coatings as a result of weathering, in association with Pyrite and Chalcopyrite. Crystals are present but very rare.
Reference: Personal Collection of M. Willoughby.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Mines register: successor to the Mines handbook and the Copper ..., Volume 10
Tin ?
Formula: Sn
Description: Associated with specular hematite. Perhaps cassiterite??
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tin ?1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Tin ?1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TenoriteCuO
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SnTin
Sn TinSn
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Darriwilian - Miaolingian
458.4 - 509 Ma



ID: 930435
Palmer Granite

Age: Paleozoic (458.4 - 509 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Palmer Granite

Description: Granite, albitised intrusives; medium to coarse-grained granodiorite, aplite and monzogranite

Comments: igneous felsic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187119
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Amphibolite grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gee, L.C.E. & Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Record of mines (1980), Summary card No:24, Tepko 6728 III, S 5409
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Dallow L., (1983), Fossickers Guide to Gold, Minerals and Gemstones of South Australia, Graphinity Pty. Ltd, Victoria, Australia.
Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.


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