Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
New JerseyState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name in French:New Jersey, États-Unis
Name in German:New Jersey, Vereinigte Staaten
Name in Italian:New Jersey, Stati Uniti d'America
Name in Russian:Нью-Джерси, Соединённые Штаты Америки
Name in Simplified Chinese:新泽西州, 美国
Name in Spanish:Nueva Jersey, Estados Unidos
Name in Afrikaans:New Jersey, Verenigde State van Amerika
Name in Albanian:New Jersey, Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës
Name in Amharic:ኒው ጄርዚ, አሜሪካ
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Nīwe Cēsarēa, Geānedu Rīcu American
Name in Arabic:نيوجيرسي, الولايات المتحدة
Name in Aragonese:Nueva Jersey
Name in Armenian:Նյու Ջերսի, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Name in Asturian:Nueva Jersey, Estaos Xuníos d'América
Name in Aymara:New Jersey suyu, Istadus Unidus
Name in Azeri:Nyu-Cersi, Amerika Birləşmiş Ştatları
Name in Bashkir:Нью-Джерси, Америка Ҡушма Штаттары
Name in Basque:New Jersey
Name in Bavarian:New Jersey, Vaoanigte Stootn
Name in Belarusian:Нью-Джэрсі, Злучаныя Штаты Амерыкі
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Нью-Джэрзі, Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
Name in Bengali:নিউ জার্সি, মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:নিউ জার্সি, তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Name in Bislama:Niu Yersey, Yunaeted Stet blong Amerika
Name in Bosnian:New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Name in Breton:New Jersey, Stadoù-Unanet Amerika
Name in Bulgarian:Ню Джърси, Съединени американски щати
Name in Burmese:နယူးဂျာစီပြည်နယ်, အမေရိကန်ပြည်ထောင်စု
Name in Catalan:Nova Jersey, Estats Units d’Amèrica
Name in Cebuano:New Jersey
Name in Central Bikol:New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Name in Chechen:Нью-Джерси, Америкин Цхьаьнатоьхна Штаташ
Name in Cherokee:ᎠᏤ ᏨᏏ, ᏌᏊᎢᏳᎾᎵᏍᏔᏅᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎺᏰᏟ
Name in Chuvash:Çĕнĕ Джерси, Пĕрлешнĕ Штатсем
Name in Cornish:Jersi Nowydh, Statys Unys
Name in Corsican:New Jersey, Stati Uniti d'America
Name in Croatian:New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Name in Czech:New Jersey, Spojené státy americké
Name in Danish:New Jersey, USA
Name in Dutch:New Jersey, Verenigde Staten
Name in Egyptian Arabic:نيو جيرسى, امريكا
Name in Emilian-Romagnol:New Jersey, Stat Unî
Name in Esperanto:Nov-Ĵerzejo
Name in Estonian:New Jersey osariik, Ameerika Ühendriigid
Name in Faroese:New Jersey
Name in Farsi/Persian:نیوجرسی, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Name in Fiji Hindi:New Jersey, United States
Name in Finnish:New Jersey, Yhdysvallat
Name in Gagauz:New Jersey, Amerika Birleşik Devletläri
Name in Galician:Nova Jersey, Estados Unidos de América
Name in Georgian:ნიუ-ჯერსი, ამერიკის შეერთებული შტატები
Name in Greek:Νιου Τζέρσεϊ, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες Αμερικής
Name in Guarani:New Jersey, Tetãvore Joapykuéra
Name in Gujarati:ન્યૂ જર્સી, યુનાઇટેડ સ્ટેટ્સ ઓફ અમેરિકા
Name in Haitian:Nou Jèze, Etazini
Name in Hakka:New Jersey
Name in Hausa:New Jersey, Tarayyar Amurka
Name in Hawaiian:Nū ‘Ieleke, ‘Amelika Hui Pū ‘ia
Name in Hebrew:ניו ג'רזי, ארצות הברית
Name in Hill Mari:Нью-Джерси, Америкын Ушымы Штатвлӓжӹ
Name in Hindi:न्यू जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य
Name in Hungarian:New Jersey, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Name in Icelandic:New Jersey, Bandaríkin
Name in Ido:Nova-Jersey, Usa
Name in Igbo:Nú Jezị, Njikọ̀taọ̀hà
Name in Iloko:New Jersey, Estados Unidos iti Amerika
Name in Indonesian:New Jersey, Amerika Serikat
Name in Interlingua:New Jersey, Statos Unite de America
Name in Irish Gaelic:New Jersey, Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá
Name in Japanese:ニュージャージー州, アメリカ合衆国
Name in Javanese:New Jersey, Amérika Sarékat
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Mueva Jersey, Estados Unidos de Amerika
Name in Kabiye:Niwujɛrsii, Etaazuunii
Name in Kabyle:New Jersey, Iwunak Yeddukklen n Temrikt
Name in Kalmyk:Нью-Җерси, Америкин Ниицәтә Орн Нутугуд
Name in Kapampangan:New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Нью-Джерси, Америка Құрама Штаттары
Name in Korean:뉴저지주, 미국
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):New Jersey, Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê
Name in Kyrgyz:Нью-Джерси, Америка Кошмо Штаттары
Name in Latin:Nova Caesarea, Civitates Foederatae Americae
Name in Latvian:Ņūdžersija, Amerikas Savienotās Valstis
Name in Lezghian:Нью-Джерси, Америкадин Садхьанвай Штатар
Name in Ligurian:Neuvo Jersey, Stati Unïi d'America
Name in Limburgian:New Jersey, Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika
Name in Lithuanian:Naujasis Džersis, Jungtinės Amerikos Valstijos
Name in Lombard:New Jersey, Stat Ünì d'America
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:New Jersey, USA
Name in Luri:نیوٙجئرسی, ڤولاتچٱیا یٱکاگرتٱ آمریکا
Name in Luxembourgish:New Jersey, Vereenegt Staate vun Amerika
Name in Macedonian:Њу Џерси, Соединети Американски Држави
Name in Maithili:न्यू जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Name in Malagasy:New Jersey, Etazonia
Name in Malay:New Jersey, Amerika Syarikat
Name in Malayalam:ന്യൂ ജെഴ്സി
Name in Manx:New Jersey, Steatyn Unnaneysit America
Name in Maori:New Jersey, Hononga-o-Amerika
Name in Marathi:न्यू जर्सी, अमेरिकेची संयुक्त संस्थाने
Name in Mazanderani:نیو جرسی
Name in Meadow Mari:Нью-Джерси, Ушымо Американ Штат-влак
Name in Min Dong Chinese:New Jersey
Name in Mingrelian:ნიუ-ჯერსი, ამერიკაშ აკოართაფილი შტატეფი
Name in Nauruan:New Jersey, Eben Merika
Name in Navajo:Kin Yótʼááh Deezʼáhí Biyáázh Hahoodzo, Wááshindoon Bikéyah Ałhidadiidzooígíí
Name in Neapolitan:New Jersey, State Aunite d'Amereca
Name in Nepali:न्यु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:न्यु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Name in Northern Frisian:New Jersey, Feriind Stoote foon Ameerika
Name in Northern Sami:New Jersey, Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtat
Name in Norwegian:New Jersey, USA
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):New Jersey, USA
Name in Occitan:Nòva Jersey, Estats Units d'America
Name in Ossetian:Нью-Джерси, Америкæйы Иугонд Штаттæ
Name in Pali:न्हु जर्सी, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Name in Pennsylvania German:Nei-Schaersi, Amerikaa
Name in Piedmontese:New Jersey, Stat Unì d'América
Name in Polish:New Jersey, Stany Zjednoczone
Name in Portuguese:Nova Jérsia, Estados Unidos
Name in Punjabi:ਨਿਊ ਜਰਸੀ, ਸੰਯੁਕਤ ਰਾਜ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ
Name in Quechua:New Jersey suyu, Hukllachasqa Amirika Suyukuna
Name in Romanian:New Jersey, Statele Unite ale Americii
Name in Romansh:New Jersey, Stadis Unids
Name in Russia Buriat:Нью-Джерси
Name in Samogitian:Naus Džersės, JAV
Name in Sanskrit:न्‍यू जर्सी, अमेरिकासंयुक्तराज्यम्
Name in Sardinian:New Jersey, Istados Unidos de Amèrica
Name in Saterland Frisian:New Jersey, Fereende Stoaten fon Amerikoa
Name in Scots:New Jersey
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Jersey Nuadh, Na Stàitean Aonaichte
Name in Serbian:Њу Џерзи, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Name in Serbo-Croatian:New Jersey, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Name in Sicilian:New Jersey, Stati Uniti
Name in Silesian:New Jersey, Zjednoczůne Sztaty
Name in Slovak:New Jersey, Spojené štáty
Name in Slovenian:New Jersey, Združene države Amerike
Name in South Azerbaijani:نیوجرسی ایالتی, آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Name in Swahili:New Jersey, Marekani
Name in Swedish:New Jersey, USA
Name in Tagalog:New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Ню-Ҷерси, Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико
Name in Tamil:நியூ செர்சி, அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடு
Name in Tatar:Нью-Джерси, Америка Кушма Штатлары
Name in Telugu:న్యూ జెర్సీ, అమెరికా సంయుక్త రాష్ట్రాలు
Name in Thai:รัฐนิวเจอร์ซีย์, ประเทศสหรัฐอเมริกา
Name in Tibetan (Standard):ནེའུ་ཇེར་སས།, ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
Name in Traditional Chinese:紐澤西州, 美國
Name in Turkish:New Jersey, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
Name in Ukrainian:Нью-Джерсі, Сполучені Штати Америки
Name in Upper Sorbian:New Jersey, Zjednoćene staty Ameriki
Name in Urdu:نیو جرسی, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
Name in Uyghur:Yéngi Jérséy Shtati, ئامېرىكا قوشما شىتاتلىرى
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Nyu-Jersi, Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Name in Venetian:New Jersey, Stati Unii de ła Mèrica
Name in Vietnamese:New Jersey, Chủng Quốc Hoa Kỳ
Name in Volapük:New Jersey, Lamerikän
Name in Waray:New Jersey, Estados Unidos
Name in Welsh:New Jersey, Unol Daleithiau America
Name in West Frisian:Nij-Jersey, Feriene Steaten
Name in Western Punjabi:نیو جرسی, امریکہ
Name in Wu Chinese:新泽西州, 美国
Name in Yakut:Нью Дьэрси, Америка Холбоһуктаах Штааттара
Name in Yiddish:ניו זשערסי, פאראייניקטע שטאטן פון אמעריקע
Name in Yoruba:New Jersey
Name in Zazaki:New Jersey, Dewletê Amerikayê Yewbiyayey
Name in Zeelandic:New Jersey, Vereênigde Staeten
Name in Zulu:New Jersey, IMelika
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:State
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Newark281,944 (2017)
Jersey City264,290 (2017)
Paterson147,754 (2017)
Elizabeth129,007 (2017)
Edison102,548 (2017)
Toms River88,791 (2017)
Museums in region:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:NJ


One of the thirteen original states of the USA. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. It's area is 8,722.58 square miles (22,591.38 km2). High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 meters), and is in the Kittatinny Range. New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape (lennilenapeite) being dominant at the time of European contact.

Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains, represented by the sub-range of the Kittatinny Mountains (kittatinnyite) in the NW part of the state. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached northern New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges and exposed the underlying Precambrian rocks in the NW portion of the state, including the Franklin Marble, host of the Famous zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg and the magnetite ore bodies.

Areas of principal mineralogical interest are the two zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg in Sussex County, the zeolite and copper occurrences in the traprock deposits (basalt & diabase) of the Watchung Mountains basalt and Palisades diabase, plus the numerous former iron mines in the highlands (of which there were over 300), and phosphate occurrences in the southern portion of the state. New Jersey was at one time the largest iron-producing state in the union, until discovery of the Mesabi Range deposits.

Thomas Edison, a New Jersey native, was famous for his invention of the electric light bulb; however, it is less known that he was intimately involved in mining and quarrying operations and the invention of related machinery. He was involved in copper mining at the Edison Mine in Menlo Park, New Jersey; iron mining in Sparta Township, just outside of Ogdensburg, New Jersey, where he invented a method of concentrating lower-grade magnetite ores into high-grade briquets; and limestone quarrying in Sussex County (Edison-Bodnar Quarries) for use in his little known Portland cement enterprise. Some engineering design documents in the files of the former New Jersey Zinc Company for proposed designs of mill ore beneficiation machinery bear his signature of review and concurrence. Edison almost went bankrupt when the Mesabi range discovery put his iron mining endeavors into financial distress.

New Jersey also has a belt of Cretaceous marl running SW-NE through the center of the state. The blue sand marl was mined for fertilizer all along the belt. These mining activities realized the discovery of the first dinosaur in the United States at Haddonfield. At Mullica Hill the marl belt is fossiliferous with many bivalves containing phosphates. The Quaternary sands of the Cohansy Formation in southern New Jersey produce clear quartz pebbles, weathered from crystals, at Cape May, and even petrified wood (cedar wood). The Cohansy Formation is also the host of black sand concentrates at several locations that were exploited for ilmenite (titanium), zircon (zirconium), corundum (abrasives) and monazite-Ce (waste product). Many sand pits operate in the Cohansy until today. The Cohansy also is responsible for the many miles of pristine white beaches in New Jersey (the Jersey shore) and the glass industry at Glassboro. The biologically derived bog iron ores in the swamps of the Jersey Pinelands, on the Cohansy Formation, gave rise to a thriving colonial iron industry, as preserved remains of the operations at Batsto testify to.

Yes, New Jersey is small - BUT - mineralogically very rich and famous with no less than 86 type locality minerals!!

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

463 valid minerals. 81 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 10 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 12 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albertite'
Reference: John Betts Fine Minerals specimen
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Adelite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer:10.
'Agardite'
Reference: Donald Volkman personal collection
Akrochordite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Habit: Warty to spherical clusters to ove 1.5 cm
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: Not fluorescent in UV
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1981) Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 235-236; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part : 5: 655-656.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Allactite
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs, NY Mineralogical Club (1931), Manchester, J.G.Canfield (1889); Amer. Museum of Nat. History, NY.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Anandite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
Description: Anandite was reported by Tracy (1991), but his chemical analyses contained absolutely no sulfur. Three of the reported analyses would have been a new species at the time and are a chlorine-dominant ferrokinoshitalite.
Reference: Tracy, R.J., et al: Eos, Transactions of the Amer. Geophysical Union:68, #16:467 (abstract) (1987); Tracy, R.J.: Am. Min.:76:1683-1693 (1991); Dunn(1995):Pt4:468.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Occurs in hornfels at contact with traprock (Palisades Diabase).
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 71.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Polyadelphite (FRL)
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Thomas Thomson (1836) System of Chemistry, v. 1, p. 154.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs as green coatings on primary nickel species in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Edwards, F.: The Picking Table:19(2):10; Dunn(1995):Pt5:658.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tracy, Robert J. (1991) Ba-rich Micas from the Franklin Marble, Lime Crest and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, American Mineralogist, v76, p. 1683-1693.
'Anomalite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palche et al. (1944) Dans's System of Mineralogy, v. 1.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite ?
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Frondel, Clifford (1972) The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antigorite var: Vorhauserite
Formula: (Mg,Mn)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palche, C., 1935, The Minerals of franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Description: Occurs in drift.
Reference: Canfield; The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 76.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs on a single specimen associated mixed with gypsum and brochantite on rhodonite and andradite (Franklin Mineral Museum specimen).
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:628.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt (1900):177.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dana 6: 1065.
Arakiite
Formula: (Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Occurs in Precambrian Franklin marble associated with realgar and arsenopyriteon the 900' level.
Reference: Palache,C.: Am. Min.:26:709-717; Dunn:Pt4:618.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Description: The arsenolite verified by PJD (1995, 2004) has been observed on specimens of arsenic that have no evidence of chemical treatment as originally feared by PJD.
Reference: PJD (1995, 2004)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:584.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Colour: Yellow-green
Description: Listed as uranite, a former synonym (yellow-green plates).
Reference: The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:325-327.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Aminoff, G., 1919, Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjogren's Mineral Collection, Archiv. Kemi. Min. Geol. v 7, (17), p. 1-58.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bannisterite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Large platy masses
Colour: Brown
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:487.; Smith, M.L. and Frondel, C. (1968) The related layered minerals ganophyllite, bannisterite and stilpnomelane. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 893-913.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Peacor, D. & Dunn, P.J.: Mineralogical Record:16:121-124 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt5:659.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Palache(1935):92; Gaines, R.V. & Bostwick, R.C.: The Picking Table:34(2):22-31 (1993); Dunn(1995):Pt3:407.
Barysilite
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: The Picking Table:17(2):4; Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: US Dept. of Interior Bur. of Mines Rpt of Investigation (ROI) #6885, Williams, R.L. (1967): 18.; Klemic, Harry; Heyl, A. V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R.; Stone, Jerome (1959) Radioactive rare-earth deposit at Scrub Oaks mine, Morris County, New Jersey. USGS Bull 1082B
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Bementite (TL)
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Description: Occurs in ore within the Franklin orebody.
Reference: Koenig, G.A., Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings (1887):310-311; Dunn(1995):Pt4:488.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Palache, C.: Am. Min.:26:709-717; Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66; Dunn(1995):Pt4:553.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Wilkerson, 1959. Minerals of NJ
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Hendricks, J: Notes on the minerals of Franklin & Sterling Hill (1960): Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record: 25:95-102 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Bostwickite (TL)
Formula: CaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in ore within the Franklin orebody.
Reference: Dunn & Leavens(1983); Mineralogical Magazine:47:387-389; Dunn(1995):Pt4:498.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726; Gaines, R.V. (1959) American Mineralogist: 44: 199-200; Mineralogical Record: 13: 36; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part 5: 659.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 69.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Description: Occurred in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Verbeek, E.R. & Sutphin H.B., The Picking Table:31(1):2-5 (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:544.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Steven Kuitems
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite (TL)
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt(1900):186.
Brucite var: Nemalite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt(1900):186; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p488.
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:363.
Bustamite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Habit: Blocky prismatic
Colour: Pale to medium pink, rarely rich dark pink
Fluorescence: Magenta red (LW UV) (rare)
Reference: Palache (1935): 69; Mason, B.: Am. Min.: 60: 209-212 (1975); Dunn (1995):Pt3:438.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Cahnite (TL)
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 26: 126; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 387; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Part5: 660-663.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 164 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 88.
'Calcozincite'
Reference: A.Mathauser collection
Canaphite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Reference: Peacor, et al (1985), Steriss, et al (1987)
Canavesite
Formula: Mg2(HBO3)(CO3) · 5H2O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:619-620.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: Re-identified as a new mineral, jarosewichite
Reference: Cook (1973); Dunn et al. (1992b)
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Description: Reputedly found as sub-millimeter crystals in bornite. Contact with the person cited (Burke, E.A.J. (2013) personal communication) resulted in a disavowal of the cited 1983 personal communication. The mineral seems to have suffered from miscommunication.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. (2013) personal communication; Burke, E.A.J.: (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt4:531.; Dunn (1995, 2004)
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chet Lemanski collection.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer:10.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Chalcodite'
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Chalcophanite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Habit: Rhombohedral crystals on stalactites.
Colour: bluish black
Description: Occurs in weathered ore zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Moore G E (1875) On chalcophanite, a new mineral species. The American Chemist 6, 1-2; Palache(1935):52; Baum( J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10 (1962); Dunn(1995):Pt4:587.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: Blister Copper
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs in vein openings with octahedral magnetite crystals and calcite, often coated with amphibole asbestos (byssolite).
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Charlesite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Description: Was initially described as ettringite.
Reference: Dunn, et al: Am. Min.:68:1033-1037 (1983); Dunn (1995):Pt5:631.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: US Dept. of Interior Bur. of Mines Rpt of Investigation (ROI) #6885, Williams, R.L. (1967): 18.; Klemic, Harry; Heyl, A. V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R.; Stone, Jerome (1959) Radioactive rare-earth deposit at Scrub Oaks mine, Morris County, New Jersey. USGS Bull 1082B
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chloroferrokinoshitalite'
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(Cl,OH,F)2
Chlorophoenicite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 780; Albanese, J.S. (1967) Chlorophoenicite: Rocks & Minerals: 42: 888-889; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Part5: 665.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cianciulliite (TL)
Formula: Mn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: A single specimen only with two additional suspected specimens (Franklin Mineral Museum assets).
Reference: Dunn, et al: AM. Min.:76:1708-1710 (1991); Dunn(1995):Pt4:588-589.
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:666.
Clinohedrite (TL)
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Palache(1935):106; Dunn, et al: Am. Min.:68:1033-1037 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt3:365.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Reilly, L.C.: Senior Thesis, Yale Univ. (1983); Dunn, P.J.: Am. Min.:70:379-387 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: Van King
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Description: Clintonite is an enigmatic entry for this locality. It was "not observed" by Dunn (1995), but was reported in an article published in 1957 and 1958 that was a Ph. D. thesis by Henri Struwe, originally at Leiden University, The Netherlands (Data on the Mineralogy and Petrology of the Dolomite-Bearing Northern Contact Zone of the Querigut Granite: French Pyrenees by Struwe, Henri). The specimen was reported as from "Franklin". Confirmation of the specimen's identification seems valid, but where in the Franklin Marble it was actually found is unknown. The referenced specimen was located in The Netherlands, but while it was in dolomite, it did not contain clintonite, but did contain phlogopite in a fine-grained pulverant mixture. The Franklin Marble does extend into New York state and Amity is the type locality for clintonite, but it is uncertain if the identified specimen is even from New Jersey.
Reference: Struwe (1958), Dunn (1995)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Peters, et al: Mineralogical Record:14:183-194 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt5:632.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom -1974
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMin 10:152-155
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:453.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: Not rare as very small scale felt-like material associated with copper and chalcocite. Two good specimens from one pocket, with much larger xles, on copper, found in 1988.
Reference: Manchester, J.G. (1931) Minerals of New York City and its Environs. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 3:67. Warren Cummings, personel communication, 2008
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs as microscopic inclusions in a gray, massive willemite matrix associated with copper and domeykite.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. & Dunn, P.J.: Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Monatshefte (1988):145-148; Dunn(1995):Pt4:545.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cyprine
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Habit: Masses, coarsely fibrous
Colour: Vivid blue, Dark blue, dark green
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Fitzgerald et al. (1986), Amer. Mineral. 71, 1011-1014. 1.91% CuO, 0.74 Cu p.f.u, Cu > Mn or Fe in Y.
Reference: Palache, C. (1935): The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 180, 135pp., with map 94-95; Dunn(1995): Pt3: 423-424.; Fitzgerald et al. (1986), Amer. Mineral. 71, 1011-1014.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Datolite var: Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:363.
Datolite var: Botryolite
Formula: Ca(HBSiO5)
Reference: Palache, Charles (1935) USGS Professional Paper 180
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66; Jenkins, R.A. II & Misiur, S. C.: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102, erratum:386; Dunn(1995):Pt5:632.
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Diaoyudaoite
Formula: NaAl11O17
Colour: Snow-white & lazurite-blue
Description: This material does not seem to be naturally occurring. One large mass of coarsely crystalline cleavage masses of mostly snow-white diaoyudaoite grading from thin layers of blue into the mostly white material. Obtained from dredge spoils.
Reference: Josef Vajdak (analysis by Petr Ondrush & F. Veselovsky, Czech Geol. Survey).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Jenkins, R.A. II & Misiur, S.C.: Mineralogical Record:25:95-102, erratum:386; Dunn(1995):Pt4:532.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Schefferite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2007, Personal communication
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Description: Occurs as microscopic inclusion in massive gray willemite associated with copper and cuprostibite.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. & Dunn, P.J.: Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Monatshefte(1988):145-148; Dunn(1995):Pt4:545.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vil. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 81.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Duftite has been called duftite-beta and has the adelite structure
Reference: Jenkins, R.A. II: The Picking Table:34(2):6-11 (1993); Dunn(1995):Pt5:667.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Habit: Hemispherical aggregates.
Colour: White
Description: A huge boulder of galena altering to cerussite was found during recent excavations in the pit. The cerussite is nicely crystallized. The white mineral found in this assemblage was analyzed and proved to be dundasite, a mineral new to the locality and the
Reference: John Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum, analysis by Malcolm Back, Royal Ontario Museum.
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Epidote-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: occurs as high-z near-rim bands in complexly zoned crystals of (Sr+Pb)-bearing epidote (cores) to Sr-bearing hancockite (rims), intergrown with barite, within massive epidote/hancockite, andradite, and franklinite rock. Hendricksite and cpx(?; not analyzed) are also present.
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-88; https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-76-to-fkm-100/#FKM-88)
'Epidote Supergroup'
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Contributor
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66 (1973); Dunn(1995):Pt5:633.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Esperite (TL)
Formula: PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Habit: massive
Colour: white to creamy, dingy
Fluorescence: bright yellow-green
Description: Massive, in nodules up to 15 cm, associated with hardystonite, willemite, franklinite, less commonly calcite, clinohedrite, and axinite-(Mn).
Reference: Palache (1935): 81; Dunn(1995): Pt3: 368.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:667.
Eveite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Fayalite var: Roepperite (of Brush)
Formula: (Fe2+2,Mn,Zn)SiO4
Feitknechtite (TL)
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:38:761-769 (1953); Wadsley, A.D.: Am. Min.:40:349-353 (1955); Dunn(1995):Pt4:591-592.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
'Fergusonite'
Reference: US Dept. of Int. Bur. of Mines ROI #6885 (1967):13.
Ferriakasakaite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Verified by both microprobe chemical analysis and Raman Spectroscopy
Reference: Hexiong Yang
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Ferrokinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Ferrolaueite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Segeler, C.G., P.B. Moore, M.D. Dyar, F. Leans, and J.A.Ferraiolo (2012): Ferrolaueite, a new mineral from Monmouth County, New Jersey, USA, Australian Journal of Mineralogy 16(2), 69-76.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferrostrunzite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1983) 524-528
Flinkite
Formula: Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Fluckite
Formula: CaMn2+(HAsO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour: Gray-white. Some pink material has appeared in the marketplace, but may not have been validated.
Description: Occurs in cavities in calcite-rich willemite-franklinite ore in a single specimen (ex: Dr. Sidney Williams collection, a portion of which is in the C. Lemanski collection)
Reference: MinRec 19:274, 18:360; The Picking Table:28(2):3; Dunn(1995):Pt5:668.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
Formula: NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Reference: D. Steven Kuitems specimen
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Andrew Kruegel
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Marco Cirrotti
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluoro-tremolite (TL)
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Reference: Oberti, R., Cámara, F.,Bellatreccia, F., Radica, F. and Gianfagna,A. (2016) Fluoro-tremolite, IMA 2016-018.CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016,page 917; Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 915–922; Oberti, R., Camara, F., Bellatrecia, F., Radica, F., Gianfagna, A., Boiocchi, M. (2018): Fluoro-tremolite from the Limecrest-Southdown quarry, Sparta, NJ, USA: crystal chemistry of a newly approved end-members of the amphibole supergroup. MIneralogical Magazine: 82: 145-157.
Fluor-uvite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Habit: Crystals show first and second order prism and first and second order trigonal pyramids. The crystal habit is equant to only slightly elongated along "c". Oftentimes, the crystals are asymmetrical.
Colour: Full range of light to dark greens including olive green and brownish green through greenish brown.
Fluorescence: Orange yellow in short wave ultraviolet
Reference: Dunn, P. J., Appleman, D., Nelen, J., and Norberg, J. 1977, Uvite, a New (Old) Common Member of the Tourmaline Group and Its Implications for Collections, Mineralogical Record, v. 8, p. 100-108.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Chukrov, F.V.: Kora Vyvetrivania:2:107-123 (1956)(abstract in Am.Min.:44:208); Dunn(1995):Pt4:505.
Franklinfurnaceite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P.J., et al: Am. Min.:72:812-815 (1987); Dunn(1995):Pt4:493-494.
Franklinite (TL)
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Habit: Octahedral, dodecahedral, modified octahedrons
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None
Description: Occurs as a major ore mineral from massive to granular, disseminated granular, and crystals, both free-growing and embedded in calcite.
Reference: Palache(1935):47-48; Dunn(1995):Pt4:566-578.
Franklinphilite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)4(Mn2+,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, et al: Franklinphilite, the manganese analog of stilpnomelane, from Franklin, NJ: Mineralogical Record:23:465-468 (1992); Dunn(1995):Pt4:472.
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite (TL)
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache(1935): 111; Dunn(1995): Pt3: 460.
'Gageite-2M' (FRL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 382-391.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Mr. Cummings extracted a bead of silver from a sample of the galena in the Mississippi-Valley-Type-Deposit occurrence in the quarry.
Reference: Mr. Warren Cummings, Geologist, New Jersey Dept. of Transportation.
Ganomalite
Formula: Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:410-411.
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Description: Occurs in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Oen, et al, Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Abhandlungen:150:259-272 (1984); Dunn(1995):Pt4:533.
Gerstmannite (TL)
Formula: MnMgZn(SiO4)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Platy masses, individual microscopic crystals rare.
Colour: Colorless, pale tan
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Moore, P.B. & Araki, T.: Am.Min.:62:51-59 (1977); Dunn(1995):Pt3:369.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Glaucochroite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Type Locality:
Colour: blue, blue-gray, tan
Fluorescence: None.
Reference: Palache (1935): 79; Dunn (1995): Pt3: 343.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Description: Occurs in the unique nickel-cobalt-arsenic assemblage.
Reference: Nikischer, T.: The Picking Table:42(1):20, 2001. Analysis by Andy Roberts.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Gmelinite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Graeserite
Formula: (Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Habit: Tabular, exhibiting apparent oscillatory growth pattern.
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None.
Description: One extraordinaryily large crystal (3.8 x 3.7 x 0.3 cm) in matrix.
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Caswellite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Klein, C., Jr: Am.Min.:53:1417 (1968); Klein, C., Jr. & Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:52:858-860 (1967); Dunn(1995):Pt4:593.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Pale yellow-green
Description: Occurs as distinct feathery to flat spherical aggregates to 1 cm diameter of fine needles on matrix.
Reference: Cianciulli, J. (2004), Grunerite now added to the Franklin-Sterling Hill mineral list, Min. News: 20(10): 1-3.
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Description: The guerinite occurs as a post-mining product on a single seam on the roof of a drift in Precambrian Franklin marble, 340' level, Sterling Mine.
Reference: The Picking Table:22(1):2; Dunn(1995):Pt5:668.
'Gummite'
Reference: The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:325-327.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Description: Occurs in nepheline-syenite.
Reference: Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: Bayliss, P. & St. J. Warne, S.: Powder Diffraction, 2:225-226 (1987): Dunn(1995):Pt5:669.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:634.
Hancockite (TL)
Formula: {CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Frondel, C.: The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Palache(1935):98; Dunn(1995):Pt3:406.
Hardystonite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Reference: Palache(1935):94; Dunn(1995):Pt3:411-412.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Description: EDS has indicated major amounts of BaO and trivial amounts of K2O, and CaO.
Reference: bradley D. Plotkin collection
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hauckite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81
Habit: Small tabular hexagonal crystakls and aggregates.
Colour: Yellow, yellowish tan.
Fluorescence: None
Description: Occurs in fracture voids and seams, commonly with calcite.
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., and Sturman, B.D. (1980) Hauckite, Fe3 3+(Mg,Mn)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81, a new mineral from Sterling Hill, New Jersey. American Mineralogist: 65: 192-195; Dunn(1995):Pt5:635.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Description: Occurs in nepheline-syenite.
Reference: Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
'Hayesine'
Reference: Darton (1882); Canfield (1889).
'Hayesine (of Bechi)'
Description: Associated with datolite
Reference: Dana's System of Mineralogy 6th ed. p889
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: