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New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 21' 2'' North , 74° 33' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.35068, -74.55828


One of the thirteen original states of the USA. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. It's area is 8,722.58 square miles (22,591.38 km2). High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 meters), and is in the Kittatinny Range. New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape (lennilenapeite) being dominant at the time of European contact.

Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains, represented by the sub-range of the Kittatinny Mountains (kittatinnyite) in the NW part of the state. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached northern New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges and exposed the underlying Precambrian rocks in the NW portion of the state, including the Franklin Marble, host of the Famous zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg and the magnetite ore bodies.

Areas of principal mineralogical interest are the two zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg in Sussex County, the zeolite and copper occurrences in the traprock deposits (basalt & diabase) of the Watchung Mountains basalt and Palisades diabase, plus the numerous former iron mines in the highlands (of which there were over 300), and phosphate occurrences in the southern portion of the state. New Jersey was at one time the largest iron-producing state in the union, until discovery of the Mesabi Range deposits.

Thomas Edison, a New Jersey native, was famous for his invention of the electric light bulb; however, it is less known that he was intimately involved in mining and quarrying operations and the invention of related machinery. He was involved in copper mining at the Edison Mine in Menlo Park, New Jersey; iron mining in Sparta Township, just outside of Ogdensburg, New Jersey, where he invented a method of concentrating lower-grade magnetite ores into high-grade briquets; and limestone quarrying in Sussex County (Edison-Bodnar Quarries) for use in his little known Portland cement enterprise. Some engineering design documents in the files of the former New Jersey Zinc Company for proposed designs of mill ore beneficiation machinery bear his signature of review and concurrence. Edison almost went bankrupt when the Mesabi range discovery put his iron mining endeavors into financial distress.

New Jersey also has a belt of Cretaceous marl running SW-NE through the center of the state. The blue sand marl was mined for fertilizer all along the belt. These mining activities realized the discovery of the first dinosaur in the United States at Haddonfield. At Mullica Hill the marl belt is fossiliferous with many bivalves containing phosphates. The Quaternary sands of the Cohansy Formation in southern New Jersey produce clear quartz pebbles, weathered from crystals, at Cape May, and even petrified wood (cedar wood). The Cohansy Formation is also the host of black sand concentrates at several locations that were exploited for ilmenite (titanium), zircon (zirconium), corundum (abrasives) and monazite-Ce (waste product). Many sand pits operate in the Cohansy until today. The Cohansy also is responsible for the many miles of pristine white beaches in New Jersey (the Jersey shore) and the glass industry at Glassboro. The biologically derived bog iron ores in the swamps of the Jersey Pinelands, on the Cohansy Formation, gave rise to a thriving colonial iron industry, as preserved remains of the operations at Batsto testify to.

Yes, New Jersey is small - BUT - mineralogically very rich and famous with no less than 86 type locality minerals!!

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

'Albertite'

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Adelite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aerinite

'Agardite'

Akrochordite

Albite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allactite

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Alleghanyite

Allophane

Almandine

'Amber'

Amphibole Supergroup

var: Byssolite

var: Uralite

Analcime

Anandite

Anatase

Andalusite

Andradite

var: Melanite

var: Polyadelphite (FRL)

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Annabergite

Annite

'Anomalite' (FRL)

Anorthite

'Anorthoclase'

Antigorite

var: Vorhauserite

Antimony

Antlerite

'Apatite'

'var: Collophane'

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arakiite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Artinite

'Asbestos'

'var: Mountain Leather'

Atacamite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurorite

Austinite

Autunite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn) (TL)

Azurite

Babingtonite

'Bakerite'

Bannisterite (TL)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barylite

Barysilite

Baryte

Bassanite

'Bastnäsite'

Baumhauerite

Bementite (TL)

Beraunite

Berthierite

Beryl

Bianchite

'Biotite'

Birnessite

'Bitumen'

Bornite

Bostwickite (TL)

Brandtite

Braunite

Breithauptite

Brianyoungite

Brochantite

Brookite

Brucite (TL)

var: Nemalite

Bultfonteinite

Bustamite (TL)

Cacoxenite

Cahnite (TL)

Calcite

'Calcozincite'

Canaphite (TL)

Canavesite

Cancrinite

Caryopilite

Celadonite

Celestine

Celsian

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite (TL)

Chalcopyrite

var: Blister Copper

'Chalcotrichite'

Chamosite

Charlesite (TL)

'Chevkinite Group'

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chlorophoenicite (TL)

Chondrodite

Chromite

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Cianciulliite (TL)

'Clays'

Clinochlore

var: Diabantite

'Clinochrysotile'

Clinoclase

Clinohedrite (TL)

Clinohumite

Clinozoisite

'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'

Cobaltite

Connellite

Copper

Cordierite

Corundum

var: Ruby

Covellite

Cristobalite

Cryptomelane

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Cuprostibite

Cuspidine

Cyanotrichite

Cyprine

Datolite

var: Botryolite

Descloizite

Devilline

'Deweylite'

Diaoyudaoite

Digenite

Diopside

var: Schefferite

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolomite

Domeykite

Dravite

Dufrénite

Duftite

Dundasite

Dypingite

Edenite

Eleonorite

Epidote

Epidote Supergroup

Epistilbite

Epsomite

Erythrite

Esperite (TL)

Euchroite

Eveite

Fayalite

var: Roepperite (of Brush)

Feitknechtite (TL)

'Feldspar Group'

'Fergusonite'

Ferriakasakaite-(La)

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-actinolite

Ferro-hornblende

Ferrolaueite (TL)

Ferro-pargasite

Ferrostrunzite (TL)

Flinkite

Fluckite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorapophyllite-(Na)

Fluorite

var: Chlorophane

Fluoro-edenite

Fluorophlogopite

Fluoro-tremolite (TL)

Fluor-uvite (TL)

Forsterite

Fraipontite (TL)

Franklinfurnaceite (TL)

Franklinite (TL)

Franklinphilite (TL)

Friedelite

Gageite (TL)

'Gageite-2M' (FRL)

Gahnite

Galena

var: Argentiferous Galena

Ganomalite

Ganophyllite

'Garnet'

Genthelvite

Gersdorffite

Gerstmannite (TL)

Glauberite

Glaucochroite (TL)

Glaucodot

Glauconite

'Gmelinite'

Gmelinite-Na

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Gonyerite

Graeserite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

var: Caswellite

Groutite

Grunerite

Guérinite

'Gummite'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Gyrolite

'Hackmanite'

Haidingerite

Halotrichite

Hancockite (TL)

Hardystonite (TL)

Harmotome

Hastingsite

Hauckite (TL)

Hausmannite

Haüyne

Hawleyite

'Hayesine'

'Hayesine (of Bechi)'