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Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

This page kindly sponsored by Frank Ruehlicke
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Name in Greek:Περιοχή Λαυρίου, Αττική, Ελλάδα
Locality type:Mining District


The Lavrion District (also Laurion; Laurium) is situated in the southeastern corner of Attica (also Attika; Attiki) peninsula, around 40 km southeast of the city of Athens. It is a 150 square km area bordered by the cape of Sounion to the South (famous for its ancient Greek temple), the village of Plaka to the North (16 km north of Sounion), the town of Lavrion and the Aegean sea to the East and the area of Anavyssos to the West (around 10 km west of the town of Lavrion).

The area was mined since the ancient times (signs of Cu-ore extraction from the 3rd millennium B.C.) and most intensively from 600 B.C. to 100 A.D., for silver, lead and other metals. The Lavrion mines were the main source of wealth for the city of Athens during the classical times (5th-4th century B.C.). They were abandoned during the Roman times and reopened in 1865. All mining activity stopped in 1984.

Polymetallic ore deposits which are genetically related to the emplacement of a Late Miocene (7-10 million years ago) biotite-hornblende granodioritic body and granodiorite porphyry dikes/sills within metamorphic Mesozoic rocks of the Attic-Cycladic Crystalline Belt. The ore deposits occur mainly within marbles, especially at contacts with schists and with hornblende granodiorites. Gangue minerals are calcite, ankerite, rhodochrosite, baryte, fluorite, and quartz.
The ore consists mainly of silver-rich galena, sphalerite, and pyrite, but also various other sulphides and numerous secondary minerals.
An excellent, up-to-date overview of the district is given by Bonsall et al. (2011).

The most important mines are situated in or around the village of Plaka (6 km north of the town of Lavrion) and Agios Konstantinos (formerly Kamareza; 5 km west of Lavrion). Plaka was probably the site of the ancient "Laureion" (Kalcyk & Heinrich, 1991).
Hundreds of smaller ancient mines, shafts and prospects are spread within the district, most of them along the N-S ridge from Kamareza to Sounion. Also, several slag localities are situated on beaches and in coves along the eastern and southern coast of the district. Slag minerals were created by sea water chemically reacting with the coastal slag heaps produced by processing ores mined inland from the slag sites during ancient times (mainly 500-200 B.C., but as early as 3000 B.C. at Thorikos). See the separate listings for the mineral species found in the mines and the slag localities of the district.

This list is automatically generated by combining the lists for the specific sites. This includes listing type locality species as "TL." It should be understood that the actual type localities for these species are specific sites in the District - NOT the District itself. See specific site lists to determine which site is the type locality for any given species.

NOTE: For all literature references see Lavrion District Mines (http://www.mindat.org/loc-1942.html).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Lavrion District, Greece
Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece
Laurion, Attica, Greece

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

631 valid minerals. 26 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Localities:
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Manganoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Nickeloan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Aikinite var: Argentoaikinite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Localities:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aldridgeite
Formula: (Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Antimony Ochre'
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities:
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Arsenobismite'
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities:
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Localities:
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities:
'Biotite'
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Localities:
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities:
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
'Calamine'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Peter Kohorst
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities:
Calumetite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities:
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Chadwickite
Formula: (UO2)[HAsO3]
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Localities:
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities:
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities:
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Localities:
'Chlorite Group'
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chukhrovite-(Ca)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
'Clay'
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Localities:
'Copiapite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Localities:
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities:
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities:
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Localities:
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Feinglosite
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Localities:
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Localities:
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities:
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
'Granodiorite'
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Graulichite-(Ce)
Formula: CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities:
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)·6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Kamarizaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2009): Kamarizaite Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3·3H2O -- a new mineral arsenate analogue of tinticite. Zapiski RMO 138(3), 100-108; N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov, S. Möckel, A. A. Mukhanova, D. I. Belakovsky, L. A. Levitskaya und G. K. Bekenova (2010): Kamarizaite, Fe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3•3H2O, a new mineral species, arsenate analogue of tinticite. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 599-605; U. Kolitsch, C. L. Lengauer and G. Giester (2014): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron arsenate kamarizaite and the iron phosphate tinticite. 92nd Annual Meeting of the DMG, Jena, Germany, September 21-24; abstract in Programme, 257; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(III) phosphate tinticite. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 71-81.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kaolinite Subgroup'
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kochsándorite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Kolwezite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities:
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Laurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Köchlin, R. (1887): Ueber Phosgenit und ein muthmasslich neues Mineral vom Laurion. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 2, 185-190
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4·8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities:
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lukrahnite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiokoritnigite
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH)·H2O
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganarsite
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Peter Kohorst
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
'Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Marrite
Formula: AgPbAsS3
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Localities:
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matildite var: Cupromatildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mcnearite
Formula: NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Localities:
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Localities:
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mummeite
Formula: Cu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickelboussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nuffieldite var: Argentonuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Omsite
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Reference: Lapis, 33 (2008), #4, 8 ("pers. comm. U. Kolitsch, NHM Vienna").
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Localities:
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
'Pascoite Group'
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Peretaite
Formula: Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Localities:
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities:
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Localities:
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Plumboagardite
Formula: (Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
'Porphyry'
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Al)
Formula: Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities:
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities:
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Localities:
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rosasite var: Nickeloan Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rößlerite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities:
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sailaufite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Schäferite
Formula: Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities:
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Sclarite
Formula: (Zn,Mg,Mn2+)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Scrutinyite
Formula: α-PbO2
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serpierite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Des Cloizeaux (1881) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 89.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387. (referring to serpierite from "the Kamareza section of the Laurion mines in Greece."; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Serpierite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 238, 604-605 (referring to Des Cloizeaux, 1881).; Gröbner, J. (2001) Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Sewardite
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Shakhovite
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Shannonite
Formula: Pb2OCO3
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Localities:
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
'Slag'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Slavkovite
Formula: Cu13(AsO4)6(AsO3OH)4·23H2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Stibioenargite'
Formula: Cu3(Sb,As)S4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities:
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities:
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thometzekite
Formula: PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1985-07-OH:AlCuSZn'
Formula: [(Zn,Cu)2Al(OH)6][(SO4)0.5 · 3H2O]
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
'Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
'Unnamed (Ca Arsenate Hydrate)'
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 5H2O
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Brandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Unnamed (Hydrocerussite- and Plumbonacrite-related phase)'
Formula: Pb-C-O-H
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'
Formula: Na1.2V3O8
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'
Formula: (Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'
Formula: Ni3(VO4)2
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'
Formula: Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'
Formula: Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'
Formula: Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: α-3PbO · PbCl2
'Unnamed (Zn Sulphate-Hydroxide-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2 · 6H2O
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Ustarasite
Formula: Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Veenite
Formula: Pb2(Sb,As)2S5
Vernadite
Formula: (Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Localities:
Voudourisite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4·H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Voudourisite, IMA 2012-042. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Wad'
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Warikahnite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Whitlockite Group'
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Woodruffite
Formula: Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities:
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Xanthiosite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yaroslavite
Formula: Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Zaccagnaite
Formula: Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zavaritskite
Formula: (BiO)F
Zdenĕkite
Formula: NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Zeiringite'
Zincaluminite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
Reference: Bertrand and Damour (1881): Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 135, 136.; Damour, A. & Bertrand, E. (1882): Zinc aluminite, a new mineral species. Jahrb. f. Mineral. 2, 351-352 (in German(?)).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Zincmelanterite
Formula: (Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
Zincocopiapite
Formula: ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zincolivenite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
Zincowoodwardite (TL)
Formula: Zn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: T. Witzke & G. Raade (2000): Zincowoodwardite, [Zn 1-x Al x (OH) 2] [(SO 4) x/2 (H 2 O) n], a new mineral of the hydrotalcite group.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 455-465
Zincrosasite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities:
Zýkaite
Formula: Fe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Arsenolamprite1.CA.10As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
var: Argentoaikinite2.HB.05a(Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dimorphite2.FA.10As4S3
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Falkmanite2.HC.15Pb3Sb2S6
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Marrite2.JB.15AgPbAsS3
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
var: Cupromatildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Mummeite2.JA.05fCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
var: Argentonuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petrukite2.KA.05(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrostilpnite2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Ustarasite2.JB.40ePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Veenite2.HC.05dPb2(Sb,As)2S5
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Blixite3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Bobkingite3.DA.50Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Calumetite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Carlhintzeite3.CB.45Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Chloroxiphite3.DB.30Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Damaraite3.DC.75Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Ecdemite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fiedlerite (TL)3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Heliophyllite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Kapellasite (TL)3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Laurelite3.DC.20Pb7F12Cl2
Laurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Paralaurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Penfieldite (TL)3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Perite3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)3.DC.40Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Yaroslavite3.CB.50Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Zavaritskite3.DC.25(BiO)F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite-(Y)'4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Akaganeite'4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Bannermanite4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barnesite4.HG.45(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Bindheimite4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chadwickite4.JA.60(UO2)[HAsO3]
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Feroxyhyte4.FE.40Fe3+O(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Freedite4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Georgiadèsite (TL)4.JB.70Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grantsite4.HG.55(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Huemulite4.HG.10Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Ianthinite4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganarsite4.JB.10Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Meixnerite4.FL.05Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Metamunirite4.HD.20NaVO3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Monteponite4.AB.25CdO
Nealite (TL)4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Omsite4.FB.Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pascoite4.HC.05Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Paulmooreite4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Roméite Group4.DH.
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Scrutinyite4.DB.20α-PbO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Shakhovite4.FB.05(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Vernadite4.FE.40(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O