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Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° North , 24° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~8km
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Περιοχή Λαυρίου, Αττική, Ελλάδα


The Lavrion District (also Laurion; Laurium) is situated in the southeastern corner of Attica (also Attika; Attiki) peninsula, around 40 km southeast of the city of Athens. It is a 150 square km area bordered by the cape of Sounion to the South (famous for its ancient Greek temple), the village of Plaka to the North (16 km north of Sounion), the town of Lavrion and the Aegean sea to the East and the area of Anavyssos to the West (around 10 km west of the town of Lavrion).

The area was mined since the ancient times (signs of Cu-ore extraction from the 3rd millenium B.C.) and most intensively from 600 B.C. to 100 A.D., for silver, lead and other metals. The Lavrion mines were the main source of wealth for the city of Athens during the classical times (5th-4th century B.C.). They were abandoned during the Roman times and reopened in 1865. All mining activity stopped in 1984.

Polymetallic ore deposits which are genetically related to the emplacement of a Late Miocene (7-10 million years ago) biotite-hornblende granodioritic body and granodiorite porphyry dikes/sills within metamorphic Mesozoic rocks of the Attic-Cycladic Crystalline Belt. The ore deposits occur mainly within marbles, especially at contacts with schists and with hornblende granodiorites. Gangue minerals are calcite, ankerite, rhodochrosite, baryte, fluorite, and quartz.
The ore consists mainly of silver-rich galena, sphalerite and pyrite, but also various other sulphides and numerous secondary minerals.
An excellent, up-to-date overview on the district is given by Bonsall et al. (2011).

The most important mines are situated in or around the village of Plaka (6 km north of the town of Lavrion) and Agios Konstantinos (formerly Kamareza; 5 km west of Lavrion). Plaka was probably the site of the ancient "Laureion" (Kalcyk & Heinrich, 1991).
Hundreds of smaller ancient mines, shafts and prospects are spread within the district, most of them along the N-S ridge from Kamareza to Sounion. Also several slag localities are situated on beaches and in coves along the eastern and southern coast of the district. Slag minerals were created by sea water chemically reacting with the coastal slag heaps produced by processing ores mined inland from the slag sites during ancient times (mainly 500-200 B.C., but as early as 3000 B.C. at Thorikos). See the separate listings for the mineral species found in the mines and the slag localities of the district.

This list is automatically generated by combining the lists for the specific sites. This includes listing type locality species as "TL." It should be understood that the actual type localities for these species are specific sites in the District - NOT the District itself. See specific site lists to determine which site is the type locality for any given species.

NOTE: For all literature references see Lavrion District Mines (http://www.mindat.org/loc-1942.html).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

var: Alumino Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

var: Manganoan Adamite

var: Nickeloan Adamite

'Agardite'

Agardite-(Ce)

Agardite-(La)

Agardite-(Nd) (TL)

Agardite-(Y)

Aikinite

var: Argentoaikinite

Akaganeite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: High Albite

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allanite-(Ce)

Allophane

Altaite

Aluminocopiapite

Alunite

Alunogen

Amarantite

Amesite

Anatase

Andersonite

'Andorite'

Andradite

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annabergite

var: Magnesian Annabergite

Anorthite

Anthonyite

Antimony

'Antimony Ochre'

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Aplowite

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

var: Plumboan Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

Argentojarosite

Argentopyrite

Arsendescloizite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

'Arsenobismite'

Arsenocrandallite

Arsenogorceixite

Arsenogoyazite

Arsenolamprite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite

Arthurite

Artinite

Arzrunite

Asbolane

Atacamite

Atelestite

Attikaite (TL)

Aubertite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurorite

Austinite

var: Cuprian Austinite

Azurite

Baileychlore

Bannermanite

Barahonaite-(Al)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barnesite

Barstowite

Baryte

Bastnäsite-(La)

Bayldonite

Bayleyite

Beaverite-(Cu)

Bendadaite

Berthierite

Betekhtinite

Beudantite

'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'

Beyerite

Bianchite

Bieberite

Bílinite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Blixite

Bobkingite

Boleite

Bornite

Botallackite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Boyleite

Brandtite

Brannerite

Brianyoungite

Briartite

Brochantite

Brookite

Brucite

Bukovskýite

'Calamine'

Calcite

Caledonite

Calumetite

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Carminite

Cattierite

Celestine

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcoalumite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcosiderite

Chalcostibite

Chamosite

Chenevixite

Chenite

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chlorophoenicite

Chloroxiphite

Christelite

Chrysocolla

Cinnabar

Claringbullite

Claudetite

Clinoatacamite

Clinoclase

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinozoisite

Cobaltaustinite

Cobaltite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite

'Copiapite Group'

Copper

Coquimbite

Corkite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

Cosalite

Cotunnite

Covellite

Creedite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cumengeite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprocopiapite

Cuspidine

Cyanochroite

Cyanotrichite

Dadsonite

Damaraite

Delafossite

Descloizite

Devilline

Diaboleite

Diaphorite

Dietrichite

Digenite

Dimorphite

Diopside

'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'

Djurleite

Dolomite

Drobecite (TL)

Duftite

Dundasite

Dussertite

Dypingite

Dyscrasite

Dzhalindite

Ecdemite

Elyite

Emplectite

Enargite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Ettringite

Euchroite

Falkmanite

Famatinite

Feroxyhyte

Ferrihydrite

Ferrilotharmeyerite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-actinolite

Fibroferrite

Fiedlerite (TL)

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Fornacite

Fougèrite

Fraipontite

Freedite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

'Friedel's Salt'

Fülöppite

Gaitite

Galena

'Garnet'

Gartrellite

Gaspéite

Gearksutite

Gehlenite

Geocronite

Georgeite

Georgiadèsite (TL)

Germanite

Gersdorffite

Gibbsite

Gilalite

Glaucocerinite (TL)

Goethite

Gold

Goldichite

Gorceixite

Gordaite

Goslarite

Goudeyite

Goyazite

Grandreefite

Grandviewite

Grantsite

Greenockite

Grossular

Groutite

Guérinite

Gunningite

'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halloysite-10Å

Halloysite-7Å

Halotrichite

Haüyne

Hawleyite

Hedenbergite

Heinrichite

Heliophyllite

Helmutwinklerite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Herbertsmithite

Hetaerolite

Heteromorphite

Hexahydrite

Heyrovskýite

Hidalgoite

Hilarionite (TL)

Hinsdalite

Hisingerite

Hohmannite

Hollandite

Honessite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Huemulite

Huntite

Hydrocalumite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydrokenoralstonite

Hydromagnesite

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydrotalcite

Hydrowoodwardite

Hydrozincite

Ianthinite

Ilmenite

Iodargyrite

Jamesite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Johannite

Kaatialaite

Kamarizaite (TL)

Kaňkite

Kaolinite

Kapellasite (TL)

Katerinopoulosite (TL)

Kermesite

Kettnerite

Keyite

'K Feldspar'

Khademite

Kieserite

Kolwezite

Koritnigite

Kornelite

Köttigite

Krausite

Kröhnkite

Krupkaite

Ktenasite (TL)

Kyrgyzstanite

Lahnsteinite

Lanarkite

Langite

Lansfordite

Laumontite

Laurelite

Laurionite (TL)

Lautenthalite

Lavendulan

Lazaridisite (TL)

Lead

Leadhillite

Legrandite

Lemanskiite

Lepidocrocite

Liebenbergite

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Litharge

Lizardite

Löllingite

'Lorettoite'

Lotharmeyerite

Ludjibaite

Ludlockite

Lukrahnite

Luzonite

Mackinawite

Macphersonite

Magnesiocopiapite

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Mahnertite

Malachite

Maldonite

Mammothite

Manganarsite

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganite

'Manganoan Calcite'

Manjiroite

Mapimite

Marcasite

Marialite

Massicot

Matildite

var: Cupromatildite

Matlockite

Mawbyite

Meixnerite

Melanterite

Mendipite

Mereiterite (TL)

Metamunirite

Metasideronatrite

Metavoltine

Miargyrite

Microcline

Millerite

Millosevichite

Mimetite

'Mimetite-M'

Minium

Mixite

Molybdenite

Monazite-(Ce)

Monetite

Monteponite

Montetrisaite

Mooihoekite

Moorhouseite

Morenosite

Mummeite

Murdochite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Nakauriite

Namuwite

Natroalunite

Natroglaucocerinite (TL)

Natrojarosite

Natropharmacoalumite

Nealite (TL)

Népouite

Nesquehonite

Nickelaustinite

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Nickellotharmeyerite

Nickeltsumcorite (TL)

Niedermayrite (TL)

Nontronite

Nordstrandite

Nosean

Nováčekite-II

Nuffieldite

var: Argentonuffieldite

Ojuelaite

Olivenite

Ondrušite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orpiment

Orthoclase

Orthoserpierite

Osakaite

Osarizawaite

Otavite

Ourayite

Owyheeite

Pääkkönenite

Paracoquimbite

Paragonite

Paralaurionite (TL)

Paramelaconite

Parascorodite

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite

Parnauite

Pascoite

'Pascoite Group'

Paulmooreite

Pecoraite

Penfieldite (TL)

Peretaite

Perite

Petrukite

Pharmacoalumite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Philipsbornite

Philipsburgite

Phosgenite

Pickeringite

Picropharmacolite

Pitticite

Plagionite

Plattnerite

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Polybasite

Polydymite

Polyhalite

Posnjakite

Preisingerite

Prosopite

Proustite

Pseudoboleite

'Psilomelane'

Pumpellyite-(Al)

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrostilpnite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Chalcedony

var: Milky Quartz

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Quenstedtite

Ramdohrite

Rammelsbergite

Ramsdellite

Ransomite

Realgar

Rhodochrosite

Rhomboclase

Richelsdorfite

Rickardite

Robinsonite

Romanèchite

Römerite

Rooseveltite

Roquesite

Rosasite

var: Nickeloan Rosasite

Rosickýite

Rößlerite

Rostite

Rozenite

Rutile

Safflorite

Sainfeldite

Saponite

Sauconite

Schäferite

Scheelite

Schulenbergite

Schultenite

Sclarite

Scorodite

Scrutinyite

Segnitite

Semseyite

Senaite

Senarmontite

Sepiolite

Serpierite (TL)

Shakhovite

Shannonite

Siderite

Sideronatrite

Siderotil

Siegenite

Silver

Sklodowskite

Slavíkite

Slavkovite

Smithsonite

Spangolite

Sphalerite

Spherocobaltite

Stannite

Starkeyite

Stephanite

Stibarsen

'Stibiconite'

'Stibioenargite'

Stibnite

Stolzite

Strashimirite

Strontianite

Sulphur

Susannite

Symplesite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Takovite

Talmessite

Talnakhite

Tamarugite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

Thometzekite

Thomsenolite

Thorikosite (TL)

Thorite

Titanite

Todorokite

Tooeleite

Trevorite

Tridymite

Trippkeite

Tripuhyite

Troilite

Tsumcorite

Tyrolite

Uklonskovite

Ullmannite

'UM1985-07-OH:AlCuSZn'

'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'

'Unnamed (Ca Arsenate Hydrate)'

'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Brandtite)'

'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)'

'Unnamed (Hydrocerussite- and Plumbonacrite-related phase)'

'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'

'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'

'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'

'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite)'

'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'

'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'

'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'

'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'

'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'

'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'

'Unnamed (Zn Sulphate-Hydroxide-Chloride-Hydrate)'

Uranophane

Ustarasite

Vaesite

Valentinite

Vanadinite

Vauquelinite

Veenite

Vernadite

Vesuvianite

Veszelyite

Violarite

Vladimirite

Volborthite

Voltaite

Voudourisite (TL)

'Wad'

Wallkilldellite

Warikahnite

'Whitlockite Group'

Willemite

Willemseite

Wittichenite

Wollastonite

Woodruffite

Woodwardite

Wroewolfeite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Wüstite

Xanthiosite

Xanthoconite

Xenotime-(Y)

Zaccagnaite

Zálesíite

Zavaritskite

Zdenĕkite

'Zeiringite'

Zincaluminite (TL)

Zincite

Zincmelanterite

Zincocopiapite

Zincolivenite (TL)

Zincowoodwardite (TL)

Zincrosasite

Zinkenite

Zircon


570 valid minerals. 26 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Smith, G.F.H. and Prior, G.T. (1899) On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 12, n° 55, 102-110.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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