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Greece

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Key
Lock Map
Area:131,957 km2
Locality type:Country
Museums in region:


Following the implementation on 1 January 2011 of the Kallikratis Plan, the administrative divisions of Greece consist of two main levels: the regions and the municipalities. In addition, a number of decentralized administrations overseeing the regions exist as part of the Ministry of the Interior, but are not entities of local government. The old prefectures/departments (presently still used in Mindat) were either abolished and split up or transformed into regional units in 2011.
The plan reduced the number of municipalities from 1,033 to 325.

The 74 regional units are administrative units of Greece. They are subdivisions of the country's 13 regions, further subdivided into municipalities. The regional units are comparable in size and, in the mainland, coterminous with the pre-"Kallikratis" prefectures of Greece.

Note: Officially, permits must be sought for any mineral collecting or field work in Greece (http://portal.igme.gr/pls/portal/url/PAGE/IGME_PORTAL/IGME_HOME_PAGE_EXT/products_and_data/FREEDNLDS). No archaeological sites or caves must be worked on. Illegal export of archaeological items is severely punished.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

LAURION, GREECE

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

807 valid minerals. 37 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abswurmbachite (TL)
Formula: CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1991) 163, 117-143]
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Localities:
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Manganoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Nickeloan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Aikinite var: Argentoaikinite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alkali pyroxene'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Alunite Group'
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Viridine
Formula: (Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
'Andesite'
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anduoite
Formula: (Ru,Os)As2
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Antimony Ochre'
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Arsenobismite'
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities:
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
'Bauxite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'commodity:Bauxite (Aluminium/Aluminum)'
Formula: Al
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Beudantite Group'
Formula: AM3(XO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities:
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
'Biotite gneiss'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
'Blueschist'
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Breccia'
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Brindleyite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min. (1978) 63, 484-489
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
'Calamine'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
'Calcite Group'
Formula: AXO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calumetite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Localities:
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: PGE-rich Chalcopyrite
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities:
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
'Chert'
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Localities:
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Chromitite'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Cimolite'
Formula: Al4Si9O24 · 6H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'
'Clays'
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinochlore-Chamosite Series'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Colusite
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
'Conglomerate'
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Copiapite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Copper var: Palladian Copper
Formula: (Cu,Pd)
'Copper Sulphides'
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Corundite'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Coticule'
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities:
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities:
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Diatomite'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Diopside var: Violan
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Dolostone'
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Eclogite'
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Erionite'
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Localities:
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Ferritchromit'
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Ferrocarpholite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
'Fine-grained ("volcanic") normal crystalline igneous rock'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluor-dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Franckeite
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
'Gahnite-Hercynite Series'
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Localities:
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Giorgiosite (TL)
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Reference: NJMM (1975), 196; Lacroix A (1905) Sur un nouveau minéral, la giorgiosite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie 28, 198-200
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
'Glass'
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Glaucophane (TL)
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Pawley, A.R. (1992) Experimental study of the composition and stabilities of synthetic nyboite and nyboite-glaucophane amphiboles. European Journal of Mineralogy 4 (1) 171-192.; Cheney, J., Schumacher, J.C., Coath, C.D., Brady, J.B., DiFilippo, E.L., Argyrou, E.N., Otis, J.W., Sperry, A.J., Sable, J.E., and Skemer, P.A. (2000) Ion microprobe ages of zircons from blueschists, Syros, Greece. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 32 pg. A152.; Breecker, D.O. (2001) Mineral assemblages in high-pressure quartz-mica schists from Syros, Cyclades, Greece (Doctoral dissertation, Amherst College).; Walton, A. (2001) Petrology of the "Airport Ophiolite" Syros, Greece. 14th Keck Symposium Volume, p. 152.; Marschall, H.R., Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., and McCammon, C. (2004) Metamorphic Na- and OH-rich disordered dravite with tetrahedral boron, associated with omphacite, from Syros, Greece: Chemistry and structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 817-823.; Schumacher, J.C., Brady, J.B., Cheney, J.T., and Tonnsen, R.R. (2008) Glaucophane-bearing marbles on Syros, Greece. Journal of Petrology 49, 1667-1686.; https://www.geosociety.org/datarepository/2004/2004165.pdf
'Glaucophane schist'
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Görgeyite
Formula: K2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gramaccioliite-(Y)
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
'Granite'
'Granodiorite'
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
'Greenschist'
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Manganoan Grossular
Formula: (Ca,Mn)3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'H4 chondrite meteorite'
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Halloysite var: Chrome-Halloysite'
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Hercynite-Spinel Series'
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)·6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'Högbomite Group'
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hollandite Supergroup
Formula: A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridarsenite
Formula: (Ir,Ru)As2
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Jadeite var: Chloromelanite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Kamarizaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2009): Kamarizaite Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3·3H2O -- a new mineral arsenate analogue of tinticite. Zapiski RMO 138(3), 100-108; N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov, S. Möckel, A. A. Mukhanova, D. I. Belakovsky, L. A. Levitskaya und G. K. Bekenova (2010): Kamarizaite, Fe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3•3H2O, a new mineral species, arsenate analogue of tinticite. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 599-605; U. Kolitsch, C. L. Lengauer and G. Giester (2014): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron arsenate kamarizaite and the iron phosphate tinticite. 92nd Annual Meeting of the DMG, Jena, Germany, September 21-24; abstract in Programme, 257; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(III) phosphate tinticite. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 71-81.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kanonaite
Formula: Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kirkiite (TL)
Formula: Pb10Bi3As3S19
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy (1990): 2: 711-723.; American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 1277-1282, 1986; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60
Kolwezite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langisite
Formula: (Co,Ni)As
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities:
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Laurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Köchlin, R. (1887): Ueber Phosgenit und ein muthmasslich neues Mineral vom Laurion. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 2, 185-190
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4·8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Leucoxene
Lévyclaudite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Sn7Cu3(Bi,Sb)3S28
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy (1990): 2: 711-723.; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Lindqvistite
Formula: Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lukrahnite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesiocarpholite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite (TL)
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p126]
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetoplumbite
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganarsite
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganiandrosite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Reinecke T., 1996. Solid solution between piemontite and androsite-(La), a new mineral of the epidote group from Andros Island, Greece. Amer. Miner., 81: 735-742.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganochromite
Formula: Mn2+Cr2O4
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
'Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matildite var: Cupromatildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
'Metabasalt'
'Metabauxite'
'Metagabbro'
'Metamudstone'
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
'Metasedimentary rock'
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Meta-ultramafic-rock'
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
'Mica schist'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Mummeite
Formula: Cu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Muscovite schist'
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Naldrettite
Formula: Pd2Sb
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
'Nickel laterite'
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press)
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13.
Nielsenite
Formula: PdCu3
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nuffieldite var: Argentonuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nybøite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Obsidian'
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Omeiite
Formula: (Os,Ru)As2
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Ophiolite'
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthogneiss'
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarsite
Formula: (Os,Ru)AsS
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Paarite
Formula: Pb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Palladodymite
Formula: (Pd,Rh)2As
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Paravauxite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Localities:
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
'Pascoite Group'
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Pegmatite'
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Peretaite
Formula: Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O