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Brae Fell Mine, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 42' 37'' North , 3° 5' 22'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.71040,-3.08971
GeoHash:G#: gctz1xwph
UK National Grid Reference:NY298356
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


Cooper & Stanley (1991):

"Almost nothing is known of this mine. It was worked from two short crosscuts (now caved) to an approximately NNW-SSE vein, and the associated dumps suggest, in local terms, a relatively extensive operation. The mine was last opened in the mid-19th century but this was merely a trial operation and nothing came of it. The present dumps are almost barren of specimen-quality minerals, although pyromorphite and cerussite are common in small amounts.
The occurrence here of mattheddleite is only the second locality known for this new species."

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 306 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 403 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Amber Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 224 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


32 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: bladed
Colour: cream to black
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, 483 pp.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Hartley, 1984).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Small (ca. 1 mm) clear and opaque white crystals of baryte occur in cavities in limonite stained quartz and in one case enclosing a supergene copper mineral. Some of the baryte crystals resemble one form of anglesite with which they may be easily confused at first sight.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. British Museum (Natural History), London.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 39-44.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Description: As small crystals and masses with linarite from the mine dumps and from waste material at the foot of the 'hush' to the north of the lower dump.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: acicular; granular
Colour: white
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "First mentioned, without description, by Greg & Lettsom (1858: 391) from 'Bray Fell'. Crystals are generally insignificant but an attractive combination of silky, white, acicular crystals (< 10mm) with small green pyromorphite crystals was found on the low-level dump (Kingsbury collection, BM(NH)). Crystals (< 20mm) occur with bright canary yellow pyromorphite on the top level dumps."
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Hartley, 1984.); Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: In small amounts with chrysocolla (M. Leppington Collection, det. M. Rothwell: EPMA).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921 and Hartley, 1984).; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Goethite ?
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951).
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: minutely drusy coating on small quartz crystals (M.P. Cooper Collection)
Colour: white
Description: M.P. Cooper Collection, identified by infra-red spectrophotometry at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Lanarkite ?
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Habit: bladed or fibrous aggregates
Colour: colourless to greyish white
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "The record by Young (1987) of lanarkite with leadhillite from Brae Fell in the NMW Collection is an error (R.E. Bevins, pers. comm.)." Green et al. (2008): The first claim of lanarkite in the Caldbeck Fells was made by Arthur Kingsbury, who described three small specimens from Brae Fell Mine in an unpublished manuscript on the minerals of the northern Lake District in 1951: these were examined in detail by Bridges et al. (2006) who consider it unlikely that they are from Brae Fell Mine and therefore that they are fraudulent."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury and Hartley, 1951, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 39-44.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.; Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "on one specimen as minute crystalline aggregates (C.M. Leppington Collection; det. Leeds Univ.: XRD, D.I. Green, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Colour: colourless to greenish
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Found here sparingly but in good specimens: as small, sharp, equant, colourless to greenish crystals (< 2mm or so) with lanarkite, mattheddleite, cerussite and pyromorphite (King Collection, NMW; Kingsbury Collection BM(NH)). Listed by Hartley (1984)."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 9, 39-44.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 48-50.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Minute crystals and crusts on quartz-sulphide matrix.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921, Shaw, 1970, and Hartley, 1984).
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Habit: etched prisms and pinkish masses on leadhillite and cerussite; sharp prismatic crystals with typical pyramidal terminations encrusting lanarkite and leadhillite
Colour: colourless, pink
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Known from two specimens only: as minute colourless prismatic crystals and drusy pink encrustations on leadhillite and cerussite (King Collection, National Museum of Wales (NMW), det. University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST): IR); and as sharp, prismatic crystals on lanarkite with leadhillite (Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), det.: XRD)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P., Green, D.I., and Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) The occurrence of mattheddleite in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: a preliminary note. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 5, 21.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Cooper et al., 1988).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; UK Journal of Mines and Minerals (1996) 16, 15.; Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951).; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 39-44.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 29-47.
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Plumbogummite ?
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Habit: encrustation
Colour: blue-grey
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "A single specimen from the upper level dump (Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH) has a blue-grey encrustation of plumbogummite partly epimorphous after pyromorphite. No other specimens have been located."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Habit: prismatic; microcrystalline crusts; matted fibrous masses
Colour: olive to emerald green; bright canary yellow (almost arsenate-free); off-white (calcian)
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921 and Shaw, 1970).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.; BMS Collection.;
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 39-44.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.; Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publications, Harpenden.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: BMS Collection
Susannite ?
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: sheafy, tabular
Colour: yellowish; brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "A heavy mass of secondary lead minerals with baryte and quartz collected by Kingsbury in 1951 has crude, sheafy, yellowish tabular crystals to more than 10 mm which were originally identified as leadhillite. A recent examination of this specimen (BM(NH)) showed that these crystals, and a later generation in thin, brown, crystal aggregates, all gave an X-ray powder pattern identical to that of susannite."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite' ?4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Romanèchite'4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Scotlandite'4.JE.20PbSO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrocerussite' ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Leadhillite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Susannite' ?5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Lanarkite' ?7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
'Langite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Plumbogummite' ?8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Mattheddleite'9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite ?6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite ?17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite ?30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite ?42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S PyriteFeS2
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2033368
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].
Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1 [An unpublished 39-page typescript of a paper given to the Mineralogical Society on 8 March 1951. Several of the species detailed here were to become the subject of separate papers published in later years. Many of the remaining species were not listed until Hartley's summary paper of 1984].
Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Cooper, M.P., Green, D.I., and Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) The occurrence of mattheddleite in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: a preliminary note. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 5, 21.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals (1996) 16, 15.
Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., and Rumsey, M.S. (2006) A review of the mineralogy of Brae Fell Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 39-44.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.
Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publications, Harpenden.
Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Lindsay Greenbank Collection: classic minerals of northern England. Supplement to Mineralogical Record 41(1), 21-45.

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