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Burdell Gill, Coombe Height, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 40' 54'' North , 3° 4' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.68177,-3.07498
GeoHash:G#: gctz448b7
UK National Grid Reference:NY307324
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


Cooper & Stanley (1990):

"A roughly N-S vein appears to have been tried near the head of the gill [NY307324]. The vein is predominantly of a hard gossany nature with spongy quartz impregnated with iron and manganese oxides. The locality is well known as a source of good, though small, crystals of pharmacosiderite. Several other arsenates and phosphates occur here and the locality has received a good deal of attention from collectors."

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 306 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 403 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 183 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed by Hartley (1984). Young (1987) was wrong to suggest that Hartley's record was a misprint for braunite (J. Hartley, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984 and Young, 1987).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: sheafy aggregates of acute rhombohedral crystals to 2 mm, partially embedded in massive beudantite on quartz; and minute (< 1 mm) brownish crystals of pseudo-octahedral aspect resulting from the equal development of the pinacoid and a rhombohedron. On this latter habit the rhombohedron faces are lustrous whilst the pinacoids are dull; these characters show that the habit is not an isometric octahedron (det. BM(NH): XRD).
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Occurs in three forms on specimens collected by D.R. Middleton from dumps of the old workings near the head of the gill."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed in error for beraunite in Young (1987)."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Cacoxenite ?
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Habit: fibrous
Colour: yellow
Description: Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990): "This appears to be the first published British occurrence of the species, although long-known from localities in Cornwall. Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), show yellow fibres of cacoxenite on a 'limonitic' matrix."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).
'Gossan'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
'Iron oxide'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury & Hartley (1958): "in gossany vein-stuff from a north-south iron- manganese vein tried near the head of the Gill, 400 yards southwest of Coomb Height; forms compact brown crystalline masses and small (up to 2 mm.) brown rhombohedral crystals on goethite and saccharoidal quartz. The crystals resemble brownish pharmacosiderite also occurring here (B.M. 1956, 78; 1958, 45).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958 and Hartley, 1984).
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.; Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publications, Harpenden.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford, London, 168 pp.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the old workings at the head of the gill, as an almost phosphate-free variety in small crystals with pharmacosiderite etc. (R.S.W. Braithwaite pers. comm., det. University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST): IR)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Colour: green to brown
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford, London, 168 pp.; Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford, London, 168 pp.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Rockbridgeite ?
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Habit: drusy crusts
Colour: dark brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. In the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities 1947-.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953 and Young, 1987).
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Description: In stream sediments.
Reference: Appleton, J.D. and Wadge, A.J. (1976) Investigation of tungsten and other mineralisation associated with the Skiddaw granite near Carrock Mine, Cumbria. Mineral Reconnaissance Prgramme. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 7.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Appleton & Wadge, 1976).
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: brush-like clusters in quartz
Description: As 'brush-like clusters in quartz' (Hitchen, 1934: 186); in a vein at the foot of the gill (R.S.W. Braithwaite, pers. comm.).
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Colour: colourless; pale blue
Description: From the vein in the north-east branch of the gill.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Habit: globules
Colour: colourless to bluish; pale purple
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "As small colourless to bluish crystals (Hartley, 1984). Young (1987: 98) describes a specimen in the BM(NH) as 'pale purple globules with goethite and cacoxenite."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984 and Young, 1987).
Switzerite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Vivianite ?
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: crusts of minute crystals on goethite
Colour: black
Description: Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990) only refer to specimens in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)) and to Hartley (1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Habit: cleavages up to 2mm, aggregates up to 6mm
Colour: black
Description: In stream sediments (Appleton & Wadge, 1976). In a roughly east-west trending, south dipping, iron-stained shear zone in the upper central tributary of Burdell Gill. The zone is about 300mm wide. (Neall & Leppington, 2003).
Reference: Appleton, J.D. and Wadge, A.J. (1976) Investigation of tungsten and other mineralisation associated with the Skiddaw granite near Carrock Mine, Cumbria. Mineral Reconnaissance Prgramme. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 7.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Appleton & Wadge, 1976).; Neall, T. and Leppington, C.M. (2003) New investigation of the mineralisation in Burdell Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of The Russell Society, 8(1), 1-9.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cryptomelane'4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Lepidocrocite'4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Rhodochrosite'5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Jarosite' ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Bariopharmacosiderite'8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
'Beraunite'8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Cacoxenite' ?8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Carminite'8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Dufrénite'8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Kintoreite'8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Pharmacosiderite'8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Plumbogummite'8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Rockbridgeite' ?8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Switzerite8.CE.25(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Vivianite ?8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Braunite' ?9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gossan'-
'Iron oxide'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Psilomelane'-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Braunite ?7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Switzerite40.3.5.4(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Vivianite ?40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite ?41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite ?42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gossan'-
'Iron oxide'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AsArsenic
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2033347
Ordovician Rocks (Undifferentiated)

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone, siltstone and sandstone

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3187232
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Strataform assemblage(s); intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Ordovician
470 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3157764
Early Ordovician limestone

Age: Early Ordovician (470 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].
Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford, London, 168 pp.
Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.
Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities 1947-. [An unpublished hardback notebook containing lists of species by locality with occasional notes and descriptive detail].
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.
Appleton, J.D. and Wadge, A.J. (1976) Investigation of tungsten and other mineralisation associated with the Skiddaw granite near Carrock Mine, Cumbria. Mineral Reconnaissance Prgramme. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 7.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Neall, T. and Leppington, C.M. (2003) New investigation of the mineralisation in Burdell Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of The Russell Society, 8(1), 1-9.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publications, Harpenden.


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