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DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
DR CongoCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of the Democratic Republic of Congo

DR Congo
View of the Likasi-Panda copper mining area, in 1930.

Likasi Mine, Likasi, Kambove District, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo
Geological map of the Democratic Republic of Congo

DR Congo
View of the Likasi-Panda copper mining area, in 1930.

Likasi Mine, Likasi, Kambove District, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo
Geological map of the Democratic Republic of Congo

DR Congo
Name in French:République démocratique du Congo
Name in German:Demokratische Republik Kongo
Name in Italian:Repubblica Democratica del Congo
Name in Kongo:Repubilika ya Kôngo ya Dimokalasi
Name in Lingala:Kongó-Kinsásá
Name in Russian:Демократическая Республика Конго
Name in Simplified Chinese:刚果民主共和国
Name in Spanish:República Democrática del Congo
Name in Swahili:Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo
Name in Achinese:Republik Demokratik Kongo
Name in Afrikaans:Demokratiese Republiek van die Kongo
Name in Albanian:Republika Demokratike e Kongos
Name in Alemannic:Demokratische Republik Kongo
Name in Amharic:ኮንጎ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Folcrīcelicu Cynewīse þæs Congwes
Name in Arabic:جمهورية الكونغو الديمقراطية
Name in Aragonese:Republica Democratica d'o Congo
Name in Armenian:Կոնգոյի Դեմոկրատական Հանրապետություն
Name in Asturian:República Democrática d'El Congu
Name in Azeri:Konqo Demokratik Respublikası
Name in Bambara:Kongo ka Bɛjɛfanga Fasojamana
Name in Bashkir:Конго Демократик Республикаһы
Name in Basque:Kongoko Errepublika Demokratikoa
Name in Belarusian:Дэмакратычная Рэспубліка Конга
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Дэмакратычная Рэспубліка Конга
Name in Bengali:গণতান্ত্রিক কঙ্গো প্রজাতন্ত্র
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:গনতান্ত্রিক কঙ্গো প্রজাতন্ত্র
Name in Bosnian:Demokratska Republika Kongo
Name in Breton:Republik Demokratel Kongo
Name in Bulgarian:Демократична република Конго
Name in Burmese:ကွန်ဂိုဒီမိုကရက်တစ်သမ္မတနိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:República Democràtica del Congo
Name in Cebuano:Republikang Demokratiko sa Congo
Name in Central Bikol:Demokratikong Republika kan Kongo
Name in Chechen:Конгон Демократин Республика
Name in Cherokee:ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏂᏣᏘ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎧᏂᎪ
Name in Cheyenne:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Chuvash:Конго Демократиллĕ Республики
Name in Cornish:Repoblek Werinel Kongo
Name in Crimean Tatar (Latin):Kongo
Name in Croatian:Demokratska Republika Kongo
Name in Czech:Demokratická republika Kongo
Name in Danish:Demokratiske Republik Congo
Name in Doteli:लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र कंगो
Name in Dutch:Congo-Kinshasa
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Demokratiese Republiek van de Kongo
Name in Egyptian Arabic:جمهورية كونجو الديموقراطيه
Name in Esperanto:Demokratia Respubliko Kongo
Name in Estonian:Kongo Demokraatlik Vabariik
Name in Extremaduran:Repúbrica Democrática del Congu
Name in Faroese:Fólkaræðiliga Lýðveldið Kongo
Name in Farsi/Persian:جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو
Name in Fiji Hindi:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Finnish:Kongon demokraattinen tasavalta
Name in Franco-Provençal:Rèpublica dèmocratica du Congô
Name in Gagauz:Kongo Demokratik Respublikası
Name in Galician:República Democrática do Congo
Name in Gan:剛果民主共和國
Name in Georgian:კონგოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა
Name in Greek:Λαϊκή Δημοκρατία του Κονγκό
Name in Guarani:Tetã Jekopytyjoja Kongo
Name in Haitian:Kongo
Name in Hakka:Congo Mìn-chú Khiung-fò-koet
Name in Hausa:Jamhuriyar dimokuradiyya Kwango
Name in Hebrew:הרפובליקה הדמוקרטית של קונגו
Name in Hill Mari:Конго Демократи Республика
Name in Hindi:कांगो लोकतान्त्रिक गणराज्य
Name in Hungarian:Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság
Name in Icelandic:Austur-Kongó
Name in Ido:Demokratial Republiko Kongo
Name in Igbo:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Iloko:Demokratiko a Republika iti Kongo
Name in Indonesian:Republik Demokratik Kongo
Name in Ingush:Конго
Name in Interlingua:Republica Democratic del Congo
Name in Irish Gaelic:Poblacht Dhaonlathach an Chongó
Name in Jamaican Patois:Dimokratik Ripoblik a di Kanggo
Name in Japanese:コンゴ民主共和国
Name in Javanese:Républik Dhémokratik Kongo
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Repuvlika Demokratika del Kongo
Name in Kabiye:Kɔŋgo Kinsasa
Name in Kabyle:Tagduda Tamegdayt n Kungu
Name in Kalmyk:Конголмудин Улус Орн
Name in Kannada:ಕಾಂಗೋ ಪ್ರಜಾಸತ್ತಾತ್ಮಕ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
Name in Kapampangan:Demokratika Republika ning Kongo
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Конго Демократиялық Республикасы
Name in Kikuyu:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Kinyarwanda:Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo
Name in Korean:콩고 민주 공화국
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Komara Demokratîk a Kongo
Name in Kyrgyz:Конго Демократиялык Республикасы
Name in Latgalian:Konga Demokratiskuo Republika
Name in Latin:Res publica democratica Congensis
Name in Latvian:Kongo Demokrātiskā Republika
Name in Lezghian:Демократиядин Республика Конго
Name in Ligurian:Repubbrica Democratica do Congo
Name in Limburgian:Kongo
Name in Lithuanian:Kongo Demokratinė Respublika
Name in Livvi-Karelian:Kongon Demokruatilline Tazavaldu
Name in Lojban:roltrusi'o zei.kongos
Name in Lombard:Repüblica Demucratica del Congo
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Demokraatsche Republiek Kongo
Name in Lower Sorbian:Demokratiska republika Kongo
Name in Luganda:Democratic Republic of Congo
Name in Luri:کۊمٱرٱ ڤولات مردوم کیخا کونگو
Name in Luxembourgish:Demokratesch Republik Kongo
Name in Macedonian:Демократска Република Конго
Name in Maithili:प्रजातान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र कङ्गो
Name in Malagasy:Repoblika Demokratikan'i Kongo
Name in Malay:Republik Demokratik Congo
Name in Malayalam:ഡെമോക്രാറ്റിക് റിപബ്ലിക്ക് ഓഫ് കോംഗോ
Name in Maltese:Repubblika Demokratika tal-Kongo
Name in Manx:Pobblaght Gheynlagh ny Congo
Name in Marathi:काँगोचे लोकशाही प्रजासत्ताक
Name in Mazanderani:زئیر
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Congo Mìng-ciō Gê̤ṳng-huò-guók
Name in Minangkabau:Republik Demokratik Kongo
Name in Mingrelian:კონგოშ დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა
Name in Mongolian:Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан Конго Улс
Name in Nahuatl:Tlācatlahtohcāyōtl Tlācatēpacholiztli in Congo
Name in Nauruan:Ripubrikit Engame Kongo
Name in Navajo:Naakaii Łizhinii Biłeeyootʼį́ʼí Bikéyah Ntsaaígíí
Name in Nepali:प्रजातान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र कङ्गो
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:प्रजातान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र कङ्गो
Name in Northern Frisian:Demokraatisk Republiik Kongo
Name in Northern Sami:Kongo demokráhtalaš dásseváldi
Name in Northern Sotho:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Norwegian:Den demokratiske republikken Kongo
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Den demokratiske republikken Kongo
Name in Novial:Demokrati Republike de Kongo
Name in Occitan:Republica Democratica de Còngo
Name in Odia:ଡେମୋକ୍ରେଟିକ ରିପବ୍ଲିକ ଅଫ କଙ୍ଗୋ
Name in Ossetian:Конгойы Демократон Республикæ
Name in Papiamento:Republika demokratika di Kongo
Name in Piedmontese:Repùblica Democràtica dël Còngo
Name in Polish:Demokratyczna Republika Konga
Name in Portuguese:República Democrática do Congo
Name in Punjabi:ਕਾਂਗੋ ਲੋਕਤੰਤਰੀ ਗਣਰਾਜ
Name in Quechua:Kungu Runakamaq Ripuwlika
Name in Ripuarian:Demokratische Republek Kongo
Name in Romanian:Republica Democrată Congo
Name in Russia Buriat:Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Арадшалһан Конго Улас
Name in Rusyn:Демократічна Републіка Конґо
Name in Samogitian:Kuonga Demuokratėnė Respoblėka
Name in Sanskrit:कांगो गणराज्यम्
Name in Sardinian:Repùbrica Democràtiga de su Congo
Name in Saterland Frisian:Demokratiske Republik Kongo
Name in Scots:Democratic Republic o the Congo
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Poblachd Dheamocratach na Congo
Name in Serbian:Демократска Република Конго
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Demokratska Republika Kongo
Name in Sesotho:Rephabliki ya Demokrasi ya Kongo
Name in Shona:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Sicilian:Ripùbbrica Dimucràtica dû Congu
Name in Silesian:Dymokratyczno Republika Kůnga
Name in Sinhalese:කොන්ගෝ ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජනරජය
Name in Slovak:Konžská demokratická republika
Name in Slovenian:Vzhodni Kongo
Name in Somali:Jamhuuriyada Dimuqaraadiga Kongo
Name in South Azerbaijani:کونقو دموکراتیک جومهوریتی
Name in Sundanese:Républik Démokratik Kongo
Name in Swati:IKhongo
Name in Swedish:Kongo-Kinshasa
Name in Tagalog:Demokratikong Republika ng Congo
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Ҷумҳурии Демократии Конго
Name in Tamil:காங்கோ மக்களாட்சிக் குடியரசு
Name in Tatar:Конго Демократик Җөмһүрияте
Name in Thai:สาธารณรัฐประชาธิปไตยคองโก
Name in Tibetan (Standard):ཀོང་གོ་མི་དམངས་དམངས་གཙོ།
Name in Traditional Chinese:剛果民主共和國
Name in Tsonga:Democratic Republic of the Congo
Name in Turkish:Demokratik Kongo Cumhuriyeti
Name in Turkmen:Kongo Demokratik Respublikasy
Name in Udmurt:Конго Демократической Республика
Name in Ukrainian:Демократична Республіка Конго
Name in Upper Sorbian:Demokratiska republika Kongo
Name in Urdu:جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
Name in Uyghur:كونگو دېموكراتىك جۇمھۇرىيىتى
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Kongo Demokratik Respublikasi
Name in Venetian:Republica Democratica del Congo
Name in Veps:Kongon Demokratine Tazovaldkund
Name in Vietnamese:Cộng hòa Dân chủ Congo
Name in Volapük:Kongoän
Name in Walloon:Congo-Kinchassa
Name in Waray:Republika Demokratika han Congo
Name in Welsh:Gweriniaeth Ddemocrataidd y Congo
Name in West Flemish:Congo-Kinshasa
Name in West Frisian:Demokratyske Republyk Kongo
Name in Western Punjabi:لوکراج کانگو
Name in Wolof:Kongóo-Kinshasa
Name in Wu Chinese:刚果民主共和国
Name in Yakut:Конго Демократ Өрөспүүбүлүкэтэ
Name in Yiddish:דעמאקראטישע רעפובליק פון קאנגא
Name in Yoruba:Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Olóṣèlú ilẹ̀ Kóngò
Name in Zazaki:Cumhuriyetê Kongoyê Demokratiki
Name in Zhuang:Ganggoj Minzcuj Gunghozgoz
Name in Zulu:IRiphabliki Labantu weKongo
Area:2,345,410 km2
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kinshasa7,785,965 (2016)
Lubumbashi1,373,770 (2016)
Mbuji-Mayi874,761 (2012)
Kisangani539,158 (2016)
Masina485,167 (2007)
Kananga463,546 (2016)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Zaïre


Officially the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Formerly known as Belgian Congo, Congo-Kinshasa and Zaire (from 1971 to 1997).
Not to be confused with Republic Of The Congo (formerly French Congo, Congo-Brazzaville; http://www.mindat.org/loc-18493.html).

From 2015 the country was subdivided into Kinshasa city and 25 provinces. Kinshasa has equal status to a province.


Formerly, Congo (Zaire) was subdivided into 10 provinces and one 'ville neutre' (neutral city): Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Équateur, Kasaï-Occidental, Kasaï-Oriental, Katanga, Kinshasa City, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Orientale, and Sud-Kivu.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

424 valid minerals. 100 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Afmite
Formula: Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Mills et al (2010); Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, George R. Rossman, Ian M. Steele, Joseph J. Pluth and Georges Favreau (2011): Afmite, Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH)•H2O, a new mineral from Fumade, Tarn, France: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 269-277.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1989): Agardite-(Y) of Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Ann. Soc. Geol. Belg. 112, 207-213. (in French); Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Aliettite
Formula: Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Allophane var: Cupro-Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Althupite (TL)
Formula: AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Tiny tabular crystals.
Reference: Bull.Mineral.(1987) 110, 65-72
Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. & van Wambeke, L. (1967): La pegmatite à béryl de Kobokobo et les autres venues pegmatitiques et filoniennes de la région de Kamituga, Kivu, République du Congo. Mineralium Deposita, 2, 119-130.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andrémeyerite (TL)
Formula: BaFe2+2(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Sahama, T.G., Siivola, J. and P. Rehtijärvi, P. (1973): Andremeyerite, a new barium iron silicate from Nyiragongo, Zaire. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 45, 1-8.; Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anthoinite (TL)
Formula: AlWO3(OH)3
Reference: Varlamoff, N (1947): Anthoinite, nouveau tungstate hydraté d'alumine. Annales de la Societé géologique de Belgique, 70, B153-B166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1098.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Colour: Dark brown to black
Description: When dissolving calcite out of Almandine pockets, some times the mineral occurs.
Reference: Checked; Paul De Bondt
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Asbolane var: Cuproasbolane
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: El Goresy et al. (1984) A calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion from the Essebi (CM2) chondrite: Evidence for captured spinel-hibonite spherules and for an ultra-refractory rimming sequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48 (11): 2283–2298. (Nov 1984)
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: El Goresy et al. (1984) A calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion from the Essebi (CM2) chondrite: Evidence for captured spinel-hibonite spherules and for an ultra-refractory rimming sequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48 (11): 2283–2298. (Nov 1984)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33; Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 6, 153-155 (1971)
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Becquerelite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1922) 174, 1240-1242
Benauite
Formula: SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1982): 20: 231-238; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p22]
Billietite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 8: 390; Mineralogical Record: 9: 33; Mineralogical Record: 20: 278.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Briartite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie et de crystallographie (1965) 88, 432-437.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.; Nenasheva, S. (2003) New Data on Minerals 38: 41-44.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Buttgenbachite (TL)
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 573.; Lapis (1992): 17(3), 13-40.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
'Calamine'
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Zincian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cattierite (TL)
Formula: CoS2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kerr, P.F. (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist: 30: 483-497.; Economic Geology (1997) 92: 468-484.; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'
Formula: CoS2 - NiS2
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesplumtantite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal 8/5 (1986), 92
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20: 280]; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Chlorbartonite ?
Formula: K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Claringbullite (TL)
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
'Clays'
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
'Clinochalcomenite'
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Cobaltomenite
Formula: CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Description: Found on the 2,400 level of the Musonoi-Extension mine
Reference: Gauthier, G. and Deliens, M. (1999) Cobalt minerals of the Katanga Crescent, Congo. Mineralogical Record 30 (4): 255-273.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Coeruleolactite'
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Combeite (TL)
Formula: Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 31 (1957) 698-699; Fischer, R.X. Tillmanns, E. (1983): Die Kristallstrukturen von natürlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt. Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel), N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 49-59.
Comblainite (TL)
Formula: Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P. and Deliens, M. (1980) Comblainite, (Nix2+, Co1-x3+)(OH)2(CO3)(1-x/2)·yH2O, a new mineral of the pyroaurite group. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 103: 113-117 (in French).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.
Cornetite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176 & 790.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Cousinite (TL)
Formula: MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vaes, J. F. (1959) American Mineralogist: 44: 910.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Howard, K.T., Alexander, C.M.O'D, Schrader D.L. & Dyl K.A. (2015) Classification of hydrous meteorites (CR, CM, and C2 ungrouped) by phyllosilicate fraction: PSD-XRD modal mineralogy and planetismal environments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 149, 206-222.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Ann.Soc.Gèol.Belg.(1933) 56, B 331-332
Curienite
Formula: Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Curite (TL)
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Schoep, A. (1921) La curite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 173: 1186-1187.; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: Van Wambecke L. (1968). A second occurence of non-metamict davidite. Mineralium Deposita, 3, 178-181
Delhayelite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1959) 32, 6-9
Demesmaekerite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. (1965) 88, 422-425.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Derriksite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. (1971) 94, 534-537.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Dewindtite (TL)
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 875, 914, 928 (as Renardite), 989; Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: J. Cailteux, F. Dimanche : "Examen des oxydes de fer et titane dans l'environnement du gisement de cuivre de Musoshi (Shaba, République du Zaïre)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 378-382.
Dolerophanite
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Reference: Haest, M., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S., Boyce, A.J., von Quadt, A., and Schneider, J. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 505-522.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Haest, M., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S., Boyce, A.J., von Quadt, A., and Schneider, J. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 505-522.
Dolomite var: Zincian Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Dumontite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1924): 179: 693-695; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 929.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: mn-rich variety earlier labelled "tsilaisite", which now is a redefined species
Reference: Trinity mineral photo
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2); Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Eylettersite (TL)
Formula: Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. (1972) 95, 98–105; HB4 (2000)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
'Florencite'
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Florencite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 301-311 (1980)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Foordite
Formula: Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fourmarierite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ann.Soc.Géol.Belg.(1924) 47, C 41-43
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2
Fresnoite
Formula: Ba2Ti(Si2O7)O
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Furongite
Formula: Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Reference: Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gallite (TL)
Formula: CuGaS2
Type Locality:
Reference: Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 241-264.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)
Formula: KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Olds, T.A., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Škoda, R., Burns, P.C., Čejka, J., Bourgoin, V., Boulliard, J.-C. (2016): Gauthierite, IMA 2016-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 695; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697
Geerite ?
Formula: Cu8S5
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008)
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
Germanocolusite
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Reference: http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/ndm_38_cont.html ; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Nenasheva, S. New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 41-44
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Glass'
Description: Green glass.
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 497.; Herzog, G. F., Moynier, F., Albarède, F., & Berezhnoy, A. A. (2009). Isotopic and elemental abundances of copper and zinc in lunar samples, Zagami, Pele’s hairs, and a terrestrial basalt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(19), 5884-5904.
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Götzenite (TL)
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Sahama, T. G. & Hytönen, K. (1957) Götzenite and combeite, two new silicates from the Belgian Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 31: 503-510; NJMM (2000), 496; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Originally described as lusungite (Van Wambeke (1958); but later descredited by Pring et al. (1995) as identical With goyazite.
Reference: Van Wambeke, L., 1958. Une nouvelle espèce minérale : la lusungite en provenance de la pegmatite de Kobokobo (Kivu - Congo Belge). Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie. 67, 162-169; Pring, A., Birch, W. D., Dawe, J. R., Taylor, M. R., Deliens, M. & Walenta, K. (1995) Kintoreite, PbFe3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new mineral of the jarosite-alunite family, and lusungite discredited. Mineralogical Magazine. 59, 143-148.
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: No reference listed
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Guilleminite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. (1965) 88, 132-135.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Guite (TL)
Formula: Co2+Co3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Lei, Z., Chen, X., Wang, J., Zhang, J., Huang, Y., Lu, Z. and Du, F. (2017) Guite, IMA 2017-080. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1581; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Description: The mineral was identified on a single specimen mistakenly labelled as Shinkolobwe. The mineral association however, is typical for Kasompi.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 1314-1317; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Heterogenite-2H' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Deliens M, Goethals H (1973) Polytypism of heterogenite, Mineralogical Magazine, 39, 152-157
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: El Goresy et al. (1984) A calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion from the Essebi (CM2) chondrite: Evidence for captured spinel-hibonite spherules and for an ultra-refractory rimming sequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48 (11): 2283–2298. (Nov 1984)
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite ?
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
'Hornblende'
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Hydropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1965) A study of some niobium-bearing minerals of the Luesche carbonatite deposit Kivu, Rep. of Congo). Euratom Report,(1965) 2110, 9-16; van Wambeke, L. (1978) Kalipyrochlore, a new mineral of the pyrochlore group, American Mineralogist, 63:528-530.
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Ianthinite (TL)
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: [Bull. de Min.82 (1959), 80; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: J. Cailteux, F. Dimanche : "Examen des oxydes de fer et titane dans l'environnement du gisement de cuivre de Musoshi (Shaba, République du Zaïre)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 378-382.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Iriginite
Formula: (UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
'Jagüéite'
Formula: Cu2Pd3Se4
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Julienite (TL)
Formula: Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Schoep, A. and V. Billiet (1935) Contribution à l’étude du réseau de la julienite [Na2Co(CSN)4 •8H2O]. Zeits. Krist., 91, 229–234 (in French); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1106; Mereiter, K. and A. Preisinger (1982) Acta Crystallographica (1982): B38: 1084-1088.
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kamitugaite (TL)
Formula: PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1984) 107, 15-19
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Habit: Monoclinic crystals building flat tablets terminated with a 35° angle
Colour: Bright yellow
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1986) La kamototïte-(Y), un nouveau carbonate d'uranyle et de terres rares de Kamoto, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 109: 643-647; Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Kasolite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris (1922): 173, 1476-1477; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 914.
Keckite
Formula: CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
'K Feldspar'
Khorixasite
Formula: (Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Vincent Bourgoin collection
Kipushite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M., and Piret-Meunier, J. (1985) Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42. ; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Kirschsteinite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1958) 31 (2), 698-699.; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
Kitagohaite (TL)
Formula: Pt7Cu
Reference: Cabral A R, Skála R, Vymazalová A, Kallistová A, Lehmann B, Jedwab J, Sidorinová T (2014) Kitagohaite, Pt7Cu, a new mineral from the Lubero region, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 739-745
'Kivuite'
Formula: (Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 33 (1962), 261
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kobokoboite (TL)
Formula: Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2), 305–308.
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Kolwezite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1980) 103, 179-184.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Kotulskite ?
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Kuramite
Formula: Cu3SnS4
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1982) 20, 231-238
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.; Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171.
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Colour: Green
Reference: M. Deliens
Likasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Schoep, A., Borchert, W., and Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 78, 84-88. ; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Lithiotantite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Lithiowodginite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Luberoite (TL)
Formula: Pt5Se4
Description: Alluvial deposits of the Lubero river.
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy(1992) 4, 683-692; Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Ludjibaite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Bull. Mineral., 1988, 111
Lueshite (TL)
Formula: NaNbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Acad. Roy. Sci.Outre-Mer, Brussels, (1959) 5, 1251-1255
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marthozite (TL)
Formula: Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. (1969) 92, 278-283.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Description: Occurs around active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399, 476.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: No reference listed
Masuyite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:1565]
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.; Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Metasaléeite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Mrose (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 525.
Metaschoepite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 50 (1965), 235
Metastudtite (TL)
Formula: UO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 456-458
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)
Formula: PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 45 (1960), 1026
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)
Formula: U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P. & Deliens, M. (1982): Vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.4H2O and meta-vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.2H2O, new minerals. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 105, 125-128 (in French). American Mineralogist, volume 67, pp. 1077(1982)
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Meymacite (TL)
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1965) 88, 613-617
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971) The problem of cation deficiencies in some phosphates due to alteration processes. American Mineralogist: 56: 1366-1384 (Van Wambeke suggests the name "keno-mitridatite" for relatively unaltered mitridatite from the Kobokobo pegmatite.); Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15 (referring to Van Wambeke, 1971).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: Stoffers, P., Fischbeck, R. (1974) Monohydrocalcite in the sediments of Lake Kivu (East Africa). Sedimentology: 21: 163-171.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: MinMag 58:496
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moreauite (TL)
Formula: Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1985) 108, 9-13; Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Mundite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1981) 104, 669-671
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Muscovite-2M2'
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://www.metafro.be/mineralogy/sample/5121/mineral and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutshuru; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Neotocite ?
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Description: Cobalt-bearing. No data. Probably should be labeled heterogenite until verified.
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Weiss, S. (2006): Carrollit, Dolomit, Nickelin, Sphärocobaltit und Baryt aus der Provinz Shaba, Kongo. LAPIS 31 (9), 44-46
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Oosterboschite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7Se5
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1970) 93, 476-481; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Roberts, A. C., Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Topa, D., Criddle, A. J., & Jedwab, J. (2002). Verbeekite, monoclinic PdSe2, a new mineral from the Musonoi Cu-Co-Mn-U mine, near Kolwezi, Shaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mineralogical Magazine, 66(1), 173-179.; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Oursinite (TL)
Formula: Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. and Piret, P. (1983) L'oursinite (Co0.86Mg0.10Ni0.04)0.2UO3·2SiO2·6H2O, nouveau mineral de Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 106: 305-308.; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Palladinite
Formula: PdO
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Paraschoepite (TL)
Formula: UO3 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Am Min 45 (1960), 1026; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, p160 - "Mineral Reference Manual"]
'Parisite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Parsonsite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: SCHOEP, A. (1923): Sur le parsonsite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes Rendu, Academie des Sciences, Paris, 176, 171-173. FRONDEL, C. (1950): Studies of uranium minerals (I): Parsonsite and randite. American Mineralogist 35, 245-250. MAZZI, F., GARAVELLI, C.L. & RINALDI, F. (1959): Richerche strutturali sulla parsonite (sic). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana 25, 364-365. DELIENS, M., PIRET, P. & COMBLAIN, G. (1981) Les minéraux secondaires d’uranium du Zaïre. Published by Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central, Tavuren, Belgium, 64-65.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Reference: http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)
Formula: Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Prismatic crystals.
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 333-337
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Piretite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Can Min (1996), 34 (6), p. 1317
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. and van Wambeke, L. (1961): Sur un terme plombifère du groupe pyrochlore-microlite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 84: 382-384
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Protasite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1987) 72, 1230-1238
Pseudojohannite
Formula: Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
Reference: Brugger, J. et al (2006) American Mineralogist: 91: 929-936.; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: H. Buttgenbach, les minéraux de Belgique et du Congo Belge page 553
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.asahi-net.or.jp/~UG7S-KTU/e_bqrz2.htm
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Shocked Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.meteorimpactonearth.com/currentresearch.html
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Rankamaite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. and van Wambeke, L. (1961): Sur un terme plombifere du groupe pyrochlore-microlite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 84: 382-384
Ranunculite (TL)
Formula: HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1979) 43, 321-323; MinRec 11:112]
Reichenbachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Frost, R.L., Reddy, B.J., Palmer, S.J., and Keeffe, E.C. (2011) Structure of selected basic zinc/copper (II) phosphate minerals based upon near-infrared spectroscopy–Implications for hydrogen bonding. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78(3), 996-1003.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Renardite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
Reference: Schoep (1928): La renardite, nouveau mineral uranifére. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 51, 247-252
Renierite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Type Locality:
Description: Renierite was found in two germanium-rich zones at Kipushi. The first at a depth between -275 and -400 meters and a second one beween the levels -725 and -775. Deeper or between these levels, the mineral was very rare.
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M. (1985) Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Nenasheva, S. (2003) New Data on Minerals 38: 41-44.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Rhabdophane'
Richetite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.belge Géol.(1947) 70, B 212-226
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Am.Min. 43,79591958)a
Rouaite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Roubaultite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Reference: Cesbron F., Pierrot R., et Verbeek T. (1970): La roubaultite Cu2(UO2)3(OH)10·5H2O, une nouvelle espéce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie. 93, 500-554.
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: No reference listed
Saléeite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Thoreau, J. and Vaes, J.-F. (1932): La saléeite, nouveau minéral uranifère. Bulletin de la société belge de géologie, paléontologie et hydrologie, 42, 96-100.; PIRET, P. et DELIENS, M. (1980): Nouvelles données sur la saléeite holotype de Shinkolobwe . Bulletin de Minéralogie, 103, 630-632; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 989.; Mrose (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 525.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Zolensky, M. E. (1991) Mineralogy and matrix composition of CR chondrites Renazzo and EET 87770, and ungrouped chondrites Essebi and MAC 87300. In: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Abstracts for the 54th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society: p 263. (Jan 1991).
Sayrite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1983) 106, 299-304
'Scapolite'
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schmitterite
Formula: (UO2)(TeO3)
Schoepite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Am Min 50 (1965), 235; Can Min 34 (1996), 1071
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Description: The mineral was identified on a single specimen mistakenly labelled as Shinkolobwe. The mineral association however, is typical for Kasompi.
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Colour: Green
Description: Green crust on massive arsenopyrite
Reference: Royal Museum for Central Africa collection, Sample n° 13098.
Sengierite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Am Min (1949) 34 (1-2), 109-120; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Zolensky, M. E. (1991) Mineralogy and matrix composition of CR chondrites Renazzo and EET 87770, and ungrouped chondrites Essebi and MAC 87300. In: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Abstracts for the 54th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society: p 263. (Jan 1991).; Howard, K.T., Alexander, C.M.O'D, Schrader D.L. & Dyl K.A. (2015) Classification of hydrous meteorites (CR, CM, and C2 ungrouped) by phyllosilicate fraction: PSD-XRD modal mineralogy and planetismal environments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 149, 206-222.
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Sharpite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Inst.roy.col.belge,(1938) 9, 333-336; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Shinkolobweite (TL)
Formula: Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Olds, T.A., Lussier, A.J., Oliver, A. G., Petříček, V., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Burns, P.C., Dembowski, M., Carlson, S.M. and Steele, I.M. (2017) Shinkolobweite, IMA 2016-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 404; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403 – 409
'Shungite'
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Sklodowskite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Am Min 66 (1981), 610
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Soddyite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1922) 174, 1066-1067
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Stilleite (TL)
Formula: ZnSe
Type Locality:
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1956) Stilleit, ein neues Mineral, natürliches Zinkselenid, von Shinkolobwe. Geotektonisches Symposium zu Ehren von Hans Stille, 481–483. (in German); MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Studtite (TL)
Formula: [(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Reference: Am Min 59 (1974), 166; Čejka, J., Sejkora, J. and Deliens, M. (1996): New data on studtite, UO4•4H2O, from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1996, 125-134.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1981) 19, 553-557; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: "Minerals and their Localities," Bernard and Hyrsl, 2004
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thoreaulite (TL)
Formula: (Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Buttgenbach, H.(1933): La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. 56: 327-328
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Threadgoldite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Micaceous crust
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 338-341
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Henri Buttgenbach (1947) Les minéraux de Belgique et du Congo belge
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
Triangulite (TL)
Formula: Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1982) 105, 611-614
Trikalsilite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)AlSiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Sahama T G, Smith J V (1957) Notes and news: Tri-kalsilite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 42, 286-286
Trogtalite
Formula: CoSe2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399, 476.
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyrrellite
Formula: Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
'UM1975-16-SO:HKZn'
Formula: K2Zn(SO4)2•2H2O
Reference: Deleins, M. (1975): Volcanic sublimates of Rugarama, Kivu region, Republic of Zaire. Repub. Rivandaise, Bull. Serv. Geol.: 8: l-ll (in French); in: Fleischer, M., Mandarino, J.A. (1977): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 62, 175
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Umbrianite
Formula: K7Na2Ca2[Al3Si10O29]F2Cl2
Reference: Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Umohoite
Formula: (UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:286-287]
'Unnamed (Pt-Cu Alloy)'
Formula: Pt3Cu
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B. Jedwab, J. (2015): A platinum-copper nugget rich in calcite: Evidence for hydrothermal Pt3Cu. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, (in press); in: http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12622 (2016)
Upalite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 333-337
Urancalcarite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1984) 107, 21-24
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Uranopilite
Formula: (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 582; Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Vaesite (TL)
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vandenbrandeite (TL)
Formula: Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Am Min 36:394-410
Vandendriesscheite (TL)
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: [MinRec 9:34, 9:114]
Vanmeersscheite (TL)
Formula: U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Piret, P. & Deliens, M. (1982): Vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.4H2O and meta-vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.2H2O, new minerals. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 105, 125-128 (in French).
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varlamoffite (TL)
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Verbeekite (TL)
Formula: PdSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: A.C. Roberts et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 173-179; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Min.Rec.: 22:13-20,28; Rocks & Min.: 64:505; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M., and Piret-Meunier, J. (1985) Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
'Wad'
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(VO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1986) 109, 305
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Waylandite
Formula: BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Lapis 16(9), 12 (1991)
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2007). Connoisseur's Choice Witherite: Fallowfield, Northumberland, England. Rocks & Minerals, 82(3), 222-225.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:287-288] American Mineralogist (1957): 42: 919. Toussaint, J. (1961) Sur la structure de la wölsendorfite de Shinkolobwe. Ann Soc. Geol. Belg.: 84: 365-373.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wyartite (TL)
Formula: CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 20:288]; Burns, P.C. and Finch, R.J. (1999) Wyartite: crystallographic evidence for the first pentavalent-uranium mineral. American Mineralogist (1999): 84: 1456-1460.
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Ximengite
Formula: Bi(PO4)
Reference: analysed (EDS & P-XRD) Franz Neuhold
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Zaïrite (TL)
Formula: BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Description: The mineral occurs in small masses, associated with mica and another bismuth phosphate, apparently new, in the zone of weathering of quartz veins containing wolframite.
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1975) un nouveau minéral appartenant à la série de la crandallite. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr, 97(98), 351-353.
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:288]
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Zincobriartite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
Type Locality:
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Stanley, C.J., Ross, K.C., Nestola, F. (2016) Zincobriartite, IMA 2015-094. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:288]
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Alain Hanson specimen (see http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,161069,161421,quote=1); Monteyne-Poulaert, G., Delwiche, R., Safiannikoff, A., & Cahen, L. (1962). Ages de minéralisations pegmatitiques et filoniennes du Kivu méridional (Congo oriental). Indications préliminaires sur les âges de phases pegmatitiques successives. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 71, 272-295.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Ferroan Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Fe)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Athabascaite2.BA.25Cu5Se4
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Briartite (TL)2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite (TL)2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chlorbartonite ?2.FC.10K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gallite (TL)2.CB.10aCuGaS2
Geerite ?2.BA.05Cu8S5
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hollingworthite ?2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
'Jagüéite'2.BC.15Cu2Pd3Se4
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Kotulskite ?2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Kuramite2.CB.15aCu3SnS4
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luberoite (TL)2.BC.35Pt5Se4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oosterboschite (TL)2.BC.10(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Renierite (TL)2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stilleite (TL)2.CB.05aZnSe
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Trogtalite2.EB.05aCoSe2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Tyrrellite2.DA.05Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Vaesite (TL)2.EB.05aNiS2
Verbeekite (TL)2.EA.25PdSe2
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Buttgenbachite (TL)3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Claringbullite (TL)3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Elpasolite3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Alumotantite4.DB.55AlTaO4
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
var: Cuproasbolane4.FL.30(Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Becquerelite (TL)4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite (TL)4.GB.10Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Calciotantite4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesplumtantite (TL)4.DM.15(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
'Clinochalcomenite'4.JH.10CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cobaltomenite4.JH.10CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curienite4.HB.15Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Curite (TL)4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Demesmaekerite (TL)4.JJ.20Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Derriksite (TL)4.JG.30Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrowodginite4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite4.DG.15Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fourmarierite (TL)4.GB.25Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Guilleminite (TL)4.JJ.10Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hydropyrochlore (TL)4.DH.15(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Ianthinite (TL)4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Iriginite4.GB.60(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lithiotantite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lueshite (TL)4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marthozite (TL)4.JJ.05Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Masuyite (TL)4.GB.35Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Metaschoepite (TL)4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Metastudtite (TL)4.GA.15UO4 · 2H2O
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)4.GB.40PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Meymacite (TL)4.FJ.05WO3 · 2H2O
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Palladinite4.AB.30PdO
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Paraschoepite (TL)4.GA.05UO3 · 2H2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Piretite (TL)4.JJ.15Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (TL)4.DH.15
Protasite (TL)4.GB.10Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
var: Polianite4.DB.05morphological variety
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Shocked Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rankamaite (TL)4.DM.05(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Richetite (TL)4.GB.15(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Sayrite (TL)4.GB.50Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schmitterite4.JK.70(UO2)(TeO3)
Schoepite (TL)4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Sengierite (TL)4.HB.10Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Studtite (TL)4.GA.15[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thoreaulite (TL)4.DG.15(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Umohoite4.GC.10(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vandenbrandeite (TL)4.GB.45Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Vandendriesscheite (TL)4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Varlamoffite (TL)4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)5.EF.05Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)5.EB.20Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Zincian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Zn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Comblainite (TL)5.DA.50Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Glaukosphaerite5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)5.DC.05PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)5.EA.30Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Kolwezite (TL)5.BA.10(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)5.EG.10Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Liebigite5.ED.20Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Likasite (TL)5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rouaite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Roubaultite (TL)5.EA.25Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)5.DB.20PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)5.EE.10Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sharpite (TL)5.EA.35Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Urancalcarite (TL)5.EA.10Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Wyartite (TL)5.EA.15CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Anthoinite (TL)7.GB.35AlWO3(OH)3
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Cousinite (TL)7.HA.10MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolerophanite7.BB.20Cu2(SO4)O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Pseudojohannite7.EC.20Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Uranopilite7.EA.05(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Afmite8.DD.15Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Agardite-(Y)8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Althupite (TL)8.EC.25AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Benauite8.BL.10SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernikovite8.EB.15(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cornetite (TL)8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Descloizite8.BH.40Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Dewindtite (TL)8.EC.10H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Dumontite (TL)8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Evansite8.DF.10Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Eylettersite (TL)8.BL.10Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La) (TL)8.BL.13LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)8.EC.05(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Furongite8.EB.50Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Kamitugaite (TL)8.ED.15PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Keckite8.DH.15CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Kipushite (TL)8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
'Kivuite'8.EC.10(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Kolbeckite8.CD.05ScPO4 · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Ludjibaite (TL)8.BD.25Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metasaléeite (TL)8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)8.EC.20U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moreauite (TL)8.ED.05Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Mundite (TL)8.EC.30Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parsonsite (TL)8.EA.10Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)8.EC.05Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Phurcalite8.EC.35Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Ranunculite (TL)8.EB.40HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Reichenbachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite (TL)8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Threadgoldite (TL)8.EB.20Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triangulite (TL)8.EB.45Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Tsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Upalite (TL)8.EC.05Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vanmeersscheite (TL)8.EC.20U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)8.AD.35Ce(VO4)
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Waylandite8.BL.13BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Ximengite8.AD.45Bi(PO4)
Zaïrite (TL)8.BL.13BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Aliettite9.EC.60Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
var: Cupro-Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andrémeyerite (TL)9.BB.20BaFe2+2(Si2O7)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Combeite (TL)9.CJ.15aNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Delhayelite (TL)9.EB.10(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Fresnoite9.BE.15Ba2Ti(Si2O7)O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite (TL)9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite (TL)9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kirschsteinite (TL)9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barian Muscovite9.EC.15(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite ?9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Oursinite (TL)9.AK.10Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sklodowskite (TL)9.AK.10Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Soddyite (TL)9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)9.AK.20Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trikalsilite (TL)9.FA.05(K,Na)AlSiO4
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Julienite (TL)10.AD.05Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'-CoS2 - NiS2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Coeruleolactite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)-KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
'Glass'-
Guite (TL)-Co2+Co3+2O4
'Gummite'-
'Heterogenite-2H' (TL)-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Kitagohaite (TL)-Pt7Cu
Kobokoboite (TL)-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Muscovite-2M2'-
'Parisite'-
'Plessite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Renardite-Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
'Rhabdophane'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shinkolobweite (TL)-Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
'Shungite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1975-16-SO:HKZn'-K2Zn(SO4)2•2H2O
Umbrianite-K7Na2Ca2[Al3Si10O29]F2Cl2
'Unnamed (Pt-Cu Alloy)'-Pt3Cu
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Zincobriartite (TL)-Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Klockmannite2.8.12.2CuSe
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Stilleite (TL)2.8.2.2ZnSe
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Briartite (TL)2.9.2.3Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Gallite (TL)2.9.1.3CuGaS2
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Kuramite2.9.2.4Cu3SnS4
Renierite (TL)2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Fletcherite2.10.1.3Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Tyrrellite2.10.1.4Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Cattierite (TL)2.12.1.3CoS2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Hollingworthite ?2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Penroseite2.12.1.4(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Trogtalite2.12.1.5CoSe2
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Vaesite (TL)2.12.1.2NiS2
Miscellaneous
Athabascaite2.16.17.1Cu5Se4
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Luberoite (TL)2.16.23.1Pt5Se4
Oosterboschite (TL)2.16.15.2(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Palladseite2.16.19.1Pd17Se15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Germanocolusite3.1.1.2Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
ø = 4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Lueshite (TL)4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Varlamoffite (TL)4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Meymacite (TL)4.5.3.1WO3 · 2H2O
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Masuyite (TL)5.2.2.1Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Metaschoepite (TL)5.2.1.1(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Paraschoepite (TL)5.2.1.2UO3 · 2H2O
Schoepite (TL)5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Metastudtite (TL)5.3.1.2UO4 · 2H2O
Studtite (TL)5.3.1.1[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Vandenbrandeite (TL)5.3.2.1Cu(UO2)(OH)4
AX2O7·xH2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
AX3O10·xH2O
Protasite (TL)5.5.3.1Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
AX6O17·xH2O
Ianthinite (TL)5.6.1.1U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite (TL)5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite (TL)5.7.1.3Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)5.8.1.2PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Vandendriesscheite (TL)5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite (TL)5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Fourmarierite (TL)5.9.2.1Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Richetite (TL)5.9.5.1(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Sayrite (TL)5.9.6.1Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Alumotantite8.1.7.1AlTaO4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiowodginite8.1.8.4LiTa3O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Hydropyrochlore (TL)8.2.1.2(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)8.2.2.3
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite8.3.10.2Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)8.3.8.3Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)8.3.10.1(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Miscellaneous
Cesplumtantite (TL)8.7.11.1(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Lithiotantite8.7.7.1LiTa3O8
Rankamaite (TL)8.7.6.1(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Am(O,OH)pXq
Claringbullite (TL)10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Elpasolite11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rutherfordine14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Monohydrocalcite15.1.3.1CaCO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Liebigite15.3.2.1Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Glaukosphaerite16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Kolwezite (TL)16a.3.1.7(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)16b.1.6.1Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.1.4PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.4.1PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.5.1Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)16b.2.4.1Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)16b.3.3.1Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Urancalcarite (TL)16b.5.2.1Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Comblainite (TL)16b.6.3.3Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Roubaultite (TL)16b.7.13.1Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Sharpite (TL)16b.7.10.1Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Wyartite (TL)16b.7.4.1CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)17.1.12.1Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite (TL)19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite (TL)19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Dolerophanite30.2.2.1Cu2(SO4)O
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Uranopilite31.2.6.1(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Schmitterite34.1.6.1(UO2)(TeO3)
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
'Clinochalcomenite'34.2.3.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cobaltomenite34.2.3.2CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Demesmaekerite (TL)34.7.6.1Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Derriksite (TL)34.7.5.1Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Guilleminite (TL)34.7.3.1Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Marthozite (TL)34.7.4.1Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)38.4.11.4Ce(VO4)
Ximengite38.4.9.1Bi(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Chernikovite40.2a.19.1(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Curienite40.2a.27.2Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Francevillite40.2a.27.1Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parsonsite (TL)40.2a.31.1Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Saléeite (TL)40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triangulite (TL)40.2a.34.1Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Kolbeckite40.4.3.3ScPO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cornetite (TL)41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Ludjibaite (TL)41.4.3.3Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reichenbachite41.4.3.2Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Eylettersite (TL)41.5.12.2Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La) (TL)41.5.10.3LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Waylandite41.5.12.1BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Zaïrite (TL)41.5.12.3BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Evansite42.1.2.1Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kipushite (TL)42.2.4.1(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Ranunculite (TL)42.2.2.1HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Althupite (TL)42.4.13.1AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Dumontite (TL)42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)42.4.14.1(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
'Kivuite'42.4.9.3(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)42.4.6.1Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Phurcalite42.4.7.1Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Agardite-(Y)42.5.1.2YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Sengierite (TL)42.6.10.1Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)42.7.14.2U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mundite (TL)42.7.13.1Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Upalite (TL)42.7.12.1Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Vanmeersscheite (TL)42.7.14.1U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Afmite42.9.3.6Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
'Coeruleolactite'42.9.3.2
Dewindtite (TL)42.9.8.1H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Furongite42.10.5.1Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Keckite42.11.4.1CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Threadgoldite (TL)42.11.13.3Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Moreauite (TL)42.12.3.1Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Kamitugaite (TL)42.13.11.1PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Tsumebite43.4.2.1Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Anthoinite (TL)48.3.3.1AlWO3(OH)3
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Iriginite49.2.3.1(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Umohoite49.2.2.1(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Cousinite (TL)49.3.2.1MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Mellitates, Citrates, Cyanates, Acetates and Formates
Julienite (TL)50.2.3.1Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite (TL)51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Kasolite (TL)53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Oursinite (TL)53.3.1.7Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sklodowskite (TL)53.3.1.3Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Soddyite (TL)53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)53.3.1.8Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Fresnoite55.4.2.1Ba2Ti(Si2O7)O
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Andrémeyerite (TL)56.2.6c.6BaFe2+2(Si2O7)
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Götzenite (TL)56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Combeite (TL)61.1.2a.5Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite ?71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Aliettite71.4.2.8Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Delhayelite (TL)72.5.1.4(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Trikalsilite (TL)76.2.1.3(K,Na)AlSiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Allophane
var: Cupro-Allophane
-(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Asbolane
var: Cuproasbolane
-(Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Benauite-SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Zincian Calcite-(Ca,Zn)CO3
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'-CoS2 - NiS2
Chlorbartonite ?-K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
-Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Dolomite
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
-(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite-Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)-KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
Geerite ?-Cu8S5
'Glass'-
Guite (TL)-Co2+Co3+2O4
'Gummite'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
'Heterogenite-2H' (FRL)-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Iron-Fe
'Jagüéite'-Cu2Pd3Se4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Kitagohaite (TL)-Pt7Cu
Kobokoboite (TL)-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Kotulskite ?-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Metasaléeite (TL)-Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Muscovite
var: Barian Muscovite
-(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Muscovite-2M2'-
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Palladinite-PdO
'Parisite'-
Piretite (TL)-Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Platinum
var: Ferroan Platinum
-(Pt,Fe)
'Plessite'-
Pseudojohannite-Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
var: Polianite
-morphological variety
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Blue Quartz-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Shocked Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Renardite-Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
'Rhabdophane'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Rouaite-Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shinkolobweite (TL)-Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
'Shungite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1975-16-SO:HKZn'-K2Zn(SO4)2•2H2O
Umbrianite-K7Na2Ca2[Al3Si10O29]F2Cl2
'Unnamed (Pt-Cu Alloy)'-Pt3Cu
Verbeekite (TL)-PdSe2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zincobriartite (TL)-Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DemesmaekeritePb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
H GuilleminiteBa(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
H DerriksiteCu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
H MarthoziteCu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
H Swamboite-(Nd)Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
H AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
H AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
H Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
H BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
H Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
H IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
H JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
H KamitugaitePbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2O
H RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
H Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
H SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
H SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
H UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
H ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
H MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
H Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
H MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2O
H OursiniteCo(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
H ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
H Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
H Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
H SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
H MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
H MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
H ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
H TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
H MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PhuralumiteAl2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
H VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
H VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
H CombeiteNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
H MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
H CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
H RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
H Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H PiretiteCa(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
H Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
H MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
H GauthieriteKPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
H ShinkolobweitePb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CobaltomeniteCoSeO3 · 2H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Asbolane (var: Cuproasbolane)(Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
H CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
H PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H PseudojohanniteCu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Kivuite(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
H BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
H Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
H Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H RenarditePb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
H UM1975-16-SO:HKZnK2Zn(SO4)2•2H2O
H AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ClinochalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Li LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
C Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
C Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
C ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
C Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
C SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
C UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
C WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
C Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
C RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
C Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
C Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C GraphiteC
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C DiamondC
C Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
C LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
C Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Synchysite-(Ce)