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Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canadai
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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

199 valid minerals. 11 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

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Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2014
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Berry, L.G (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist Vol.11 (1). , page 248
Allargentum (TL)
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1969): 10: 163-172; No reference listed
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Asbestos'
Reference: Sabina, Ann P., 2000. Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec, GSC. Miscellaneous Report 57, 266 p.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ruzicka V., Thorpe R. I. (1996): Arsenide Vein Silver, Uranium; in Geology of Canadian Mineral Deposit Types; Geological Survey of Canada, Geology of Canada, no. 8, P. 289.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2015
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-30
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Boyle R. W. (1968) : The Geochemistry of Silver and its Deposits; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 160, Ch 3, P. 169.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Boyle R. W. (1968) : The Geochemistry of Silver and its Deposits; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 160, Ch 3, P. 169.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.113
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Argyropyrite'
Formula: near Ag2Fe7S11
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2014
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Boyle R. W. (1968) : The Geochemistry of Silver and its Deposits; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 160, Ch 3, P. 169.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Knipe, S.W. & Fleet, M.E. (1997) Copper-gold alloy minerals from the Kerr mine, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 573-586.
Aurostibite (TL)
Formula: AuSb2
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Reiner Mieklke
'Axinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Babánekite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Benjaminite (TL)
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Type Locality:
Description: The mineral was first studied by Shannon (1924), who concluded on the basis of chemical data only that it was a new species and proposed the name benjaminite. Nuffield (1953) re-examined the type specimen and determined that Shannon’s “benjaminite” was actually aikinite. Nuffield, however, noted a minute amount of another phase in the type specimen that deviated from Shannon’s description and analytical data. He described it as a new species retaining Shannon’s name for the mineral. Owing to erroneous data, benjaminite was briefly discredited (1973-1974). The type specimen from TL1 and specimens from two Canadian localities were investigated by Nuffield (1975) and Harris & Chen (1975), and data derived from all three localities were used in a joint proposal to IMA CNMMN for the revalidation of the species.
Reference: NUFFIELD, E.W. (1953): Benjaminite. American Mineralogist 38, 550-552. NUFFIELD, E.W. (1975): Benjaminite B a re-examination of the type material. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 394-401. HARRIS, D.C. & CHEN, T.T. (1975): Benjaminite, reinstated as valid species. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 402-407.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 47, 159-164, 165-172(2009)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Brassite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Percival, J. B., Kwong, Y. J., Dumaresq, C., & Michel, F. Distribution of As, Ni and Co in Tailings and Surface Waters in the Cobalt Area, Ontario. 2007
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burgessite (TL)
Formula: Co2(H2O)4[AsO3(OH)]2(H2O)
Type Locality:
Habit: Hemispherules of acicular crystals.
Colour: Erythrite-red.
Description: Only 1 original specimen known (now divided into about 5 pieces).
Reference: Sejkora, J., F.C. Hawthorne, M.A. Cooper, J.D. Grice, J. Vajdak and J.L. Jambor (2009), Burgessite, a new arsenate mineral species from the Keeley Mine, South Lorrain Township, Ontario, Canada, Canadian Mineralogist 47, 159-164(2009) Cooper, M.A. & F.C. Hawthorne (2009): The crystal structure of burgessite, and its relation to erythrite. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 165-172
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 154 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
'Cerite'
Reference: Berry, L.G (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist Vol.11 (1). pg.247
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 232-262
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2013
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 148 localities in this region.
Chapmanite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: WALKER, T.L. (1924): Chapmanite, a new hydrous ferrous silica-antimonate from South Lorrain, Ontario. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto, Geology Series 17, 5-8. ZHUKHLISTOV, A.P. & ZVYAGIN, B.B. (1977): Determination of the crystal structures of chapmanite and bismutoferrite by high-voltage electron diffraction. Kristallografiya 22, 731-738. (in Russian). in English: Soviet Physics and Crystallography 22, 419-423.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18, P. 103.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:649-690
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chromite var: Titaniferous Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: R. H. Mitchell (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:591-595
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Boyle R. W. (1968) : The Geochemistry of Silver and its Deposits; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 160, Ch 3, P. 169.
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2016
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Berry, L.G (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist Vol.11 (1). , page 45
Clinosafflorite (TL)
Formula: CoAs2
Description: The type locality is an unspecified mine in the Cobalt area.
Reference: RADCLIFFE, D. & BERRY, L.G. (1971): Clinosafflorite: a monoclinic polymorph of safflorite. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 877-881.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Ontario Geological Survey (2014), Mineral Deposit Inventory file No. MDI31M05SE00170
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:649-690
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Knight, Cyril W. (1922). Geology of The Mine Workings of Cobalt and South Lorraine Areas; Thirty - First Annual Report of the Ontario Department of Mines, Vol. 21, Pt.2, P. 36.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ferrisymplesite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: WALKER, T.L. & PARSONS, A.L. (1924): The arsenates of cobalt, nickel and iron observed in silver-bearing veins at Cobalt, Ontario. University of Toronto, Geology Series, Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy 17, 13-17. Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 84 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2015
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-30
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Imgreite'
Formula: NiTe (?)
Reference: Martin,R. 2009, Characterization of the gold mineralization at the Young-Davidson deposit, Matachewan, Ontario; U.of Waterloo, unpublished BSc Thesis
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Sabina, Ann P., 2000. Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec, Miscellaneous Report 57, 266 p. and R.Mielke 2009
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2014
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Description: ID confirmed by XRD by George Robinson when he worked at the National Museum of Canada
Reference: George Robinson 1990
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Petruk, W., Harris, D.C. & Stewart, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 597-616.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Kuranakhite
Formula: PbMn4+Te6+O6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
Langisite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni)As
Type Locality:
Reference: PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, CobaltBGowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 597-616.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Larosite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13
Type Locality:
Reference: PETRUK, W. (1972): Larosite, a new copper-lead-bismuth sulphide. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 886-891. Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1974): 59, 382.
Leucoxene
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Lizardite var: Nickeloan Lizardite
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: R. H. Mitchell (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:591-595
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mckinstryite (TL)
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: SKINNER, B.J., JAMBOR, J.L. & ROSS, M. (1966): Mckinstryite, a new copper-silver sulfide. Economic Geology 61, 1383-1389. Dana 7:I:343.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
'Mertieite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 108-139
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Molybdenite-3R'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 49, 749
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 49, 749
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se