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Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

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Name in French:Rhénanie-Palatinat, Allemagne
Name in German:Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Name in Italian:Renania-Palatinato, Germania
Name in Russian:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Германия
Name in Simplified Chinese:莱茵兰-普法尔茨, 德国
Name in Spanish:Renania-Palatinado, Alemania
Name in Afrikaans:Rynland-Palts, Duitsland
Name in Albanian:Rheinland-Pfalz, Gjermania
Name in Alemannic:Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Name in Amharic:ራይንላንት-ፕፋልጽ, ጀርመን
Name in Arabic:راينلند بالاتينات, ألمانيا
Name in Aragonese:Renania-Palatinato, Alemanya
Name in Armenian:Ռայնլանդ Պֆալց, Գերմանիա
Name in Asturian:Renania-Palatináu, Alemaña
Name in Aymara:Rheinland-Pfalz suyu, Alimaña
Name in Azeri:Reynland-Pfalts, Almaniya
Name in Bashkir:Райнланд-Пфальц, Германия
Name in Basque:Renania-Palatinatua, Alemania
Name in Bavarian:Rheinland-Pfoiz, Deitschland
Name in Belarusian:Рэйнланд-Пфальц, Германія
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Райнлянд-Пфальц, Нямеччына
Name in Bengali:রাইনলান্ড-ফালৎস, জার্মানি
Name in Bosnian:Porajnje-Falačka, Njemačka
Name in Breton:Rheinland-Pfalz, Alamagn
Name in Bulgarian:Рейнланд-Пфалц, Германия
Name in Catalan:Renània-Palatinat, Alemanya
Name in Cebuano:Rheinland-Pfalz, Alemanya
Name in Chechen:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Германи
Name in Chuvash:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Германи
Name in Cornish:Rheinland-Pfalz, Almayn
Name in Croatian:Falačko Porajnje, Njemačka
Name in Czech:Porýní-Falc, Německo
Name in Danish:Rheinland-Pfalz, Tyskland
Name in Dutch:Rijnland-Palts, Duitsland
Name in Emilian-Romagnol:Renàgna Palatinâ, Germâgna
Name in Esperanto:Rejnlando-Palatinato, Germanio
Name in Estonian:Rheinland-Pfalz, Saksamaa
Name in Farsi/Persian:راینلاند-فالتس, آلمان
Name in Finnish:Rheinland-Pfalz, Saksa
Name in Galician:Renania-Palatinado, Alemaña
Name in Georgian:რაინლანდ-პფალცი, გერმანია
Name in Greek:Ρηνανία-Παλατινάτο, Γερμανία
Name in Guarani:Rrenania-Palatinado, Alemáña
Name in Hakka:Rhineland-Palatinate, Tet-koet
Name in Hebrew:ריינלנד-פפאלץ, גרמניה
Name in Hindi:राइनलैन्ड, जर्मनी
Name in Hungarian:Rajna-vidék-Pfalz, Németország
Name in Icelandic:Rínarland-Pfalz, Þýskaland
Name in Ido:Rhenlando-Palatenio, Germania
Name in Indonesian:Rheinland-Pfalz, Jerman
Name in Interlingua:Rhenania-Palatinato, Germania
Name in Irish Gaelic:Tír na Réine agus an Phalaitíneacht, An Ghearmáin
Name in Japanese:ラインラント=プファルツ州, ドイツ
Name in Javanese:Rheinland-Pfalz, Jérman
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Renania-Palatinado, Almania
Name in Kapampangan:Rhineland-Palatinate, Alemanya
Name in Kashubian:Nadreniô-Palatinat, Miemieckô
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Рейнланд-Пфальц, Германия
Name in Kongo:Rheinland-Pfalz, Alemanyi
Name in Korean:라인란트팔츠주, 독일
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Reynlenda-Palatîn, Almanya
Name in Latin:Rhenania-Palatinatus, Germania
Name in Latvian:Reinzeme-Pfalca, Vācija
Name in Ligurian:Renania Palatinato, Germania
Name in Limburgian:Rienland-Palts, Duitsland
Name in Lithuanian:Reino kraštas-Pfalcas, Vokietija
Name in Lombard:Renània-Palatinàto, Germania
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Rhienland-Palz, Düütschland
Name in Lower Sorbian:Rheinland-Pfalcojska, Nimska
Name in Luxembourgish:Rheinland-Pfalz, Däitschland
Name in Macedonian:Рајнска област-Пфалц, Германија
Name in Malay:Rhineland-Palatinate, Jerman
Name in Manx:Çheer ny Rhiney as y Phalateenaght, Yn Ghermaan
Name in Marathi:ऱ्हाइनलांड-फाल्त्स, जर्मनी
Name in Mongolian:Райнланд-Пфальц, Герман
Name in Nepali:राइनल्यान्ड, जर्मनी
Name in Northern Frisian:Rheinlun-Pfalz, Tjüschlönj
Name in Northern Sami:Rheinland-Pfalz, Duiska
Name in Norwegian:Rheinland-Pfalz, Tyskland
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Rheinland-Pfalz, Tyskland
Name in Occitan:Renània-Palatinat, Alemanha
Name in Ossetian:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Герман
Name in Papiamento:Land Rheinland-Pfalz, Alemania
Name in Pennsylvania German:Rhoiland-Palz, Deitschland
Name in Pfaelzisch:Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Name in Piedmontese:Renania-Palatinà, Almagna
Name in Polish:Nadrenia-Palatynat, Niemcy
Name in Portuguese:Renânia-Palatinado, Alemanha
Name in Quechua:Rheinland-Pfalz, Alimanya
Name in Ripuarian:Rheinland-Pfalz, Dütschland
Name in Romanian:Renania-Palatinat, Germania
Name in Romansh:Renania-Palatinat, Germania
Name in Saterland Frisian:Rhienlound-Palts, Düütsklound
Name in Scots:Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Rheinland-Pfalz, A' Ghearmailt
Name in Serbian:Рајна-Палатинат, Њемачка
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Porajnje-Falačka, Njemačka
Name in Sindhi:رائن لينڊ پئليٽينيٽ, جرمني
Name in Slovak:Porýnie-Falcko, Nemecko
Name in Slovenian:Porenje - Pfalška, Nemčija
Name in South Azerbaijani:راینلاند-فالتس, آلمان
Name in Swahili:Rhine-Palatino, Ujerumani
Name in Swedish:Rheinland-Pfalz, Tyskland
Name in Tatar:Райнланд-Пфальц, Алмания
Name in Thai:รัฐไรน์ลันท์-ฟัลทซ์, ประเทศเยอรมนี
Name in Traditional Chinese:萊茵-普法茨, 德國
Name in Turkish:Renanya-Palatina, Almanya
Name in Udmurt:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Германия
Name in Ukrainian:Рейнланд-Пфальц, Німеччина
Name in Upper Sorbian:Porynsko-Pfalca, Němska
Name in Urdu:رائنلینڈ-پالاتینات, جرمنی
Name in Venetian:Renania-Palatinà, Germania
Name in Vietnamese:Rheinland-Pfalz, Đức
Name in Volapük:Rinän-Palzän, Deutän
Name in Waray:Rheinland-Pfalz, Alemanya
Name in Welsh:Rheinland-Pfalz, Yr Almaen
Name in West Flemish:Reynland-Palts, Duutsland
Name in West Frisian:Rynlân-Palts, Dútslân
Name in Western Punjabi:رائین لینڈ-پالاٹیناٹے, جرمنی
Name in Yiddish:ריינלאנד-פאלץ, דייטשלאנד
Name in Yoruba:Rhineland-Palatinate, Jẹ́mánì
Name in Zazaki:Renland-Palatinya, Almanya
Area:19,853 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:State
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mainz184,997 (2017)
Ludwigshafen am Rhein163,196 (2018)
Koblenz107,319 (2018)
Trier100,129 (2011)
Kaiserslautern98,732 (2017)
Worms81,099 (2017)
Museums in region:


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Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

751 valid minerals. 69 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine var: Titanian Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite var: Porricin
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg,Al)Si2O6
'Aeschynite'
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Interessante Neuigkeiten über Cancrinit, Fluorit und Fuchsit aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 26-29, 2001
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Agardite'
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.mgas.de/fundstellen/pfalz-kreimbach.htm
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allophane var: Cupro-Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
'Allophane-chrysocolla'
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Almarudite (TL)
Formula: K(□,Na)2(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(Be,Al)3[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Habit: six-sided tabular crystals to 1.5 mm across
Colour: yellow, orange
Fluorescence: none
Reference: T. Mihajlovic et al.: N. Jb. Mineral. 179:265-294 (2004); Rondorf, A. & Rondorf, E. (2008): Almarudit vom Bellerberg/Eifel. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 4.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
Alumoåkermanite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 15/3, 58-69, 2004
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3 - Ca3Ti4+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Blass, G., Widmer, R., Galuskina, I.O. (2016): Wernerkrauseite, CaFe3+2Mn4+O6 - the first non-stoichiometric post-spinel mineral, from Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 485-493
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Beyer, H., Eine Magnesium-Mineralparagenese als Folge primärer biologischer Stoffanlage und sekundärem vulkanischen Erhitzungsprozeß am Arensberg / Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 30, 1980
'Antimonian Gersdorffite'
Formula: Ni(As,Sb)S
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Arsenuranospathite
Formula: Al[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Arsenuranylite
Formula: Ca(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Beyer, H. (1980) Eine Magnesium-Mineralparagenese als Folge primärer biologischer Stoffanlage und sekundärem vulkanischen Erhitzungsprozeß am Arensberg / Eifel. Der Aufschluß SB 30.; Doornveld, H.Y. (1987) Enkele mineraalvoorkomens in de Eifel. GEA, 20 (1), 32-36 (in Dutch).
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1625&Itemid=214
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001; Bungert, R., Konrad, J., Hofmeister, W. (1992): Babingtonit ein Neufund aus den hydrothermalen Alterationszonen der Saar-Nahe-Vulkanite, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 43, 297-299
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Description: rock-forming, very small
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 84 localities in this region.
Barytolamprophyllite ?
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Batiferrite (TL)
Formula: BaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19
Reference: C. L. Lengauer et al.: Mineral. Petrol. 71:1-19 (2001)
Batisite
Formula: BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Minerale der Üdersdorfer Lava, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 11/1989
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Belendorffite (TL)
Formula: Cu7Hg6
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 1305-1309, 1992
Bellbergite (TL)
Formula: (K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Reference: Rüdinger, B.; Tillmanns, E. Hentschel, G. (1993): Bellbergite – a New Mineral with the Zeolite Structure Type EAB, Mineralogy and Petrology 48, 147-152
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beudantite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Russell (1910): "The beudantite occurring with carminite at the Luise mine, Horhausen, was at first mistaken by (von) Sandberger for pharmacosiderite, but later (Ann. Phys. Chem. (Poggendorff), 1857, vol. c, p. 612) he showed its true nature."
Reference: von Sandberger (1857) Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Poggendorff), vol. c, p. 612. Halle, Leipzig.; Russell, A. (1910) On the occurrence of the rare mineral carminite in Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 285-287 (referring to von Sandberger 1857).; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual, p. 22.
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Dana 7:II:506.
Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Reference: N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 115, 1-30 (1971)
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Rubellan'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Brauner Glaskopf'
Reference: Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunspat'
Reference: Ref.: W. Meyer, J. Stets: "Das Rheintal zwischen Bingen und Bonn", Sammlung Geologischer Führer, Vol. 89, Borntraeger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 1996
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bredigite
Formula: Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brenkite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(CO3)F2
Type Locality:
Description: From the quaternary phonolite, hydrothermal.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1978) 325-329
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: https://www.mindat.org/locentry-523354.html; https://www.mindat.org/photo-116311.html
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brownmillerite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hentschel, G. (1964): Mayenit, 12CaO . 7 Al2O3, und Brownmillerit, 2CaO.(Al,Fe)2O3, zwei neue Minerale in den Kalksteineinschlüssen der Lava des Ettringer Bellerberges, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 22-29
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcinaksite (TL)
Formula: KNaCa(Si4O10)·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Blass, G., Varlamov, D.A., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Gurzhiy, V.V. (2013) Calcinaksite, IMA 2013-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3254; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; S. M. Aksenov, R. K. Rastsvetaeva, N. V. Chukanov and U. Kolitsch (2014): Structure of calcinaksite KNa[Ca(H2O)][Si4O10], the first hydrous member of the litidionite group of silicates with [Si8O20]8- tubes. Acta Crystallogr. B70, 768-775.
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Calciobritholite'
Formula: (Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Calcioferrite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Blum, J.R. (1858): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefacten-Kunde, 258; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 977
Calcio-olivine
Formula: Ca2SiO4
'Calciopyrochlore'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 160 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Calomel (TL)
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 27.
Calumetite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Cancrinite Group'
Reference: Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2014): Die Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (2/14). Mineralien-Welt 25 (5), 62-75 (in German).
Carminite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: von Sandberger (1858) Ueber den Carminspath. Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Poggendorff), Halle, Leipzig: 103: 345 (as Carminspath). Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Lapis, 9 (5), 36-39.
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Chalcocite-Digenite Group'
Reference: Own analyses R. Lang
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 157 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite (TL)
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Ullmann, J., Ch. (1814) Systematisch-tabellarische Uebersicht der mineralogisch einfachen Fossilien, (Kapitel 95 – Chalkosiderit), Krieger´sche Buchhandlung Cassel und Marburg, pp. 323-325 Weiss, S.(1990): Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990; Overkott, T. & Reinhardt, M. (2007): Dufrenit vom Hollerter Zug im Siegerland. Lapis 32 (11), 42.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. (2016): Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 67 (1) , pp. 5-15
Chayesite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe)4FeSi12O30
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. (2016): Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 67 (1) , pp. 5-15
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Krause, W. (1991): Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 147-153
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Description: Cheralite was redefined in 2007. The mineral originally described from Bellerberg volcano is a Monazite-(Ce) enriched in Ca+Th.
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 6/2005
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 6/2005
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Chlorargyrite var: Iodian Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br,I)
Reference: Lapis, 17 (9), 31-36.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Kratzsch, E., (2006): Der Wehr-Vulkan und seine Mineralien, MineralienWelt 17 (5)
Chlormayenite (TL)
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Hentschel, G. (1964): Mayenit, 12CaO . 7 Al2O3, und Brownmillerit, 2CaO.(Al,Fe)2O3, zwei neue Minerale in den Kalksteineinschlüssen der Lava des Ettringer Bellerberges, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 22-29
'Chlormayenite-Wadalite series'
Reference: Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Galuskina, I., Krüger, B., Jeżak, L., Ternes, B., Wojdyla, J., Krzykawski, T., Pautov, L., Galuskin, E. (2018): Sharyginite, Ca3TiFe2O8, A New Mineral from the Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8: 308
Christofschäferite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Belakovskiy, D.I., Göttlicher, J., Britvin, S.N., Van, K.V. (2012) Christofschäferite-(Ce), IMA 2011-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 810; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Belakovskiy, D.I., Göttlicher, J., Britvin, S.N., Möckel, S. (2012) Christofschäferite (Ce), (Ce,La,Ca)4Mn2+(Ti,Fe3+)3(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)(Si2O7)2O8, a new chevkinite group mineral from the Eifel area, Germany. [Novye dannye o mineralakh] New Data on Minerals, 47, 33-42.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Description: analyzed by Igor Pekov
Reference: Mineralien Welt, Jg.27, Mai-Juni 2016
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
Chursinite
Formula: (Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)
Reference: EDS and Raman analyzed by Joy Desor.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel - ein Rückblick auf die Sammelsaison 2002, Mineralien-Welt 13/5, 2003
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Krause, W., Klinohumit vom Emmelberg - ein Erstfund für die Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/1994
'Clinoptilolite' ?
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: http://www.mgas.de/fundstellen/Bergbau-PSL/Mineralien_SNPLH.pdf
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Coccinite
Formula: HgI2
Reference: Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
'Coeruleolactite'
Reference: Petersen (1871)
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 15/3, 58-69, 2004
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Comancheite ?
Formula: Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Description: Identification based only on chemical analysis of its constituents
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Combeite
Formula: Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Reference: Fischer, R.X. Tillmanns, E. (1983): Die Kristallstrukturen von natürlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt. Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel), N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 49-59.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Habit: Cubic
Colour: Light brown, brown, black
Reference: - Dreyer, G.: Neue Mineralien in der Rheinpfalz II. Mitteilungen der Pollichia 63, 5-9 (1975)
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Corkite-Kintoreite Series'
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Cualstibite-1M'
Formula: (Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1989): Die Minerale der Grube Fischbacher Werk bei Niederfischbach im Bergamtsbezirk Betzdorf/Siegerland. Aufschluss, 40, 75-94 ; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cuprorivaite
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Davyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Descloizite var: Dechenite
Formula: PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Rahm, B. (2014). Algodonit: Neufund eines seltenen Kupferarsenides. Aufschluss, 65, 73-77 (in German). (p. 76; analysis by Dr. G. Müller, Saarbrücken))
Dorrite
Formula: Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Möhn, G., Blaß, G., (2013): Lahnsteinit und weitere Neufunde aus dem Revier Bad Ems. Lapis 38(5), 38-40.
Dreyerite (TL)
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Dreyer, G.; Tillmanns, E. (1981): Dreyerite: natural, tetragonal bismuth vanadate from Hirschhorn/Pfalz. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1981, 151-154. (in German); - Dreyer, G. and Tillmanns, E. (1981): Dreyerit: ein natürliches, tetragonales Wismutvanadat von Hirschhorn/Pfalz, N. Jb. Miner. Mh. Jg. 1981, H.4, 151-154.
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Schäfer, H. (1999): Drugmanit, Pb2(Fe3+,Al)[OH/PO4]2.H2O, ein drittes Vorkommen aus der Eifel (Grube Neue Hoffnung). Der Aufschluss, 50, 225-228. (in German); Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Duftite-alpha'
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
'Duftite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Habel, B. (2008): Mottramit-/Duftit-Mischkristall - ein Neufund von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach (Kurz & Fündig). Mineralien-Welt, 19 (4), 8.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Haardt, W., Die vulkanischen Auswürflinge und Basalte am Killer Kopf bei Rockeskyll in der Eifel, Jb. Preuß. Geolog. Landesanstalt, Berlin 35, 177-252
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Colour: brown
Description: rock-forming, occurs in amphibolite-xenoliths from the crystalline basement
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. (2016): Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 67 (1) , pp. 5-15
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Eifelite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Mg4Si12O30
Reference: Abraham, K.. Gebert, W., Medenbach, 0., Schreyer, W., Hentschel, G., (1980): KNa3Mg4,5[Si12O30], ein neues Mineral der Milaritgruppe aus der Eifel, mit Natrium in Oktaederposition Fortschr. Mineral. 58, Beih. 1, 3-4.
Ekebergite (TL)
Formula: ThFeNb2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Kjellman, J., Pay Gómez, C., Lazor, P., Majka, J., Stanley, C. and Najorka, J. (2018) Ekebergite, IMA 2018-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
'Ellestadite'
Eltyubyuite
Formula: Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Bailau, R., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V.M., Zadov, A.E., Pertsev, N.N., Jeżak, L., Gurbanov, A.G. and Dubrovinsky, L. (2013): Eltyubyuite, Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6 - the Fe3+ analogue of wadalite: a new mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 221-229.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emmerichite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Blass, G., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Tschörtner, J. (2013) Emmerichite, IMA 2013-064. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3004; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Engelhauptite (TL)
Formula: KCu3(V2O7)(OH)2Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Schüller, W. and Ternes, B. (2013) Engelhauptite, IMA 2013-009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2702; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2014): Die Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 66-81 (in German); Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Schüller, W., Ternes, B. (2015): Engelhauptite, KCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 Cl, a new mineral species from Eifel, Germany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 705-711.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Pekov, I.V., Ternes, В., Schüller, W., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Blass, G. (2014): Ferroindialite (Fe2+,Mg)2Al4Si5O18, a new beryl-group mineral from the Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Zapiski RMO, 143, 46-56.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Recent formation from mine waters
Reference: XRD analysis, Roger Lang 2006
Erionite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Ettringite (TL)
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Lehmann, J. (1874): Untersuchungen über die Einwirkung eines feurig-flüssigen basaltischen Magmas auf Gesteins- und Mineraleinschlüsse, Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins der preußischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, Vol. 31, Cohen Bonn, p 1-40
'Ettringite Group'
Habit: Hexagonal prisms
Colour: Colourless
Description: Ettringite, Thaumasite and Hielscherite. are visually indistinguishable and without analysis such specimens should be posted as Ettringite group
Reference: Ko 's photo of Cor Kokke specimen
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=34&Itemid=86
Eugsterite ?
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Habit: tufts of acicular crystals
Colour: white
Reference: Hentschel, G. (2014) Eifel: Neues aus alten Funden. Der Aufschluss, 65(6), 328-330.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Fairchildite
Formula: K2Ca(CO3)2
'Faujasite'
Reference: Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
Faujasite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: [Hentschel, G., Die Lavaströme der Graulai: eine neue Fundstelle in der Westeifel, Lapis, Weise Verlag München, 09/1993] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Tschörtner, J., Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors, 2006]
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fedorite
Formula: (Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 3/2004
'Feldspar Group'
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferriakasakaite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: in paragenesis with niobian zirconolite, magnetite, pyrophanite and phlogopite
Reference: Chukanov, N., Zubkova, N., Schäfer, Ch., Varlamov, D., Ermolaeva, V., Polekhovsky, Y., K. Jancev, J., Pekov, I., Pushcharovsky, D. (2018): Ferriakasakaite-(La): new finds, new data and relationships with other allanite-group minerals, European Journal of Mineralogy, in press
Ferriallanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Mills, S.J., Miyawaki, R., and Blaß, G. (2011): CNMNC Newsletter 8, 290; Kolitsch, U., Mills, S.J., Miyawaki, R. & Blass, G. (2012): Ferriallanite-(La), a new member of the epidote supergroup from the Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 741-747.
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Ferri-fluoro-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
Reference: Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2016): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 27 (3)
Ferri-kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Ferri-obertiite (TL)
Formula: Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C.,Ball, N.A. and Blass, G. (2015) Ferri-obertiite, IMA 2015-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1863; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1859–1864; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ba