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Carrock Mine, Mungrisdale, Eden, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Carrock MineMine (Abandoned)
MungrisdaleCivil Parish
EdenDistrict
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCounty

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 41' 13'' North , 3° 3' 1'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.68722,-3.05028
GeoHash:G#: gctz4edb5
UK National Grid Reference:NY323330
Locality type:Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Cooper & Stanley (1991):

"The Carrock mine is the only British tungsten deposit outside of southwestern England that has been worked commercially. It was only intermittently economic, notably during World War I. Its last period of operation was in the 1970's. The north-south tungsten-bearing veins, a well-known source of fine scheelite, apatite and other minerals, are cut by east-west lead veins; interaction between the two mineralizations has resulted in the formation of some interesting supergene minerals [...]"

Note: Kingsbury and Hartley occasionally refer to the Carrock mine site as "Grainsgill". (Cooper & Stanley, 1990).

Other/smaller named veins that have yielded insignificant amounts of ore are the Waterfall vein, Wilson vein, Nicholson vein, and 'Molybdenite' vein (Cooper & Stanley, 1990).

Notes on the mineral list:

This is one of a number of likely or definitely falsified Kingsbury localities.

1) Vanadinite supposedly collected here in 1953-55 by Arthur Kingsbury (1906-68) is now considered "very doubtful" and probably from New Mexico, USA.

2) Kingsbury and Hartley mention an 'old cross-cut at, or near, the junction of the east-west lead veins with the Emerson vein at the foot of Brandy Gill' (Hartley, 1984) where they claim to have found bayldonite, beaverite-(Cu), beudantite, bismite, cerussite, galena, hematite, hydrocerussite, linarite, mimetite-pyromorphite series, stolzite, vanadinite, and wulfenite.

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 313 mineral species & varietal names listed

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,321 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 410 mineral species & varietal names listed

Carrock Fell, Cumbria, England, UK

Fell - 184 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Amber Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 228 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

89 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978).
Aikinite ?
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: [Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 76 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
Alunite ?
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958).; BMS Database
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Smythe, J.A. and Dunham, K.C. (1947) Ankerites and chalybites from the northern Pennine ore-field and the north-east coalfield. Mineralogical Magazine, 28, 53-73.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Eastwood, T. (1959) The Lake District mining field. pp. 149-174 in Taylor, S.E. (Ed.) The future of non-ferrous mining in Great Britain and Ireland, a symposium. Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, xxvi, 614 pp.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
'Apatite'
Reference: Borie, Mr (1817) Caldbeck Fells. Annals of Philosophy, 9, 161.; Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.; Lévy, A. (1837) Description d'une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland et appartenant à M. Ch. Hampden Turner... London, 3 vols and atlas.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Jenkinson, H.I. (1875) Practical guide to the English Lake District, 4th ed., Carlisle [a chapter on 'Mineralogy' (pp. lxxi-xciii) was contributed by Bryce M. Wright Jr and was reprinted in all subsequent editions].; Rudler, F.W. (1905) A handbook to a collection of the minerals of the British Islands ... in the Museum of Practical Geology ... London. H.M.S.O. London, x, 241 pp.; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1884) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 8 (for 1882-1883), 189-204.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1884, Davidson & Thomson, 1951, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
'commodity:Arsenic'
Formula: As
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 189-204.; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Patrick, D.J. (1980) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 1 - geophysical survey. Mineral Reconnaissance Program, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 33.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Azurite ?
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury and Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Dewey & Dines, 1923).; BMS Database
Bayldonite ?
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).;
Beryl ?
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Beudantite ?
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32, 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960 and Hartley, 1984).;
'Biotite'
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978).
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1882, Davidson & Thomson, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Tooke, A.W. (1837) The mineral topography of Great Britain [part 2]. Mining Review, 9, 39-60.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 189-204.; Kendall, J.D. (1884) The mineral veins of the Lake District. Transactions of the Manchester Geological Society, 17, 292-341.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.; Phillips, W. (1837) An elementary introduction to mineralogy [4th edition, considerably augmented by Robert Allan]. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London, 425 pp.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) The new bismuth mineral ingodite, Bi2TeS. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 594-600 (in Russian) [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3350; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)]. Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) Once more on the problem of grünlingite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 633-635. [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3316; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)]. Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Bismuth Ochre'
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 189-204.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1882).
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951).; BMS Database
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 296-300.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39. Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; BMS Database.
Carpholite ?
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 502.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Cerussite ?
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).;
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951, Thimmaiah, 1956, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Beddoe-Stephens & Fortey, 1981).; BMS Database
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Stanley, C.J. (1979) Mineralogical studies of copper, lead, zinc, and cobalt mineralization in the English Lake District. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Aston, Birmingham.; Roberts, D.E. (1983) Metasomatism and the formation of greisen in Grainsgill, Cumbria, England. Geological Journal, 18, 43-52.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Stanley, 1979 and Roberts, 1983).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956, Thimmaiah, 1956, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Thimmaiah, 1956).; BMS Database
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ewart, A. (1957) The Carrock Fell wolfram deposit. Unpublished MSc thesis, University of London.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Ewart, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Smythe, J.A. and Dunham, K.C. (1947) Ankerites and chalybites from the northern Pennine ore-field and the north-east coalfield. Mineralogical Magazine, 28, 53-73.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Smythe, J.A. and Dunham, K.C. (1947) Ankerites and chalybites from the northern Pennine ore-field and the north-east coalfield. Mineralogical Magazine, 28, 53-73.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Smythe & Dunham, 1947).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Sowerby, J. (1804-1817) British mineralogy: or coloured figures intended to elucidate the mineralogy of Great Britain. Published by the author, London, 5 volumes (1817: Note 9).; Lévy, A. (1837) Description d'une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland et appartenant à M. Ch. Hampden Turner... London, 3 volumes and atlas.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Jenkinson, H.I. (1875) Practical guide to the English Lake District, 4th ed., Carlisle [a chapter on 'Mineralogy' (pp. lxxi-xciii) was contributed by Bryce M. Wright Jr and was reprinted in all subsequent editions].; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley & Sons, New York, xi, 1124 pp.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28. (analysis of "apatite" from Carrock mine showing it to be a fluorapatite).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Finlayson, 1910).; TVM Specimen - Ex Mike Gough
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Rastall, R.H. (1942) The ore deposits of the Skiddaw district. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 24, 328-343.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Stanley, C.J. (1979) Mineralogical studies of copper, lead, zinc, and cobalt mineralization in the English Lake District. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Aston, Birmingham.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
'Gabbro'
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Fortey, N.J. (1980) Hydrothermal mineralization associated with minor late Caledonian intrusions in northern Britain: preliminary comments. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 89, B173-176.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978-1980).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 296-300.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Finlayson, 1910, Davidson & Thomson, 1951, Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Goethite ?
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury).
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Dewey & Dines, 1923, Kingsbury, Shaw, 1970, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
'Greisen'
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Grünlingite' ?
Reference: Muthmann, W. and Schröder, E. (1897) Über die Zusammensetsung einiger Tellurmineralien. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie, 29, 140-145.; Garrido, J. and Feo, R. (1938) Sur les sulfotellures de bismuth. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et Crystallographie, 61, 196-204.; Peacock, M.A. (1941) On josëite, grünlingite, oruetite. University of Toronto Studies, Geology Series, 46, 83-105.; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) Once more on the problem of grünlingite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 633-635. [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3316; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) The new bismuth mineral ingodite, Bi2TeS. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 594-600 (in Russian) [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3350; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
'Hornfels'
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Hübnerite ?
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1958) Mineralogical Society Notice no. 100.; Spencer, L.J. (1958) Third supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 787-806. (referring to Kingsbury, 1958).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1958 and Spencer, 1958).
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) The new bismuth mineral ingodite, Bi2TeS. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 594-600 (in Russian) [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3350; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) Once more on the problem of grünlingite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 633-635. [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3316; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Zav'yalov and Begizov, 1981).; Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 296-300.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.; BMS Database
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Peacock, M.A. (1941) On josëite, grünlingite, oruetite. University of Toronto Studies, Geology Series, 46, 83-105.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) The new bismuth mineral ingodite, Bi2TeS. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 594-600 (in Russian) [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3350; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) Once more on the problem of grünlingite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 633-635. [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3316; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.; BMS Database
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Linarite ?
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951, Kingsbury, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
'Mica Group'
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).;
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934 and Fortey, 1978).; BMS Database
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Cooper & Stanley, 1987, pp. 108-113 - "Minerals of the Caldbeck Fells"
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series' ?
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).;
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Sowerby, J. (1804-1817) British mineralogy: or coloured figures intended to elucidate the mineralogy of Great Britain. Published by the author, London, 5 volumes.; Lysons, D. and Lysons, S. (1816) Magna Brittania; being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain, vol. 4 Cumberland. Cadell and Davies, London, 200 pp.; Borie, Mr (1817) Caldbeck Fells. Annals of Philosophy, 9, 161.; Phillips, W. (1819) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy. William Phillips, London, 325 pp. [1st edition].; Jameson, R. (1820) A system of mineralogy in which minerals are arranged according to the natural history method. Archibald Constable, Edinburgh, 3 vols. [2nd edition].; Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.; Lévy, A. (1837) Description d'une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland et appartenant à M. Ch. Hampden Turner... London, 3 volumes and atlas.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.;
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Ineson & Mitchell, 1974).
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Olivenite ?
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1980) Hydrothermal mineralization associated with minor late Caledonian intrusions in northern Britain: preliminary comments. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 89, B173-176.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1980).; BMS Database
Petitjeanite
Formula: Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S., et al., (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 47-50
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to T.F. Bridges).; BMS Database
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S. (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 51-53
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Patrick, D.J. (1980) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 1 - geophysical survey. Mineral Reconnaissance Program, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 33.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Patrick, D.J. (1980) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 1 - geophysical survey. Mineral Reconnaissance Program, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 33.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Rhodochrosite ?
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Fortey, N.J. and Bland, D.J. (1979) Heavy mineral dispersion profiles in altered granite at Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Applied Mineralogy Unit Report No. 245, Institution of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S. (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 51-53
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.; Parson, W. and White, W. (1829) History, directory, and gazeteer of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland ... xxxiv, 732 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, Cumbria, 1976].; Lévy, A. (1837) Description d'une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland et appartenant à M. Ch. Hampden Turner... London, 3 volumes and atlas.; Tooke, A.W. (1837) The mineral topography of Great Britain [part 2]. Mining Review, 9, 39-60.; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Bauer, M. (1871) Krystallographische Untersuchung des Scheelits. Württembergische Naturwissenschaftliche Jahreshefte (for 1871), pp. 129-198.; Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 3]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1077.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
'Slate'
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200. Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; El Shazly, E.M., Webb, J.S., and Williams, D. (1957) Trace elements in sphalerite, galena and associated minerals from the British Isles. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 66, 241-271.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Ewart, A. (1957) The Carrock Fell wolfram deposit. Unpublished MSc thesis, University of London.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Stilbite-Ca ?
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to D. McCallum).; BMS Database
Sylvanite ?
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Tetradymite ?
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.; Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Clarke, G.M. (1974) The mineralogy and geochemistry of tellurium with special reference to the bismuth sulphotellurides. Unpublished MSc thesis, University College, Cardiff.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Ewart, A. (1957) The Carrock Fell wolfram deposit. Unpublished MSc thesis, University of London.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Thimmaiah, 1956 and Ewart, 1957).; BMS Database
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951).; BMS Database
'commodity:Tungsten'
Formula: W
Reference:  
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Goodchild, J.G. (1884) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 8 (for 1882-1883), 189-204.; Rudler, F.W. (1905) A handbook to a collection of the minerals of the British Islands ... in the Museum of Practical Geology ... London. H.M.S.O. London, x, 241 pp.; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Dawson, J. and Harrison, R.K. (1966) Uraninite in the Grainsgill Greisen, Cumberland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 91.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121 (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956).
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Borie, Mr (1817) Caldbeck Fells. Annals of Philosophy, 9, 161.; Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.; Parson, W. and White, W. (1829) History, directory, and gazeteer of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland ... xxxiv, 732 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, Cumbria, 1976].; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.; Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.; Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Wulfenite ?
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Zinkenite ?
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 296-300.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aikinite' ?2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Boulangerite' ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cosalite'2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Jamesonite ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sylvanite ?2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tetradymite ?2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zinkenite ?2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bismite'4.CB.60Bi2O3
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Columbite-(Mn)'4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
Goethite ?4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite ?4.DB.30MnWO4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Azurite' ?5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Bismutite'5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite' ?5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite ?5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite' ?7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Beaverite-(Cu)' ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
'Ferrimolybdite'7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite ?7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite ?7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Arseniosiderite' ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Bayldonite' ?8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Beudantite' ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite ?8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Petitjeanite8.BO.10Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Beryl' ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Carpholite' ?9.DB.05Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Stilbite-Ca ?9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Gabbro-
Greisen-
Grünlingite ?-
Hornfels-
Joséite-Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
Mica Group-
Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series ?-
Slate-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite ?2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite ?2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite ?3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite ?3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite ?6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite ?14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite ?14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite ?16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite ?30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite ?30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite ?41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite ?41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Petitjeanite41.10.10.1Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite ?48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite ?48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl ?61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Carpholite ?65.1.5.1Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Stilbite-Ca ?77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gabbro'-
'Greisen'-
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Hornfels'-
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Mica Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series' ?-
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
'Slate'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 282 Ma to 197 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Jurassic
   Early Jurassic
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)197 Ma
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)282 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Devonian - Ludlow
393.3 - 427.4 Ma



ID: 2028196
Unnamed Igneous Intrusion, Late Silurian To Early Devonian

Age: Paleozoic (393.3 - 427.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic-rock

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Ordovician
470 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3157764
Early Ordovician limestone

Age: Early Ordovician (470 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District. [A spiral bound notebook containing what appears to be the manuscript for a proposed paper, with a historical introduction followed by detailed descriptions of Kingsbury's own discoveries].
Sowerby, J. (1804-1817) British mineralogy: or coloured figures intended to elucidate the mineralogy of Great Britain. Published by the author, London, 5 volumes.
Lysons, D. and Lysons, S. (1816) Magna Brittania; being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain, vol. 4 Cumberland. Cadell and Davies, London, 200 pp.
Borie, Mr (1817) Caldbeck Fells. Annals of Philosophy, 9, 161.
Phillips, W. (1819) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy. William Phillips, London, 325 pp. [1st edition].
Jameson, R. (1820) A system of mineralogy in which minerals are arranged according to the natural history method. Archibald Constable, Edinburgh, 3 vols. [2nd edition].
Phillips, W. (1823) An elementary introduction to the knowledge of mineralogy... with accounts of the places and circumstances in which they are found; and especially the localities of British minerals. 3rd edition. Published by the author, London. 407 pp.
Parson, W. and White, W. (1829) History, directory, and gazeteer of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland ... xxxiv, 732 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, Cumbria, 1976].
Lévy, A. (1837) Description d'une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland et appartenant à M. Ch. Hampden Turner... London, 3 volumes and atlas.
Phillips, W. (1837) An elementary introduction to mineralogy [4th edition, considerably augmented by Robert Allan]. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London, 425 pp.
Tooke, A.W. (1837) The mineral topography of Great Britain [part 2]. Mining Review, 9, 39-60.
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].
Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Bauer, M. (1871) Krystallographische Untersuchung des Scheelits. Württembergische Naturwissenschaftliche Jahreshefte (for 1871), pp. 129-198 [describes scheelite from 'Carrockfells' on p. 192 with crystal drawing].
Jenkinson, H.I. (1875) Practical guide to the English Lake District, 4th ed., Carlisle [a chapter on 'Mineralogy' (pp. lxxi-xciii) was contributed by Bryce M. Wright Jr and was reprinted in all subsequent editions] (mentions apatite in which the green colour passes into pink at the termination).
Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.
Goodchild, J.G. (1884) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 8 (for 1882-1883), 189-204.
Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 3]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.
Kendall, J.D. (1884) The mineral veins of the Lake District. Transactions of the Manchester Geological Society, 17, 292-341 [Early theory of vein formation. Mineral lists derived from previous authors].
Rudler, F.W. (1905) A handbook to a collection of the minerals of the British Islands ... in the Museum of Practical Geology ... London. H.M.S.O. London, x, 241 pp. (mentions apatite in which the green colour passes into pink at the termination).
Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28 (analysis of "apatite" from Carrock mine showing it to be a fluorapatite; also lists "well crystallized" galena).
Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.
Dewey, H. and Dines, H.G. (1923) Tungsten and manganese ores. Special Report on the Mineralogical Resources of Great Britain, No. 1. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.
Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Russell, A. (1936) Notes on the occurrence of wulfenite at Brandy Gill, Cumberland, and of leadhillite at Drumruck Mine, Kirkcudbrightshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 24(153), 321-323 (referring to molybdenite from the Emerson and Harding veins).
Garrido, J. and Feo, R. (1938) Sur les sulfotellures de bismuth. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et Crystallographie, 61, 196-204.
Peacock, M.A. (1941) On josëite, grünlingite, oruetite. University of Toronto Studies, Geology Series, 46, 83-105.
Rastall, R.H. (1942) The ore deposits of the Skiddaw district. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 24, 328-343.
Smythe, J.A. and Dunham, K.C. (1947) Ankerites and chalybites from the northern Pennine ore-field and the north-east coalfield. Mineralogical Magazine, 28, 53-73.
Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1 [An unpublished 39-page typescript of a paper given to the Mineralogical Society on 8 March 1951. Several of the species detailed here were to become the subject of separate papers published in later years. Many of the remaining species were not listed until Hartley's summary paper of 1984].
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley & Sons, New York, xi, 1124 pp.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-. [An unpublished hardback notebook containing lists of species by locality with occasional notes and descriptive detail].
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.
Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
El Shazly, E.M., Webb, J.S., and Williams, D. (1957) Trace elements in sphalerite, galena and associated minerals from the British Isles. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 66, 241-271.
Ewart, A. (1957) The Carrock Fell wolfram deposit. Unpublished MSc thesis, University of London.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 502.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.
Spencer, L.J. (1958) Third supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 787-806.
Eastwood, T. (1959) The Lake District mining field. pp. 149-174 in Taylor, S.E. (Ed.) The future of non-ferrous mining in Great Britain and Ireland, a symposium. Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, xxvi, 614 pp.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32, 423-432.
Ewart, A. (1962) Hydrothermal alteration in the Carrock Fell area, England. Geological Magazine, 99, 1-8.
Dawson, J. and Harrison, R.K. (1966) Uraninite in the Grainsgill Greisen, Cumberland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 91.
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].
Clarke, G.M. (1974) The mineralogy and geochemistry of tellurium with special reference to the bismuth sulphotellurides. Unpublished MSc thesis, University College, Cardiff.
Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.
Appleton, J.D. and Wadge, A.J. (1976) Investigation of tungsten and other mineralisation associated with the Skiddaw granite near Carrock Mine, Cumbria. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme. Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences 7.
Shepherd, T.J., Beckinsale, R.D., Rundle, C.C., and Durham, J. (1976) Genesis of Carrock Fell tungsten deposits, Cumbria: fluid inclusion and isotopic study. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 85, B63-73.
Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.
Stanley, C.J. (1979) Mineralogical studies of copper, lead, zinc, and cobalt mineralization in the English Lake District. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Aston, Birmingham.
Fortey, N.J. (1980) Hydrothermal mineralization associated with minor late Caledonian intrusions in northern Britain: preliminary comments. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 89, B173-176.
Patrick, D.J. (1980) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 1 - geophysical survey. Mineral Reconnaissance Program, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences No. 33.
Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.
Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) The new bismuth mineral ingodite, Bi2TeS. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 594-600 (in Russian) [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3350; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].
Zav'yalov, E.N. and Begizov, V.D. (1981) Once more on the problem of grünlingite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 110, 633-635. [Mineralogical Abstracts, 33, 82M/3316; American Mineralogist, 62, 855 (1982)].
Brown, M.J. (1983) Mineral investigations at Carrock Fell, Cumbria. Part 2 - Geochemical investigations. Mineral Reconnaissance Programme, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences n° 60.
Roberts, D.E. (1983) Metasomatism and the formation of greisen in Grainsgill, Cumbria, England. Geological Journal, 18, 43-52 (lists cordierite from Carrock mine).
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Shepherd, T.J. and Waters, P. (1984) Fluid inclusion gas studies, Carrock Fell tungsten deposit, England: implications for regional exploration. Mineralium Deposita, 19, 304-314.
Ball, T.K., Fortey, N.J., and Shepherd, T.J. (1985) Mineralisation at the Carrock Fell Tungsten Mine, N. England: Paragenetic, fluid inclusion and geochemical study. Mineralium Deposita, 20, 57-65.
Blundell, D. (1987) Carrock Mine, a short history. The Mine Explorer: The Journal of the Cumbria Amenity Trust, 2, 95-101.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) A.W.G. Kingsbury's specimens of British minerals. Part 1: some examples of falsified localities. Journal of the Russell Society, 7(2), 51-69.
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.
Shaw, R.P. (2015) The Underground Geology of part of the Carrock Tungsten Mine, Caldbeck Fells. British Geological Survey Internal Report, OR/15/033 [http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511069/1/OR15033.pdf].

Localities in this Region
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