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Bulgariai
Regional Level Types
BulgariaCountry

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Name in French:Bulgarie
Name in German:Bulgarien
Name in Italian:Bulgaria
Name in Russian:Болгария
Name in Simplified Chinese:保加利亚
Name in Spanish:Bulgaria
Name in Afrikaans:Bulgarye
Name in Albanian:Bullgaria
Name in Arabic:بلغاريا
Name in Belarusian:Балгарыя
Name in Bulgarian:България
Name in Catalan:Bulgària
Name in Czech:Bulharsko
Name in Danish:Bulgarien
Name in Dutch:Bulgarije
Name in Estonian:Bulgaaria
Name in Farsi/Persian:بلغارستان
Name in Finnish:Bulgaria
Name in Galician:Bulgaria
Name in Greek:Βουλγαρία
Name in Hebrew:בולגריה
Name in Hindi:बुल्गारिया
Name in Hungarian:Bulgária
Name in Icelandic:Búlgaría
Name in Indonesian:Bulgaria
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Bhulgáir
Name in Japanese:ブルガリア
Name in Korean:불가리아
Name in Latvian:Bulgārija
Name in Lithuanian:Bulgarija
Name in Macedonian:Бугарија
Name in Norwegian:Bulgaria
Name in Polish:Bułgaria
Name in Portuguese:Bulgária
Name in Romanian:Bulgaria
Name in Serbian:Бугарска
Name in Slovak:Bulharsko
Name in Slovenian:Bolgarija
Name in Swahili:Bulgaria
Name in Swedish:Bulgarien
Name in Tagalog:Bulgarya
Name in Thai:ประเทศบัลแกเรีย
Name in Turkish:Bulgaristan
Name in Ukrainian:Болгарія
Name in Vietnamese:Bulgaria
Name in Welsh:Bwlgaria
Area:110,994 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Sofia1,152,556 (2011)
Plovdiv340,494 (2016)
Varna312,770 (2016)
Burgas195,966 (2017)
Ruse156,238 (2016)
Stara Zagora143,431 (2016)
Museums in region:


Bulgaria is divided into 25 regions (Oblast, pl. Oblasti; also translated as provinces or districts) and these into 287 municipalities (Obshtina).
Prior to 2002, there were only 9 regions.

Note: In Bulgaria, "mine" is usually used as an exploration-administrative term and not always coincides with the name of the ore deposit. Thus, a mine can include several deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

485 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. Y.; Nakov, R. A.; Stanchev, C. D. (2002): First agardite-(Y), -(Nd), -(La) find in Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 107-116.
Agardite-(Nd)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. Y.; Nakov, R. A.; Stanchev, C. D. (2002): First agardite-(Y), -(Nd), -(La) find in Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 107-116.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. Y.; Nakov, R. A.; Stanchev, C. D. (2002): First agardite-(Y), -(Nd), -(La) find in Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 107-116.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Miadenova, V. (2000). Alacranite and Duranusite from Mareshnitsa Occurrence, Eastern Rhodopes---New Minerals for Bulgaria. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 53(4), 67.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Mladenova, V., Apostolova, R., & Ivanov, Z. (2017). Epithermal intermediate-sulfidation veins in the low-grade metamorphic rocks in the upper levels of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 78.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Kerestedjian T (1984) Alloclasite-cobaltite paramorphic transformation in the ores of Vatia deposit, West Balkan Mountain. Geologica Balcanica, 14, 5, 73-78
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Dekov, V. M., Arnaudov, V., Munnik, F., Boycheva, T. B., & Fiore, S. (2009). Native aluminum: Does it exist?. American Mineralogist, 94(8-9), 1283-1286.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Georgieva, S. & Velinova, N. (2012): Alunite from the advanced argillic alterations in the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: Chemistry, morphology and genetic significance. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 49, 17-31.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CENTRAL LABORATORY OF MINERALOGY AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHY ANNUAL REPORT No 2/1996 7. Platinum-group minerals from alluvial placers of Blagoevgrad graben (Z. Tsintsov, L. Petrov).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. (2004) The Phosphate Minerals on Bulgaria-distribution and Genesis. Bulgarian Geological Society, Annual Scientific Conference “Geology 2004”
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ardaite (TL)
Formula: Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 357-361
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.; Kerestedjian T, Mladenova V (1998) Spherulits of native arsenic from Sedefche deposit , Eastern Rhodopes. Geochem., Mineral. and Petrol., 34, 27-34.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (1999). GEOLOGY-18.-Arseniosiderite and Kolfanite from Zapachitsa Deposit, Western Balkan Mountain, Bulgaria. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademia na Naukite, 52(5-6), 65-68.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Petrova, M., & Ilieev, T. (2007). Compositional variations in the tetrahedrite-tennantite fahlores and polybasite-pearceite series from the Chiprovtsi Ag-Pb deposit, northwestern Bulgaria. Au-Ag telluride-selenide deposits, 26, 39.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Asbestos'
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Aschamalmite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Mladenova, V., Apostolova, R., & Ivanov, Z. (2017). Epithermal intermediate-sulfidation veins in the low-grade metamorphic rocks in the upper levels of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 78.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Augite var: Soda-Augite
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Tarkian, M., & Breskovska, V. (1989). Greenockite from the Madjarovo Pb-Zn ore district, Eastern Rhodope, Bulgaria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(2), 137-144.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Balkanite (TL)
Formula: Cu9Ag5HgS8
Type Locality:
Reference: Atanassov, V.A. and Kirov, G.N. (1973): Balkanite, Cu9Ag5HgS8, a new mineral from the Sedmochislenitsi mine, Bulgaria. American Mineralogist, 58, 11-15.; ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Baylissite
Formula: K2Mg(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Radonova, T.G., Daskalova, Y., and Pounev, L. (1967) Rancieite, coronadite and beidellite – new minerals for the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Bulletin of the Geological Institute: Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, 16, 127-133.
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_5.htm; Mladenova, V., Kerestedjian, T., & Dimitrova, D. (2001). Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi mineralization from the Svishti Plaz gold deposit, Central Balkan Mountain, Bulgaria. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol, 38, 55-66.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Damyanov, Z., & Vassileva, M. (2001). Authigenic phyllosilicates in the Middle Triassic Kremikovtsi sedimentary exhalative siderite iron formation, Western Balkan, Bulgaria. Clays and clay minerals, 49(6), 559-585.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: R.Kostov. 1979. Berthierite from Ribnovo, Southwestern Rhodopes – a new mineral for Bulgaria. – Rev. Bulg. Geol. Soc., 40, 3, 313-316
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Berylium mineralisation in Pb-Zn ore deposit Krushev dol, Madan district, Bulgaria Zh. Janakieva, Ch. Nachev, Sh. Sirakov . “Geosciences 2008”, Proceedings.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
'Bonchevite'
Reference: Birch, W.D. and Mumme, W.G. (1985) Pekoite from Narechen, Bulgaria―a possible solution to the bonchevite problem. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(1), 135-137.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Banushev, B. and Vasileva, M. (1994): New manganese ore showings in the Eastern Srednogorie. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 47, 33-36.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Buckhornite
Formula: AuPb2BiTe2S3
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Calamine'
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Reference: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Tarkian, M., & Breskovska, V. (1989). Greenockite from the Madjarovo Pb-Zn ore district, Eastern Rhodope, Bulgaria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(2), 137-144.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinoptilolite'
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Yana Tzvetanova, Mihail Tarassov, Valentin Ganev, Iskra Piroeva (2018) Mineralogical control of REE and trace element distribution in the skarns from Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p182
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 80-86.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Stela Atanasova – Vladimirova, Aleksi Sekiranov (2007) “New Hope” Pegmatite Vein from Arda Region, the Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp201-206.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Covellite var: Argentian Covellite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)S
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Georgieva, S., & Георгиева, С. Albite in the propylitic zone of alteration from the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: new data Албит от пропилитовата зона на изменения във високосулфидизираното епитермално Cu-Au находище Челопеч, България: нови данни.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Vassileva, M. and Ruskov, K. (2007) Ca-phyllomanganate (rancieite) from the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology "St. Ivan Rilski", vol. 50, Part I, Geology and Geophysics, 29-36.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Cupropolybasite
Formula: [Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Mladenova, V., Apostolova, R., & Ivanov, Z. (2017). Epithermal intermediate-sulfidation veins in the low-grade metamorphic rocks in the upper levels of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 78.
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Reference: Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
'Dachiardite'
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Dachiardite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-K (TL)
Formula: K4(Si20Al4O48)·13H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Dachiardite-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
'Davidite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Petrík, I., Janák, M., Froitzheim, N., Georgiev, N., Yoshida, K., Sasinková, V., Konečný, P. & Milovská, S. (2016): Triassic to Early Jurassic (c. 200 Ma) UHP metamorphism in the Central Rhodopes: evidence from U-Pb-Th dating of monazite in diamond-bearing gneiss from Chepelare (Bulgaria). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 34, 265-291.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Vasil Arnaudov, Svetoslav Petrusenko, and Chavdar Karov (2003): Sherl, foytit i dravit v pegmatiti ot metamorfnata mantiya na Planskiya pluton, Yugozapadna B'lgariya [Schorl, foitite and dravite from pegmatites in the metamorphic zone of Plana Pluton, SW Bulgaria]. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya, 40, 97-107 (in Bulgarian with English abtract). [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp40/V.Arnaudov.pdf]
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Duranusite
Formula: As4S
Reference: Miadenova, V. (2000). Alacranite and Duranusite from Mareshnitsa Occurrence, Eastern Rhodopes---New Minerals for Bulgaria. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 53(4), 67.
Dyscrasite ?
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: http://www.geologija-revija.si/dokument.aspx?id=231
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Arnaudov, V., Petrusenko, S., Stancheva, E., Tadzher, L. (1998): Vanadian pargasite and other vanadium-​bearing amphiboles from the Central Rhodope metamorphic complex. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 35, 69-78 (in Bulgarian).
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Enargite var: Argentian Enargite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
'Erionite'
Reference: Aleksiev, B. Djourova, and Z. Milakovska-Vergilova. "Zeolitic rocks from the Mezek Mountains, NE Rhodopes." Godishnik na Sofiiskiya Universitet “Sv. Kliment Okhridski”. Geologo-Geografski Fakultet, Kniga 1 (2000): 159-165.; Kirov, G., Šamajova, E., Nedialkov, R., & Stanimirova, T. S. (2011). Alteration processes and products of acid pyroclastic rocks in Bulgaria and Slovakia. Clay Minerals, 46(2), 279-294.; V. Georgiev, B. Kolkovski, N. Metodiev, P. Milovanov (2002) Metallogeny of the Zlatoustovo Volcano-tectonic Depression (Eastern Rhodopes) ГОДИШНИК на Минно-геоложкия университет “Св. Иван Рилски”
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eskebornite
Formula: CuFeSe2
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Eskimoite
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Reference: Страшимиров, С., Добрев, С., Приставова, С., & Василева, М. (2009). Рудна минерализация и петрографски особености на златосъдържащо рудопроявление Доброселец (участък Могилите), Сакарски руден район. Год. МГУ “Св. Иван Рилски, 52, 103-110.
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Reference: Yana Tzvetanova, Mihail Tarassov, Valentin Ganev, Iskra Piroeva (2018) Mineralogical control of REE and trace element distribution in the skarns from Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p182
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Mincheva-Stefanova, I. (1968): Strashimirite, a new hydrous copper arsenate. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 97, 470-477 (in Russian). [Abstract in Am. Mineral. 54 (1969) 1221]; Lapis 23(4), 9 (1998)
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Faustite var: Cuprofaustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Ferrierite-K
Formula: (K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Reference: Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Fizélyite
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.; Kerestedjian T, Mladenova V (1998) Spherulits of native arsenic from Sedefche deposit , Eastern Rhodopes. Geochem., Mineral. and Petrol., 34, 27-34.
'Florencite'
Reference: Georgieva, S., & Георгиева, С. Albite in the propylitic zone of alteration from the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: new data Албит от пропилитовата зона на изменения във високосулфидизираното епитермално Cu-Au находище Челопеч, България: нови данни.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A.; Belivanov, K.; Iliev, Ts. (1992): First florencite-(Ce) find in Bulgaria. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 45(7), 53-55.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Vasil Arnaudov, Svetoslav Petrusenko, and Chavdar Karov (2003): Sherl, foytit i dravit v pegmatiti ot metamorfnata mantiya na Planskiya pluton, Yugozapadna B'lgariya [Schorl, foitite and dravite from pegmatites in the metamorphic zone of Plana Pluton, SW Bulgaria]. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya, 40, 97-107 (in Bulgarian with English abtract). [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp40/V.Arnaudov.pdf]
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gallite
Formula: CuGaS2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Yana Tzvetanova, Mihail Tarassov, Valentin Ganev, Iskra Piroeva (2018) Mineralogical control of REE and trace element distribution in the skarns from Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p182
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Kerestedjian, T. et al. (2007): Godlevskite Ni9S8 from Dobromirtsi, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria: First report for the country and genetic implications. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-28. (in Bulgarian with English abs.)
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Karov,C. & Dimitrov, I. (2004): A catalogue of the mineral species in the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia (KOSTOV 1993) (part 2) Silicates. Historia naturalis bulgarica. 16:7-45
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Grayite
Formula: (Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Zidarov, N., & Petrov, O. (2011) Grayite from Sredna Gora Pegmatites - First Find in Bulgaria. Comptes Rendus De L Academie Bulgare Des Sciences, 64(12), 1719-1726.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Marcus Voigt collection; R. Atanassova, R. D. Vassileva, M. Kadiyski, Z. Zlatev (2012): Crystallographic, chemical and structural characteristics of harmotome from Zlatolist, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Chemical Communications, 44 (Proceedings of the IIIrd National Crystallographic Symposium), 7-16.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
Formula: Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Reference: A. Piestrzynski (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. pp 925-928
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hemusite (TL)
Formula: Cu6SnMoS8
Type Locality:
Reference: AM 56 (1971), 1847; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Hercynite var: Chrompicotite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Huangite
Formula: Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hikov, C. A. (2004): Huangite and Minamiite from Petelovo Deposit, Central Srednogorie. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Bulgare des Sciences 57, 59-64.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
'Hydrotalcite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/sedznpb/show-sedznpb-xml.php?rec_id=67; Atanassov, V.A. and Kirov, G.N. (1973): Balkanite, Cu9Ag5HgS8, a new mineral from the Sedmochislenitsi mine, Bulgaria. American Mineralogist, 58, 11-15.; ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Atanasov, V. A. (1975). Argentian mercurian tetrahedrite, a new variety, from the Chiprovtsi ore deposit, Western Stara-Planina mountains, Bulgaria. Mineral. Mag, 40(11), 233-237.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/sedznpb/show-sedznpb-xml.php?rec_id=67
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Kiddcreekite
Formula: Cu6SnWS8
Reference: Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Kolfanite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (1999). GEOLOGY-18.-Arseniosiderite and Kolfanite from Zapachitsa Deposit, Western Balkan Mountain, Bulgaria. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademia na Naukite, 52(5-6), 65-68.
Kostovite (TL)
Formula: CuAuTe4
Type Locality:
Reference: Geol. Ore deposit (1966) no. 3, p. 37; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Vassileva, M., Dobrev, S., & Damyanov, Z. (2003). Comparative characteristics of endogenic kutnahorite from Ribnitsa deposit and exogenic kutnahorite from Kremikovtsi deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology ‘St. Ivan Rilski’, Part I. Geology and Geophysics, 46, 195-200.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Landesite
Formula: Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucoxene
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Reference: Todorov, T. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk 43(1), 87-90.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kunov, A., Tsintsov, Z., Banushev, B., Кунов, А., Здравко, Ц., & Бануш, Б. Listwaenite type wall-rock alterations in Bulgaria–peculiarities and gold ore perspectives Лиственитов тип околорудни изменения в България–особености и златорудна перспектива.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 32-33. ; Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Marcus Voigt collection
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Malachite var: Zincian Malachite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Reference: Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Manganilvaite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: I. K. Bonev et al.: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1027-1042 (2005); A. Piestrzynski (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. pp 925-928
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganogrunerite
Formula: ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: fibres and whiskers to 1 mm
Colour: white and pale beige
Description: Vassileva and Bonev (2001) provides microprobe data corresponding to: K0.039(Mn1.576Ca0.284Na0.136)1.996(Mg2.216Fe2+2.487Mn2+0.18Al0.116)5(Si7.989Al0.011)8O22(OH)2
Reference: Vassileva, Rossitza D. , Bonev Ivan K. (2001):Manganoan amphiboles from the skarn-ore Pb-Zn deposits in the Madan district, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 38, pp 45-58
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Kostov et al :Minerals of Bulgaria (1964); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Kerestedjian, T. et al. (2007): Godlevskite Ni9S8 from Dobromirtsi, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria: First report for the country and genetic implications. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-28. (in Bulgarian with English abs.)
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Atanasov, V. and Lavrentiev, Yu. (1973) New occurrence of mackinstryite. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo, 34, 309-320 (in Bulgarian).; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Atanassov, V.A. and Kirov, G.N. (1973): Balkanite, Cu9Ag5HgS8, a new mineral from the Sedmochislenitsi mine, Bulgaria. American Mineralogist, 58, 11-15.; ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Tzvetanova, Y., Titorenkova, R., Piroeva, I., Цветанова, Я., Титоренкова, Р., & Пироева, И. Melilite from skarns, Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria Мелилит от скарни, Звездел-Пчелоядско рудно поле, Източни Родопи, България.; Yana Tzvetanova, Mihail Tarassov, Valentin Ganev, Iskra Piroeva (2018) Mineralogical control of REE and trace element distribution in the skarns from Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p182
'Melnikovite'
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Reference: Atanasov, V. A. (1975). Argentian mercurian tetrahedrite, a new variety, from the Chiprovtsi ore deposit, Western Stara-Planina mountains, Bulgaria. Mineral. Mag, 40(11), 233-237.
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.; Tarkian, M., Hünken, U., Tokmakchieva, M., and Bogdanov, K. (2003) Precious-metal distribution and fluid-inclusion petrography of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 38, 261–281.
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
Merwinite
Formula: Ca3Mg(SiO4)2
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Miharaite
Formula: Cu4FePbBiS6
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Kostov et al :Minerals of Bulgaria (1964); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; Tarkian, M., Hünken, U., Tokmakchieva, M., and Bogdanov, K. (2003) Precious-metal distribution and fluid-inclusion petrography of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 38, 261–281.
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Mladenova, V., Apostolova, R., & Ivanov, Z. (2017). Epithermal intermediate-sulfidation veins in the low-grade metamorphic rocks in the upper levels of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 78.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 357-361
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natroalunite-2c'
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hikov, C. A. (2004): Huangite and Minamiite from Petelovo Deposit, Central Srednogorie. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Bulgare des Sciences 57, 59-64.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Nekrasovite
Formula: Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
Ningyoite
Formula: CaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Bonev, I.K. (1993) Non-equilibrium highly anisometric crystals and whiskers of galena. Mineralogical Magazine, 57 (issue 387), 231-240.
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Habit: complex aggregates built by packets of fine platy crystals flattened on {0001}; sub-parallel aggregates of long prismatic crystals ending with sharp rhombohedra, which have faces c{0001}, m{1010}and a{1120}; clusters of needle prismatic crystals terminated by very sharp rhombohedra; spherulite aggregates with radiate fibrous structure.
Colour: pale yellow
Fluorescence: weak dark red under UV = 366 nm, more brightly brownish red under UV = 254 nm.
Description: Mn-, Ca-, and Fe-bearing varieties occur.
Reference: Zidarov, N., Petrov, O., Tarassov, M., Damyanov, Z., Tarassova, E., Petkova, V., Kalvachev, Y., and Zlatev, Z. (2009) Mn-rich norsethite from the Kremikovtsi ore deposit, Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 186(3), 321-331.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite var: Zincian Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Chemie der Erde, 23, 1964, 4, 248-258
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Opal var: Milk Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Opal var: Wood Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Kerestedjian, T. et al. (2007): Godlevskite Ni9S8 from Dobromirtsi, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria: First report for the country and genetic implications. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-28. (in Bulgarian with English abs.)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. (1995): Osarizawaite - new mineral for Bulgaria. Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk. 48, 47-50.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: Страшимиров, С., Добрев, С., Приставова, С., & Василева, М. (2009). Рудна минерализация и петрографски особености на златосъдържащо рудопроявление Доброселец (участък Могилите), Сакарски руден район. Год. МГУ “Св. Иван Рилски, 52, 103-110.
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pararammelsbergite ?
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Paraschachnerite
Formula: Ag3Hg2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: V. Ivanova-Panayotova & M.Kanazirski (1995)
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Pilsenite ?
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
Reference: Kunov, A., Tsintsov, Z., Banushev, B., Кунов, А., Здравко, Ц., & Бануш, Б. Listwaenite type wall-rock alterations in Bulgaria–peculiarities and gold ore perspectives Лиственитов тип околорудни изменения в България–особености и златорудна перспектива.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Poitevinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Polybasite-Tac
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite (TL)
Formula: [K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Dyulgerov, M., Platevoet, B., Oberti, R., Kadiyski, M. and Rusanov, V. (2017) Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, IMA 2016-083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 35, February 2017, page 210; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 209–213.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
'Prassoite'
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
'Psilomelane'
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 95 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.
Pyrite var: Nickelian Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Тарасова, Е. Ni-Co-Fe сулфоарсениди и сулфиди и техните минерални парагенези от Звездел-Пчелоядското рудно поле, Източни Родопи.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.clmc.bas.bg/Annreps/ANNREP8/annrep8.htm.
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Quartz var: Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.clmc.bas.bg/Annreps/ANNREP8/annrep8.htm.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
'Rezbanyite (of Frenzel)'
Formula: Pb3Cu2Bi10S19
Reference: Todorov, T. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk 43(1), 87-90.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_2.htm.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Tsonev, D., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Strashimirov, S. 2000. Radka ore field. In: Strashimirov, S., Popov, P. (Eds.), Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagyurishte Ore Region (Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria). ABCD-GEODE 2000 Workshop, Guide to excursions (A and C), 32-39.
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 357-361
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roscherite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Scapolite'
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Schirmerite'
Formula: PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Habit: individual rhombohedra; rosette-type isometric aggregates with short-rhombohedral crystals; isometric aggregates with long-prismatic crystals ending with sharp rhombohedron; open-work or flattened aggregates of long-prismatic crystals. Hexagonal prism, sharp rhombohedra (positive and negative) and pinacoid faces are developed in all the aggregates. One can observe sectorial zonal growth with clearly different morphology on the faces of the positive and negative rhombohedra under high magnification. The crystal size varies from 0.1 to 5 mm, among the biggest in the world for this mineral. The size of the aggregates varies from 1–2 to 5–10 mm, sometimes the mineral forms crusts, several millimeters thick.
Colour: yellowish green to dark oily green
Description: Discovered in October 2009, in the barite ore body (NE part of the open pit), level 508 of the Kremikovtsi deposit.
Reference: Petrov, P.M. and Pekov, I.V. (xxxx) Segnitite from Kremikovtsi Mine – a New Mineral for Bulgaria, 197-205. Sofia Initiative Preservation of Mineral Diversity.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 357-361
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Sphärosiderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Zidarov, N., Petrov, O., Tarassov, M., Damyanov, Z., Tarassova, E., Petkova, V., Kalvachev, Y., and Zlatev, Z. (2009) Mn-rich norsethite from the Kremikovtsi ore deposit, Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 186(3), 321-331.
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Mladenova, V., & Kerestedjian, T. (1997) A case of pyrite-küstelite intergrowth in Popsko deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology Sophia 32:29-33
Skinnerite
Formula: Cu3SbS3
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Sorosite
Formula: Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Součekite
Formula: PbCuBi(S,Se)3
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: International Mineralogical Association, 16th General Meeting, 4-9 September 1994, Pisa, Italy p165
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibiocolusite (TL)
Formula: Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Type Locality:
Reference: DAN,(1992) 324, n2, 411-414
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Strashimirite (TL)
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: ZVMO (1968) 97, 470-477
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tanteuxenite-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Svetoslav Petrussenko, Iliya Dimitrov, Kostadin Glushkov, Lubomir Metodiev (2007) A Wonderful World of Minerals (Minerals, Mineral Deposits and Localities from the Area of the Town of Chepelare). Fourth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp229-233
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Mladenova, V., Kerestedjian, T., & Dimitrova, D. (2003). The Govezhda gold deposit, Western Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria. Geochem., Mineral., Petrol, 40, 109-121.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Karov,C. & Dimitrov, I. (2004): A catalogue of the mineral species in the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia (KOSTOV 1993) (part 2) Silicates. Historia naturalis bulgarica. 16:7-45
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Vassileva, M. and Ruskov, K. (2007) Ca-phyllomanganate (rancieite) from the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology "St. Ivan Rilski", vol. 50, Part I, Geology and Geophysics, 29-36.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., Popov, K. (2004): Mineral assemblages and genesis of the Cu-Au epithermal deposits in the southern part of the Panagyurishte ore district, Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, April 2004.; Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection; Kostov et al (1964) Minerals of Bulgaria
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: http://www.geologija-revija.si/dokument.aspx?id=231
'UM1974-07-S:AgBiCu'
Formula: Ag3Cu3Bi2S6
Reference: Kolkovski, B.G., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1974): Bismuth sulfosalts from the Vurli Bryag copper deposit, Burgas. Minerogenezis (Bulg. Acad. Sci.): 419-436 (in Bulgarian, with English summary); in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1978): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 427
'UM1974-09-S:BiCuPb'
Formula: CuPbBi7S12
Reference: Kolkovski B, Bogdanov , Borodaev Y, Naidenova E, Eskenazi G. (2003): Bismuth mineralization in the Vurli Bryag deposit, Burgas ore district. Ann Sof. Univ., 95, 1-xx (in Bulgarian).
'UM1979-17-S:BiCuFe' (FRL)
Formula: ~Cu18Fe4BiS16
Type Locality:
Reference: Am.Min. 70,879(1985)[abstract]
'UM1980-08-S:ClPbSb'
Formula: Pb3Sb8S14Cl4.5
Reference: Breskovska, V.V., Mozgova, N.N., Bortnikov, N.S., Tsepin, A.I. (1980): Chlorine-bearing sulfosalts from the Madjarovo polymetallic deposit, Bulgaria. International Mineralog. Assoc., llth Session, Novosibirsk, Sulfosalts Vol.: 83-89 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Fleischer, M., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 1333
'UM1980-09-S:ClPbSb'
Formula: Pb7Sb8S16Cl3.4
Reference: Breskovska, V.V., Mozgova, N.N., Bortnikov, N.S., Tsepin, A.I. (1980): Chlorine-bearing sulfosalts from the Madjarovo polymetallic deposit, Bulgaria. International Mineralog. Assoc., llth Session, Novosibirsk, Sulfosalts Vol.: 83-89 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Fleischer, M., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 1333
'UM1980-10-S:ClPbSb'
Formula: Pb2Sb2S4.76Cl0.31
Reference: Breskovska, V.V., Mozgova, N.N., Bortnikov, N.S., Tsepin, A.I. (1980): Chlorine-bearing sulfosalts from the Madjarovo polymetallic deposit, Bulgaria. International Mineralog. Assoc., llth Session, Novosibirsk, Sulfosalts Vol.: 83-89 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Fleischer, M., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 1333
'UM1984-39-SiO:U'
Formula: U3SiO8
Reference: Simova, F.G. (1984): Uranosilicate phases of homological order pitchblende-cofrnite in the Balkan metalloogenic zone. Doklady Bulgarskoi Akad. Nauk: 37: 1359-1361; in: Dunn, P.J., Volker, G., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 70: 439
'UM1985-27-SiO:FeU'
Formula: U4FeSi3O15
Reference: Simova, F.G. (1985): Uranium-iron-silicate phases from the Balkan metallogenic zone and the Lenz im Kaltenegg (Styria, Austria) deposit. Doklady Bolg. Akad. Nauk: 38: ll7l-1174; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 933
'UM1985-28-SiO:FeU'
Formula: U5Fe2Si5O22
Reference: Simova, F.G. (1985): Uranium-iron-silicate phases from the Balkan metallogenic zone and the Lenz im Kaltenegg (Styria, Austria) deposit. Doklady Bolg. Akad. Nauk: 38: ll7l-1174; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 933
'UM1985-29-SiO:FeU'
Formula: U4Fe5Si4O21
Reference: Simova, F.G. (1985): Uranium-iron-silicate phases from the Balkan metallogenic zone and the Lenz im Kaltenegg (Styria, Austria) deposit. Doklady Bolg. Akad. Nauk: 38: ll7l-1174; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 933
'UM1986-36-S:AsCuFeGe'
Formula: Cu11Fe4GeAsS16
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Tsonev, D., Breskovskaya, V.V., Malov, V.S., Troneva, N.V. (1986): New data on the mineralogy of copper-pyrite deposits ofthe central Sredne Gory, Bulgaria. In: Metasomatism, mineralogy, and problems of genesis of gold and silver deposits in volcanic strata, pp. 91-109, Nauka, Moscow (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 444
'UM1990-31-S:AgCuFe'
Formula: (Cu,Ag,Fe)6S4
Reference: Todorov, T.A. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulphosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolg. Akad. Nauk: 43(1): 87-90; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 674
'UM1992-39-Te:AgNiPd'
Formula: (Pd,Ag,Ni)3Te4
Reference: Petrunov, R., Dragov, P., Ignatov, G., Neykov, H., Iliev, Ts., Vasileva, N., Tsatsov, V., Djunakov, S., Doncheva, K. (1992): Hydrothermal PGE mineralization in the Elacite porphyry copper deposit (the Sredna Gora metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Doklady Bulg. Akad. Nauk.: 45(4):37-40; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212 Smith, D.G.W., Nickel, E.H. (2007): A System of Codification for Unnamed Minerals: Report of the SubCom
'UM1992-40-Te:CuPd'
Formula: (Pd,Cu)2Te3
Reference: Petrunov, R., Dragov, P., Ignatov, G., Neykov, H., Iliev, Ts., Vasileva, N., Tsatsov, V., Djunakov, S., Doncheva, K. (1992): Hydrothermal PGE mineralization in the Elacite porphyry copper deposit (the Sredna Gora metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Doklady Bulg. Akad. Nauk.: 45(4):37-40; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212 Smith, D.G.W., Nickel, E.H. (2007): A System of Codification for Unnamed Minerals: Report of the SubCom
'Unnamed (Cu-Pb-Bi Sulphide)'
Formula: Cu7Pb7Bi9S24
Reference: Kolkovski B, Bogdanov , Borodaev Y, Naidenova E, Eskenazi G. (2003): Bismuth mineralization in the Vurli Bryag deposit, Burgas ore district. Ann Sof. Univ., 95, 1-xx (in Bulgarian).
'Unnamed (Cu-Pb-Bi Sulphide II)'
Formula: Pb4Cu4Bi10S21
Reference: Kolkovski, B.G., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1974): Bismuth sulfosalts from the Vurli Bryag copper deposit, Burgas. Minerogenezis (Bulg. Acad. Sci.): 419-436 (in Bulgarian, with English summary); in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1978): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 427
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 987.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vasilite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Type Locality:
Reference: Atanasov, A.V. (1990). "Vasilite (PdCu)16(STe)17 a new mineral species from Novoseltsi Bulgaria." Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3),pp:687-690.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vernadite
Formula: (Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vikingite ?
Formula: Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Vinciennite
Formula: Cu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: Tsonev, D., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Strashimirov, S. 2000. Radka ore field. In: Strashimirov, S., Popov, P. (Eds.), Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagyurishte Ore Region (Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria). ABCD-GEODE 2000 Workshop, Guide to excursions (A and C), 32-39.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Reference: J. Mincheva-Stefanova & I. Kostov (1994): Weddellite - a mineral new to Bulgaria. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Bulgare des Sciences, 47, 69-72.
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
'White mica'
Reference: Milen Stavrev, Atanas Hikov, Irena Peytcheva, Elitsa Stefanova (2018) Geochemical features of the magmatic-hydrothermal system near village of Babyak, Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria): links between the hydrothermal alterations and related ore mineralization. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p314
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'Wollastonite-2M'
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Yana Tzvetanova, Mihail Tarassov, Valentin Ganev, Iskra Piroeva (2018) Mineralogical control of REE and trace element distribution in the skarns from Zvezdel-Pcheloyad ore deposit, Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. XXI International Congress of the CBGA, Salzburg, Austria, September 10–13, 2018, Abstracts. p182
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Mihail Tarassov, Eugenia Tarassova, Irena Peytcheva1, Albrecht von Quadt (2004) Th-U-Pb ELECTRON MICROPROBE AGE DATING OF MONAZITE FROM IGRALISHTE AND KLISSURA GRANITES: PRELIMINARY DATA. BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Annual Scientific Conference “Geology 2004” 16 – 17.12.2004
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
'Zeolite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Paraschachnerite1.AD.15aAg3Hg2
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Ferroan Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Fe)
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Sorosite1.AC.15Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Alacránite2.FA.20As8S9
Aleksite2.GC.40aPbBi2Te2S2
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Ardaite (TL)2.LB.30Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aschamalmite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Balkanite (TL)2.BD.15Cu9Ag5HgS8
Benjaminite2.JA.05eAg3Bi7S12
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Buckhornite2.HB.20bAuPb2BiTe2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
var: Argentian Covellite2.CA.05a(Cu,Ag)S
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Cupropolybasite2.GB.15[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Duranusite2.FA.05As4S
Dyscrasite ?2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
var: Argentian Enargite2.KA.05(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Eskebornite2.CB.10aCuFeSe2
Eskimoite2.JB.40bAg7Pb10Bi15S36
Eucairite2.BA.50AgCuSe
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Fizélyite2.JB.40aAg5Pb14Sb21S48
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Friedrichite2.HB.05aPb5Cu5Bi7S18
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gallite2.CB.10aCuGaS2
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Goldfieldite2.GB.05Cu10Te4S13
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Guanajuatite2.DB.05Bi2Se3
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Hammarite2.HB.05aPb2Cu2Bi4S9
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hemusite (TL)2.CB.35aCu6SnMoS8
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Junoite2.JB.25aCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Kiddcreekite2.CB.35aCu6SnWS8
Kostovite (TL)2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Lindströmite2.HB.05aPb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Malanite2.DA.05Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Miharaite2.LB.05Cu4FePbBiS6
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Montbrayite2.DB.20(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nekrasovite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Pararammelsbergite ?2.EB.10eNiAs2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pekoite2.HB.05aPbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite ?2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
var: Nickelian Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Ni)S2
Pyrostilpnite2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Schapbachite2.JA.15Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
'Schirmerite'2.JB.40dPbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skinnerite2.GA.20Cu3SbS3
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Součekite2.GA.50PbCuBi(S,Se)3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibiocolusite (TL)2.CB.30Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
'UM1979-17-S:BiCuFe' (TL)2.GB.15~Cu18Fe4BiS16
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Vasilite (TL)2.BC.25(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Vikingite ?2.JB.40aAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Vinciennite2.CB.35aCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vulcanite2.CB.75CuTe
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesàrolite4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Cuproroméite4.DH.20Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Chrompicotite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Hydrohetaerolite'4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Milk Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Quartzine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tanteuxenite-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vernadite4.FE.40(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baylissite5.CB.45K2Mg(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'5.DA.45Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
var: Zincian Malachite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Sphärosiderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Apjohnite7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bianchite7.CB.25(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bonattite7.CB.10CuSO4 · 3H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Godovikovite7.AC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Huangite7.BC.10Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6