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Deer Hills, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 42' 57'' North , 3° 3' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.71601,-3.06502
GeoHash:G#: gctz628pg
UK National Grid Reference:NY314362
Locality type:Group of Hills
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


An old working on the Deer Hills Quartz vein outcrop.

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 307 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 403 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 183 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
'Agardite'
Reference: Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
'Apatite Group'
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 48-50.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 48-50.
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 48-50.
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Reference: Symes, R. F., Wirth, M. & Young, B. (1990): Schultenite from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: the first British occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 55, 659.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cesàrolite'4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Scotlandite'4.JE.20PbSO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Susannite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Chenite'7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Adamite'8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
'Agardite-(La)'8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Carminite'8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Pharmacosiderite'8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Philipsburgite'8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Schultenite'8.AD.30Pb(HAsO4)
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Mattheddleite'9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Schultenite37.1.2.1Pb(HAsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Apatite Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S PyriteFeS2
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
AsArsenic
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2033368
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.

Localities in this Region
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