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Tongkuangyu Cu deposit, Zhongtiaoshan ore field, Yuanqu Co., Yuncheng, Shanxi, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Tongkuangyu Cu depositDeposit
Zhongtiaoshan ore fieldOre Field
Yuanqu Co.County
YunchengPrefecture
ShanxiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):铜矿峪铜矿床, 中条山矿田, 垣曲县, 运城市, 山西省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 19' North , 111° 40' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.31667,111.66667
GeoHash:G#: wqr2vj1nm
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Dwa : Monsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate


Metamorphic porphyry copper deposit, related to an altered potassic volcanic complex and hosted in Precambrian metamorphic rocks. In addition to common features of porphyry copper deposits, it is characterized by a stratabound nature of the ore-bearing rocks.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Deyin Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
'Biotite'
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Deyin Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Deyin Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Deyin Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244
'Hornblende'
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Deyin Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
'Scapolite'
Reference: Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34; Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13; Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Carrollite'2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brannerite'4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Scapolite'-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S MilleriteNiS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
NbNiobium
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Rhyacian : 2109 Ma to 2076 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Rhyacian
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2076 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2109 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3187219
Neoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Zhongtiaoshan Non-Ferrous Metals Company (1976): Genesis of the Tongkuangyu copper deposit, Shanxi Province. Geology and Prospecting 12(3), 31-34 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zemin Huangfu and Yan Shi (1976): Preliminary summary of the metallogenic characteristics of the Bizigou-type stratabound copper deposits in Zhongtiaoshan. Geology and Prospecting 12(4), 19-27 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Fan, P.-F. (1984): Geologic setting of selected copper deposits of China. Economic Geology 79, 1785-1795.
Deyin Wang (1986): Brannerite in quartz-carbonate veins, Zhongtiaoshan, Shanxi Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(3), 238-244.
Ge, C., Sun, H., and Zhou, T. (1990): Copper deposits of China, in: Mineral deposits of China, vol. 1, Geological Publishing House, Beijing, p. 1-106.
Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): The "four generations in one" metallogenic model of the Zhongtiaoshan copper deposits. Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chen, W., and Tang, Z. (1993): The relationship between the formation of the copper-molybdenum deposits and the crustal evolution in China. Resource Geology Special Issue 15, 19-30.
Zhang, H., Pei, R., and Wu, L. (1993): Evolution of the porphyry copper deposits from Proterozoic to Cenozoic Era in China. Proceedings of the 29th International Geological Congress 1992, Mineral Resources Symposia Volume A, Resource Geology Special Issue 15, 55-65.
Chen, W., Zhang, C., Lu, J., Dang, Z., Li, S., Cui, W., Ning, Y., and Cao, Y. (1998): Polygenetic mineralization of the Early Proterozoic Tongkuangyu meta-porphyry copper deposit in the Zhongtiao Mountains, Shanxi province. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(2), 154-168.
Yongsheng Hu (2000): Mineralization and ore prognosis of the Tongkuangyu meta-porphyry copper deposit. Mineral Deposits 19(1), 46-53 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Rui, Z., Wang, L., and Wang, Y. (2002): Porphyry copper deposit models in China. Workshop on Assessing Undiscovered Mineral Resources, June 24-28, Beijing, China, China Geological Survey and U.S. Geological Survey, pp. 42-52.
Zhian Qin and Keqin Xue (2003): Geological features and copper deposit types in Zhongtiao mountains. Geological Survey and Research 26(2), 108-113.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.


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