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Colombiai
Regional Level Types
ColombiaCountry

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Name in French:Colombie
Name in German:Kolumbien
Name in Italian:Colombia
Name in Russian:Колумбия
Name in Simplified Chinese:哥伦比亚
Name in Spanish:Colombia
Name in Afrikaans:Colombia
Name in Albanian:Kolumbia
Name in Arabic:كولومبيا
Name in Belarusian:Калумбія
Name in Bulgarian:Колумбия
Name in Catalan:Colòmbia
Name in Czech:Kolumbie
Name in Danish:Colombia
Name in Dutch:Colombia
Name in Estonian:Colombia
Name in Farsi/Persian:کلمبیا
Name in Finnish:Kolumbia
Name in Galician:Colombia
Name in Greek:Κολομβία
Name in Hebrew:קולומביה
Name in Hindi:कोलम्बिया
Name in Hungarian:Kolumbia
Name in Icelandic:Kólumbía
Name in Indonesian:Kolombia
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Cholóim
Name in Japanese:コロンビア
Name in Korean:콜롬비아
Name in Latvian:Kolumbija
Name in Lithuanian:Kolumbija
Name in Macedonian:Колумбија
Name in Norwegian:Colombia
Name in Polish:Kolumbia
Name in Portuguese:Colômbia
Name in Romanian:Columbia
Name in Serbian:Колумбија
Name in Slovak:Kolumbia
Name in Slovenian:Kolumbija
Name in Swahili:Kolombia
Name in Swedish:Colombia
Name in Tagalog:Colombia
Name in Thai:ประเทศโคลอมเบีย
Name in Turkish:Kolombiya
Name in Ukrainian:Колумбія
Name in Vietnamese:Colombia
Name in Welsh:Colombia
Area:1,141,748 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bogotá7,674,366 (2016)
Cali2,392,877 (2016)
Medellín1,999,979 (2016)
Barranquilla1,380,425 (2017)
Cartagena952,024 (2018)
Cúcuta721,398 (2016)


Colombia is subdivided into 32 departments (Spanish: departamentos) and a Capital District. These are made up of 1,119 municipalities (Spanish: municipios).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

133 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine (FRL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Type Locality:
Reference: Tassinari, C.C.G., Pinzon, F.D., and Buena Ventura, J. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 505-518.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce) ?
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Manuela Zeug, Andrés Ignacio, Rodríguez Vargas, Lutz Nasdala (2017): Spectroscopic study of inclusions in gem corundum from Mercaderes, Cauca, Colombia. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 44, 221-233.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Dana (1890) A system of mineralogy: descriptive mineralogy 11tht ed.
'Amber'
Reference: Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
Babingtonite ?
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke specimen
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Trapiche emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Böhmite ?
Formula: AlO(OH)
Description: Inclusions in corundum
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Overstreet, William C., 1967, The Geologic Occurrence of Monazite, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 530, p. 292.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Reference: Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Colour: brown
Description: Three grains of brown dolomite were analyzed (2017) on a SEM-EDS and all three returned the same composition: (Mg0.49Ca0.48Fe0.03)2(CO3)2
Reference: Jeremie Pfister Collection
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Manuela Zeug, Andrés Ignacio, Rodríguez Vargas, Lutz Nasdala (2017): Spectroscopic study of inclusions in gem corundum from Mercaderes, Cauca, Colombia. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 44, 221-233.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Overstreet, William C., 1967, The Geologic Occurrence of Monazite, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 530, p. 292.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'
Reference: Lopez-Rendon, J. E. (2015). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Cerro Matoso nickeliferous laterite, Córdoba, Colombia (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Libraries).
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
'Glass'
Reference: Trigo-Rodríguez, J.M. et al. (2009) The Cali meteorite fall: A new H/L chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(2): 211-220. (Feb 2009).
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Benjamin LeRoy Miller, Joseph Theophilus Singewald (1924) The mineral deposits of South America. McGraw Hill 598pp
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123
'Hornblende'
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Locality: Boyacá Department, Colombia - erroneously reported
Description: See message - https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,9,446817,446817#msg-446817
Reference: John Rakovan--see photo 875255; https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,9,446817,446817#msg-446817
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II, Ph.D., P.G. My collection. Quantitative SEM/EDS. Purchased David Burgess collection
Iridium var: Ruthenosmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Connolly Jr., H.C. et al. (2008). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 93, 2008 March. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (3): 571-632. (March 2008).; Trigo-Rodríguez, J.M. et al. (2009) The Cali meteorite fall: A new H/L chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(2): 211-220. (Feb 2009).
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Connolly Jr., H.C. et al. (2008). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 93, 2008 March. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (3): 571-632. (March 2008).; Trigo-Rodríguez, J.M. et al. (2009) The Cali meteorite fall: A new H/L chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(2): 211-220. (Feb 2009).
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Overstreet, William C., 1967, The Geologic Occurrence of Monazite, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 530, p. 292.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Journal of Molecular Structure Volume 788, Issues 1-3, 8 May 2006, Pages 115-125
Metavariscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 769.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Overstreet, William C., 1967, The Geologic Occurrence of Monazite, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 530, p. 292.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Clay Min 32:425 (1997)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Milk Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Daniel S Yunis
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Alba Nury, et al (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R5-P03; Alba Nury Gallego Hernández and Masahide Akasaka (2010): Ag-rich Tetrahedrite in the El Zancudo Deposit, Colombia: Occurrence, Chemical Compositions and Genetic Temperatures. Resource Geology 60, 218-233.; Hernández, Alba Nury Gallego; Akasaka, Masahide (2007): Silver-bearing and associated minerals in El Zancudo deposit, Antioquia, Colombia. Resource Geology 57, 386-399.; Gallego, A. N., Akasaka, M., & Nakamuta, Y. (2009). Pb-Ag-Sb sulfosalts from the El Zancudo deposit, Colombia: Especially for andorite and owyheeite. 日本鉱物科学会年会講演要旨集, 2009(0), 139-139.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Tistl, M. (1994). Geochemistry of platinum-group elements of the zoned ultramafic Alto Condoto complex, northwest Colombia. Economic Geology, 89(1), 158-167.
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Description: Occurs in intensely folded, carbonaceous shale beds.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 284; NJMM (1992), 258; Lapis 12 (1994), 8; Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 771.
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 876.
'Pimelite'
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
Platinum (TL)
Formula: Pt
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 15, pp.59-69 (1977); Mitchell, G. E. (1923). Platinum. Scientific American, 128(6), 368-369.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Clay Min 32:425 (1997)
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: For pyroxene composition we use the Trigo-Rodríguez et al. (2009) results.
Reference: Connolly Jr., H.C. et al. (2008). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 93, 2008 March. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (3): 571-632. (March 2008).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Daniel S. Yunis specimen
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213; Lopez-Rendon, J. E. (2015). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Cerro Matoso nickeliferous laterite, Córdoba, Colombia (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Libraries).
Rectorite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Clay Min 32:425 (1997)
Rhodium
Formula: (Rh,Pt)
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II, Ph.D., P.G. My collection. Quantitative SEM/EDS. Purchased David Burgess collection
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Reference: Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Singewand, Q.D. (1950) Minerals Resources of Colombia (other than Petroleum). United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey Bulletin 964-B, 204 pages.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213; Lopez-Rendon, J. E. (2015). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Cerro Matoso nickeliferous laterite, Córdoba, Colombia (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Libraries).
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213; Lopez-Rendon, J. E. (2015). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Cerro Matoso nickeliferous laterite, Córdoba, Colombia (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Libraries).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213; Lopez-Rendon, J. E. (2015). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Cerro Matoso nickeliferous laterite, Córdoba, Colombia (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University. Libraries).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Daniel S Yunis
Sorosite
Formula: Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stistaite
Formula: SnSb
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Trigo-Rodríguez, J.M. et al. (2009) The Cali meteorite fall: A new H/L chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(2): 211-220. (Feb 2009).
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1197-1213
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Alba Nury Gallego and Masahide Akasaka (2005) Mineralogical study of El Zancudo silver-gold deposit, Antioquia, Colombia; JAMP, 2005.
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Trigo-Rodríguez, J.M. et al. (2009) The Cali meteorite fall: A new H/L chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(2): 211-220. (Feb 2009).
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of Molecular Structure Volume 788, Issues 1-3, 8 May 2006, Pages 115-125
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Variscite var: Ferrian Variscite
Formula: (Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
'Viterbite'
Reference: Chukhrov, F. V., Rudnitskay, Y. S., Moleva, V. A., & Yermilova, L. P. (1967). Phosphate allophanes. International Geology Review, 9(2), 154-158.
'Wad'
Reference: Benjamin LeRoy Miller, Joseph Theophilus Singewald (1924) The mineral deposits of South America. McGraw Hill 598pp
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:106-123
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Ruthenosmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum (TL)1.AF.10Pt
Rhodium1.AF.10(Rh,Pt)
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sorosite1.AC.15Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stistaite2.AA.45SnSb
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Böhmite ?4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Milk Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Dewindtite8.EC.10H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metavariscite8.CD.05AlPO4 · 2H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
var: Ferrian Variscite8.CD.10(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine (TL)9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce) ?9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Babingtonite ?9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Trapiche emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rectorite9.EC.60(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine ?10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Parisite'-
'Pimelite'-Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Viterbite'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum (TL)1.2.1.1Pt
Rhodium1.2.1.3(Rh,Pt)
Rutheniridosmine1.2.2.3(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stistaite1.3.1.5SnSb
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Cuprorhodsite2.10.1.16(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Owyheeite3.5.10.1Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite ?6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Metavariscite40.4.3.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dewindtite42.9.8.1H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine ?50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce) ?58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite ?65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
'Pimelite'71.3.1b.5Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Rectorite71.4.2.7(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine (FRL)
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Trapiche emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Ruthenosmiridium-(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Milk Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
'Parisite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Blue Quartz
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sorosite-Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Variscite
var: Ferrian Variscite
-(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
'Viterbite'-
'Wad'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
H Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Variscite (var: Ferrian Variscite)(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
H MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
CCarbon
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
O Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BaryteBaSO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Variscite (var: Ferrian Variscite)(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
O MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O RutileTiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
FFluorine
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Variscite (var: Ferrian Variscite)(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
Al MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Variscite (var: Ferrian Variscite)(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
P MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S PyriteFeS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S LauriteRuS2
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S CooperitePtS
S Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
S Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
S StibniteSb2S3
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
S TroiliteFeS
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Variscite (var: Ferrian Variscite)(Al,Fe)PO4 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Fe TulameenitePt2CuFe
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe IronFe
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
NiNickel
Ni PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Cu TulameenitePt2CuFe
Cu CopperCu
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru Iridium (var: Ruthenosmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
Ru Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ru Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
RhRhodium
Rh Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Rh Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Rh Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Ag SilverAg
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Ag OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
SnTin
Sn StistaiteSnSb
Sn TinSn
Sn SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
SbAntimony
Sb StistaiteSnSb
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Sb SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Sb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
OsOsmium
Os Iridium (var: Ruthenosmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
Os Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Os Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
IrIridium
Ir Iridium (var: Ruthenosmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Ir Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Pt Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Pt TulameenitePt2CuFe
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Pb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
UUranium
U Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
U Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nichols, H.W. (1895) The Ores of Colombia from Mines in Operation in 1892. Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series, Vol. 1, xx pp.
Angulo Carmona, R. (Ed.) (1978) Recursos minerales de Colombia. Publicaciones geologicas especiales del Ingeominas, no. 1, Ministerio de Minas y Energia, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geologico-Mineras, Bogota, 544 pp.
Wacaster, S. (2014). The mineral industry of Colombia. US Geological Survey, 8.1-8.8. [https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2014/myb3-2014-co.pdf]

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