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Grains Gill, Mungrisdale, Eden, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Grains GillRiver Valley
MungrisdaleCivil Parish
EdenDistrict
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
54° 41' 8'' North , 3° 2' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
NY324328
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Grains Gill is the name of the valley that Grains Gill Beck runs through.

Note on the mineral list:

Carpholite and several other species supposedly collected here in the 1950s and 1960s by Arthur Kingsbury (1906-1968) are now considered unlikely. This is one of a number of likely or definitely falsified Kingsbury localities.

Note: Kingsbury and Hartley occasionally refer to the Carrock mine site as "Grainsgill" (Cooper & Stanley, 1990).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite ?
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Habit: minute crystals and compact patches in quartz stringers in the greisen.
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Kitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Alunite ?
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference to a ferrian variety. Kingsbury & Hartley (1958): "pale yellowish-buff, fine-grained, earthy, ferriferous."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.
Ankerite ?
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Habit: drusy, slightly botryoidal aggregates of minute scales
Colour: brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury and Hartley (1957): "drusy, slightly botryoidal aggregates of minute, brown, glistening scales coating quartz and arsenopyrite."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499-500.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Kitchen, C. S. (1934). The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.
Beudantite ?
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Colour: brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury and Hartley (1960): brown, powdery aggregates in gossany material from near the intersection of an east-west 'lead-vein' with the north-south Emerson vein of the 'granitic' suite."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.
Bismuth ?
Formula: Bi
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, pp. 296-300.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, pp. 296-300.
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Habit: minute acicular crystals or fibres, tufts or wool-like aggregates, or small fibrous patches.
Colour: dark grey
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Carpholite ?
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Habit: thin, fibrous, radiating aggregates
Colour: pale, almost cream yellow
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury & Hartley (1957): "thin, fibrous-radiating aggregates in joints in white vein-quartz, specimens collected being derived almost certainly from the Emerson vein of the Carrock Wolfram Mine. In contrast to its more usual deep straw- or wax-yellow colour, the Grains Gill mineral is of a pale, almost cream yellow, and until the quartz is broken appears merely as a faint yellowish staining."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.; [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Chalcopyrite ?
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Roberts, D.E. (1983) Metasomatism and the formation of greisen in Grainsgill, Cumbria, England. Geological Journal, 18, 43-52.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Roberts, 1983).
Cosalite ?
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Habit: minute tufts, rarely exceeding 3-4 mm., of capillary fibres; single fibres up to 1 1/2 cm; small compact fibrous patches.
Colour: steel grey; very dark grey, often showing a bluish or yellowish tarnish.
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.; Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.; Firman, R.J. (1978) Epigenetic mineralization in the Lake District, pp. 226-241 in Moseley (Ed.) (1978).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall, 1910, Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915, and Firman, 1978).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kitchen, C. S. (1934). The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.
Galena ?
Formula: PbS
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: No reference listed
'Grünlingite' ?
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, pp. 296-300.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: No reference listed
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Habit: minute acicular crystals or fibres, tufts or wool-like aggregates, or small fibrous patches.
Colour: dark grey
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury & Hartley (1958): "crusts of very small golden-yellow to brown crystals on white vein-quartz from the 'granitic' suite of veins; it is associated with pale yellowish-buff, fine-grained, earthy ferriferous alunite (B.M. 1956, 76; 1958, 43)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958).
Molybdenite ?
Formula: MoS2
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Roberts, D.E. (1983) Metasomatism and the formation of greisen in Grainsgill, Cumbria, England. Geological Journal, 18, 43-52.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978 and Roberts, 1983).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kitchen, C. S. (1934). The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Kitchen, C. S. (1934). The Skiddaw Granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 90(1-4), 158-200.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Scheelite ?
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Description: Kingsbury reference
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726 (referring to molybdenite, scheelite and wolframite "in and near Grainsgill").
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499-500.
Sphalerite ?
Formula: ZnS
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
Stibnite ?
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: No reference listed
Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Habit: stout hexagonal prisms with basal planes.
Colour: pale buff to whitish and almost colourless.
Description: slightly arsenical.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295.
'Wolframite' ?
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726 (referring to molybdenite, scheelite and wolframite "in and near Grainsgill").; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Dawson, J. and Harrison, R.K. (1966) Uraninite in the Greinsgill greisen, Cumberland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 91.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Dawson & Harrison, 1966).
Zinkenite ?
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Habit: minute acicular crystals or fibres, tufts or wool-like aggregates, or small fibrous patches.
Colour: dark grey
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 296-300.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, vol. 1 (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/zinkenite.pdf states the occurrence of zinkenite at Carrock Fell, but not specifically from Grainsgill).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth ?1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite ?2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Boulangerite ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcopyrite ?2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite ?2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena ?2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Molybdenite ?2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite ?2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite ?2.DB.05Sb2S3
Zinkenite ?2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite ?5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite ?7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite ?7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Beudantite ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Scorodite ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Carpholite ?9.DB.05Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite' ?-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth ?1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena ?2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite ?2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite ?2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite ?2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite ?2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite ?3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite ?3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite ?3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite ?14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite ?30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite ?48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Carpholite ?65.1.5.1Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite' ?-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BrookiteTiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S StibniteSb2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibniteSb2S3
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lysons, D. and Lysons, S. (1816) Magna Brittania; being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain. Vol. 4 Cumberland. Cadell and Davies, London, 200 pp. ["beryl from "Caldew Beck"" is probably "apatite from Grainsgill" - Cooper & Stanley, 1990].
Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.
Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.
Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726 (referring to molybdenite, scheelite, and wolframite "in and near Grainsgill", possibly meaning the Carrock mine).
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 502.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.
Dawson, J. and Harrison, R.K. (1966) Uraninite in the Greinsgill greisen, Cumberland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 91.
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Firman, R.J. (1978) Epigenetic mineralization in the Lake District, pp. 226-241 in Moseley (Ed.) (1978).
Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.
Moseley, F. (Ed.) (1978) The geology of the Lake District. Yorkshire Geological Society. Occasional Publication No. 3. viv, 284 pp.
Roberts, D.E. (1983) Metasomatism and the formation of greisen in Grainsgill, Cumbria, England. Geological Journal, 18, 43-52.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) A.W.G. Kingsbury's specimens of British minerals. Part 1: some examples of falsified localities. Journal of the Russell Society, 7(2).

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