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Ingray Gill, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 43' 13'' North , 3° 4' 33'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.72041,-3.07600
GeoHash:G#: gctz6181e
UK National Grid Reference:NY307367
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Cooper & Stanley (1990):

"Near the head of this shallow gill there are two old levels driven north and south of the gill on an almost N-S vein; both are still open but of no great extent. Ingray Gill was included in the Hay Gill mining sett and the levels were probably driven in the nineteenth century. The last records of work here are of the East Cumberland Mining CO. in about 1870. The vein contained lead and copper with arsenopyrite, alteration of the latter leading to the formation of the interesting assemblage of arsenates reported from here by Kingsbury & Hartley. Inspection of the present dumps shows them to be almost completely barren, none too surprising in the light of Hartley's (1984) description of the waste as 'superficially unpromising'."

Note on the mineral list:

Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009):

"The suite of rare minerals including arseniosiderite, bayldonite, beaverite, beudantite, carminite, gold, hemimorphite, jarosite, olivenite, pharmacosiderite, pyrolusite, scorodite and wulfenite claimed by Arthur Kingsbury to come from Ingray Gill appears to have been assembled by culling specimens from a variety of disparate sources."

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 307 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 403 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Amber Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 225 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: No reference listed
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Recorded by Hartley (1984) from the northern level.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Bayldonite ?
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: powdery coatings
Colour: light yellow
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury and Hartley (1957): "as light yellow powdery coatings on decomposing galena in vein-material from the northernmost of the two old cross-cuts near the head of the gill. The vein is obscured by drift but appears to run roughly NNW. and, from material on the dumps, apparently contains Cu, Pb, Zn, Fe, As, and traces of Co, Ni, Mo, V."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).
Beudantite ?
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: rhombohedra
Colour: yellow, yellowish brown
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957-1960 and Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28. (referring to Kingsbury). Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45. (referring to Kingsbury).
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: sprays of slender prismatic (or very steeply rhombohedral) colourless crystals on altered rock in the south level (N. Thomson, pers. comm., 1987)
Colour: colourless
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Carminite ?
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Habit: tufts of minute prisms
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Erythrite ?
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: bladed crystals 2-3 mm long (Kingsbury & Hartley); globular (Cooper & Stanley, 1990)
Colour: purple
Description: Kingsbury reference. The pink crust found by Cooper & Stanley (1990) is biogenic in nature (Green et al., 2008).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dunham, K.C. and Dines, H.G. (1945) Barium minerals of England and Wales. Wartime Pamphlet no. 46, Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Gold ?
Formula: Au
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury and Young, 1987).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Hemimorphite ?
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Green et al. (2009): Hemimorphite is present on one specimen [in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH)] which is broken into several pieces. It occurs as radiating aggregates of well-formed translucent white to pale yellow crystals up to 3 mm long in limonite-filled cavities in white vein quartz. The size and quality of the crystals would make this one of the better specimens from the Caldbeck Fells if it was genuine. It is unlike any specimen in the NT collection or in the Kingsbury subsidiary collection and is probably fraudulent.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: rhombohedra
Colour: brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury and Hartley (1958): "in oxidized vein-material from the northernmost of the two old cross-cuts near the head of the gill; occurs in small brown rhombohedral crystals, some of them altering to 'limonite', with arsenates."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 240, 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958 and Hartley, 1984).
'Limonite' ?
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 240, 813-815.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: prismatic
Colour: pale azure blue
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: crusts and occasional sprays of acicular crystals are present in fractures and cavities in iron-stained quartz on specimens from the dump outside the northern trial (Green et al., 2009)
Colour: green
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Olivenite ?
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: acicular
Colour: olive green
Description: Green et al. (2009): "There are two olivenite specimens in [Kingsbury's] main collection which are simply labelled ‘Ingray Gill’ with long, thin needle-like olivenite crystals, generally up to about 2-3 mm in length, but with the longest reaching 5 mm. The crystals form an intergrown mat within vugs in milky iron stained quartz. The specimens are very rich and resemble material from Wheal Unity and Wheal Gorland. They are certainly not from Ingray Gill or anywhere else in the Caldbeck Fells."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury MS1 & 2).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Pharmacosiderite ?
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Habit: cubes
Colour: dark green
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31( 237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: Green et al. (2009): "Although pyrolusite was claimed in Kingsbury’s manuscript notes, no specimen has been traced in his collection and in view of the difficulties involved in characterising manganese oxide minerals to species level, the record should be regarded as unsubstantiated."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Green, D. I., Rumsey, M. S., Bridges, T. F., & Thomson, N. (2009). A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dunham, K.C. and Dines, H.G. (1945) Barium minerals of England and Wales. Wartime Pamphlet no. 46, Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Dunham & Dines, 1945, Kingsbury, and Kingsbury & Hartley, 1953-1960).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed from the dumps of the northern trial by Kingsbury (MS1) but specimens could not be traced in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)). The occurrence was not known to J. Hartley (pers. comm.)." Cooper & Stanley (1991): "Listed in a manuscript note by Kingsbury (Department of Mineralogy, NHM), but no specimens are known." Green et al. (2009): "This material is unlike anything from the Caldbeck Fells but looks very similar to the famous specimens from Leadhills-Wanlockhead. It is certainly not from Ingray Gill."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121 (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Wulfenite ?
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Description: Green et al. (2009): "Wulfenite is present on a specimen [in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH)] that is broken into numerous pieces, with many tiny fragments stored in a glass tube. The matrix is a heavily limonitic, hackly, porous, quartz gossan which is coated in velvety lime green acicular pyromorphite needles. In amongst and on top of these, there are abundant bipyramidal crystals of bright red wulfenite, the largest about 0.6 mm across. The specimen is not from Ingray Gill and does not appear to be dump collected.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold' ?1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Pyrolusite' ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Beaverite-(Cu)' ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
'Jarosite' ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Wulfenite' ?7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Arseniosiderite' ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Bayldonite' ?8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Beudantite' ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Carminite' ?8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Erythrite' ?8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Olivenite' ?8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
'Pharmacosiderite' ?8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Scorodite' ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Vanadinite' ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite' ?9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite Group'-
'Limonite' ?-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold ?1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite ?40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite ?41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite ?41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite ?41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite ?42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite ?48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite ?56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite Group'-
'Limonite' ?-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2034047
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic tuff

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dunham, K.C. and Dines, H.G. (1945) Barium minerals of England and Wales. Wartime Pamphlet no. 46, Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-. [A hardback notebook containing lists of species by locality with occasional notes and descriptive detail].
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Adams, J. (1988) Mines of the Lake District Fells. Dalesman Books, Clapham, Lancaster, 160 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28. [referring to Kingsbury's beudantite specimens from Ingray Gill as "almost certainly fraudulent"].
Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., and Thomson, N. (2009) A Review of the mineralisation at Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 33-45.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (xxxx) (MS2) Notes on the occurrence of gold in the Lake District. [An unpublished spiral bound notebook containing what appears to be the manuscript for a proposed paper, with a historical introduction followed by detailed descriptions of Kingsbury's own discoveries].


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