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Lhasa, Tibet, Chinai
Regional Level Types
LhasaPrefecture
TibetAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lhasa118,721 (2017)
Dêqên62,400 (2011)
Other Languages:
French:
Lhassa, Tibet, Chine
German:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Italian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Cina
Russian:
Лхаса, Тибет, Китай
Simplified Chinese:
拉萨市, 藏区, 中国
Spanish:
Lhasa, Tíbet, China
Tibetan (Standard):
ལྷ་ས།, བོད་ཡུལ།, རྒྱ་ནག
Achinese:
Lhasa, Tibèt, Cina
Afrikaans:
Lhasa, Tibet, Volksrepubliek van Sjina
Albanian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Amharic:
ላሳ, ቲቤት, የቻይና
Arabic:
لاسا, التبت, الصين
Armenian:
Լհասա, Տիբեթ, Չինաստան
Asturian:
Lhasa, Tíbet, China
Azeri:
Lxasa, Tibet, Çin
Bashkir:
Лхаса, Ҡытай
Basque:
Lhasa, Tibet, Txina
Belarusian:
Лхаса, Тыбет, Кітай
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Лхаса, Тыбэт, Кітай
Bengali:
লাসা, তিব্বত, গণচীন
Breton:
Lhasa, Tibet, Sina
Bulgarian:
Лхаса, Тибет, Китайска народна република
Burmese:
လာဆာမြို့, တိဗက်, တရုတ်
Catalan:
Lhasa, Tibet, Xina
Cebuano:
Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, Tsina
Chewa:
Lhasa, China
Cheyenne:
Lhasa, China
Classical Chinese:
拉薩市, 西藏, 中國
Croatian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Czech:
Lhasa, Tibet, Čína
Danish:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Dutch:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Dzongkha:
ལྷ་ས་, བོད, རྒྱ་ནག
Esperanto:
Lasao, Tibeto, Ĉinujo
Estonian:
Lhasa, Tiibet, Hiina
Farsi/Persian:
لهاسا, تبت, جمهوری خلق چین
Finnish:
Lhasa, Tiibet, Kiina
Galician:
Lhasa, Tíbet, China
Gan:
拉萨市, 西藏, 中國
Georgian:
ლჰასა, ტიბეტი, ჩინეთი
Greek:
Λάσα, Θιβέτ, Κίνα
Gujarati:
લ્હાસા, તિબેટ, ચીન
Hakka:
Lhasa-sṳ, Sî-chhòng Chhṳ-chhṳ-khî, Chûng-fà
Hebrew:
להסה, טיבט, סין
Hindi:
ल्हासा, तिब्बत, चीन
Hungarian:
Lhásza, Tibet, Kína
Icelandic:
Lasa, Tíbet, Kína
Indonesian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Cina
Interlingue:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Irish Gaelic:
Lása, An Tibéid, An tSín
Japanese:
ラサ市, チベット, 中国
Kalmyk:
Лхаса балһсн, Төвд, Китдин Улс Орн
Kannada:
ಲ್ಹಾಸಾ, ಟಿಬೆಟ್, ಚೀನಿ
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Лхаса, Тибет, Қытай
Kikuyu:
Lhasa, China
Kinyarwanda:
Lhasa, Tibeti, Ubushinwa
Korean:
라싸시, 티베트, 중국
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Lhasa, Tîbet, Çîn
Kyrgyz:
Лхаса шаары, Тибет, Кытай
Latin:
Lhasa, Tibetum, Sinae
Latvian:
Lhasa, Tibeta, Ķīna
Lithuanian:
Lasa, Tibetas, Kinija
Lombard:
Lhasa, Tibet (regiun autonoma), Cina
Macedonian:
Ласа, Тибет, Кина
Maithili:
ल्हासा, तिब्बत, चीन
Malay:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Malayalam:
ലാസ, തിബെത്ത്, ചൈന
Marathi:
ल्हासा, तिबेट, चीन
Mazanderani:
لهاسا, تبت, چین
Meadow Mari:
Лхасе, Китай
Min Dong Chinese:
Lá-sák, Câung-kṳ̆, Dṳ̆ng-huà Ìng-mìng Gê̤ṳng-huò-guók
Mingrelian:
ლჰასა, ტიბეტი, ჩინეთი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Lhasa-chhī, Se-chōng, Tiong-hôa
Mongolian:
Лхас, Төвөд, Хятад
Nepali:
ल्हासा, तिब्बत, चीन
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
ल्हासा, सँदेय्, चीन
Norwegian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Occitan:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Odia:
ଲାସା, ତିବ୍ବତ, ଚୀନ
Ossetian:
Лхасæ, Тибет, Китай
Polish:
Lhasa, Tybet, Chiny
Portuguese:
Lassa, Tibete, China
Punjabi:
ਲਾਸਾ, ਤਿੱਬਤ, ਚੀਨ
Romanian:
Lhasa, Tibet, China
Russia Buriat:
Һаса, Түбэд, Хитад Улас
Samogitian:
Lasa, Tėbets, Kėnėjės Liaudėis Respoblėka
Scots:
Lhasa, Tibet, Cheenae
Scottish Gaelic:
Lhasa, Tibet, Sìona
Serbian:
Ласа, Тибет, Кина
Serbo-Croatian:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Sinhalese:
ල්හාසා, ටිබෙට්, චීනය
Slovak:
Lhasa, Tibet, Čína
Slovenian:
Lasa, Tibet, Kitajska
Swedish:
Lhasa, Tibet, Kina
Tagalog:
Lhasa, Tibet, Tsina
Tamil:
லாசா, திபெத்து, சீனா
Tatar:
Lhasa, Тибет, Кытай
Telugu:
లాసా, టిబెట్, చైనా
Thai:
ลาซา, ทิเบต, ประเทศจีน
Traditional Chinese:
拉薩, 藏區, 中國
Turkish:
Lhasa, Tibet, Çin
Tuvan:
Лхаса, Төвүт, Кыдат
Ukrainian:
Лхаса, Тибет, Китай
Urdu:
لہاسا, تبت, چین
Uyghur:
لاسا شەھىرى, شىزاڭ ئاپتونوم رايونى, جۇڭخۇا خەلق جۇمھۇرىيىتى
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Lxasa, Tibet muxtor rayoni, Xitoy
Veps:
Lhas, Kitai
Vietnamese:
Lhasa, Tây Tạng, Trung Quốc
Waray:
Lhasa, Tibet, Tsina
Welsh:
Lhasa, Tibet, Tsieina
Western Punjabi:
لہاسا, تبت, چین
Wu Chinese:
拉萨市, 西藏, 中国
Zhuang:
Lhasa, Sihcang Swcigih, Cunghvaz


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

88 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Xu, J.; Ciobanu, C.L.; Cook, N.J.; Slattery, A. (2019) Crystals from the Powellite-Scheelite Series at the Nanoscale: A Case Study from the Zhibula Cu Skarn, Gangdese Belt, Tibet. Minerals 9, 340.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Lijuan Ying, Denghong Wang, Juxing Tang, Huan Wang, Zhenyu Chen, Wenbao Zheng, and Fengji Li (2010): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 55(4),801-809; Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Angelellite
Formula: Fe3+4(AsO4)2O3
Reference: Suiliang Dong, Hanxiao Huang, Bo Liu, Li Zhang, and Hui Zhang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 207-213; Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Jinshu Zhang, Ji Duo, Zhengwei He, and Juxing Tang (2009): Global Geology 28(4), 460-466
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Xu, J.; Ciobanu, C.L.; Cook, N.J.; Slattery, A. (2019) Crystals from the Powellite-Scheelite Series at the Nanoscale: A Case Study from the Zhibula Cu Skarn, Gangdese Belt, Tibet. Minerals 9, 340.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: LENG, Q., TANG, J., ZHENG, W., LIN, B. and TANG, P. (2014), Geological Features of the Jiama Porphyry Deposit in Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Xu, J.; Ciobanu, C.L.; Cook, N.J.; Slattery, A. (2019) Crystals from the Powellite-Scheelite Series at the Nanoscale: A Case Study from the Zhibula Cu Skarn, Gangdese Belt, Tibet. Minerals 9, 340.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680; LENG, Q., TANG, J., ZHENG, W., LIN, B. and TANG, P. (2014), Geological Features of the Jiama Porphyry Deposit in Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680; LENG, Q., TANG, J., ZHENG, W., LIN, B. and TANG, P. (2014), Geological Features of the Jiama Porphyry Deposit in Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Zhesheng Chang, Fengji Li, and Xiaofeng Yao (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(6), 985-994; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Beaudoin, G., Hébert, R., Wang, C., and Tang, J. (2000): Presented at the China & East Asia Symposium 2000.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Giessenite
Formula: Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Reference: Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Description: The authors mention gladite (in Chinese 柱硫铋铜铅矿) as occurring here in the English abstract of their paper, but the Chinese text refers to this mineral as 硫铋铜矿, which translates as wittichenite. This also agrees with papers by other authors: several of them report wittichenite, but none of them reports gladite.
Reference: Huan Wang, Liqiang Wang, Lijuan Ying, and Wenbao Zheng (2011): Mineral Deposits 30, 305-317
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Suiliang Dong, Hanxiao Huang, Bo Liu, Li Zhang, and Hui Zhang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 207-213
Greenockite ?
Formula: CdS
Description: Zinc-rich CdS has been confirmed by electron microprobe analysis (Zheng et al., 2011), but a structural analysis to distinguish between greenockite and hawleyite was not carried out.
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Suiliang Dong, Hanxiao Huang, Bo Liu, Li Zhang, and Hui Zhang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 207-213; Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Reference: Suiliang Dong, Hanxiao Huang, Bo Liu, Li Zhang, and Hui Zhang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 207-213; Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Denghu Du, Zhiming Yang, Qiuyun Li, Yunfei Liu, Pingcuo Gesang, and Haiyong Wang (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 745-757
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Xiangang Meng, Zhaogang Shao, Chaobin Yang, Weizhi Lei, Jin Wang, Xiangyang Feng, Dagang Zhu, Jia Yu, Jianjun Du, and Jian'en Han (2004): Geological Bulletin of China 23(4), 381-389
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: LENG, Q., TANG, J., ZHENG, W., LIN, B. and TANG, P. (2014), Geological Features of the Jiama Porphyry Deposit in Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Xu, J.; Ciobanu, C.L.; Cook, N.J.; Slattery, A. (2019) Crystals from the Powellite-Scheelite Series at the Nanoscale: A Case Study from the Zhibula Cu Skarn, Gangdese Belt, Tibet. Minerals 9, 340.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Xiangang Meng, Zhaogang Shao, Chaobin Yang, Weizhi Lei, Jin Wang, Xiangyang Feng, Dagang Zhu, Jia Yu, Jianjun Du, and Jian'en Han (2004): Geological Bulletin of China 23(4), 381-389
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
Silver
Formula: Ag
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Wenting Huang, Huaying Liang, Jing Wu, Chunlong Wang, Yinqiao Zou, Xiuzhang Wang, Jifeng Xu, and Allen, C.M. (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1439-1449
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Yan Liu, Yuanyi Zhao, Ruijiang Wang, Yubin Cui, Liang Song, and Changqing Yang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1054-1078
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Guangming Li, Qinggui Zeng, Yongyuan Yong, Dafa Gao, Gaoming Wang, and Bo Liu (2005): Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 24(6), 595-602.; Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Xigen Zhang (1998): Geology of Chemical Minerals 20(1), 1-9; Xiangang Meng, Zhaogang Shao, Chaobin Yang, Weizhi Lei, Jin Wang, Xiangyang Feng, Dagang Zhu, Jia Yu, Jianjun Du, and Jian'en Han (2004): Geological Bulletin of China 23(4), 381-389
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tennantite var: Zincian Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Wenbao Zheng, Juxing Tang, Fengji Li, Lijuan Ying, Huan Wang, and Xiaoqian Tang (2011): Geological Journal of China Universities 17(2), 337-350; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Lijuan Ying, Denghong Wang, Juxing Tang, Huan Wang, Zhenyu Chen, Wenbao Zheng, and Fengji Li (2010): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 55(4),801-809; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'Tetrahedrite var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Reference: Lijuan Ying, Denghong Wang, Juxing Tang, Huan Wang, Zhenyu Chen, Wenbao Zheng, and Fengji Li (2010): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 55(4),801-809
Tetrahedrite-(Zn)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tongxinite'
Formula: Cu2Zn
Reference: Suiliang Dong, Hanxiao Huang, Bo Liu, Li Zhang, and Hui Zhang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 207-213; Yunfei Liu, Zhiming Yang, Yuling Xie, Ping Zhou, Denghu Du, Yingxu Li, Qiuyun Li, Huanchun Qu, and Bo Xu (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 727-744
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Lijuan Ying, Denghong Wang, Juxing Tang, Huan Wang, Zhenyu Chen, Wenbao Zheng, and Fengji Li (2010): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 55(4),801-809; Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680; Huan Wang, Liqiang Wang, Lijuan Ying, and Wenbao Zheng (2011): Mineral Deposits 30, 305-317
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Wenting Huang, Huaying Liang, Jing Wu, Chunlong Wang, Yinqiao Zou, Xiuzhang Wang, Jifeng Xu, and Allen, C.M. (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1439-1449
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Zhenghua Hu, Juxing Tang, Feng Ding, Wenbao Zheng, Shilin Deng, Yi Yang, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Bin Lin, and Shuai Ding (2011): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 32(6), 668-680
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
'Tongxinite'1.AB.10bCu2Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Giessenite2.HB.10bPb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Gladite ?2.HB.05aPbCuBi5S9
Greenockite ?2.CB.45CdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'var: Zincian Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Angelellite8.BC.05Fe3+4(AsO4)2O3
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'K Feldspar'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Tetrahedrite-(Zn)-Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
'Tongxinite'1.1.6.3Cu2Zn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite ?2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Gladite ?3.4.5.3PbCuBi5S9
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Giessenite3.5.12.2Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Dzhalindite6.3.5.1In(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Angelellite41.6.10.1Fe3+4(AsO4)2O3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
var: Danaite
-(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Melnikovite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tennantite
var: Zincian Tennantite'
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite
var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite'
-Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Tetrahedrite-(Zn)-Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zincian Tetrahedrite'-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MolybditeMoO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O TenoriteCuO
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O AngelelliteFe43+(AsO4)2O3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CupriteCu2O
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O CerussitePbCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S StibniteSb2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S DigeniteCu9S5
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S Tetrahedrite (var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite)Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
S SulphurS8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S Arsenopyrite (var: Danaite)(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S Tetrahedrite-(Zn)Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
S GreenockiteCdS
S GladitePbCuBi5S9
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AngelelliteFe43+(AsO4)2O3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
Fe Arsenopyrite (var: Danaite)(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Arsenopyrite (var: Danaite)(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite)Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TongxiniteCu2Zn
Cu GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Tetrahedrite-(Zn)Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
Cu GladitePbCuBi5S9
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn TongxiniteCu2Zn
Zn Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Zn Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Tetrahedrite-(Zn)Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As AngelelliteFe43+(AsO4)2O3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Arsenopyrite (var: Danaite)(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
As OrpimentAs2S3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo MolybditeMoO3
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
InIndium
In DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite)Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Sb GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Sb Zincian TetrahedriteCu10Zn2Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite-(Zn)Cu6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GladitePbCuBi5S9
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi Tetrahedrite (var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite)Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Bi BismuthBi
Bi GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi GladitePbCuBi5S9

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Cenozoic : 48.88 ± 0.54 Ma to 10.9 ± 1.6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Neogene
   Miocene
ⓘ Zircon10.9 ± 1.6 MaRongnido, Damxung Co. (Dangxiong Co.), Lhasa, Tibet, China
    
   
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ Sanidine48.88 ± 0.54 MaRongnido, Damxung Co. (Dangxiong Co.), Lhasa, Tibet, China

Fossils

There are 13 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences147
Youngest Fossil Listed101 Ma (Late Cretaceous)
Oldest Fossil Listed323 Ma (Carboniferous)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 11 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Pachyphloia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Pachyphloiidae : Pachyphloia279.5 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Rugososchwagerina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Schwagerinidae : Rugososchwagerina279.5 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Schwagerina
genus
Foraminifera : Schwagerinidae : Schwagerina279.5 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Notoconularia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Scyphozoa : Conulariida : Conulariidae : Notoconularia323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Anthozoa
class
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa279.5 - 208.5 Ma
Phanerozoic
Scleractinia
order
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia237 - 228 Ma
Late Triassic
Guembelastraea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Gumbelastraea237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Margarophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Margarophylliidae : Margarophyllia237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Retiophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Reimaniphylliidae : Retiophyllia237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Gastropoda
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda237 - 228 Ma
Late Triassic
Peruvispira
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Gosseletinidae : Peruvispira323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Hungarites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Hungaritidae : Hungarites247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Bivalvia
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Palaeonucula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculida : Nuculidae : Palaeonucula182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Paleyoldia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculanida : Nuculanidae : Paleyoldia323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Grammatodon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Parallelodontidae : Grammatodon182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Aguilerella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Aguilerella182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Deltopecten
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Aviculopectinidae : Deltopecten323.2 - 290.1 Ma
Paleozoic
Gervillia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Gervillia237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Limatula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Limatula182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Lopha
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Ostreidae : Lopha237 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Ptychopteria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pterineidae : Ptychopteria323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Retroceramus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myalinida : Inoceramidae : Retroceramus182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Trigonia (Kumatrigonia)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Trigoniidae : Trigonia : Trigonia (Kumatrigonia)237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Myophorella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Myophorellidae : Myophorella182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Myophoria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Myophoriidae : Myophoria237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Neoschizodus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Myophoriidae : Neoschizodus237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Trigonia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Trigoniidae : Trigonia182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Isocyprina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Arcticidae : Isocyprina237 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Myopholas
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myopholadidae : Myopholas182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Pleuromya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Pleuromyidae : Pleuromya182.7 - 174.1 Ma
Jurassic
Ditomopyge
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Proetida : Phillipsiidae : Ditomopyge290.1 - 279.3 Ma
Permian
Bryozoa
phylum
Animalia : Bryozoa323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Goniocladia
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Cystoporida : Goniocladiidae : Goniocladia290.1 - 279.3 Ma
Permian
Meekopora
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Cystoporida : Hexagonellidae : Meekopora290.1 - 279.3 Ma
Permian
Streblotrypa
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Cryptostomida : Rhabdomesidae : Streblotrypa290.1 - 279.3 Ma
Permian
Fenestella
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Fenestrida : Fenestellidae : Fenestella323.2 - 279.3 Ma
Paleozoic
Polypora
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Fenestrida : Fenestellidae : Polypora323.2 - 279.3 Ma
Paleozoic
Reteporidra
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Fenestrida : Polyporidae : Reteporidra323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Thamniscus
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Fenestrida : Fenestellidae : Thamniscus323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Orthida
order
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Chaoiella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Chaoiella323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Retimarginifera
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Retimarginifera298.9 - 272.3 Ma
Paleozoic
Schuchertella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Orthotetida : Schuchertellidae : Schuchertella323.2 - 295.5 Ma
Paleozoic
Leiorhynchoidea
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Petasmariidae : Leiorhynchoidea295.5 - 290.1 Ma
Permian
Nudirostralina
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Rhynchonellidae : Nudirostralina247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Alispirifer
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata