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Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture), Xinjiang, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)Prefecture
XinjiangAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Commodity List

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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

260 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Jingwen Mao, Sanzhong Li, Zhen Yan, and Qigui Mao (2006): Ore Geology Reviews 28, 308-328; Jiaxin Teng and Qingming Wang (2006): Northwestern Geology 39(2), 17-33
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Andao Du, Pirajno, F., Zhiliang Wang, Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, and Jianmin Yang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, in press.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Albite var: Albite Moonstone
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Zhiyong Jia, Mingjie Zhang, Zhongli Tang, Wenyuan Li, Liye Ren, and Peiqing Hu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(5), 673-686
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities:
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Li Zi-Long et al. , Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE, 2004 5(10), pp. 1180-1182.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: Li, B., Xue, X., and Yi, S. (1989): Geol. Lab. 5(4), 239-241.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Chuanmin Sun, Zhengwei He, Zhuan Tao, Hua Wu, Xianfan Liu, Shan Wu, Yimin Ding, Xingde Liu, Fanghong Peng, and Xiaodi Wang (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(1), 74-77; Zhuan Tao, Zhengwei He, Chuanmin Sun, Hua Wu, Xianfan Liu, Shan Wu, Xingde Liu, Fanghong Peng, Xiaodi Wang, and Yimin Ding (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(1), 85-89
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Xiao Long, Hayward, N., Begg, G., Fu Minlu, Wang Fangzheng, and Pirajno, F. (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26(1/2), 17-37.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Qiuyue Huang and Yongfeng Zhu (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(7), 2199-2208
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 137-145.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities:
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Benhai Li, Shuangting Yi, and Xiudi Xue (1991): Xinjiang Geology 9(4); Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2007): Geological Journal of China Universities 13(3), 590-602
'Asbestos'
'Ashanite'
Formula: (Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Genyong Peng, John Lewis, Bruce Lipin, James McGee, Peisheng Bao, Xibin Wang (1995) Inclusions of phlogopite and phlogopite hydrates in chromium from the Hongguleleng ophiolite in Xinjiang, northwest China. American Mineralogist 80:1307-1316
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities:
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Wei Mao, Guo Wang, Xiaofeng Li, Mou Wang, and Rong Xiao (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 1026-1034
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities:
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Lieti Te and Ningbin Yang (1999): Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals 1999(2), 1-9
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Yinlin Feng and Xiaopo Jiang (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 344-351
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Bilibinskite
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Reference: Huiliang Xiao, Yongguan Dong, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Junfeng Ji, and Yu Zhao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 715-718; Huliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Yongguan Dong, Junfeng Ji, and Zhao Yu (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(1), 74-82
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
Reference: Li Zi-Long et al. , Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE, 2004 5(10), pp. 1180-1182.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 65
'Bitumen'
Reference: Weitao Wang, Fuxin Zhang, and Jian Zhang (2006): Northwestern Geology 39(3), 7-11
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Description: According to the Handbook of Mineralogy, the reference lists Brabantite from an undisclosed locality within Xinjiang. However, the associated minerals, especially the hafnian zircone, are only reported from the Koktokay no. 3 pegmatite.
Reference: Wang Xianjue (1978): Kexue Tongbao 23, 743–745 (in Chinese).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Zhou Weixun, Guan Taiyang, Chen Zuyi, Li Jianhong, Fan Liting, and Li Wuwei (2004), In: Recent developments in uranium resources and production with emphasis on in situ leach mining. Int. At. Energ. Agency, IAEA-TECDOC-1396, pp. 25-47.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
'Caesium-Biotite'
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities:
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calcite var: Mg-rich Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)CO3
Reference: Daqian Hu, Yixing He, and Jie Yao (1992): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 7(3)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101
'Clays'
Reference: Yiqun Wang, Haibin Zhao, and Dingjun Wei (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(3), 27-31
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Fanmei Kong, Xuping Li, Su Wu, Shoujun Li, and Yanming Xu (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(2), 723-738
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Lin Xu, Bingkui Miao, Yangting Lin, and Ziyuan Ouyang (2008): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(8), 1263-1273
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities:
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Crossite'
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zhaochong Zhang, Kusky, T., Jingwen Mao, Li Zhao, Shenghao Yan, Bailin Chen, Gang Zhou, and Fengmei Chai (2008): Journal of Geology 116(2).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
'Cu-Zn alloy'
Formula: CuxZny
Reference: Longbo Yang, Jiajun Liu, Yiguang Zhu, and Bingyu Zhu (2011): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 31(1), 1-8
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Long Xiao, Fangzheng Wang, Begg, G., and Minlu Fu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(1), 58-64; Xiao Long, Hayward, N., Begg, G., Fu Minlu, Wang Fangzheng, and Pirajno, F. (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26(1/2), 17-37
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Xiuhua Li, Shangdi Chen, and Yunxia Zhou (1996): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology (Science and Technology Edition) 37(1)
'Dushan Jade'
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; American Mineralogist 91, 729-739; Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Aicheng Zhang, and Shijin Xu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 411-421
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: specimens in the Fernando Giovine collection; analysed in the University of Messina, Italy
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp. (in Chinese)
Ertixiite (TL)
Formula: Na2Si4O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Zhang Rubo, Han Fengming, and Du Chongliang (1985): Geochemistry [China] 4(2), 192-95.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Liangming Fan, Yuyuan Mao, Yongwen Wan, and Shiwei Luan (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1); Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Zhiguo Liu, Dawei Dong, Milan Liu,Yu Sui, Wenhui Su, Zhengnan Qian, and Zhe Li (2005): Hyperfine Interactions 163(1-4), 13-27.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lingang Xu, Jingwen Mao, Fuquan Yang, Huishou He, Jianmin Zheng, Jianguo Li, Yongbiao Cai, Xiaoling Zha, and Jianjing Gao (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 455-463
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qiuyue Huang and Yongfeng Zhu (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(7), 2199-2208
Fillowite
Formula: {Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Reference: Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Fillowite var: Mg-Fillowite
Formula: Na2Ca(Mn2+4Mg2Fe2+)7(PO4)6
Reference: Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Zhang AC, Wang Ru, Hu H, Chen XM (2004) Occurrences of foitite and rossmanite from the Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite dyke, Altai, Northwestern China: A record of hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 873-883.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Li Zhao, Zhaochong Zhang, Shenghao Yan, Gang Zhou, Bailin Chen, and Fengmai Chai (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(3), 194-202
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Zengyne Xiao and Kuishou Ding (1993): Mineral Deposits 12(2)
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Zhang Rubo (1981): Geological Review 27(1), 1-7.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities:
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Xiao Long, Hayward, N., Begg, G., Fu Minlu, Wang Fangzheng, and Pirajno, F. (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26(1/2), 17-37.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(2), 229-242
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities:
Grossular var: Chrome-bearing Grossular
Formula: Ca3(Al,Cr3+)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Genyong Peng, John Lewis, Bruce Lipin, James McGee, Peisheng Bao, Xibin Wang (1995) Inclusions of phlogopite and phlogopite hydrates in chromium from the Hongguleleng ophiolite in Xinjiang, northwest China. American Mineralogist 80:1307-1316
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Yin, R., Wang, R. C., Zhang, A. C., Hu, H., Zhu, J. C., Rao, C., & Zhang, H. (2013). Extreme fractionation from zircon to hafnon in the Koktokay No. 1 granitic pegmatite, Altai, northwestern China. American mineralogist, 98(10), 1714-1724.; Wang R, Yin R, Zhang A (2014)Evolution and decomposition of Zr-Hf-U-bearing columbite-group minerals in Koktokay no. 1 granitic pegmatite dyke, Altai, northwestern China. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 263
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 137-145
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Bierlein, F.P., Pirajno, F., Caisheng Zhao, Huishou Ye, and Feng Liu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 217-234.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qiuyue Huang and Yongfeng Zhu (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(7), 2199-2208
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Yongheng Chen and Daode Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 119-125
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities:
Holmquistite
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: NOTES: (1) One analyzed "holmquistite" specimen turned out to be tourmaline. (2) Holmquistite "suns" in a light schist matrix have been recently traded in China as "chrysanthemum stones".
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Aihua Zeng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(1), 139-150
'Hydromuscovite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Hydroxynatromicrolite'
Formula: (Na,Bi3+,◻)2Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2016
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: [AmMin 84:688]
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Wei Lin and Masaki Enami (2006): Island Arc 15(4), 483-502.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Jiaxin Teng and Qingming Wang (2006): Northwestern Geology 39(2), 17-33
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jun Gao, Guoqi He, Maosong Li, Xuchang Xiao, Yaoqing Tang, Jun Wang, and Min Zhao (1995): Tectonophysics 250(1-3), 151-168
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Localities:
'Lepidolite var: Cs-rich Lepidolite'
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Aicheng Zhang, and Shijin Xu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 411-421
'Lepidolite var: Purple Jade'
Leucoxene
Reference: Lianhui Dong and Changlie Tian (2001): Geology and Resources 10(2), 85-90, 101
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Zhang Rubo (1981): Geological Review 27(1), 1-7; Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Localities:
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities:
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Taide Li (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 18-21
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Huiliang Xiao, Yongguan Dong, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Junfeng Ji, and Yu Zhao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 715-718
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Tian Qiu and Yongfeng Zhu (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(3), 541-557
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Melonite var: Bismuthian Palladian Melonite
Formula: (Ni,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Xinzhi Zhan (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 150-153
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Natrobistantite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Huliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Yongguan Dong, Junfeng Ji, and Zhao Yu (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(1), 74-82.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 137-145
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities:
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Rubidian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Rb)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Nagyágite ?
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Huiliang Xiao, Yongguan Dong, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Junfeng Ji, and Yu Zhao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 715-718
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
'Nephrite var: Manasi Jade'
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Bingyu Zhu, Jiajun Liu, Yiguang Zhu, Bin Xia, Huadong Ma, and Allutt, S. (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(7), 1049-1055
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities:
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Platinum ?
Formula: Pt
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
'Plessite'
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Weidong Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He and Youliang Wu (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).; Wei Zhai, Xiaoming Sun, Liwei Su, Xiaoping He, and Youliang Wu (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(2), 266-285
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Polylithionite var: Cs-bearing Polylithionite
Formula: (K,Cs)Li2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Fontan, F., de Parseval, P., and Jiang, S.Y. (2007): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 153(3), 355-367.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Yiqun Wang, Haibin Zhao, and Dingjun Wei (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(3), 27-31
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(2), 229-242
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Reference: Zhiguo Liu, Dawei Dong, Milan Liu,Yu Sui, Wenhui Su, Zhengnan Qian, and Zhe Li (2005): Hyperfine Interactions 163(1-4), 13-27.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 103 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities:
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Qingheiite (TL)
Formula: NaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Yu Tinggao, Ma Zhesheng, Wang Wenying, and Wu Mo (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(3), 161-68; Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 136 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Jiangping Mo, Mingyang Huang, Longfang Qin and Handi Lu (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(4), 7-12
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Bingyu Zhu, Jiajun Liu, Yiguang Zhu, Bin Xia, Huadong Ma, and Allutt, S. (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(7), 1049-1055
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Fuwen Chen, Huaqin Li, Hong Cai, Houqun Liu, and Hailiang Chang (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 91-97
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Zhang AC, Wang Ru, Hu H, Chen XM (2004) Occurrences of foitite and rossmanite from the Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite dyke, Altai, Northwestern China: A record of hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 873-883.
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Haiyang Zou, Tagen Dai, and Xiangzhao Hu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 565-568
'Saussurite'
Localities:
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities:
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Lin Xu, Bingkui Miao, Yangting Lin, and Ziyuan Ouyang (2008): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(8), 1263-1273
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: