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Nether Row Brow, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 43' 23'' North , 3° 3' 4'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.72333,-3.05123
GeoHash:G#: gctz6d44m
UK National Grid Reference:NY323370
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Cooper & Stanley (1990):

"There are several short drifts, shallow pits, and trenches trending roughly NW-SE across Nether Row Brow from [NY323371] to [NY327364].

The northernmost trial was driven near the farm of Nether Row where the Nether Row to Potts Gill Baryte mine track makes a hairpin bend; the southern level is close to the Sandbeds to Potts Gill track just north-west of a large glacial erratic known as the 'Dumpy Stone'.

Vein material at these sites is similar and they are probably from the same vein.

The minerals found here consist of sparsely disseminated sulphides and sulphosalts in a compact quartz gangue.

Of interest to the collector is the variety of rare oxidation products from both sites.

However, none of these occurs in much quantity and mostly form as thin crusts and coatings although minute crystals of carminite and pharmacosiderite are not uncommon.

The 'Dumpy Stone' level yielded small adamite crystals to Kingsbury and Hartley but none has been found since.

In 1815 a piece of lead ore was found on Nether Row Brow that assayed 600oz of silver to the ton but the precise origin of this very specimen is unknown (Parson & White, 1829)."

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 307 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 403 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 183 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite ?
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: radiating sheaves to 3mm
Colour: green
Description: Based solely on a Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the Dumpy Stone level."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(367), 552-553 (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960).
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960).
Arsenopyrite ?
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: From the "Dumpy Stone" level (Hartley, 1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: powdery
Colour: yellow to greenish-yellow, yellowish-brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury & Hartley (1957): "yellow to greenish-yellow, powdery beaverite, with beudantite and other secondary arsenates in oxidized vein material from a north-west-south-east vein, carrying Pb-Zn-Fe-As-Cu sulphides, tried from an old cross-cut near its outcrop between Sandbed and Potts Gill mines." "Yellow powdery aggregates, with earthy brown beudantite and plumbojarosite, in similar vein-material from an old level, half a mile to the north-west of and probably driven on the same vein as the preceding, near the farm of Nether Row."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Beudantite ?
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: earthy; microcrystalline crusts
Colour: yellow, yellow-green, yellow-brown, green-brown and brown
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Habit: fibrous
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Small fibres in quartz on samples collected from the Nether Row Farm level by B. Young in 1987 (det. BM(NH): XRD, 1988)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Habit: small grains in sugary quartz
Description: From the Nether Row Farm level, collected by B. Young in 1987 (det. BM(NH) and British Geological Survey (BGS): XRD, 1988).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "'From the 'Dumpy Stone' level as 'small residual patches with considerable amounts of... beudantite, together with red-brown scorodite, beaverite, and "limonitic" matter' (Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960: 429). Also from the Nether Row Farm level with beudantite, scorodite, and arseniosiderite; specimens may still be collected from this locality, as minute crystals or thin crusts on vein quartz."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cerussite ?
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956 and Hartley, 1984).
Chalcopyrite ?
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960).
Galena ?
Formula: PbS
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Habit: fibrous masses
Colour: dark grey
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Identified by B.H.A. Nancarrow of the BGS (det. XRD) as dark grey fibrous masses in cavities in quartz from the dump of the Nether Row Farm level (B. Young, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury and Hartley (1958): "in oxidized vein-material derived from an old collapsed cross-cut near the farm of Nether Row, driven on a north-west-south-east vein, as crystalline aggregates, of a golden-brown colour, in saccharoidal quartz (B.M. 1956, 75; 1958, 46); also in similar vein-material from an old cross-cut, almost certainly to the same vein, between Sandbed and Potts Gill mines, half a mile to the south-east."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 240, 813-815.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1958 and Hartley, 1984).
'Limonite' ?
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.
Mimetite ?
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Mottramite ?
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: small, drusy botryoidal crusts on compact masses of earthy brown beudantite, closely associated with beaverite and a little cerussite.
Colour: olive green
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Colour: pale green
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "As tiny pale green crystals on massive scorodite (M.P. Cooper Collection). Also reported from the 'Dumpy Stone' level (R.S.W. Braithwaite, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Phaunouxite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: From the Nether Row Farm Level.
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Plumbojarosite ?
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: yellowish-brown
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Pyrite ?
Formula: FeS2
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: granular
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Habit: massive
Colour: red-brown, brown, green
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990: 115): "As massive matrix for tiny pale green pharmacosiderite crystals (M.P. Cooper Collection)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Sphalerite ?
Formula: ZnS
Description: Kingsbury reference?
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1956-1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: flat radiating aggregates
Colour: pale greenish grey
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "An undifferentiated member of the symplesite-metavivianite series (det. BM(NH): XRD) occurs very rarely as small pale greenish grey flat radiating aggregates in quartz collected from the Nether Row Farm level dump in 1986 by B. Young (pers. comm.). The predominance of arsenic minerals at this locality suggests that the mineral is probably symplesite."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Description: From the dumps of the Nether Row Farm level as small masses (< 3mm) in granular quartz (M.P. Cooper Collection, det. BM(NH) & British Geological Survey (BGS): XRD, 1987). (Cooper & Stanley, 1990).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite' ?2.EB.20FeAsS
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcopyrite' ?2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena' ?2.CD.10PbS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Pyrite' ?2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite' ?2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Cerussite' ?5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Beaverite-(Cu)' ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
'Jarosite' ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Plumbojarosite' ?7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Adamite' ?8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
'Arseniosiderite' ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Beudantite' ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Carminite'8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Mimetite' ?8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mottramite' ?8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Pharmacosiderite'8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Phaunouxite'8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
'Plumbogummite'8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Symplesite'8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite' ?-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena ?2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite ?2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite ?2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite ?2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite ?2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite ?14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite ?30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Phaunouxite40.3.12.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite ?41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite ?41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite ?41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite' ?-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2034047
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic tuff

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Parson, W. and White, W. (1829) History, directory, and gazeteer of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland... xxxiv, 732 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, Cumbria, 1976].
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(239), 700-702.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(240), 813-815.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining minerals. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(367), 552-553. (referring to Hartley, 1984.)
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.


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