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Hegenshan Ophiolite, West Ujimqin Banner (Xiwuzhumuqin Co.), Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture), Inner Mongolia, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Hegenshan Ophiolite- not defined -
West Ujimqin Banner (Xiwuzhumuqin Co.)- not defined -
Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)- not defined -
Inner MongoliaAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
44° North , 117° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~141km


The Hegenshan ophiolite is a remnant of oceanic lithosphere of probable Devonian age. The ophiolite consists of several blocks composed chiefly of serpentinized ultramafic rocks with lesser amounts of troctolite and gabbro, and sparse lavas and dikes. The ultramafic rocks consist chiefly of depleted harzburgite and minor dunite and are interpreted as mantle tectonites. Dunite is relatively abundant in the Hegenshan block and is typically associated with podiform chromitite. Several blocks have well-layered cumulate sequences of gabbro and troctolite. Sheeted dikes are absent but small mafic dikes are common in some of the ultramafic sections. Most of the mafic dikes have flat chondrite-normalized REE patterns and are strongly depleted in incompatible elements, similar to depleted tholeiites from immature island arcs. The basaltic lavas of the Hegenshan ophiolite have two distinctly different chemical signatures—one similar to the mafic dikes and one similar to ocean island basalts. The entire complex was probably formed within an island arc–marginal basin system that was later accreted to the southern margin of the Siberian Altaids.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

34 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Zhengyong Qin (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(7), 21-29.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Toshio Nozaka and Yan Liu (2002): Earth and Planetary Science Letters 202(1), 89-104.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Iowaite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-203/MINMOD/NE_Asia_Min_Dep_Models.doc; Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
'Monazite'
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Zhengyong Qin (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(7), 21-29.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Iowaite4.FL.05Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
Miscellaneous
Iowaite6.4.5.1Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MoissaniteSiC
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O AnataseTiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SSulfur
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Zhengyong Qin (1976): Geological problems of a chromite deposit in Inner Mongolia. Geology and Prospecting 12(7), 21-29.
Meifu Zhou and Wenji Bai (1992): Chromite deposits in China and their origin. Mineralium Deposita 27(3), 192-199.
Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): A study on the chemical composition of mineral inclusions in chromite from the Hegenshan ophiolite massif, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3).
Robinson, P.T., Mei-Fou Zhou, Xu-Feng Hu, Ryenolds, P., Bai Wenji, and Jingsui Yang (1999): Geochemical constraints on the origin of the Hegenshan Ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 17(4), 423-442.
Toshio Nozaka and Yan Liu (2002): Petrology of the Hegenshan ophiolite and its implication for the tectonic evolution of northern China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 202(1), 89-104.
Zhu, H., Jingsui, Y., Robinson, P. T., Yongwang, Z., Fahui, X., Zhao, L., ... & Wei, X. (2015). The discovery of diamonds in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite, Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 89(2), 341-350.

Localities in this Region


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