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Kalatongke Mine (Kalatunk Mine; Karatungk Mine), Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.), Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture), Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 45' 27'' North , 89° 40' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.75750,89.67639
Name(s) in local language(s):喀拉通克铜镍铂族元素矿, 富蕴县, 阿勒泰地区 (ئالتاي ۋىلايىتى), 伊犁哈萨克自治州 (ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستىئىلى قازاق), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国

Large-scale mafic-ultramafic related Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, consisting of nine mafic-ultramafic intrusions, of which intrusion no. 1 is the largest. It is lenticular in plan view, 640 m long, and 35 to 350 m wide, trends NW, and dips at 20 to 28° NE. In cross section, the pluton is wedge-shaped with a wide upper, and narrow lower part. The marginal upper part consists of biotite diorite and gabbro, and contains sparse sulfides. The central upper part is gabbro and norite and consists mainly of biotite-amphibole norite, gabbro, and quartz-amphibole norite, and contains lean Cu-Ni sulfides at the base. The central lower part is biotite-amphibole norite, biotite-olivine norite, and peridotite with more abundant sulfides at depth. The marginal lower part is biotite-amphibole diabase and gabbro, and olivine-amphibole diabase and gabbro, and contains lean sulfides. The intrusion is ultramafic with a Mg/Fe ratio of 2/3. Ore minerals occur in masses and disseminations. Autometamorphism is widespread with formation of serpentine, talc, bioitite, and uralite.

Reserves include 420,000 tonnes of Cu, 240,000 tonnes of Ni, more than 4,000 tonnes of Co, 2.5 tonnes of Pt and 3.4 tonnes of Pd.

Located 28 km SE of Fuyun city.

Mineral List

72 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

358.9 - 443.8 Ma
Silurian-Devonian mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Comments: This designation includes Precambrian iron-formation-bearing sedimentary and volcanic sequences, as well as mixed sedimentary and volcanic or volcaniclastic sequences.

Lithology: Mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Benhai Li, Shuangting Yi, and Xiudi Xue (1991): Precious metal minerals and their occurrence characteristics in Karatungke No. 1 Cu-Ni sulphide depodit. Xinjiang Geology 9(4).

Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Characteristics of the ores in a Cu-Ni deposit in Xinjiang and the modes of occurrence of Au-Ag-Pt-Pd in concentrate samples. Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39.

Haiyang Zou, Tagen Dai, and Xiangzhao Hu (2002): Mechanism of Karalungke [sic] Cu-Ni deposit, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 565-568 (in Chinese with English title).

Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Jingwen Mao, Sanzhong Li, Zhen Yan, and Qigui Mao (2006): Major types, characteristics and geodynamic mechanism of Upper Paleozoic copper deposits in northern Xinjiang, northwestern China. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 308-328.

Jincang Hua (2006): A brief discussion on mineral processing features of copper-nickel ore from Kelatong. Sichuan Nonferrous Metals 2006(4), 26-29 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Jiaxin Teng and Qingming Wang (2006): Major ore deposits in Altay metallogenic zone and prospecting areas. Northwestern Geology 39(2), 17-33 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Andao Du, Pirajno, F., Zhiliang Wang, Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, and Jianmin Yang (2007): Re–Os dating of two Cu–Ni sulfide deposits in northern Xinjiang, NW China and its geological significance. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, in press.

Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Re-Os dating of the Kalatongke Cu-Ni deposit, Altay Shan, NW China, and resulting geodynamic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.

Xieyan Song and Xiangren Li (2009): Geochemistry of the Kalatongke Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, NW China: implications for the formation of magmatic sulfide mineralization in a postcollisional environment. Mineralium Deposita 44, 303-327.

Zhiyong Jia, Mingjie Zhang, Zhongli Tang, Wenyuan Li, Liye Ren, and Peiqing Hu (2009): Petrogenesis of Kalatongke Cu-Ni sulfide deposit in Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 28(5), 673-686 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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