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Jianshan Mine, Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.), Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture), Xinjiang, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Jianshan MineMine
Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)County
Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)Prefecture
XinjiangAutonomous Region

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 45' 0'' North , 89° 53' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Urumqi, Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur
Name(s) in local language(s):

An iron and manganese mine. Known for outstanding specimens of reddish wulfenite.

Prior to more accurate information reaching the west, many specimens from this mine were simply labeled "Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China" or "Urumqi, Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur Region, Northern China".

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

3 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: CaCO3
Colour: white
Description: Dull porcelaneous.
Reference: Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite From the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Nadya Georgieva specimen
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: The first crystals to reach the market ranged from tabular to bipyramidal (probably actually contact-twinned single pyramids) showing no trace of a c face. Tabular crystals range from paper-thin to fairly robust plates up to 5 or 6 mm thick. The modifying pyramid faces tend to be rather steep; in some cases the tablets are essentially square, with the first-order pyramid predominating almost exclusively, whereas in other cases the second-order pyramid becomes increasingly prominent, ultimately becoming more-or-less equal with the first-order pyramid to produce octagonal rather than square tablets. Some crystals appear hemimorphic, exhibiting pyramidal modifications on only one side of the tablet, and a larger flat c face on the other.
Colour: red-orange to bright red to a somewhat darker blood-red to brown-red.
Description: on soft gossany Fe-Mn oxides (which can be stabilized by impregnation with a thin solution of water and white glue). Crystal size ranges from microscopic to around 4 cm on an edge; most of the best crystals seen so far are 1 to 2 cm on edge, in dense clusters on matrix.
Reference: Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite From the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification


List of minerals for each chemical element

C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3


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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite From the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.

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