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Sawaya'erdun Au-(Sb) deposit, Wuqia Co. (Ulugqat Co.; Ulughchat Co.), Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

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Name(s) in local language(s): 萨瓦亚尔顿金(锑)矿, 乌恰县 (ئۇلۇغچات ناھىيىسى), 克孜勒苏柯尔克孜自治州 (قىزىلسۇ قىرغىز ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国
Superlarge gold deposit, hosted in Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian low-grade metamorphic carbonaceous turbidites. The orebodies are controlled by a series of NE-NNE-trending, brittle – ductile shear zones. Twenty-four mineralized zones have been recognized; gold reserves have been identified at approximately 37 tonnes. Five stages of vein emplacement and hydrothermal mineralization can be distinguished: (1) early quartz stage, characterized by the occurrence of quartz veins; (2) arsenopyrite-pyrite–quartz stage, characterized by the formation of auriferous quartz veinlets and stockworks; (3) polymetallic sulfide quartz stage, characterized by the presence of auriferous polymetallic sulfide quartz veinlets and stockworks; (4) antimony–quartz stage, characterized by the formation of stibnite–jamesonite quartz veins; and (5) quartz – carbonate vein stage. Stages 2 and 3 represent the main gold mineralization, while stage 4 represents a major antimony mineralization episode in the Sawayaerdun deposit. Hydrothermal alteration is characterized by silicification, pyritization, arsenopyritization, sericitization, carbonatization and chloritization.

Mineral List

42 entries listed. 37 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Metallogenic characteristics and isotopic composition of Sawayardun gold deposit, Xinjiang. Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Fuquan Yang, Yitian Wang, Mengwen Li, Huijuan Deng, and Liben Wang (2005): Geological characteristics of black shale-hosted ore deposits and their prospecting in the Tianshan mountains, Xinjiang. Geological Bulletin of China 24(5), 462-469.

Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Bierlein, F.P., Huishou Ye, Mengwen Li, Caisheng Zhao, and Jinhua Ye (2007): Geology and Metallogenesis of the Sawayaerdun Gold Deposit in the Southwestern Tianshan Mountains, Xinjiang, China. Resource Geology 57(1), 57-75.

Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Geological and geochemical characteristics of the Sawaya'erdun gold deposit, southwestern Chinese Tianshan. Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156.

Fuquan Yang, Jingwen Mao, Yitian Wang, Caisheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, and Yaling Liu (2007): Major types, characteristics and metallogeneses of gold deposits in southwest Tianshan mountains, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 26(4), 361-379 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Jing Peng, Xunrong Long, and Youguo Li (2010): Geochemical characteristics of the REE in the Sawaya'erdun gold deposit, Xinjiang. Geological Survey and Research 33(2), 103-107 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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